Soviet Union national football team

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Contents

Soviet Union
1924–1991
Soviet Union football federation.png
Nickname(s) Red Army
Association Football Federation of the Soviet Union
Most caps Oleg Blokhin (112)
Top scorer Oleg Blokhin (42)
Home stadium Various
FIFA code URS
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First colours
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Second colours
FIFA ranking
Highest1 (July 1960)
First international
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924-1936).svg  Soviet Union 3–0 Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg
(Moscow, Soviet Union; 16 November 1924)
Last international
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg  Cyprus 0–3 Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
(Larnaca, Cyprus; 13 November 1991)
Biggest win
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 11–1 India  Flag of India.svg
(Moscow, Soviet Union; 16 September 1955) [1]
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 0–10 Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
(Helsinki, Finland; 15 August 1957)
Biggest defeat
Flag of England.svg  England 5–0 Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
(London, England; 22 October 1958)
World Cup
Appearances7 (first in 1958 )
Best resultFourth place, 1966
European Championship
Appearances6 (first in 1960 )
Best resultChampions, 1960

The Soviet Union national football team (Russian:сбо́рная СССР по футбо́лу, tr. sbórnaya SSSR po futbólu) was the national football team of the Soviet Union.

After the breakup of the Union the team was transformed into the CIS national football team. FIFA considers the CIS national football team (and ultimately, the Russia national football team) as the Soviet successor team [2] allocating its former records to them (except for the Olympic records which are not combined due to the IOC policy); nevertheless, a large percentage of the team's former players came from outside the Russian SFSR, mainly from the Ukrainian SSR, and following the breakup of the Soviet Union, some such as Andrei Kanchelskis from the former Ukrainian SSR, continued to play in the new Russia national football team.

The Soviet Union failed to qualify for the World Cup only twice, in 1974 and 1978, and attended seven finals tournaments in total. Their best finish was fourth in 1966, when they lost to West Germany in the semifinals, 21. The Soviet Union qualified for five European Championships, winning the inaugural competition in 1960 when they beat Yugoslavia in the final, 21. They finished second three times (1964, 1972, 1988), and fourth once (1968), when, having drawn with Italy in the semi-final, they were sent to the third place playoff match by the loss of a coin toss. The Soviet Union national team also participated in number of Olympic tournaments earning the gold medal in 1956 and 1988. The Soviet team continued to field its national team players in Olympic tournaments despite the prohibition of FIFA in 1958 to field any national team players in Olympics (players in the Olympics were required to be amateurs at the time, Soviets effectively bent the rules by listing their best players in the military).

History

First games

Soviet Union team of 1927 Soviet union football team 1927.jpg
Soviet Union team of 1927

The first international match played by a Soviet team (as Russian SFSR) came in September 1922, when the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation football team toured Russia (Soviet Union was formed at the end of December of 1922, Treaty on the Creation of the USSR). The Soviet Russia XI scored a 4–1 victory over the Finns in Petrograd. This was also the first international contact for Soviet sports after the 1917 October Revolution. In May 1923, the Soviet team visited Finland and beat the Finnish squad 5–0. [3] [4] The first match against national team was played in August 1923, nine months after the establishment of the Soviet Union, when a Russian SFSR team beat Sweden 21 in Stockholm. [5]

The first match as the actual Soviet Union football team took place a year later, a 30 win over Turkey. This and a return match in Ankara were the only officially recognised international matches played by the Soviet Union prior to the 1952 Summer Olympics, though several unofficial friendlies against Turkey took place in the 1930s. The 1952 Olympics was the first competitive tournament entered by the Soviet Union. In the preliminary round, Bulgaria were defeated 21, earning a first round tie against Yugoslavia. Before the match, both Tito and Stalin sent telegrams to their national teams, which showed just how important it was for the two head of states. [6] Yugoslavia led 51, but a Soviet comeback in the last 15 minutes resulted in a 55 draw. The match was replayed, Yugoslavia winning 31. [7] The defeat to the archrivals hit Soviet football hard, and after just three games played in the season, CDKA Moscow, who had made up most of the USSR squad, was forced to withdraw from the league and later disbanded. Furthermore, Boris Arkadiev, who coached both USSR and CDKA, was stripped of his Merited Master of Sports of the USSR title. [8]

