St. Johnsbury Athenaeum

Last updated
St. Johnsbury Athenaeum
Established1871
Location St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Website http://www.stjathenaeum.org/
St. Johnsbury Athenaeum
St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, VT.jpg
The Athenaeum in 1906
USA Vermont location map.svg
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Usa edcp location map.svg
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Location St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Coordinates 44°25′6.38″N72°1′15.72″W / 44.4184389°N 72.0210333°W / 44.4184389; -72.0210333 Coordinates: 44°25′6.38″N72°1′15.72″W / 44.4184389°N 72.0210333°W / 44.4184389; -72.0210333
Built1871 (1871)
ArchitectJohn Davis Hatch III
Architectural styleSecond Empire
NRHP reference No. 96000970
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 18, 1996 [1]
Designated NHLJuly 18, 1996 [2]
Map
St. Johnsbury Athenaeum

The St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, is a combined library and art gallery. The building in which it is housed is architecturally and historically significant because of its construction. The Athenaeum is also noted for the American landscape paintings and books in its collection and its having been funded by Horace Fairbanks, manufacturer of the world's first platform scale. The art collection contains a number of Hudson River School paintings. This building retains a strong Victorian (French Second Empire) flavor of the 19th century. [3]

Contents

History

The St. Johnsbury Athenaeum in 2011 St Johnsbury Athenaeum.jpg
The St. Johnsbury Athenaeum in 2011

When the library opened, the collection consisted of 9,000 books selected by bibliographer William F. Poole.

In 1873, Fairbanks added a small art gallery. This is now one of the few art galleries in the United States that features late 19th century Victorian-style design which highlights intricate paint/stencil schemes, detailed moldings, creative natural lighting, and unique painting installations.[ citation needed ]

The walls and floor are black walnut. The art gallery is lighted naturally from an arched skylight in the ceiling. Cases on two sides of the room contain art books in tooled leather bindings. Gilt-framed paintings are displayed. [4]

One hundred works of art are on display. Besides originals by American artists, there are also copies of European masterpieces. [4] The major part of the collection is by American and European artists from the late eighteenth century to the middle nineteenth century. Hudson River School painters include Asher B. Durand, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Sanford Gifford, a Luminist painter, James and William Hart pastoral landscapes with cattle. Western scenes are portrayed by Samuel Colman and Worthington Whittredge. Dominating the room is a canvas, ten by fifteen feet, of the Domes of Yosemite, by Albert Bierstadt. [4] [5]

European painters represented by original works of art include: Bouguereau ("Raspberry Girl"), Félix Ziem ("Venice"), Charles Euphrasie Kuwasseg, and Louis Pinel de Grandchamp. [6]

Library

The Athenaeum's library shares a unified catalog and circulation system with over 50 other Vermont libraries through the Vermont Organization of Koha Automated Libraries. [7]

See also

Footnotes

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. "New York Public Library". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-16. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05.
  3. National Historical Landmarks government website
  4. 1 2 3 "St. Johnsbury Athenaeum official website". stjathenaeum.org.
  5. "Yosemite Domes 1870". www.discoveryeditions.com.
  6. St. Johnsbury Anathaeum listing of paintings retrieved June 20, 2008 Archived June 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  7. "KOHA Quick Reference". St. Johnsbury Athenaeum. Retrieved 2019-04-23.

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