St. Peter, Minnesota

Last updated

St. Peter
Downtown St. Peter 1.jpg
Downtown St. Peter
Motto: 
"Where History & Progress Meet"
Nicollet County Minnesota Incorporated and Unincorporated areas St. Peter Highlighted.svg
Location of the city of St. Peter
within Nicollet County
in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°19′33″N93°57′21″W / 44.32583°N 93.95583°W / 44.32583; -93.95583 Coordinates: 44°19′33″N93°57′21″W / 44.32583°N 93.95583°W / 44.32583; -93.95583
CountryUnited States
State Minnesota
County Nicollet
Founded1853
Incorporated1873
Government
  TypeMayor – Council
  MayorShanon Nowell
Area
[1]
   City 6.24 sq mi (16.16 km2)
  Land6.06 sq mi (15.70 km2)
  Water0.17 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Elevation
768 ft (234 m)
Population
 (2020) [2]
   City 12,066
  Estimate 
(2021) [3]
14,448
  Density1,989.78/sq mi (768.30/km2)
   Metro
103,612 (US: 350th)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
56082
Area code 507
FIPS code 27-58036
GNIS feature ID0651004 [4]
Website saintpetermn.gov

St. Peter is a city in Nicollet County, Minnesota, United States. It is 10 miles north of the Mankato – North Mankato metropolitan area. The population was 12,066 at the 2020 census. [2] St. Peter is the county seat of Nicollet County [5] and home to Gustavus Adolphus College.

Contents

U.S. Highway 169 and Minnesota State Highways 22 and 99 are three of the city's main routes.

St. Peter's sister city is Petatlán, Guerrero, Mexico.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.24 sq mi (16.16 km2), of which 6.06 sq mi (15.70 km2) is land and 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2) is water. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 2,124
1880 3,43661.8%
1890 3,6716.8%
1900 4,30217.2%
1910 4,176−2.9%
1920 4,3353.8%
1930 4,81111.0%
1940 5,87022.0%
1950 7,75432.1%
1960 8,4849.4%
1970 8,339−1.7%
1980 9,0568.6%
1990 9,4214.0%
2000 9,7473.5%
2010 11,19614.9%
2020 12,0667.8%
2021 (est.)11,707 [3] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
2020 Census [2]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,196 people, 3,491 households, and 2,150 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,002.9/sq mi (773.3/km2). There were 3,697 housing units at an average density of 661.4/sq mi (255.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.1% White, 3.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.

There were 3,491 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 27.5 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 19.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,747 people, 2,978 households, and 1,843 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,797.3 people per square mile (694.3/km2). There were 3,129 housing units at an average density of 577.0 per square mile (222.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.17% White, 1.57% African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.04% of the population.

There were 2,978 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 19.8% under the age of 18, 30.6% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,344, and the median income for a family was $51,157. Males had a median income of $33,618 versus $25,789 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,634. About 4.2% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

St. Peter was founded in 1853 by Captain William Bigelow Dodd, who claimed 150 acres (0.61 km2) north of what is now Broadway Avenue. He named the new settlement Rock Bend because of the rock formation at the bend of the Minnesota River. Daniel L. Turpin platted and surveyed the town site in 1854. In 1855, a group of St. Paul businessmen interested in promoting the town formed the Saint Peter Company, and the town was renamed St. Peter. The president of the company was Willis A. Gorman, Territorial Governor of Minnesota. Many of St. Peter's streets were named after streets in New York City, including Park Row, Chatham, Broadway, Nassau, and Union. Dodd was originally from Bloomfield, New Jersey. His second wife, Harriett Newell Jones, a native of Cabot, Vermont, was living in New York at the time of their marriage at the Church of the Holy Communion in New York City, which helped fund the church in St. Peter that shares its name.

The Broadway Bridge connects St. Peter to the east via Minnesota State Highway 99 2009-0805-MN-StPeter-BroadwayBridge.jpg
The Broadway Bridge connects St. Peter to the east via Minnesota State Highway 99

In 1857, an attempt was made to move the Territory of Minnesota's capital from St. Paul to St. Peter. Gorman owned the land on which the bill's sponsors wanted to build the new capitol building, and at one point had been heard saying, "If the capitol remains in Saint Paul, the territory is worth millions, and I have nothing." At the time, St. Peter, in the territory's central region, was seen as more accessible to far-flung territorial legislators than St. Paul, which was in the extreme east of the territory, on the east bank of the Mississippi River. A bill passed both houses of the Territorial Legislature and was awaiting Gorman's signature. The chairman of the Territorial Council's Enrolled Bills Committee, Joseph J. Rolette of Pembina, took the bill and hid in a St. Paul hotel, drinking and playing cards with some friends as the city police looked fruitlessly for him, until the end of the legislative session, too late for the bill to be signed.[ citation needed ] Rolette came into the chamber just as the session ended. Today, St. Paul is the state's second-largest city (after neighboring Minneapolis), while St. Peter is a relatively small rural town.

