Soviet Second League

Last updated
Soviet Second League
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Founded1971
Folded1991
after 52 seasons
Country Soviet Union
Level on pyramidLevel 3
Promotion to Soviet First League
Relegation to Soviet Second League B
or KFK competitions
Last champions Karpaty Lviv
Asmaral Moscow
Okean Nakhodka
Most championships11 clubs (2)

The Soviet Second League (Russian : Чемпионат СССР по футболу (вторая лига), Soviet football championship (Second League)) was the third highest division of Soviet football, below the Soviet First League. The league was formed in 1971 in place of the Class A Second Group of the Soviet football championship just a year after the division was downgraded to the third tier. Previously, the third tier competition predecessor Class B was liquidated completely. The Second League remained in force until dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Contents

Overview

The Soviet third tier competitions were conducted since the establishment of the Soviet football championship among teams of masters in 1936. At first they were called as the Group V (Cyrillic letter of V) of the Soviet football championship, but was discontinued after the 1937. The experimental edition of the third tier competition was re-introduced in 1946 as the Third Group of the Soviet football championship. But the consistent competitions really took off in 1963 when the Class B of the Soviet football championship was downgraded to the third tier.

The most titles of the League won was two by 11 different teams out of various now independent republics. The last winners of the League were FC Karpaty Lviv, FC Asmaral Moscow, and FC Okean Nakhodka.

Between 1963 and 1970 football competitions in Class B were split by republican principle at first as tier two, then as tier three, and at the end in 1970 it was downgraded to the auxiliary tier four (or lower tier three). Each territorial Class B competition had multiple number of sub-groups that were known as zones. Winners of each territorial (republican) Class B was granted promotion to Class A Second Group (First League). Also on occasions, there were relegation play-offs to allow rotation for the collective of physical culture (KFK).

In 1970-1971 the Soviet league system was restructured for lower leagues and Class B competitions were discontinued. Republican competitions were conducted with the Soviet Second League which consisted of multiple groups (zones). There was no explicit designation of zones as they were simply numerated. Initially the league consisted of six groups, but for the next couple of season was increased to seven before reducing back to six again. Normally winners of group were getting promoted to the First League.

In 1980 the league was expanded to 9 groups, winners of which qualified for a mini-tournament that consisted of three groups with three teams. The three winners of that mini-tournament received promotion to the First League. This format remained in place until 1989.

Republican competitions continued to be conducted among collective of physical culture and were considered as amateur.

In 1990 the league again went through another transformation reducing the number of groups from 9 to 3, winners of which would have been promoted to the First League. Due to withdrawal of teams, promotion and relegation was disrupted and the 1991 season became the last.

Third tier competition names

Winners

Group V

SeasonWinnerRunners-upThirdNotes
1936 (spring) FC Dinamo Rostov/Don Stroiteli Baku Dynamo Odessa
1936 (autumn) Dinamo Kazan Spartak Kharkiv Dynamo Dnipropetrovsk
1937 Dynamo Odessa Lokomotyv Kyiv Stakhanovets Staline

Third Group

SeasonZoneWinnerRunners-upThirdNotes
19461 Spartak Uzhhorod Krylya Sovetov Tbilisi five groups winners and runners-up of which qualified for the two final groups
2 Dinamo Riga Zenit Kaliningrad

Class B

SeasonZoneWinnerRunners-upThirdNotes
1963 Russia Volga Kalinin Dinamo Kirov Zvezda Serpukhov three zones
Ukraine SKA Odessa Lokomotyv Vinnytsia Azovstal Zhdanov
Republics Lokomotivi Tbilisi Dinamo Batumi
1964 Russia Rostselmash Rostov/Don Terek Grozny Tekstilshchik Ivanovo three zones
Ukraine Lokomotyv Vinnytsia SKA Kiev Polissya Zhytomyr
Republics Granitas Klaipėda Vostok Ust-Kamenogorsk Politodel Tashkent Oblast
1965Russia Spartak Nalchik Rubin Kazan Sokol Saratov three zones
Ukraine SKA Lviv SKA Kiev Avanhard Zhovti Vody
Republics Dynamo Kirovobad Dynamo Baku Pamir Leninabad
1966Russia Lokomotiv Kaluga Spartak Ordzhonikidze Metallurg Tula four zones
Ukraine Avanhard Zhovti Vody Dynamo Khmelnytskyi Lokomotyv Kherson
Central Asia Pamir Leninabad Metallurg Chimkent Dynamo Tselinograd
Republics Meshakhte Tkibuli Polad Sumgayit Neman Grodno
1967Russia Dinamo Makhachkala Volga Ulyanovsk Volgar Astrakhan four zones
Ukraine Avtomobilist Zhytomyr Khimik Severodonetsk Dnipro Kremenchuk
Central Asia Zarafshon Nawoyi Sverdlovets Tashkent Oblast Metallurg Temirtau
Republics Neman Grodno Polad Sumgait
1968Russia Mashuk Pyatigorsk Kalinenets Sverdlovsk Spartak Belgorod four zones
Ukraine Avanhard Ternopil Bukovyna Chernivtsi Shakhtar Kadiivka
Central Asia Sverdlovets Tashkent Oblast Ak Altyn Andizhan Oblast Samarqand
Kazakhstan Enbek Djezkazghan ADK Alma‑Ata Metallurg Temirtau
1969Russia Druzhba Maykop Saturn Rybinsk Iskra Smolensk five zones
Ukraine Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk Shakhtar Horlivka Spartak Sumy
Central Asia Tashavtomash Tashkent Samarkand Yangiyer
Kazakhstan Traktor Pavlodar Tsementnik Semipalatinsk Enbek Djezkazghan
Caucasus Dila Gori Guria Lanchkhuti Avtomobilist Yerevan

