Spin Boldak

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Spin Boldak
Empty fuel trucks crossing border into Pakistan in February 2010.jpg
Empty fuel trucks heading towards the Friendship Gate at the Wesh-Chaman border crossing
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Spin Boldak
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 31°0′29″N66°23′53″E / 31.00806°N 66.39806°E / 31.00806; 66.39806 Coordinates: 31°0′29″N66°23′53″E / 31.00806°N 66.39806°E / 31.00806; 66.39806
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Kandahar
District Spin Boldak
Elevation 4,009 ft (1,222 m)
Time zone UTC+4:30

Spin Boldak (English: White desert) is a border town and the headquarters of Spin Boldak District in the southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan, next to the Durand Line border with Pakistan. It is linked by a highway with the city of Kandahar to the north, and with Chaman and Quetta in Pakistan to the south. Spin Boldak has the second major port of entry between Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Wesh-Chaman border crossing. It is also a major transporting, shipping and receiving site between the two neighboring countries.

A border town is a town or city close to the boundary between two countries, states, or regions. Usually the term implies that the nearness to the border is one of the things the place is most famous for. With close proximities to a different country, diverse cultural traditions can have certain influence to the place. Border towns can have highly cosmopolitan communities, a feature they share with port cities, as traveling and trading often go through the town. They can also be flashpoints for international conflicts, especially when the two countries have territorial disputes.

Spin Boldak is a district in the eastern part of Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. It borders Daman District to the west, Arghistan District to the north, Qilla Abdullah District Pakistan to the east and Shorabak District to the south. The population was estimated at 100,400 in 2006. The district center is the town of Spin Boldak, located in the western part of the district on the road to Pakistan.

Afghanistan A landlocked south-central Asian country

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South and Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experiences very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, whilst the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.

Contents

The district is populated mostly by Noorzai and Achakzai Pashtuns. [1]

Achakzai, pronounced in Pashto, is a Pashtun tribe that resides on both sides of current Pakistan Afghanistan border, centered on Killa Abdullah District with some clans as far away as Afghanistan’s Kandahar Province.

Other names: Spīn Baldak, سپین بولدک, Spīn Būldak, Spīn Bōldak, Spin Baldak. Kandahar and Quetta are about 40 and 50 nmi (93 km) respectively distant by air, and have the closest medium-sized airports; Pishin, Pakistan has a small airport 40 nmi (74 km) to the east. [2]

Pishin, Pakistan Town in Pakistan

Pishin or Pshin is a city that is the capital of the Pishin District of Balochistan province, Pakistan. Pishin connects Quetta, the provincial capital, to Afghanistan. It is considered part of the Pashtun belt of Balochistan, and it is the largest district of Pashtun tribes in the region. Due to its high population and vast area, a new tehsil, pishin, has been established, and Malikyar is popular place/village for its greenery and production of different kinds of fruits and vegetables. and beautiful lake Band Khushdil Khan is present in Malikyar.

Climate

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Spin Boldak features a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh), characterised by little precipitation throughout the year. The average temperature in Spin Boldak is 19.7 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 217 mm. July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 31.8 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 6.9 °C.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Spin Boldak
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)13.9
(57)
16.7
(62.1)
22.1
(71.8)
28.1
(82.6)
34.6
(94.3)
39.5
(103.1)
40.2
(104.4)
39.1
(102.4)
35.8
(96.4)
29.9
(85.8)
22.8
(73)
17.5
(63.5)
28.4
(83)
Daily mean °C (°F)6.9
(44.4)
9.7
(49.5)
14.6
(58.3)
20.2
(68.4)
25.4
(77.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
25.5
(77.9)
19.6
(67.3)
13.5
(56.3)
9.2
(48.6)
19.7
(67.4)
Average low °C (°F)0.0
(32)
2.8
(37)
7.2
(45)
12.3
(54.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.4
(74.1)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
9.4
(48.9)
4.2
(39.6)
0.9
(33.6)
11.1
(52)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

