St Mary's Church, Knowsley

Last updated

St Mary's Church, Knowsley
St Mary's Church, Knowsley.jpg
St Mary's Church, Knowsley, from the southwest
Merseyside UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
St Mary's Church, Knowsley
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°27′22″N2°51′10″W / 53.4562°N 2.8528°W / 53.4562; -2.8528
OS grid reference SJ 435,958
Location Knowsley, Merseyside
CountryEngland
Denomination Anglican
Website St Mary, Knowsley
History
Status Parish church
Consecrated 6 June 1844
Associated people Earls of Derby
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated28 January 1971
Architect(s) Edmund Sharpe,
Edward Paley
Paley and Austin
Paley, Austin and Paley
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic revival
Groundbreaking 1843
Completed1893
Administration
Parish St Mary, Knowsley
Deanery Huyton
Archdeaconry Liverpool
Diocese Liverpool
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Hugh Lea-Wilson
Laity
Churchwarden(s) David Allan

St Mary's Church is in Knowsley Lane, Knowsley Village, Merseyside, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. [1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool and the deanery of Huyton. [2] In the Buildings of England series, Pollard and Pevsner describe the church as being "largish" with "an intimate interior". [3]

Contents

History

The church was built in 1843–44 to a design by Edmund Sharpe for the 13th Earl of Derby at a cost of about £20,000 (equivalent to £2,010,000in 2019). [4] [5] [6] It was consecrated on 6 June 1844 by Rt Revd John Bird Sumner, Bishop of Chester. [5] Transepts designed by Edward Paley, Sharpe's successor in the architectural practice, were added in 1860. [7] In 1871–72 a memorial chapel to the 14th Earl of Derby, designed by Paley and Austin, was added. It cost £3,000, which included the cost of a monument with a figure by Matthew Noble. [8] In 1892–93 a new vestry and a new east window by Paley, Austin and Paley were built. [9] An organ was installed in the Derby chapel in 1913. [5] In 1981–82 the church was reordered, a nave altar was introduced, and meeting and service facilities were installed in the base of the tower. [3]

Architecture

Exterior

The church is constructed in sandstone with freestone dressings and has a stone tile roof. Its architectural style is mainly Early English. The plan of the church consists of a west steeple, a five-bay nave with north and south aisles and a clerestory, a north porch, north and south transepts, a five-bay chancel with a north chapel (formerly the Derby chapel), and a south vestry. The tower is in three stages, with angle buttresses. In the bottom stage is a west doorway with lancet windows above. The middle stage also contains windows with pointed arches. In the top stage are two-light bell openings containing quatrefoil tracery, flanked by blind arches. The tower is surmounted by a broach spire with two tiers of lucarnes. Each bay on the south side of both the aisles and the clerestory contains a pair of windows. The transepts have buttresses, a corbel table, two-light north and south windows in Decorated style, and small west windows. The chancel also has a corbel table. Its east window has five lights with Perpendicular tracery, and the two two-light south windows are in Decorated style. The north chapel is also in Decorated style, and has a four-light north window. Along the north side of the church are three-light windows, and a frieze of quatrefoils. The vestry has a square-headed window and an east doorway re-set from an earlier doorway. [1]

Interior

The nave arcades are carried on quatrefoil piers with foliage capitals. The chancel arch includes carvings of Queen Victoria and the Archbishop of Canterbury. The nave is floored with 19th-century relief tiles, and there are encaustic tiles in the chapel. [1] Inside the church is an intricately carved bench from Knowsley Hall which is dated 1646, and royal arms dated 1567. The reredos, dating from 1866, was designed by Edwin Stirling. In the Derby chapel is a recumbent alabaster effigy by Matthew Noble of the 14th Earl of Derby. [3] Along the chancel walls are memorial mosaics dating from the 1910s and 1920s. The octagonal font was created in 1890 by Stubbs and Sons of Liverpool. The pulpit is polygonal and dates from about 1946. [1] Stained glass in the church includes the east window of 1893 by Shrigley and Hunt, a window in each transept by Lavers and Barraud, and a window in the south wall of the chancel of 1923 by Powell and Sons. [3] The three-manual organ was made in 1913 by Rushworth and Dreaper of Liverpool. [10]

External features

The churchyard contains the war graves of a soldier of World War I, and two soldiers of World War II. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

All Saints Church, Wigan Church in Greater Manchester, England

All Saints' Church in Wallgate, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, is an Anglican parish church. It is in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the Diocese of Liverpool. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building, and stands on a hill in the centre of the town.

St Marys Church, Widnes Church in Cheshire, England

St Mary's Church is in the West Bank area of Widnes, Cheshire, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the deanery of Widnes. Together with the churches of St Paul, Widnes, and St Mary, Hale, it forms the South Widnes Team. It has been described as "the last great church masterpiece" created by the Lancaster architects Austin and Paley.

