St John's Wood

Last updated

St John's Wood
St John's Wood High Street - - 546304.jpg
St John's Wood High Street
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
St John's Wood
Location within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ265835
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
51°32′10″N0°10′30″W / 51.5361°N 0.1751°W / 51.5361; -0.1751 Coordinates: 51°32′10″N0°10′30″W / 51.5361°N 0.1751°W / 51.5361; -0.1751

St John's Wood is a district in the City of Westminster, London, lying 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of Charing Cross. Traditionally the northern part of the ancient parish and Metropolitan Borough of Marylebone, it extends east to west from Regent's Park and Primrose Hill to Edgware Road, with the Swiss Cottage area of Hampstead to the north and Lisson Grove to the south. [1] [2]


The area is best known for Lord's Cricket Ground, home of Marylebone Cricket Club and Middlesex CCC, and is a regular international test cricket venue. It also includes Abbey Road Studios, well known through its association with the Beatles.


The area was once part of the Forest of Middlesex, an area with extensive woodland, though it was not the predominant land use. The area's name originates, in the Manor of Lileston, one of the two manors (the other the Manor of Tyburn) served by the Parish of Marylebone.

The Manor was taken from the Knights Templar on their suppression in 1312 and passed to the Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem whose English headquarter were at Clerkenwell Priory. [3]

The name of the knights was applied to a former wood within the area of the Manor, which in turn gave its name to St John's Farm, the farmhouse of which is now occupied by St John's Wood Barracks. [4]

The Priory allocated the estate to agricultural tenants as a source of produce and income. [5] The estate remained Crown property until 21 March 1675 (1676) when Charles II granted the St John's Wood estate to Charles Henry Wotton. [6] On 22 March 1732 (1733) City merchant Henry Samuel Eyre (1676-1754) acquired the majority of the estate, around 500 acres, from Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. The St John's Wood estate came to be known as the Eyre estate in the 19th century after it was developed by the Eyre brothers. The estate still exists, much reduced geographically.

A map showing the St John's Wood ward of St Marylebone Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916. St Marylebone Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
A map showing the St John's Wood ward of St Marylebone Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

A masterplan for the development of St John's Wood was prepared in 1794 but development did not start until 1804 when Henry Samuel Eyre II (1770–1851) and Walpole Eyre (1773–1856) held their first auction. [7] St John's Wood developed from the early 19th century onwards. One of the first developers was James Burton. [8]

Built environment

St John's Wood was among the first London suburbs with lower-density villa housing and frequent avenues but fewer communal garden squares. Most of the villas have since been subdivided and replaced by small apartment blocks or terraces. [9] This pattern of development has made it one of the most expensive areas of London.[ citation needed ]

Lord's Cricket Ground, home of Middlesex County Cricket Club and Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), is an international test cricket ground known as the Home of Cricket [10] on account of its role as the original headquarters of cricket.

Abbey Road Studios are located on Abbey Road, where The Beatles recorded, notably the Abbey Road album, the cover of which features the band crossing the road.

RAK Studios, founded by producer Mickie Most, are located near Regent's Park. A number of notable songs were recorded there, including the Thompson Twins' "Hold Me Now", Johnny Hates Jazz's "Shattered Dreams", Kim Wilde's "Kids in America" and Big Country's "In a Big Country". The studios have a Nubian Jak Community Trust plaque for Errol Brown, who recorded there as lead singer for Hot Chocolate. [11]

St. John's Wood Church Grounds contains the only nature reserve in the City of Westminster. Much of the neighbourhood is covered by a conservation area, a small part of which extends into neighbouring Camden. [12]

Wellington Hospital is the largest independent hospital in the United Kingdom. The Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth is also nearby.

Avenue Road, which is known for its "mega mansions", [13] was the street with the UK's most expensive home sales in 2020. [14] [13] In early 2021, prices for a property on the street averaged over £30.5 million. [14]


St John's Wood Barracks was the headquarters for The King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery until 2012, when the regiment moved to Woolwich. [15] Ananda Krishnan's Usaha Tegas conglomerate plans to develop the site.

Allitsen Road drill hall was formerly the headquarters of the 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters).

The St John's Wood Art School and Anglo-French Art Centre were in St John's Wood.

The former Marlborough Road tube station is on the northern end of St John's Wood and is now a power substation.

The Star (now a gastropub) was a pub for approximately two centuries.



