St Francis Bay

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St Francis Bay

St Francisbaai
Luchtfoto St Francisbaai.jpg
Aerial photo of St Francis Bay
South Africa Eastern Cape location map.svg
Red pog.svg
St Francis Bay
South Africa adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
St Francis Bay
Coordinates: 34°09′43″S24°49′48″E / 34.162°S 24.830°E / -34.162; 24.830 Coordinates: 34°09′43″S24°49′48″E / 34.162°S 24.830°E / -34.162; 24.830
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Municipality Kouga
Area
[1]
  Total10.04 km2 (3.88 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [1]
  Total4,933
  Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 51.2%
   Coloured 21.7%
   Indian/Asian 0.2%
   White 26.1%
  Other0.8%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Xhosa 39.4%
   Afrikaans 32.7%
   English 21.7%
   Zulu 1.2%
  Other4.9%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
6312
PO box
6312

St Francis Bay (Afrikaans : St Francisbaai) is a holiday village in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, roughly one hour’s drive from Port Elizabeth.

Sarah Baartman District Municipality District municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Sarah Baartman District Municipality is situated in the western part of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes nine local municipalities. The seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district. The largest languages among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans.. The district code is DC10.

Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. It is the landing place and home of the 1820 Settlers. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Fire damaged buildings St Francis Bay Fire -005.jpg
Fire damaged buildings

On 11 November 2012 a fire destroyed 76 homes in the mostly thatched roofed town. [2]

The building style of the village includes white painted houses with black roofs (either thatch or tiled roofs) on the canals or around the golf course, or a Mediterranean building style in Santareme and Port St Francis. The Kromme River is navigable for 10 km upstream, and is linked to the St Francis canals system.

Whales can be spotted in the Bay from May to late October and dolphins can be seen daily on their way back and forth between the bays of Cape St Francis and Jeffrey’s Bay. The Cape clawless otter is also ever present, frolicking in the waves and rock pools around Port St Francis and at Otters Landing. Bird life is abundant with over 200 species recorded in the area including the rare African oystercatcher and fish eagle.

African oystercatcher A large near-threatened wading species of bird redident on the shores of South Africa

The African oystercatcher or African black oystercatcher, is a large charismatic wader resident to the mainland coasts and offshore islands of southern Africa. This near-threatened oystercatcher has a population of over 6,000 adults, which breed between November and April. The scientific name moquini commemorates the French naturalist Alfred Moquin-Tandon who discovered and named this species before Bonaparte.

African fish eagle species of bird

The African fish eagle, or to distinguish it from the true fish eagles (Ichthyophaga), the African sea eagle, is a large species of eagle found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply occur. It is the national bird of Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and South Sudan. As a result of its large range, it is known in many languages. Examples of names include: visarend in Afrikaans, nkwazi in Chewa, aigle pêcheur in French, hungwe in Shona, and inkwazi in isiZulu. This species may resemble the bald eagle in appearance; though related, each species occurs on different continents, with the bald eagle being resident in North America.

Port St Francis includes a commercial and recreational harbour, built to host the squid industry freezing vessels, as well as a small harbour resort village. It lies in a sheltered nook of the bay and provides a safe anchorage for the boats, pleasure craft, and oceangoing yachts. St Francis Field is an airpark close to the Port that caters for those who wish to fly in.

Cape St Francis, a rustic fishing village, sits adjacent to St Francis Bay. Popular for surfing at Seal Point, its beautiful stretch of beach and the historic lighthouse, built in 1878. Walking trails wind along the rocky coast, through the Irma Booysen Floral Reserve, and along the Cape St Francis point links it to the village of St Francis Bay.

Cape St Francis is 8 km from Thyspunt, the preferred site for South Africa's next nuclear power station. [3] [4]

Thyspunt, Eastern Cape

Thyspunt is a rocky stretch of coast approximately 12 km WNW of Cape Saint Francis in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It is just west of the beach Thysbaai and south-east of Oyster Bay. The point is near the popular surfing beach of Jeffreys Bay as well as the holiday town of St Francis Bay. It lies about 18 km SSW of the town of Humansdorp.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Main Place St Francis Bay". Census 2011.
  2. "76 homes destroyed by St Francis Bay fire". News24. 12 November 2012.
  3. "Nuclear 1 - Transmission - Thyspunt" . Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  4. "Thyspunt is a prime candidate for a nuclear site – Dr Kelvin Kemm" . Retrieved 3 June 2015.