St Chads Church, Kirkby Church in Merseyside, England

St Chad's Church is in Old Hall Lane, Kirkby, Knowsley, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Huyton, the archdeaconry of Liverpool, and the diocese of Liverpool. Its benefice is united with those of St Mark, Kirkby: St Martin, Southdene, Kirkby: and Tower Hill, St Andrew, Kirkby. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St John the Baptists Church, Atherton Church in Greater Manchester, England

St John the Baptist's Church is in Market Place, Atherton, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the Leigh deanery in the archdeaconry of Salford, and diocese of Manchester. Together with St George's and St Philip's Churches in Atherton and St Michael and All Angels at Howe Bridge, the church is part of the United Benefice of Atherton and Hindsford with Howe Bridge. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

Holy Trinity Church, Morecambe Church in Lancashire, England

Holy Trinity Church, Morecambe, or Morecambe Parish Church, is in Church Street, Morecambe, Lancashire, England. It is the Anglican parish church of Morecambe, in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Nicholas Church, Wrea Green Church in Lancashire, England

St Nicholas Church is in the village of Wrea Green, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Kirkham, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of St Matthew, Ballam and St Michael, Weeton. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

Christ Church, Ince-in-Makerfield Church in Greater Manchester, England

Christ Church is in Ince Green Lane, Lower Ince, Ince-in-Makerfield, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Warrington, and the diocese of Liverpool. Its benefice is combined with that of St Catharine, Wigan. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

Christ Church, Lancaster Church in Lancashire, England

Christ Church is in Wyresdale Road, Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster and Morecambe, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Michael and All Angels Church, Howe Bridge Church in Greater Manchester, England

St Michael and All Angels' Church is in Leigh Road, Howe Bridge, a suburb of Atherton, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Leigh, the archdeaconry of Salford and the diocese of Manchester. Its benefice is united with those of three local churches, St John the Baptist, St George and St Philip, forming a team ministry entitled the United Benefice of Atherton and Hindsford with Howe Bridge. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St Marys Church, Windermere Church in Cumbria, England

St Mary's Church is in the town of Windermere, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Windermere, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with that of St Martin's Church, Bowness-on-Windermere; St Anne’s Church, Ings; St Cuthbert's Church, Kentmere; St James' Church, Staveley and Jesus Church, Troutbeck. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Michael and All Angels Church, Ashton-on-Ribble Church in Lancashire, England

St Michael and All Angels with St Marks Church is in Egerton Road, Ashton-on-Ribble, Preston, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Preston, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is united with those of St Mark, Preston, and St Andrew, Ashton-on-Ribble, to form the benefice of the West Preston Team. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St Johns Church, Birkdale Church in Merseyside, England

St John's Church is in St John's Road, Birkdale, Southport, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of North Meols, the archdeaconry of Warrington, and the diocese of Liverpool. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Michaels Church, Bootle Church in Cumbria, England

St Michael's Church is in the village of Bootle, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Calder, the archdeaconry of West Cumberland, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice has been united with those of St John the Baptist, Corney, St Mary, Whicham, and St Mary, Whitbeck. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Matthews Church, Wigan Church in Greater Manchester, England

St Matthew's Church is in Billinge Road, Highfield, Pemberton, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Wigan & West Lancashire, and the diocese of Liverpool. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St Silas Church, Blackburn Church in Lancashire, England

St Silas' Church is in Preston New Road, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Blackburn with Darwen, the archdeaconry of Blackburn, and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St Marys Church, Whicham Church in Cumbria, England

St Mary's Church is on the A595 road in Whicham, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Calder, the archdeaconry of West Cumberland, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of St Michael, Bootle, St John the Baptist, Corney, and St Mary, Whitbeck. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

All Saints Church, Barnacre Church in Lancashire , England

All Saints Church is in Delph Lane, Barnacre-with-Bonds, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Garstang, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is united with those of St Peter, Scorton, and St John the Evangelist, Calder Vale. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Mary the Virgins Church, Walney Church in Cumbria, England

St Mary the Virgin's Church is located on the Promenade, Walney Island, Barrow-in-Furness. Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Barrow, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness, and the diocese of Carlisle. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Michaels Church, Cockerham Church in Lancashire, England

St Michael's Church is located to the southwest of the village of Cockerham, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and Morecambe, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of Christ Church, Glasson, and St Luke, Winmarleigh. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

Ripley School Chapel church in the United Kingdom

Ripley School Chapel is part of what is now the Ripley St Thomas Church of England Academy, located in Ashton Road, Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It is considered to be of architectural importance and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

References

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 4 Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Knowsley (1253329)", National Heritage List for England , retrieved 28 May 2012
  2. Deanery of Huyton, The Diocese of Liverpool , retrieved 9 September 2008
  3. 1 2 3 4 Pollard & Pevsner 2006 , p. 223
  4. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth, retrieved 2 February 2020
  5. 1 2 3 Hughes 2010 , pp. 207–209.
  6. Brandwood et al. 2012 , p. 213
  7. Brandwood et al. 2012 , p. 219
  8. Brandwood et al. 2012 , p. 225
  9. Brandwood et al. 2012 , p. 239
  10. "NPOR D07779", National Pipe Organ Register , British Institute of Organ Studies , retrieved 30 June 2020
  11. KNOWSLEY (ST. MARY) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission , retrieved 4 February 2013

Sources