St. Paul's Bay

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Saint Paul's Bay

San Pawl il-Baħar
St. Paul's Bay montage.jpg
From top, left to right: skyline, Buġibba Temple, St. Paul's Shipwreck Church, Wignacourt Tower, Buġibba square, Malta National Aquarium
Flag of Saint Paul's Bay.svg
Flag
St Pauls Bay coa.svg
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
In Christo Renati Sumus
(Born again in Christ)
San Pawl il-Bahar in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°56′54″N14°24′6″E / 35.94833°N 14.40167°E / 35.94833; 14.40167 Coordinates: 35°56′54″N14°24′6″E / 35.94833°N 14.40167°E / 35.94833; 14.40167
Country Flag of Malta.svg  Malta
Region Northern Region
District Northern District
Borders Mellieħa, Mġarr, Mosta, Naxxar
Government
   Mayor Alfred Grima (PL)
Area
  Total14.47 km2 (5.59 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019 [1] )
  Total29,097
  Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
 Population exceeds 60,000 in summer [2]
Demonym(s) Pawlin (m), Pawlina (f), Pawlini (pl)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
SPB
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-51
Patron saints Our Lady of Sorrows
Sacred Heart of Mary
St. Francis of Assisi
Website Official website

Saint Paul's Bay (Maltese : San Pawl il-Baħar, Italian : Baia di San Paolo) is a town in the Northern Region of Malta, sixteen kilometres (9.9 miles) northwest of the capital Valletta. Saint Paul's Bay is the largest town in the Northern Region and the seat of the Northern Regional Committee along with being the most populous town in Malta. [1]

Contents

Its name refers to the shipwreck of Saint Paul as documented in the Acts of the Apostles on St. Paul's Islands near St Paul's Bay, on his voyage from Caesarea to Rome, which laid the foundations of Christianity on the island.

Burmarrad, Wardija, Qawra, Buġibba, Xemxija, and San Martin, as well as part of Bidnija and Mistra, form part of St. Paul's Bay Local Council. [3] The area of the locality is 14.47 km2 (6 sq mi).

The population in 2018 was 23,112. This goes up to about 60,000 between June and September with Maltese residents and tourists lodging in hotels, especially in Buġibba and Qawra.

Heading north is Mistra Bay, its headland and St Paul's Island. Going west and crossing the island towards Ġnejna Bay and Golden Bay is the scenic Wardija Ridge.

History

Archaeological remains have been found in the limits of St. Paul's Bay, which go back to around 4000 BC. Among the remains there are the megalithic temples of Buġibba and Xemxija. In addition, Cart Ruts were found on the Wardija Ridge at Busewdien, [4] while Punic tombs and other Bronze Age remains were also found. During the Roman period, St. Paul's Bay became an important harbour. Remains of a Roman road, baths and beehives, have been found at Xemxija, while Roman anchors were found on the seabed.

By the late Middle Ages, St. Paul's Bay was abandoned since the area was unsafe due to corsair raids. The local militia maintained several watch posts in the area. One of these, known as Ta' Tabibu farmhouse, still survives today and is considered to be the oldest building in St. Paul's Bay. [5] A building of a church was also noted at the arrival of the Order of St John in 1530. [6]

A number of fortifications were built in the area during the rule of the Order of Saint John. The first of these was the Wignacourt Tower, built in 1610, which is now the oldest surviving watchtower in Malta. Qawra Tower was built by Grand Master Lascaris in 1638. In 1715, batteries were built around these two towers, while two batteries and a redoubt were built in other parts of the St. Paul's Bay coastline. Of these, only Arrias Battery survives today, since Dellia Battery and Perellos Redoubt were demolished in the 20th century.

The bay was one of the landing places during the French invasion of Malta in June 1798. After the Maltese uprising against the French, St. Paul's Bay became the main harbour of Malta since the Grand Harbour and Marsamxett were still under French control. [7]

In the 19th century, several villas were built in St. Paul's Bay. These were requisitioned by the British military in World War II and the bay became a rest camp. After the Italian armistice of 1943, 76 ships of the Regia Marina were anchored at St. Paul's Bay after surrendering to the British.