Academy Trust and Federation


Places of worship




Transport and locales

The main London Underground station is St John's Wood, which is on the Jubilee line. Maida Vale, Warwick Avenue and Kilburn Park are nearby on the Bakerloo line. The nearest London Overground station is South Hampstead. The 13, 46, 113 and N113, 139, 187, 189 and 274 bus routes transit St John's Wood. [16]

Notable residents

Commemorative blue plaques

Other notable residents

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sachin Tendulkar</span> Indian cricketer (born 1973)

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar BR is an Indian former international cricketer who captained the Indian national team. He is regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket. He is the all-time highest run-scorer in both ODI and Test cricket with more than 18000 runs and 15000 runs respectively in total. He also holds the record for receiving the most man-of-the-match awards in international cricket. Known for his large fanbase and described by ESPNcricinfo as 'the most worshipped player in the world', Tendulkar is sometimes referred to as "The God of Cricket" in India. A film with that name was released in 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northwood, London</span> Area of northwest London

Northwood is an affluent area in northwest London, England. It is located within the London Borough of Hillingdon on the border with Hertfordshire and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) from Charing Cross. Northwood was part of the ancient parish of Ruislip, Middlesex and has formed part of Greater London since 1965.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paddington</span> Area of central London, England

Paddington is an area in the City of Westminster, London, England. A medieval parish then a metropolitan borough, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Paddington station, designed by the engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel opened in 1847. It is also the site of St Mary's Hospital and the former Paddington Green Police Station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marylebone Cricket Club</span> English cricket club and former governing body

Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, London. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket retaining considerable global influence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone</span> Metropolitan borough of England

The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone was a metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965. It was based directly on the previously existing civil parish of St Marylebone, which was incorporated into the Metropolitan Board of Works area in 1855, retaining a parish vestry, and then became part of the County of London in 1889.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lord's</span> Cricket venue in St Johns Wood, London

Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known as Lord's, is a cricket venue in St John's Wood, London. Named after its founder, Thomas Lord, it is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and is the home of Middlesex County Cricket Club, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), the European Cricket Council (ECC) and, until August 2005, the International Cricket Council (ICC). Lord's is widely referred to as the Home of Cricket and is home to the world's oldest sporting museum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maida Vale</span> Residential district in the northern part of Paddington, west London

Maida Vale is an affluent residential district consisting of the northern part of Paddington in West London, west of St John's Wood and south of Kilburn. It is also the name of its main road, on the continuous Edgware Road. Maida Vale is part of the City of Westminster, 3.1 miles (5.0 km) north-west of Charing Cross. It has many late Victorian and Edwardian blocks of mansion flats. The area is home to the BBC Maida Vale Studios.

West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the west and south-west, and Cricklewood to the north-west. The area is mainly residential with several small shops, restaurants, cafes, bakeries concentrated on the northern section of West End Lane and around West End Green. It is served by three stations: West Hampstead on the Jubilee line, West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink station. It is part of the Kilburn postal district (NW6).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Lord</span> English cricketer

Thomas Lord was an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1787 to 1802. He made a brief comeback, playing in one further match in 1815. Overall, Lord made 90 known appearances in first-class cricket. He was mostly associated with Middlesex and with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) as a ground staff bowler.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westminster North (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Westminster North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Karen Buck, a member of the Labour Party. Its previous 1983 to 1997 existence is also covered by this article.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Michael Rysbrack</span> Flemish sculptor

Johannes Michel or John Michael Rysbrack, original name Jan Michiel Rijsbrack, often referred to simply as Michael Rysbrack, was an 18th-century Flemish sculptor, who spent most of his career in England where he was one of the foremost sculptors of monuments, architectural decorations and portraits in the first half of the 18th century. His style combined the Flemish Baroque with Classical influences. He operated an important workshop whose output left an important imprint on the practice of sculpture in England.

Lisson Grove is a street and district in Marylebone, City of Westminster, London. The neighbourhood contains a few important cultural landmarks, including Lisson Gallery, Alfies Antique Market, Red Bus Recording Studios, the former Christ Church, now the Greenhouse Centre, and the Seashell of Lisson Grove.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albany Street</span>

Albany Street is a road in London running from Marylebone Road to Gloucester Gate following the east side of Regent's Park. It is about three-quarters of a mile in length.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1787 English cricket season</span> Cricket season review

The 1787 cricket season in England is noteworthy for the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) after the opening of Thomas Lord's first ground in the parish of Marylebone, north of London. MCC soon became the sport's governing body with the new ground as its feature venue. The first match known to have been played at Lord's was on Monday, 21 May, between the White Conduit Club and a Middlesex county team. The first match known to involve a team representing MCC was against White Conduit on Monday, 30 July. Including these two, reports and/or match scorecards have survived of numerous eleven-a-side matches played in 1787. Eleven are retrospectively, but unofficially, recognised as first-class.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Dark</span> English cricketer

James Henry Dark was an English professional cricketer who later became a noted patron of the sport and was, from 1835 to 1864, the proprietor of Lord's Cricket Ground. He was the brother of Benjamin Dark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marylebone</span> Area in London, England

Marylebone is a district in the West End of London, in the City of Westminster. Oxford Street, Europe's busiest shopping street, forms its southern boundary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lord's Pavilion</span> Grade II listed cricket pavilion in London

The Lord's Pavilion is a cricket pavilion at Lord's Cricket Ground in London, England. Designed by Thomas Verity and built in 1889–1890, the pavilion has achieved Grade II* listed heritage designation. Like the rest of Lord's, the pavilion is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) but is also used by Middlesex County Cricket Club and the England national cricket team.