The Church of the Holy Communion is one of several St. Peter structures on the National Register of Historic Places. 2009-0805-MN-ChurchofHolyCommunion.jpg
The Church of the Holy Communion is one of several St. Peter structures on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1851 the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux was signed between the Sioux (Dakota) and the U.S. Government one mile (1.6 km) north of St. Peter. The Nicollet County Historical Society-Treaty Site History Center is near the site of the signing. But the treaty's promises were not kept. The Dakota became angered and the Dakota War of 1862 began in Cottonwood County. In August 1862 the Dakota attacked the German settlement of New Ulm. A company of volunteers from St. Peter, headed by Dodd, St. Peter's founder, went to New Ulm's defense. Dodd was killed on August 23, 1862, and briefly buried in New Ulm. On November 11, 1862, Dodd was buried with high military honors in St. Peter on the grounds of the Church of the Holy Communion, Episcopal, on land he donated to the church. Dodd, his wife Harriet and two children are buried behind the present stone church built in 1869–70 at 118 North Minnesota Avenue.

In 1866, the legislature established the first "Minnesota Asylum for the Insane" in St. Peter. It was later known as the St. Peter State Hospital, and is now called the St. Peter Regional Treatment Center.

On July 1, 1892, the Sontag Brothers, John Sontag and George Contant, and their partner, Chris Evans, tried to rob a train between St. Peter and Kasota along the Minnesota River. The bandits acquired nothing of value, but their activities came under the review of Pinkerton detectives, and both were apprehended in June 1893 in what is called the Battle of Stone Corral in California. [8]

Governors

St. Peter is known as the home of five governors:

The John A. Johnson House is listed on the NRHP. 2009-0805-MN-StPeter-JohnsonHouse.jpg
The John A. Johnson House is listed on the NRHP.

The best-known of these, Johnson, was born in St. Peter to Swedish-born parents on July 28, 1861. Because of family circumstances, he offered to help his mother raise the family. He left school at a young age and held a variety of jobs. In 1887, he was hired as editor of the St. Peter Herald, the local newspaper. In 1899, he was elected to the State Senate, and served until 1903. In 1904, he was elected Minnesota's 16th governor. He was reelected in 1906 and 1908. He was considered as a possible candidate in the 1912 presidential election, but died as the result of an operation for intestinal adhesions in Rochester, Minnesota, on September 21, 1909. Drs. William James Mayo and Charles Horace Mayo, who came from Le Sueur and were friends with Johnson, performed the operation. After lying in state in the Capitol rotunda, his body was taken to St. Peter for burial. The funeral, held at Union Presbyterian Church, was St. Peter's largest ever, and he was buried near his parents in Greenhill Cemetery. He was survived by his wife, Elinore "Nora" Preston Johnson.

