Stamford, Connecticut

Last updated

Stamford, Connecticut
Stamford Connecticut Skyline Aug 2017.jpg
Flag of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Seal of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Logo of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Innovating Since 1641, The City That Works, Lock City
Stamford, Connecticut
Interactive map outlining Stamford, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°03′10″N73°32′20″W / 41.05278°N 73.53889°W / 41.05278; -73.53889 Coordinates: 41°03′10″N73°32′20″W / 41.05278°N 73.53889°W / 41.05278; -73.53889
CountryUnited States
U.S. state Connecticut
County Fairfield
Metropolitan Statistical Area New York
Settled (town)1641
Incorporated (city)1893
Named for Stamford, Lincolnshire
  Type Mayor-Board of representatives
   Mayor David Martin (D)
   City 52.03 sq mi (134.75 km2)
  Land37.62 sq mi (97.43 km2)
  Water14.41 sq mi (37.33 km2)
465 sq mi (1,205 km2)
23 ft (7 m)
 (2010) [2] [3]
   City 122,643
(2019) [4]
  Density3,446.26/sq mi (1,330.59/km2)
Demonym(s) Stamfordian, Stamfordite
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code 203/475
FIPS code 09-73000
GNIS feature ID0211129
Major highways I-95.svg Merritt Pkwy Shield.svg
Commuter Rail Amtrak logo 2.svg MTA NYC logo.svg SLE logo.svg

Stamford ( /ˈstæmfərd/ ) is a city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is the second-most populous city in Fairfield County with a population of 122,643 at the 2010 census, [5] and 129,638 in 2019. Stamford is the third-largest city by population in Connecticut (behind Bridgeport and New Haven). Approximately halfway between Manhattan and New Haven at approximately 38 miles (60 kilometers) from each, [6] [7] Stamford is in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury metropolitan statistical area which is a part of the New York City metropolitan area.


Stamford is home to nine Fortune 500 companies as of 2019, [8] as well as numerous divisions of large corporations. [9] [10] [11] This gives Stamford the largest financial district in the New York metropolitan region outside New York City itself and one of the largest concentrations of corporations in the United States. Dominant sectors of its economy include financial services, tourism, information technology, healthcare, telecommunications, transportation, and retail. [12] Its metropolitan division is home to colleges and universities including UConn Stamford and Norwalk Community College.


Stamford was known as Rippowam by the Siwanoy Native American inhabitants to the region, and the very first European settlers to the area also referred to it as such. The present name is after the town of Stamford, Lincolnshire, England. [13] The deed to Stamford was signed on July 1, 1640, between Captain Turner of the New Haven Colony and Chief Ponus. By the 18th century, one of the primary industries of the town was merchandising by water, which was possible due to Stamford's proximity to New York.

In 1692, Stamford was home to a less famous witch trial than the well-known Salem witch trials, which also occurred in 1692. The accusations were less fanatical and on a smaller scale, but they also grew to prominence through gossip and hysterics. [14]

New Canaan officially separated from Stamford when it incorporated as a town in 1801, followed by Darien in 1820.

Starting in the late 19th century, New York residents built summer homes on the shoreline, and even back then there were some who moved to Stamford permanently and started commuting to Manhattan by train, although the practice became more popular later. Stamford incorporated as a city in 1893.

In 1950, the U.S. Census Bureau reported the city's population as 94.6% white and 5.2% black. [15]

In the 1960s and 1970s, Stamford's commercial real estate boomed as corporations relocated from New York City to peripheral areas. [16] A massive urban redevelopment campaign during that time resulted in a downtown with many tall office buildings. The F.D. Rich Company was the city-designated urban renewal developer of the downtown area in an ongoing redevelopment project that was contentious, beginning in the 1960s and continuing through the 1970s. The company put up what was the city's tallest structure, One Landmark Square, at 21 floors high, and the GTE building (now One Stamford Forum), along with the Marriott Hotel, the Stamford Town Center and many of the other downtown office buildings. One Landmark Square has since been dwarfed by the new 34-story Trump Parc Stamford condominium tower, and then again by the Atlantic Station development, another project by the Rich Company in partnership with Cappelli Enterprises. [17] Over the years, other developers have joined in building up the downtown, a process that continued, with breaks during downturns in the economy, through the 1980s and 1990s and into the new century.