Sweden trials and the triumph

The Soviet Union entered the World Cup for the first time at the 1958 tournament, following a qualification playoff against Poland. [9] Drawn in a group with Brazil, England and Austria, they collected three points in total, one from England and two from Austria. Soviet Union and England went to a playoff game, in which Anatoli Ilyin scored in the 67th minute to knock England out. The Soviet Union were then eliminated by the hosts of the tournament, Sweden, in the quarter-finals.

The inaugural European Championships in 1960 marked the pinnacle of Soviet footballing achievement. Easily progressing to the quarter-finals, the team were scheduled to face Spain, but due to the tensions of the Cold War, Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union, resulting in a walkover. In the semi-final, the Soviet team defeated Czechoslovakia 30 and reached the final, where they faced Yugoslavia.

In the final, Yugoslavia scored first, but the Soviet Union, led by legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin, equalized in the 49th minute. After 90 minutes the score was 11, and Viktor Ponedelnik scored with seven minutes left in extra time to give the Soviets the inaugural European Championship.

The end of Kachalin's dream-team

Lev Yashin trying to stop the shot by Argentine striker Jose Sanfilippo, during the match played at Buenos Aires in 1961. Soviet Union won 2-1 Yashin v argentina.jpg
Lev Yashin trying to stop the shot by Argentine striker José Sanfilippo, during the match played at Buenos Aires in 1961. Soviet Union won 2–1

In the 1962 World Cup, the Soviet team was in Group 1 with Yugoslavia, Colombia and Uruguay. The match between Soviet Union and Colombia ended 4–4; Colombia scored a series of goals (68’, 72’, 86’). Star goalkeeper Lev Yashin was in poor form both against Colombia and Chile. His form was considered as one of the main reasons why Soviet Union team did not gain more success in the tournament.[ citation needed ]

In 1964, the Soviet Union attempted to defend their European Championship title, defeating Italy in the last 16 (20, 11) and to reach the quarter-finals. After two matches against Sweden, the Soviet side won on aggregate (11, 31). The Soviet Union team went to Spain where the finals were held. In the semi-finals, the Soviet Union defeated Denmark 30 in Barcelona but their dreams of winning the title again were dashed in the final when Spain, the host, scored a late goal, winning 2-1.

The late 1960s: Semi-finals at World Cup and European Championships

The 1966 FIFA World Cup was the tournament which the Soviet Union team reached their best result by finishing in fourth place. Soviet Union was in Group 4 with North Korea, Italy and Chile. In all three matches, the Soviet Union team managed to defeat their rivals. The Soviet team then defeated Hungary in the quarter-finals thanks to the effective performance of their star, Lev Yashin but their success was ended by two defeats on 25 and 28 July, against West Germany in the semi-finals and Portugal in the third place play off match, respectively. The 1966 squad was the second best scoring Soviet team in the World Cup history, with 10 goals.

For the Euro 1968, the qualification competition was played in two stages; a group stage (taking place from 1966 until 1968) and the quarter-finals (played in 1968). Again, only four teams could reach the finals which were held in Italy. The semi-final match between Soviet Union and Italy ended 00. It was decided to toss a coin to see who reached the final, rather than play a replay. Italy won, and went on to become European champions. On 8 June 1968, the Soviets were defeated by England in the third place match.

Kachalin's second attempt

The 1970 World Cup started with the match between Mexico and the Soviet Union. The Soviet team became the first team to make a substitution in World Cup history in this match. Other opponents in their group were Belgium and El Salvador. The Soviet team easily qualified to the quarter-final where they lost against Uruguay in extra time. This was the last time the Soviet Union reached the quarter-finals. They were able to obtain 5th place in the rankings which FIFA released in 1986.

