Soyuz T-6

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Soyuz T-6
COSPAR ID 1982-063A
SATCAT no. 13292
Mission duration7 days, 21 hours, 50 minutes, 52 seconds
Orbits completed125
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew size3
Members Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
Jean-Loup Chrétien
CallsignPamir (Pamirs)
Start of mission
Launch date24 June 1982, 16:29:48 (1982-06-24UTC16:29:48Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date2 July 1982, 14:20:40 (1982-07-02UTC14:20:41Z) UTC
Landing site65 kilometres (40 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee altitude 189 kilometres (117 mi)
Apogee altitude 233 kilometres (145 mi)
Inclination 51.7 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7
Soyuz T-6 mission patch.png
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)
  Soyuz T-5
Soyuz T-7  

Soyuz T-6 was a human spaceflight to Earth orbit to the Salyut 7 space station in 1982. [1] Along with two Soviet cosmonauts, the crew included a Frenchman, Jean-Loup Chrétien. [1]


The Soyuz-T spacecraft arrived at Salyut 7 following launch on 24 June 1982 and one day of solo operations. During the T-6 mission's time docked to the station, the crew performed joint Soviet-French experiments, including cardiovascular echography, alongside the station's resident crew. [2]

|flights1_up = Third |details1_up = Flag of the Soviet Union.svg   Soviet Union |position2 = Flight Engineer |crew2_up = Aleksandr Ivanchenkov |flights2_up = Second and last |details2_up = Flag of the Soviet Union.svg   Soviet Union |position3 = Research Cosmonaut |crew3_up = Jean-Loup Chrétien |flights3_up = First |details3_up = Flag of France.svg   France }}

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Leonid Kizim
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg   Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Vladimir Solovyov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg   Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Patrick Baudry
Flag of France.svg   France

Mission parameters

Mission highlights

Soyuz T-6 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on 24 June 1982 at 16:29 GMT. Docking with the Salyut 7 station was completed manually after problems arose with the spacecraft's onboard automatic docking systems. [2] [3]

Once aboard Salyut 7, the crew completed joint Soviet-French, including echography and antibiotic experiments, with the station's resident crew, the crew of Soyuz T-5. [4]

The mission transported the first French astronaut, Jean-Loup Chrétien, into space. While aboard the station, the resident crew afforded him the opportunity to eject Salyut 7's weekly bag of waste into space through the station's small trash airlock. Valentin Lebedev, writing in his diary, quoted Chrétien as saying Salyut 7 "is simple, doesn't look impressive, but is reliable." [1] [3]

Related Research Articles

<i>Salyut</i> programme Soviet space station programme

The Salyut programme was the first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union. It involved a series of four crewed scientific research space stations and two crewed military reconnaissance space stations over a period of 15 years, from 1971 to 1986. Two other Salyut launches failed. In one respect, Salyut had the task of carrying out long-term research into the problems of living in space and a variety of astronomical, biological and Earth-resources experiments, and on the other hand the USSR used this civilian programme as a cover for the highly secretive military Almaz stations, which flew under the Salyut designation. Salyut 1, the first station in the programme, became the world's first crewed space station.

Soyuz 21 Crewed flight of the Soyuz programme

Soyuz 21 was a 1976 Soviet crewed mission to the Salyut 5 space station, the first of three flights to the station. The mission's objectives were mainly military in scope, but included other scientific work. The mission ended abruptly with cosmonauts Boris Volynov and Vitaly Zholobov returning to Earth after 49 days in orbit. The precise reason for the early end of the mission was the subject of much speculation, but was reported to be an emergency evacuation after the Salyut atmosphere developed an acrid odor.

Salyut 5

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Salyut 6 Former Soviet orbital space station

Salyut 6, DOS-5, was a Soviet orbital space station, the eighth station of the Salyut programme. It was launched on 29 September 1977 by a Proton rocket. Salyut 6 was the first space station to receive large numbers of crewed and uncrewed spacecraft for human habitation, crew transfer, international participation and resupply, establishing precedents for station life and operations which were enhanced on Mir and the International Space Station.

Salyut 7 Space station launched on 19 April 1982

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Soyuz T-2

Soyuz T-2 was a 1980 Soviet crewed space flight to the Salyut 6 space station. It was the 12th mission to and 10th successful docking at the orbiting facility. The Soyuz T-2 crew were the second to visit the long-duration Soyuz 35 resident crew.

Soyuz 37

Soyuz 37 was a 1980 Soviet crewed space flight to the Salyut 6 space station. It was the 13th mission to and 11th successful docking at the orbiting facility. The Soyuz 37 crew were the third to visit the long-duration Soyuz 35 resident crew.

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Soyuz 39

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Soyuz T-5 Soviet manned spaceflight mission

Soyuz T-5 was a human spaceflight into Earth orbit to the then new Salyut 7 space station in 1982. While the Soyuz-T was docked it received visits from the uncrewed Progress 13 resupply spacecraft, and the crewed Soyuz T-6 and Soyuz T-7.

Soyuz T-7 was the third Soviet space mission to the Salyut 7 space station. Crew member Svetlana Savitskaya was the first woman in space in almost twenty years, since Valentina Tereshkova who flew in 1963 on Vostok 6.

Soyuz T-15

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Soyuz TM-7

Soyuz TM-7 was the seventh crewed spacecraft to dock with the Soviet Space Station Mir. Its launch in November 1988 represented the start of the fourth long duration expedition, Mir EO-4, as it carried two more Soviet cosmonauts, Sergei Krikalev and Alexander Volkov, to the station. They would join the third crew member of EO-4, cosmonaut/physician Valeri Polyakov, who was on Mir for the second half of EO-3. Also launched by Soyuz TM-7 was French astronaut Jean-Loup Chrétien, who would take part in the 24-day French mission known as Mir Aragatz. The spacecraft Soyuz TM-7 remained docked to Mir for the duration of EO-4. At the end of EO-4 in April 1989, due to delays in the launch schedule, Mir was left uncrewed, and all three EO-4 crew members were transported back to Earth.

Mir EO-4 Fourth expedition to Mir space station

Mir EO-4 was the fourth long-duration expedition to the Soviet space station Mir. The expedition began in November 1988, when crew members Commander Aleksandr Volkov and Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalev arrived at the station via the spacecraft Soyuz TM-7. The third crew member of EO-4, Valeri Polyakov, was already aboard Mir, having arrived in August 1988 part way through the previous expedition, Mir EO-3.

Progress 2

Progress 2 was an unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft launched by the Soviet Union in 1978 to resupply the Salyut 6 space station. It used the Progress 7K-TG configuration, and was the second Progress mission to Salyut 6. It carried supplies for the EO-2 crew aboard Salyut 6, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres.

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Jean-Loup Chrétien

Jean-Loup Jacques Marie Chrétien is a French retired Général de Brigade in the Armée de l'Air, and a former CNES spationaut. He flew on two Franco-Soviet space missions and a NASA Space Shuttle mission. Chrétien was the first Frenchman and the first western European in space.


  1. 1 2 3 "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  2. 1 2 "Human Spaceflights: International Flight-No. 82". Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Salyut 7 EP-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  4. "Salyut 7 (Soyuz T-6) French/Soviet Mission (1982)". European Space Agency. Retrieved 8 October 2011.