Since 2008, an 80-acre mixed-use redevelopment project for the Stamford's Harbor Point neighborhood has added additional growth south of the city's downtown area. The redevelopment plan included 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) of new residential, retail, office and hotel space, and a marina. In July 2012, roughly 900 of the projected 4,000 Harbor Point residential units had been constructed. [18] New restaurants and recreational activities have come up in the Harbor Point area, which is considered as New Stamford. From 2008 to 2017, the city issued permits for 4,341 housing units. [19] [20]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S., residents of New York fled to Stamford and its metropolitan area. [21] [22]


Stamford at night from the west, with Norwalk, Fairfield and Bridgeport beyond. Long Island Sound is completely dark. Stamford CT night aerial from the west.jpg
Stamford at night from the west, with Norwalk, Fairfield and Bridgeport beyond. Long Island Sound is completely dark.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.09 square miles (134.9 km2). Approximately 37.62 square miles (97.4 km2) is land and 14.41 square miles (37.3 km2) is covered by water. Stamford is the largest city by area in the state. [23] The population density was 3,101.9 people per square mile (1,197.5/km2) in 2010. The city is halfway between Manhattan and New Haven at approximately 38 miles (60 kilometers) from each; [6] [7] it is 79 miles from the state capital of Hartford. [24]

Stamford is situated near the southwestern point of Connecticut, on Long Island Sound; it is part of the Gold Coast. Stamford is composed of approximately 45 distinct neighborhoods and villages, and two historic districts, [25] including Cove, East Side, Downtown, North Stamford, Glenbrook, West Side, Turn Of River, Waterside, Springdale, Belltown, Ridgeway, Newfield, South End, Westover, Shippan, Roxbury, and Palmers Hill.

North of the Merritt Parkway is considered the North Stamford section of the city, encompassing its largest land mass though it is the least densely populated. North Stamford functionally and legally acts as one municipality with the city of Stamford. Stamford borders Pound Ridge, New York to the north, the Long Island Sound to the south, Greenwich, Connecticut to the west, Darien to the east, and New Canaan to the northeast.

The city has islands in Long Island Sound: Cove Island, Grass Island, Greenway Island, Jack Island, and Cuties Island (also known as Vincent Island). Cove Island is a prominent beach and recreation area. It lies approximately 9 miles from Norwalk.


Harbor Point Marina in Stamford during summer Stamford Harbor Point Marina.jpg
Harbor Point Marina in Stamford during summer

Under the Köppen climate classification, Stamford has a temperate climate (Cfa), with long, hot summers, and cool to cold winters, with precipitation spread fairly evenly throughout the year. Stamford, like the rest of coastal Connecticut, lies in the broad transition zone between the colder continental climates of the northern United States and southern Canada to the north, and the warmer temperate and subtropical climates of the middle and south Atlantic states to the south.

The warm/hot season in Stamford is from mid-April through early November. Late day thundershowers are common in the hottest months (June, July, August, September), despite the mostly sunny skies. The cool/cold season is from late November though mid March. Winter weather is far more variable than summer weather along the Connecticut coast, ranging from sunny days with higher temperatures to cold and blustery conditions with occasional snow. Like much of the Connecticut coast and nearby Long Island, NY, some of the winter precipitation is rain or a mix and rain and wet snow in Stamford. Stamford averages about 30 inches (75 cm) of snow annually, compared to inland areas like Hartford and Albany which average 45–60 inches (110–150 cm) of snow annually.

Although infrequent, tropical cyclones (hurricanes/tropical storms) have struck Connecticut and the Stamford metropolitan area. Hurricane landfalls have occurred along the Connecticut coast in 1903, 1938, 1944, 1954 (Carol), 1960 (Donna), Hurricane Gloria in 1985, and Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

Stamford lies in USDA garden zone 7a. Stamford averages about 90 days annually with freeze. Coastal Connecticut is the broad transition zone where so-called "subtropical indicator" plants and other broadleaf evergreens can successfully be cultivated. As such, Southern Magnolias, Needle Palms, Windmill palm, Loblolly Pines, and Crape Myrtles are grown in private and public gardens. Like much of coastal Connecticut, Long Island, New York, and coastal New Jersey, the growing season is rather long in Stamford—averaging 210 days from April 8 to November 5 according to the National Weather Service in Bridgeport.

Climate data for Stamford, Connecticut (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1955–present)
Record high °F (°C)69
Average high °F (°C)38.0
Daily mean °F (°C)30.1
Average low °F (°C)22.2
Record low °F (°C)−18
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.26
Average snowfall inches (cm)9.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)11.08.310.112.012.411.
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)
Source 1: NOAA [26] [27]
Source 2: Weather Channel [28]


Historical population
1880 2,540
1890 10,396309.3%
1900 15,99753.9%
1910 25,13857.1%
1920 35,09639.6%
1930 46,34632.1%
1940 47,9383.4%
1950 74,29355.0%
1960 92,71324.8%
1970 108,79817.3%
1980 102,466−5.8%
1990 108,0565.5%
2000 117,0838.4%
2010 122,6434.7%
2019 (est.)129,638 [4] 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate [29]