Insurgent Activity

In January, 2006, "a suicide bomber on a motorbike killed at least 20 people and wounded 20 more," according to one report. "The attacker drove the vehicle into a crowd watching a wrestling match and detonated a bomb, said Kandahar provincial Gov. Asadullah Khalid." The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack. [4]

Asadullah Khalid politician in Afghanistan

Asadullah Khalid is a politician in Afghanistan. He served as head of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), which is the domestic intelligence agency of Afghanistan. Before his appointment as the head of the NDS in September 2012, Khalid served as the Minister of Tribal and Border Affairs. Between 2005 and 2008, he was the Governor of Kandahar Province and prior to that as Governor of Ghazni Province (2002-2005). Khalid is said to be affiliated with the Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan and has been noted as one of many loyalists of Afghan President Hamid Karzai.

Taliban Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan

The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country. Since 2016, the Taliban's leader is Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada.

The town was the site of a suicide bombing in February 2008 that killed 38 Afghans and injured several Canadian soldiers. [5]

The Spin Boldak bombing happened on February 18, 2008 when a car full of explosives detonated near a Canadian military convoy in a market in Spin Boldak, Afghanistan. The attack killed 38 Afghans and injured at least 25 civilians. In addition, four Canadian soldiers were lightly injured.

In April 2010, three nephews of the former governor of Spin Boldak district, Hajji (or Haji [6] ) Fazluddin Agha, aged 15, 13 and 12, were killed in a bomb attack. The bomb was attached to a donkey which was led to the checkpoint in front of the former governor's home and detonated by remote control. Hajji Fazluddin Agha, according to the report, is of one of President Hamid Karzai’s most important political allies in Kandahar, and had also served as Mr. Karzai’s top campaign official in Kandahar Province. He was unhurt in the bombing, but two bystanders and two policemen were wounded. [7]

Railway

In 1891 the British extended the Indian Railways system (now Pakistan Railways) to the border town of Chaman via the Khojak Tunnel from Qilla Abdullah, from the east and thence south. The rails were not extended into Afghanistan to the north and west for political reasons. Spin Boldak, Afghanistan, is less than 10 km from Chaman, Pakistan.

Over much of the last century, there have been proposals to extend the Chaman line to Afghanistan and possibly beyond, passing through Spin Boldak. These proposals have the support of the current Afghan government. In July 2010, Pakistan and Afghanistan signed a Memorandum of understanding for going ahead with the laying of rail tracks between the two countries. Work on the proposed project is set to start in the next four months. [8]

See also

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References

  1. "The Master of Spin Boldak: Undercover with Afghanistan’s drug-trafficking border police" by Matthieu Aikins, Harper's Magazine , December, 2009, p. 54. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  2. Falling Rain Map of Spin Buldak. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  3. "Climate: Spin Boldak - Climate-Data.org" . Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  4. "Taliban attacks kill at least 24 in Afghanistan", CBC News, January 16, 2006, 12:32 PM ET. Retrieved via Yahoo! Image 2010-04-20.
  5. "Canadian troops blamed in blast that killed 38" by Stephanie Levitz, The Canadian Press, and Noor Khan thestar.com, February 18, 2008. Note: The Canadians were blamed by Asadullah Khalid only to the extent they ignored his warnings of the risk. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  6. "Explosives cache found in Kandahar as escalation of Taliban attacks feared" by Ethan Brown, Canwest News Service, May 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
  7. "Deputy Mayor of Kandahar Is Killed" by Richard A. Oppel Jr. and Taimoor Shah; T. Shah reported from Kandahar; an employee of The Times contributed reporting from Khost, as did Sangar Rahimi from Kabul; Oppel reported and filed the story from Kabul; The New York Times, April 20, 2010. Deputy Mayor Azizullah Yarmal of Kandahar city was killed the same day in a separate incident. (A version of this article appeared in print on April 21, 2010, on page A6 of the New York edition. "A Killing Further Erodes Afghan Faith in Leaders.") Retrieved 2010-04-20, 2010-07-12.
  8. Pakistan, Afghanistan ink MoU on rail links