Second Group (Class A)

SeasonZoneWinnerRunners-upThirdNotes
1970Ukraine Metalurh Zaporizhia Tavriya Simferopol Avtomobilist Zhytomyr three zones; top two teams of second and third groups played in final Russian group
Russia Avtomobilist Nalchik Spartak Yoshkar‑Ola Kuzbass Kemerevo

Second League

SeasonWinnerRunners-upNotes
1971 Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih Iskra Smolensk six groups
1972 Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk Dinamo Riga seven groups
1973 Uralmash Sverdlovsk Tavriya Simferopol
Kuban Krasnodar
winners of seven groups play in final
1974 Alga Frunze Rubin Kazan
Metalist Kharkiv
six groups
1975 Terek Grozny Dinamo Riga
Stroitel Asgabat
six groups
1976 Dinamo Leningrad Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih
Uralmash Sverdlovsk
six groups
1977 Kuban Krasnodar Žalgiris Vilnius
SCA Odessa
six groups
1978 FC Zvezda Perm Spartak Nalchik
Metalist Kharkiv
six groups
1979 Iskra Smolensk
Kolos Nikopol
Dinamo Stavropol
Guria Lanchkhuti
Sugdiyona Jizzakh
SKA Khabarovsk
Textilschik Ivanovo
SKA Kyiv
Rotor Volgograd
Lokomotivi Samtredia
Shakhrikhonchi Shakhrikhan
FC Shakhter
six groups, no final, six winners
1980 Spartak Kostroma
Traktor Pavlodar
CSKA Kyiv
Rotor Volgograd
Dynamo Samarqand
Khimik Grodno
nine groups, three final groups
1981 Daugava Riga
Dinamo Kirov
Rotor Volgograd
Kotayk Abovyan
Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih
Textilschik Ivanovo
nine groups, three final groups
1982 Textilschik Ivanovo
Dnepr Mogilev
Kuzbass Kemerevo
Spartak Orjonikidze
Dynamo Samarqand
Shakhter
nine groups, three final groups
1983 Irtysh Omsk
Spartak Orjonikidze
Dinamo Batumi
Metallurg Lipetsk
Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuevo
Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
nine groups, three final groups
1984 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
Kotayk Abovyan
Dinamo Stavropol
Nyva Vinnytsia
Geolog Tumen
Dynamo Samarqand
nine groups, three final groups
1985 Rostselmash Rostov/Don
Atlantas Klaipėda
Iskra Smolensk
Tavriya Simferopol
FC Zvezda Perm
Meliorator Chimkent
nine groups, three final groups
1986 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
Geolog Tumen
Zoria Voroshilovgrad
Kepez Kirovobad
Metallurg Lipetsk
Sokhibkor Khalkabad
nine groups, three final groups
1987 Tavriya Simferopol
FC Zvezda Perm
Kuban Krasnodar
Iskra Smolensk
Meliorator Chimkent
Nistru Chisinau
nine groups, three final groups
1988 Nistru Chisinau
Torpedo Kutaisi
Fakel Voronezh
Neftchi Fergona
Tsement Novorossiysk
Bukovyna Chernivtsi
nine groups, three final groups
1989 Lokomotiv Gorkiy
Textilschik Tiraspol
Dinamo Sukhumi
Irtysh Omsk
Volyn Lutsk
Neftchi Fergona
nine groups, three final groups
1990 Bukovyna Chernivtsi
Uralmash Sverdlovsk
Neftchi Fergona
Daugava Riga
Textilschik Kamyshyn
Novbakhor Namangan
three groups
1991 Karpaty Lviv
Asmaral Moscow
Okean Nakhodka
Zorya Luhansk
Krylya Sovetov Samara
Kopetdag Asgabat
three groups

All-time table (top 20)

There were over 520 teams that played in the third tier competitions. [1]

TeamRepublicSeasonsFirst
season
Last
season
PlayedWonDrawnLostGoals
for
Goals
against
Points11st2nd3rd
Bukovina Chernovtsy Ukraine26196319891175508318349146611151842
Polesie Zhitomir Ukraine2419631988108645531032112949861675
Druzhba Maikop Russia28196319901085470243372137411231653
Tselinnik Tselinograd Kazakhstan261964199097447621528313609681643
Neftyanik Fergana Uzbekistan231963198990847917825115068701615
Metallurg Lipetsk Russia241963199094844824225812818551586
Khimik Dzhambul Kazakhstan27196319901013446242325143911271580
Krivbass Krivoi Rog Ukraine2219631988100342829528012679671579
Sudostroitel Nikolaev Ukraine23196319891043425295323125710031570
Zakarpatie Uzhgorod Ukraine26196319891155426291438123512881569
Niva Vinnitsa Ukraine2219631990100242728628912308851567
Podolie Khmelnitskiy Ukraine24196319881084404286394119111671498
Mashuk Piatigorsk Russia241936 (f)198991643120228312249531495
Volyn Lutsk Ukraine27196319901206386332488114814161490
Avangard Rovno Ukraine25196319881113388309416109711521473
Sokol Saratov Russia2419631990923421209293141610651472
Zenit Izhevsk Russia261963199097240725131412799881472
Spartak Kostroma Russia231963198889139926023212258851457
Meliorator Chimkent Kazakhstan2419631990918418202298135210181456
Kristall Kherson Ukraine24196319881076387289400123312701450

1Three points for a win. In 1973, a point for a draw was awarded only to a team that won the subsequent penalty shootout. In 1978–1988, the number of draws for which points were awarded was limited.

See also

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References

  1. "Чемпионат СССР, вторая лига, Все матчи".