At the American Community Survey's 2019 estimates, the city had a population of 129,638. The racial makeup of the city was 51.1% non-Hispanic white, 10.1% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 9.2% Asian American, 10.4% from some other race, 3.5% from two or more races, and 26.5% Hispanic or Latino (of any race). [30] Of the Hispanic or Latin American population, Puerto Ricans form the largest group (4.8%) followed by Mexicans, Cubans, and other Hispanics or Latinos. The median age was 37.2 in 2018, lower than the national average of 37.9. [31]

There were 54,513 housing units at the 2018 estimates and 50,847 households. The average household size was 2.53 and there were approximately 31,347 families living in the city. [32] The owner-occupied housing rate was 46.6% and the renter-occupied housing rate was 53.4%. Stamford's median household income from 2014 to 2018 was $83,309 and the per capita income was $55,059. About 9.3% of the population was at or below the poverty line.

In 2010, its population was 122,643. At the U.S. Census Bureau's mid-year 2010 estimates, it grew to 122,902. [33] Roughly 49.8% of the population was non-Hispanic white, 12.9% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 6.8% Asian, 1.6% from two or more races, and 28.3% Hispanic or Latino. The American Community Survey determined there were 46,396 households. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.15. [34] The owner-occupied housing rate was 56.5% and the renter-occupied rate was 43.5%.

The 2000 census determined Stamford had a population of 117,083. The proportion of the population under the age of 18 was 21.6%, age 18 to 24 was 7.8%, age 25 to 44 was 32.5%, age 45 to 64 was 25.0%, and 65 years of age or older was 13.1%. The median age of 37.1 was slightly lower than the U.S. median age of 37.2. Composition of the population based on sex was 50.7 females to 49.3 males.

According to Sperling's BestPlaces, 64.0% of the city's inhabitants are religious or religiously affiliated. [35] The largest religious group in the city are Christians, followed by Judaism, Islam, and eastern religions including Hinduism and Buddhism. The largest Christian denomination in the city is the Roman Catholic Church, served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport.


According to FBI statistics in 2014, Stamford is the 16th safest of the 269 cities in the nation and well ahead of any in Connecticut with a population greater than 100,000 that report crime statistics to the FBI. [36] In 2015, Stamford had three murders, 19 rapes, and 92 robberies. [37] Crime in Stamford is much more controlled in comparison to cities with similar population size in Connecticut and nationally. Lower crime rates in Stamford are attributed to the city's robust economic growth in recent decades.Criminal cases are prosecuted by the State's Attorney's Office, and Stamford is home to a State Superior Court, which is located on 123 Hoyt Street adjacent to the Stamford Police Headquarters.


NBC Sports Group world headquarters at 1 Blachley Road 1 Blachley Rd-NBC Sports Group.jpg
NBC Sports Group world headquarters at 1 Blachley Road

Stamford's cluster of corporate headquarters includes a number of Fortune 500, Fortune 1000, and Forbes Global 2000 companies. In 2017, Stamford had four Fortune 500, nine Fortune 1000, three Forbes Global 2000, [38] and one Fortune Global 500 company. [11]

Among the larger companies with headquarters in Stamford are Charter Communications, Synchrony Financial,, United Rentals, Conair, Gartner, Henkel North American Consumer Goods, WWE, Pitney Bowes, Gen Re, NBC Sports Group, Nestle Waters North America, Crane Co. and Vineyard Vines. [39] UBS's Stamford trading floor holds the Guinness World Record as the largest column-less trading floor in the world. The Royal Bank of Scotland moved its North American operations into Stamford in 2009, including its RBS Greenwich Capital subsidiary. [40]

The Harbor Point development, located in the South End, is one of the largest private-sector development projects in the United States. [41] Many large retail stores, such as Design within Reach (which is also headquartered in Stamford) and Fairway Market have moved in, along with multiple companies including ITV America, McKinsey & Company, Bridgewater Associates, and

Arts and culture

Science and nature

Theater, film, and video

Avon Theatre, in 2013 Avon Theatre Stamford 2013.jpg
Avon Theatre, in 2013

Movies shot in Stamford


Gothic revival exterior of St. Mary's Church on Elm Street St. Mary's Church II.jpg
Gothic revival exterior of St. Mary's Church on Elm Street

Fine art


Stamford's public library, the Ferguson Library, is one of the largest in Connecticut. The library also shows movies and has a used book store run by Friends of Ferguson Library.

The library has branches in South End, Springdale, and the Turn of River sections of the city, it also has a bookmobile that runs daily to different neighborhoods. The Turn of River branch, officially called the Harry Bennett Branch, is the largest library branch in the state. That branch also has a used book store run by Friends of Ferguson Library.

Parks and recreation

Stamford boasts miles of accessible shoreline for recreation as well as two public beaches. Shippan Landing Stamford Connecticut Skyline Aerial.jpg
Stamford boasts miles of accessible shoreline for recreation as well as two public beaches.

