Stalin Region

Last updated
Regiunea Stalin (1952–1960)

Regiunea Brașov (1960–1968)
Region (Regiune)
Country Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg People's Republic of Romania
Region seat (reședință de regiune) Orașul Stalin/Brașov
Established1950
Ceased to exist1968
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Stalin Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1950-1952 Administrative map of Romania, 1950-1952.svg
Stalin Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1950–1952
Stalin Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1952-1956 Administrative map of Romania, 1952-1956.png
Stalin Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1952–1956
Brasov Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1960-1968 RPRhartaadm.png
Brașov Region within the administrative divisions of Romania, 1960–1968

Regiunea Stalin (Stalin Region) was one of the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania. It was established in 1950, in the Soviet style of territorial organization, and was named after Joseph Stalin. Its name was changed to Brașov Region in 1960, and it was disestablished in 1968. [1] [2] [3]

Contents

History

In 1950, the capital of the region was Orașul Stalin (Stalin City, now Brașov) and its territory comprised an area similar to what are nowadays the eastern part of Brașov County, together with Covasna County and part of Harghita County. Initially, the Stalin Region comprised 6 raions: Ciuc, Odorhei, Racoș, Sfântu Gheorghe, Stalin, and Târgu Secuiesc. [1] [3]

In 1952, the Ciuc, Odorhei, Sfântu Gheorghe, and Târgu Secuiesc raions were transferred to the newly established Magyar Autonomous Region, [4] while the raions Sibiu, Făgăraș, Mediaș, Agnita, Sighișoara, and Târnăveni were included in the Stalin Region. [1] [3]

In 1960, the region was renamed Brașov Region, while the name of the capital city reverted to Brașov. Some areas in the Magyar Autonomous Region reverted to the Brașov Region, which after 1960 comprised the following raions: Agnita, Făgăraş, Mediaș, Rupea, Sfântu Gheorghe, Sibiu, Sighișoara, and Târgu Secuiesc. [2]

Neighbors

See also

Related Research Articles

The 41 județe and the municipality of Bucharest comprise the official administrative divisions of Romania. They also represent the European Union' s NUTS-3 geocode statistical subdivision scheme of Romania.

Mureș County County of Romania

Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Tourism in Romania

Romania's tourism sector had a direct contribution of EUR 5.21 billion to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2018, slightly higher than in 2017, placing Romania on the 32nd place in the world, ahead of Slovakia and Bulgaria, but behind Greece and the Czech Republic. The total tourism sector's total contribution to Romania's economy, which also takes into account the investments and spending determined by this sector, was some EUR 15.3 billion in 2018, up by 8.4% compared to 2017.

Magyar Autonomous Region

The Magyar Autonomous Region (1952–1960) and Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) were autonomous regions in the People's Republic of Romania.

Székely Land

The Székely Land or Szeklerland is a historic and ethnographic area in Romania, inhabited mainly by Székelys. Its cultural centre is the city of Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely), the largest settlement in the region.

Stadionul Municipal may refer to several sports stadiums:

Regions of the Peoples Republic of Romania

The regions represented the result of a Soviet-inspired experiment regarding the administrative and territorial organisation of the People's Republic of Romania between 1950 and 1968.

Regiunea Argeș was one of the newly established administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania, copied after the Soviet style of territorial organisation. It existed until 1952, when its territory merged with Vâlcea Region to form Pitești Region. After the 1956 reorganisation, Pitești Region changed its name back to Argeș.

Regiunea Bacău was one of the newly established administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania, copied after the Soviet style of territorial organisation.

Cluj Region

Regiunea Cluj was one of the newly established administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania, set after the Soviet style.

Brașov railway station

Braşov railway station is the main station in Brașov, Romania. The building on the current location was opened to traffic in 1962. The station's bell chimes preceding the announcements represent a few notes of Ciprian Porumbescu's operetta Crai Nou.

A new territorial division of the People's Republic of Romania was introduced in 1950. Following the Soviet model, a structure of regions and raions (districts) was created, replacing the former system of județe (counties) and their subdivisions. Further changes were implemented during the 1950s and 1960s.

FK Miercurea Ciuc

Futball Klub Miercurea Ciuc, commonly known as FK Miercurea Ciuc or simply Miercurea Ciuc ;, is a professional Romanian football club based in Miercurea Ciuc, Harghita County and also geographically placed in the historic and ethnographic region of Székely Land, an area inhabited mainly by Székelys, a subgroup of the Hungarian people. The team is currently playing in the Liga II.

The current structure of the Romanian Land Forces is as follows:

Târnava-Mare County County in Romania

Târnava-Mare County is one of the historical counties of the Kingdom of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania. The county seat was Sighișoara.

Trei Scaune County County in Romania

Trei Scaune County is one of the historical counties of the Kingdom of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania. The county seat was Sfântu Gheorghe.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Regiunea Stalin". enciclopediaromaniei.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 "Regiunea Brașov". enciclopediaromaniei.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 Constantinoiu, Marina (July 25, 2019). "Concediu in regiunea Stalin. Reorganizarea administrativă a României". Evenimentul Istoric (in Romanian). Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  4. Bottoni, Stefano (2018). Stalin's legacy in Romania: the Hungarian autonomous region, 1952–1960. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN   1-4985-5121-1. OCLC   1023610220.