Mayors

  • Eugene St. Julien Cox 1865–1867 (also served in the state legislature and as a district court judge)
  • Francis E. Lange 1868–1869
  • William Schimmell 1870–1872 (First president of First National Bank)
  • Albert Knight 1873–1875 (Knight Street is named after him)
  • Addison L. Sackett 1876–1878 (also served as county auditor and in the state legislature)
  • Azro A. Stone 1879 (also served as county sheriff; Stones' Way and Stones' Park are named after him)
  • Philip Dick, Sr. 1880–1882
  • Gustav W. Steinke 1883–1884
  • Gideon S. Ives 1885 (son-in-law of Governor Henry Swift; served as lieutenant governor 1891–1893)
  • Joseph A. Mason 1886–1888
  • Philip Dick, Sr. 1889–1893 (second term as mayor)
  • Henry Moll 1894–1895 (also served as a probate judge)
  • Dr. Lewis M. Erickson 1896–1898
  • Melville G. Hanscome 1899–1900
  • William H. Mueller 1901–1905
  • William H. Rounseville 1906
  • Philip Dick, Sr. 1907–1909 (third term as mayor)
  • Edward Bornemann 1910–1912
  • Philip E. Dick, Jr. 1913–1914
  • Edward Bornemann 1915
  • Adolph Bornemann 1916–1917
  • William Haesecke 1918–1920
  • Lillien M. (Cox) Gault-Wolfe 1921–1922 (first woman mayor in Minnesota, daughter of former mayor E. St. Julien Cox)
  • Edward Woehler 1921–1930
  • Dr. Arthur H. Bittner 1931–1933 (Died in Office)
  • Floyd B. Johnson 1933–1935 (athletic field at St. Peter Middle School (formerly St. Peter Middle/High School) is named after him)
  • Otto T. Miller 1936–1937
  • Reuben R. Seibert 1938–1940
  • Otto T. Miller 1941–1942
  • Henry B. Seitzer 1942–1943
  • Andrew Cook 1944 (Died in office)
  • John R. Faust 1944–1946
  • Henry E. Wiest 1946
  • Clifford J. Nutter 1947–1948
  • Elmer J. Kleifgen 1949–1951
  • Prof. George W. Anderson 1951–1952 (English professor at Gustavus Adolphus College)
  • Richard Konechne 1953–1956
  • Leighton R. Swenson 1957–1958
  • Mark W. Schaus 1959–1960
  • George W. Martens 1960–1961
  • Arthur W. Cook 1962–1963
  • Lamar Hay 1964–1965
  • George W. Martens 1966–1970
  • Douglas C. Pyan 1971–1985
  • William A. Wettergren 1986–1989
  • Peter J. Rheaume 1990–1991
  • Ellery O. Peterson 1992–1995
  • Jerry K. Hawbaker 1996–2005
  • Timothy J. Strand 2006–2015
  • Chuck Zieman 2016–2021
  • Shanon Nowell 2022–present (Administrator at Gustavus Adolphus College)

Tornado

On March 29, 1998, a tornado struck St. Peter, killing six-year-old Dustin Schneider, injuring dozens more, and damaging much of the town's housing, commercial, and civic buildings. The tornado destroyed 156 single-family houses and 51 apartment units. An additional 362 houses and apartments suffered serious damage and 1,383 houses or apartments had minor damage. The town's three trailer parks were largely spared with no mobile homes destroyed and just two seriously damaged. Major losses included the Old Central School, St. Peter Arts and Heritage Center, St. Peter's Catholic Church, St. Peter Evangelical Lutheran Church, and Johnson Hall at Gustavus Adolphus College.

Churches

Education

The Old Main building at Gustavus Adolphus College Old-main-gustavus-adolphus-college-ta-peter-minn.JPG
The Old Main building at Gustavus Adolphus College

St. Peter is the home of Gustavus Adolphus College, a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and founded in 1862. The public high school is St. Peter High School. There are two parochial schools in St. Peter: John Ireland Catholic School (K-6), which is associated with the Church of St. Peter, and St. Peter Evangelical Lutheran School (K-8), which along with the church is associated with the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod. Veritas et Lux Preparatory School is a private non-denominational (K-12) school.

The first class graduated from St. Peter High School in 1880. The first superintendent of St. Peter Public Schools was Andrew Ryan McGill, who served from 1865 to 1868. McGill was Minnesota's 10th governor from 1887 to 1889.

Scholarship America is based in St. Peter.

Healthcare

Community health care is provided by St. Peter Community Hospital. In 2009 St. Peter Community Hospital was renamed River's Edge Hospital. That same year the construction of a new clinic was begun adjoining the hospital. There is now the River's Edge Clinic and the St. Peter Community Clinic, part of the Mayo Health System.

St. Peter is home to the Minnesota Security Hospital, where those the state declares mentally ill and dangerous are committed.

Benedictine Health Care Center, formerly known as St. Peter Community Health Care Center, is part of the River's Edge Hospital complex. Near the hospital Pheasants' Ridge is an assisted living facility that has a section for patients suffering from memory loss due to Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Other health care facilities in St. Peter include Grandview Good Samaritan Center on Sunrise Drive.

River Valley Birth Center opened in St. Peter in the summer of 2014. It is the region's first free-standing birth center.