The Bicentenary Celebration match was a 50-over exhibition cricket match played on 5 July 2014 at Lord's Cricket Ground, London, to mark the 200th anniversary of the ground, which was first used in 1814 and is considered the "home of cricket". The match was contested by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), for whom Lord's is their home ground, and a Rest of the World team. The MCC team won the match by seven wickets, with Aaron Finch being named man of the match for his score of 181*.

Lisson Green is described as a hamlet in the Domesday book in 1086, the edges of the settlement defined by the two current Edgware Road stations facing onto Edgware Road or Watling Street as it was previously known, one of the main Roman thoroughfares in and out of London. Occasionally referred to as Lissom Grove, originally Lisson Grove was part of the medieval manor of Lilestone which stretched as far as Hampstead. Lisson Green as a manor broke away c. 1236 with its own manor house. Paddington Green formed part of the original Lilestone estate.


  1. "Camden Council: St John's Wood (East and West) conservation area appraisal and management strategy at 1.1 measures "3.83 hectares" otherwise the area is in Westminster and at 5.3 "Eyre's estate" [approximately equal in size] measured 500 acres" . Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  2. "Westminster Council: St John's Wood Conservation Area Appraisal: 3.6 Sale of land in St John's Wood by the Crown began in the early 18th century. Henry Samuel Eyre acquired the largest portion in 1732: a 500 acre estate that stretched roughly from what is now Rossmore Road to Swiss Cottage, bounded by Hamilton Terrace to the west and Avenue Road to the east" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  3. London Encyclopaedia, Weinreb and Hibbert, 1983
  4. Origin of St John's Wood Barracks
  5. Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Vol. 3 "JOHN'S WOOD (ST.)", p.1067, 1870–72, John Marius Wilson archived
  6. Galinou, Mireille. (2010). Cottages and villas : the birth of the garden suburb. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 33. ISBN   978-0-300-16726-9. OCLC   639574771.
  7. Galinou (2010). Cottages and Villas: The Birth of the Garden Suburb. Yale. pp. 61 & 88.
  8. "Celebrating the birth in July 1761 of James Burton, the founder of St Leonards-on-Sea and builder-developer in Bloomsbury". Victoria County History. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  9. Elrington, C. R. (editor); Baker, T. F. T.; Bolton, Diane K.; Croot, Patricia E. C., "A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, pp. 60–63", 1989. Retrieved 24 January 2011
  10. "Lord's". Cricinfo . Retrieved 22 August 2009.
  11. Press Association (27 November 2020). "Hot Chocolate frontman Errol Brown honoured with black plaque". The Guide. Prestwich and Whitefield.
  12. "Map". Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  13. 1 2 "£500m mansion building boom on London's Avenue Road". London Property News | 7 March 2019.
  14. 1 2 Hunt, Marianna (19 December 2020). "The price to live on Britain's most expensive street? £30.5m" . The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  15. Ross Lydall (6 February 2012). "Final salute: St John's Wood bids farewell to the King's Troop after two centuries – UK – News". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  16. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 at English Heritage
  18. Ruth Bloomfield (23 January 2020). "A Modern-Day Makeover for a Banking Baron's Former London Villa". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  19. Louisa Clarence-Smith, Carol Lewis, Helen Davies (23 January 2020). "Downfall of Daniel Daggers, the not-so secret estate agent". The Times. Retrieved 6 March 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. Nathanson, Richard (2008). Walk to the Moon: The Story of Albert Houthuesen. The Putney Press. p. 82,105. ISBN   978-0-9516219-2-9.
  21. Carrie Fisher (27 December 2016). "Carrie Fisher in 1999: "Star Wars Taught Me Everything"". Newsweek. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  22. Rhys Blakely (13 November 2012). "Why Eric Idle still looks on the bright side of life, even of John Cleese". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  23. Ed Potton (20 December 2016). "A Python heads for the planets". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  24. "St. John's Wood".
  25. Charlie Burgess (13 July 2020). "The sad goodbye when you give up your Lord's seats after 15 seasons". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  26. "Sir John Major resigns from MCC committee". BBC. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  27. Fusion Advertising & Design. "Area Guide to St John's Wood – Property guide to St John's Wood from". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  28. P.L. Mannock (15 April 1948). "'Sailor Jim' will never speak again". Daily Herald.
  29. Rich Cohen (10 May 2016). "How the Rolling Stones Found "Satisfaction"". Slate. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  30. Detailed in Richards's 2010 autobiography, "Life"
  31. Slater, Lydia (9 April 2010). "The Royal Family of Rock". Evening Standard. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  32. Masoom Gupte (10 June 2015). "Post retirement, vacation in London for Sachin Tendulkar". Economic Times. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  33. Shubro Mukherjee (2 July 2020). "Aaron Finch recalls conversation with himself before batting with Sachin Tendulkar". Cricket Times. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  34. "Tendulkar, Warne captains in Lord's bicentenary match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  35. "Sachin Tendulkar Savours Brian Lara Partnership in Lord's Bicentenary". NDTV. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to St. John's Wood at Wikimedia Commons