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Members of the Sreda, 1902: Top row from left: Stepan Skitalets, Fyodor Chaliapin, Evgeny Chirikov; bottom row from left: Maxim Gorky, Leonid Andreyev, Ivan Bunin, Nikolai Teleshov. Russian Writers 1.jpg
Members of the Sreda, 1902: Top row from left: Stepan Skitalets, Fyodor Chaliapin, Evgeny Chirikov; bottom row from left: Maxim Gorky, Leonid Andreyev, Ivan Bunin, Nikolai Teleshov.

The Moscow Literary Sreda (Russian : Моско́вская Литерату́рная Cреда, translit.  Moskovskaya Literaturnaya Sreda/Moskovskaja Literaturnaja Sreda) was a Moscow literary group founded in 1899 by Nikolai Teleshov. The name Sreda means Wednesday, taken from the day of the week on which writers and other artists met at Teleshov's home. The last meeting of the Sreda took place in 1916. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, over two decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

Romanization of Russian Romanization of the Russian alphabet

Romanization of Russian is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic script into the Latin script.

Nikolai Teleshov Russian Soviet writer

Nikolai Dmitryevich Teleshov was a Russian/Soviet writer.


List of Sreda members

Leonid Andreyev Russian playwright, author and poet

Leonid Nikolaievich Andreyev was a Russian playwright, novelist and short-story writer, who is considered to be a father of Expressionism in Russian literature. He is one of the most talented and prolific representatives of the Silver Age period. Andreyev's style combines elements of realist, naturalist, and symbolist schools in literature.

Pyotr Boborykin Russian writer

Pyotr Dmitryevich Boborykin was a Russian writer, playwright, and journalist.

Ivan Bunin Russian writer and poet

Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin was the first Russian writer awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. He was noted for the strict artistry with which he carried on the classical Russian traditions in the writing of prose and poetry. The texture of his poems and stories, sometimes referred to as "Bunin brocade", is considered to be one of the richest in the language.

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  1. Handbook of Russian Literature, Victor Terras, Yale University Press 1990.
  2. A Writer Remembers by Nikolay Teleshov, Hutchinson, NY, 1943.
  3. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). 2010, The Gale Group, Inc.
  4. Reference Guide to Russian Literature, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, Chicago, 1998.