Crime

St. Peter
Crime rates* (2020)
Violent crimes
Homicide 0
Rape 7
Robbery 1
Aggravated assault 7
Total violent crime 13
Property crimes
Burglary 12
Larceny-theft 99
Motor vehicle theft 3
Arson 2
Total property crime 116
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

Type20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Murders00010001100000
RapesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A5381756
Robberies13120232012220
Assaults1212151311771461076710
Burglaries5941395028352836332620121413
Thefts268296244237215233225191140143129128131112
Auto Thefts913102512210668973
Arson34003010001030
Crime index240.3242.5216.9230.0184.0194.4182.6177.0121.6143.385.0119.5106.4103.3

Infrastructure

Transportation

The following routes are within St. Peter:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waverly, Iowa</span> City in Iowa, United States

Waverly is a city in Bremer County, Iowa, United States. The population was 10,394 at the time of the 2020 census. It is the county seat of Bremer County and is part of the Waterloo–Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clara City, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Clara City is a city in Chippewa County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 1,360 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South St. Paul, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

South St. Paul is a city in Dakota County, Minnesota, United States, located immediately south and southeast of St. Paul. It is also east of West St. Paul. The population was 20,759 at the 2020 census. Historically, the town was notable as a major meat-packing location. Subsequently, many residents are descended from immigrants of Southern European and Eastern European heritage, who came to work in the meat-packing plants in the early twentieth century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hayfield, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Hayfield is a city in Dodge County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 1,340 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Red Wing, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Red Wing is a city in Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States, along the upper Mississippi River. The population was 16,459 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Goodhue County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zumbrota, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Zumbrota is a city in Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States, along the North Fork of the Zumbro River. The population was 3,252 at the 2010 census. It promotes itself as "the only Zumbrota in the world."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grand Rapids, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Grand Rapids is a city in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States, and it is the county seat. The population is 11,126 according to the 2020 census. The city is named for the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) long rapids in the Mississippi River which was the uppermost limit of practical steamboat travel during the late 19th century. Today the rapids are hidden below the dam of UPM Paper Company.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Avoca, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Avoca is a city in Murray County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 111 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fulda, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Fulda is a city in Murray County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 1,318 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North St. Paul, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

North Saint Paul is a city in Ramsey County, Minnesota, United States, located east-northeast of the city of Saint Paul. The population was 11,460 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nerstrand, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Nerstrand is a city in Rice County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 294 at the 2018 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sauk Centre, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Sauk Centre is a city in Stearns County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 4,555 at the 2020 census. Sauk Centre is part of the St. Cloud Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bexley, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Bexley is a suburban city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The population was 13,928 at the 2020 census. Founded as a village, the city of Bexley is a suburb of Columbus, the Ohio state capital, situated on the banks of Alum Creek next to Driving Park and Wolfe Park, just east of the Franklin Park Conservatory. It is horizontally bisected by the National Road, serving as a reminder of Bexley's origins as a merger between the prestigious Bullitt Park neighborhood to the north, and the Lutheran college community of Pleasant Ridge to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Le Sueur, Minnesota</span> City in Minnesota, United States

Le Sueur is a city in Le Sueur County in the U.S. state of Minnesota, between Mankato and the Twin Cities. It lies along the Minnesota River and U.S. Highway 169. Le Sueur was named in honor of the French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur. The population was 4,213 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gustavus Adolphus College</span> Private liberal arts college in St. Peter, Minnesota, United States

Gustavus Adolphus College is a private liberal arts college in St. Peter, Minnesota. It was founded in 1862 by Swedish Americans led by Eric Norelius and is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Gustavus gets its name from Gustavus Adolphus, the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632. Its residential campus includes a 125-acre arboretum, a tall-grass prairie, wetlands, coniferous forests, and deciduous woods.

Eric Norelius Swedish-American minister (1833–1916)

Eric Norelius was a Swedish-American Lutheran minister, church leader, and author.

The Lutheran Church in America (LCA) was an American and Canadian Lutheran church body that existed from 1962 to 1987. It was headquartered in New York City and its publishing house was Fortress Press.

Paul Granlund American sculptor

Paul T. Granlund was an American sculptor. His creative career spanned more than 50 years and more than 650 different works. Most of his work is figurative and made from bronze. His patrons included colleges, hospitals, Lutheran churches, and other institutions.

Herbert W. Chilstrom was an American religious leader, who served as the first Presiding Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). He was re-elected to a four-year term at the 1991 ELCA Churchwide Assembly in Orlando, Florida. He served as bishop of the Minnesota Synod of the Lutheran Church in America, one of the three church bodies which merged to form the ELCA on Jan. 1, 1988.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harold LeVander</span> American politician

Karl Harold Phillip LeVander was an American attorney and politician. A Republican, he served as the 32nd governor of Minnesota from January 2, 1967 to January 4, 1971, after defeating incumbent governor Karl Rolvaag in the 1966 election.

References

  1. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  2. 1 2 3 "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  3. 1 2 "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". United States Census Bureau. June 19, 2022. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  7. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing" . Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  8. "The Sontag Brothers: Southern Minnesota's Own Train Robbers". mnriv.com. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.