The final tournament of the 1972 European Championships took place between 14 and 18 June 1972. Again, only four teams were in the finals. Soviets defeated Hungary 10, a second half goal. The final was between West Germany and Soviet Union. The match ended with a victory of the German side thanks to the effective football of Gerd Müller. This tournament was one of the two tournaments in which the Soviet Union finished as runner-up.

Failures to qualify in the 1970s

The Soviet Union playing the Argentina at Estadio Monumental, November 1976 Argentina vs urss buenos aires.jpg
The Soviet Union playing the Argentina at Estadio Monumental, November 1976

After being runners up at Euro 1972, the rest of the 1970s were bleak for the Soviets, who were disqualified from the 1974 World Cup as a result of refusal to play Chile in the aftermath of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, and failed to qualify for the 1978 World Cup or the 1976 and 1980 European Championships.

Beskov recovers the team

Soviet Union v Belgium at the 1986 World Cup Belgium vs ussr 1986.jpg
Soviet Union v Belgium at the 1986 World Cup

The 1982 World Cup was the Soviet Union's first major tournament appearance for a decade. The Soviet Union was in Group 6 with Brazil, Scotland and New Zealand. Goals by Socrates and Eder marked the defeat of the Soviet side against Brazil in the first group match (even though it was a very hard match for the Brazilians), and they were eventually eliminated in the second round by finishing the group in second place, when they defeated Belgium only 10 and drew against Poland with an 00 result. In 1984, the Soviets again failed to qualify for the European Championships, but succeeded in qualifying for the 1986 World Cup. Soviet Union were in Group C with Hungary, France and Canada. The Soviets used Irapuato, Guanajuato as their training ground in the World Cup.

Lobanovsky era and demise of Soviet Union

The Soviet team enjoyed a successful group stage by scoring nine goals and finishing the group in first place. Ultimately, however, they lost to Belgium 3-4 after extra time in the round of 16. Despite their poor performance in the cup, this team was the best scoring Soviet team in World Cup history, with 12 goals. After failing to qualify for three consecutive European Cups (1976, 1980, 1984), the Soviets managed to qualify for the 1988 competition, the last time the Soviet Union national football team took part in the European Football Championship. The finals were held in West Germany, with eight teams participating. Soviet Union finished Group B as leaders above the Netherlands and defeated Italy 2-0 in the semi-final. In the final against the Netherlands, another team from Group B, the Netherlands won the match with a clear score to be crowned European champions.

The final major championship contested by the Soviet team was the 1990 FIFA World Cup, where they were drawn in Group B with Argentina, Romania and Cameroon. The only success for the Soviets came when they defeated group leaders Cameroon 4-0. The Soviets lost their other matches and failed to qualify from the group. The Soviet Union qualified for Euro 1992, but the breakup of the Soviet Union meant that their place was instead taken by the CIS national football team. After the tournament, the former Soviet Republics competed as separate independent nations, with FIFA allocating the Soviet team's record to Russia. [10]

Kit evolution

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1958-1989 Home
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0
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1966 WC
(vs North Korea)
0
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1970
Home
(vs Belgium)
0
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1975
(vs Ireland)
0
0
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1982 WC
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0
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1982 WC
Away
0
0
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1986
Home
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0
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1986
Away
0
0
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1988
Home
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1988
Away
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1988
Olympics
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1990
Home
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1990
Away
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1991
Home
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1991
Home
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1991
Away

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup record

 Champions   Runners-up    Third Place    Fourth Place  

FIFA World Cup record Qualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Not a FIFA memberNot a FIFA member
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1934
Flag of France.svg 1938
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 Quarter-final7th521256 Squad 5401183
Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Quarter-final6th421197 Squad 4400113
Flag of England.svg 1966 Fourth Place4th6402106 Squad 6501196
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 Quarter-final5th421162 Squad 431081
Flag of Germany.svg 1974 Disqualified (forfeited)631254
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 Did not qualify420253
Flag of Spain.svg 1982 Second Group Stage7th522174 Squad 8620202
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 Round of 1610th4211125 Squad 8422138
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Group Stage17th310244 Squad 8431114
TotalFourth Place7/143115610533453359911034