After the war, the area began to be further developed. Today, St. Paul's Bay, Qawra, Buġibba, Xemxija and Burmarrad form a large cluster of buildings. The area is a popular entertainment spot. [2]

Crime

St. Paul's Bay has the largest number of reported thefts in Malta, amounting to 423 out of 4,037 thefts, and the largest amount of domestic violence incidents, amounting to 93 out of 1,409. [8] [9]

Sports

Zones in St. Paul's Bay

Main roads

St. Paul's Bay

Buġibba

Burmarrad

Qawra

Xemxija

Twin towns – sister cities

Saint Paul's Bay is twinned with: [10]

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Wignacourt Tower

Wignacourt Tower, also known as Saint Paul's Bay Tower, is a bastioned watchtower in St. Paul's Bay, Malta. It was the first of six Wignacourt towers to be built, and it was completed in 1610. It replaced the role of Ta' Tabibu farmhouse which was previously known as Dejma Tower. An artillery battery was added a century later in 1715. Today the tower is a museum.

Bidnija Village in Malta Island, Malta

Bidnija is a rural hamlet between Mosta, St. Paul's Bay and Mġarr. It is located in the northern region of Malta and is home to roughly 308 people per 2008, the second least populated habitable zone on the Maltese islands after Mdina. It is located between two main valleys; Qannotta Valley and Pwales Valley, extending into other small valleys surrounding the area. It is largely a rural village surrounded by fields mainly belong to the inhabitants, although over the years other Maltese and foreigners have settled in the area generally for its countryside views.

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Dellia Battery

Dellia Battery, also known as Vendôme Battery or Pwales Right Battery, was an artillery battery in Xemxija Bay, limits of St. Paul's Bay, Malta. It was built by the Order of Saint John in 1715 as one of a series of coastal fortifications around the coasts of the Maltese Islands. It was demolished in 1924, but the coats of arms and inscription which were located above the main entrance still exist and are now a monument.

Arrias Battery

Arrias Battery, also known as Xemxija Battery or Pwales Left Battery, is an artillery battery in Xemxija, limits of St. Paul's Bay, Malta. It was built by the Order of Saint John in 1715–1716 as one of a series of coastal fortifications around the Maltese Islands. The battery still exists, although it has modern alterations, and it is used as a restaurant.

Wardija Hamlet in St. Pauls Bay in Malta

Wardija is a hamlet in St. Paul's Bay, Malta, about 363 feet above sea level. Its name is corrupted from the Sicilian or Italian word guardia, meaning to watch). Although the name of the hamlet has Arabic lexicons, it was probably named later when Maltese, then an Arabic dialect, remained a dominant language. The hamlet is bordered with Bidnija, Buġibba, San Martin and Pwales. Several archeological remains are found in the whereabouts, proving that it was inhabited in pre-history and the Roman period, and it has always been mainly a rural village. From the 16th till the 18th-centuries it saw a shift into a hunting zone with the construction of several hunting lodges and chapels.

References

  1. 1 2 "Gazzetta tal-Gvern ta' Malta" (PDF) (in Maltese). 3 September 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  2. 1 2 "San Pawl il-Baħar". lc.gov.mt. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  3. S. Formosa; S. Scicluna; J. Azzopardi (January 2013). Saviour Formosa; Sandra Scicluna; Jacqueline Azzopardi (eds.). Realities of Crime, Society and Landuse in the Mediterranean: JANUS I (PDF). Msida: Department of Criminology, University of Malta. pp. 96–98. doi:10.13140/2.1.1230.4322. ISBN   978-99957-834-0-2. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017.
  4. Dillon, Paddy Walking in Malta Cicerone Press (1 October 2004) ISBN   978-1-85284-422-6 p.107
  5. "Development near oldest building in St Paul's Bay refused". Times of Malta . 23 October 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  6. Leopardi, E. R. (1949). "The First Printed Description of Malta : Lyons 1536" (PDF). Scientia. 15 (2): 56, 58.
  7. Spiteri, Stephen C. (May 2008). "Maltese 'siege' batteries of the blockade 1798-1800" (PDF). Arx - Online Journal of Military Architecture and Fortification (6): 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  8. "More police for St Paul's Bay – Graziella Galea". Times of Malta. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  9. "St Paul's Bay with highest number of domestic violence, theft reports in 2020 - The Malta Independent". www.independent.com.mt. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  10. "Twinning". localgovernment.gov.mt. Government of Malta. Retrieved 18 September 2019.