UEFA European Championship record

 Champions   Runners-up    Third Place    Fourth Place  

UEFA European Championship record Qualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
Flag of France.svg 1960 Champions 1st220051 Squad 220041
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964 Runners-up 2nd210142 Squad 422073
Flag of Italy.svg 1968 Fourth Place4th201102 Squad 8602198
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 Runners-up 2nd210113 Squad 8530164
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 Did not qualify84131210
Flag of Italy.svg 1980 613278
Flag of France.svg 1984 6411112
Flag of Germany.svg 1988 Runners-up 2nd531174 Squad 8530143
Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 Qualified, but dissolved and replaced by CIS national football team 8530132
Total1 Title5/8137241712583416810341

Olympic record

Olympic record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquads
1896–1912Preceded with Russia
1920–1948Did not enter
Flag of Finland.svg 1952 Round 114th311189 Squad
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 1956 Gold medalists1st541092 Squad
Flag of Italy.svg 1960 Did not qualify
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1964
Flag of Mexico.svg 1968
Flag of Germany.svg 1972 Bronze medalists3rd7520176 Squad
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1976 Bronze medalists3rd5401104 Squad
Since 1976succeeded with Olympic team
TotalGold medalists4/202014424421

Honours

This is a list of honours for the senior Soviet Union national football team

FIFA World Cup

  • Fourth-place (1): 1966

UEFA European Championship

Olympic football tournament

Player records

  1. Sergei Aleinikov also made four appearances for Belarus.
  2. 1 2 Oleg Protasov also made one appearance for Ukraine.

Soviet managers

Notes:

Home venues record

Since Soviet's first fixture (16 November 1924 vs. Turkey) they have played their home games at various stadiums.

VenueCityPlayedWonDrawnLostGFGAPoints per game
Central Lenin Stadium Moscow 1956–199278501810151502.15
Central Stadium Kiev 1969–19901210112762.58
Lenin Dynamo Stadium Tbilisi 1967–1987106131991.9
Dynamo Stadium Moscow 1954–197197204182.56
Lokomotiv Stadium Simferopol 1979–198944001113
Kirov Stadium Leningrad 1967–19843300813
Hrazdan Stadium Yerevan 197822001223
Central Lokomotiv Stadium Moscow 1979–19882200513
Central Stadium Volgograd 19771100413
Pakhtakor Central Stadium Tashkent 19751100213
Vorovsky Stadium Moscow 1924110030
Black Sea Shipping Stadium Odessa 1974100101
Totals1924-1992123862215281802.28
Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.

Note:

See also

Notes

  1. "Soviet Union 11:1 India". eu-football.info. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  2. "Member Association - Russia". FIFA.com.
  3. Hentilä, Seppo (1982). Suomen työläisurheilun historia I. Työväen Urheiluliitto 1919–1944. Hämeenlinna: Karisto. pp. 146–148. ISBN   951-23216-0-2.
  4. Hentilä, Seppo (2014). Bewegung, Kultur und Alltag im Arbeitersport (in German). Helsinki: The Finnish Society for Labour History. p. 48. ISBN   978-952-59762-6-7.
  5. "Soviet Union - International Results 1911-1935". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  6. "USSR – Yugoslavia, the Story of Two Different Football Conceptions". http://russianfootballnews.com . Retrieved 27 November 2017.External link in |work= (help)
  7. "Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1950-1959". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  8. "USSR – Yugoslavia, the Story of Two Different Football Conceptions". russianfootballnews.com. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  9. "1958 - Qualifying competition". Planet World Cup. Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  10. "History. About FUR. General information. FUR". en.rfs.ru. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016.
  11. 1 2 Mamrud, Roberto. "Soviet Union/CIS - Record International Players". RSSSF.
Preceded by
Inaugural champions
European champions
1960 (first title)
Succeeded by
1964 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

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