Politics and government

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2020. [53]
PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentage
Republican 13,6381,02214,66018.34%
Democratic 31,1772,31833,49541.90%
Unaffiliated 27,4992,55330,05237.59%
Minor parties1,5891521,7412.18%
Stamford city vote
by party in presidential elections [54]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 65.35%34,14831.04% 16,2223.61% 1,888
2012 62.33%29,62336.76% 17,4730.91% 433
2008 64.06%31,73335.35% 17,5100.59% 291
2004 58.60%27,58840.07% 18,8661.33% 624
2000 62.03%27,43034.28% 15,1593.69% 1,634
1996 57.93%25,00534.05% 14,6968.03% 3,464
1992 46.44%23,18539.68% 19,80913.88% 6,932
1988 44.97% 20,77353.85%24,8771.19% 548
1984 39.78% 19,43259.70%29,1670.52% 256
1980 38.35% 17,63350.56%23,25011.09% 5,099
1976 44.55% 20,66654.80%25,4220.65% 302
1972 37.97% 18,29960.74%29,2681.29% 622
1968 45.97% 20,92648.74%22,1865.28% 2,405
1964 64.50%29,07835.50% 16,0040.00% 0
1960 49.86% 21,44850.14%21,5720.00% 0
1956 34.30% 13,97765.70%26,7670.00% 0

Stamford is predominantly Democratic but not nearly as heavily Democratic as Connecticut's more urban cities like neighboring Bridgeport and New Haven. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.06% of the city vote, winning over Republican John McCain with 35.35%. [55]

Democrat David Martin is the incumbent Mayor of Stamford. Notable Republicans from the city include former U.S. Representative Chris Shays, former Lieutenant Governor Michael Fedele, and former mayor Michael Pavia. Prominent Democrats from Stamford include current Attorney General William Tong, former two-term Governor Dannel Malloy, former Attorney General and incumbent senior U.S. Senator Richard Blumenthal, former Attorney General George Jepsen, former U.S. Attorney General and former mayor Homer Stille Cummings, Connecticut Supreme Court Justice Andrew J. McDonald, and Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court Richard A. Robinson. Other notable politicians with Stamford roots include Carrie Clyde Holly, the first woman (along with two colleagues) elected to serve in a State Legislature (Colorado, from Pueblo County in the 1894 election) in United States History, Joe Lieberman, former Attorney General of Connecticut and Independent/Democratic U.S. Senator who was also Al Gore's vice presidential nominee in the 2000 presidential election; William F. Buckley, Jr., conservative commentator; and French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau.

In 2016, the city of Stamford was rated as having the LGBT-friendliest policies out of nine Connecticut municipalities assessed by the Human Rights Campaign. [56] [57]


Stamford has branches of the University of Connecticut, University of Bridgeport and Sacred Heart University. The University of Connecticut's campus is located in a large modern building downtown which opened in 1998 after extensive renovations to an abandoned former Bloomingdale's store that had closed in 1990. [58] The University of Bridgeport has an branch at the River Bend Executive Center, and Sacred Heart University has an branch at Landmark Square. In 2017, UCONN Stamford opened a 300 student dormitory hall around the corner from the Stamford Campus on Washington Blvd. [59]

As no study has been conducted to assess the cost of education in Stamford, it is difficult to tell whether or not Stamford has a well-funded public education system. Although providing a public education is a state responsibility, Connecticut ranks near the bottom in state share of public education expenditures. Thus, the majority of education funding must come from local governments like that of Stamford. According to the State Department of Education, in the 2004–05 academic year, 42.7% of Stamford's public school students were economically disadvantaged, 34.8% did not have English as a home language and 11.6% were students with disabilities. Research has shown that these populations need additional resources to meet state academic standards. Owing to the state school finance system, the burden of these extra necessary costs of education falls primarily on Stamford's local government. The public school system is an integrated district with racial balance requirements exceeding those of the state of Connecticut. State standards require that a school's racial makeup be within 25% of the community's racial makeup. Stamford's standard is a more strict 10%. Over the years, schools have become unbalanced.

Stamford has three public high schools: Westhill High School, Stamford High School, and the Academy of Information Technology and Engineering. The city also has several private schools, including Villa Maria School, and Bi-Cultural Jewish Day School, King Low Heywood Thomas, and The Long Ridge School.

Stamford has one of the most highly educated populations in the U.S.—nine out of ten are high school graduates, and those possessing a bachelor's degree or higher is estimated at 43.6% of the population.[ when? ] Stamford is tied with Iowa City, Iowa for the U.S. metropolitan area with the highest percentage of the adult population holding a bachelor's degree or higher; 44 percent of adults hold a degree. [60]


Radio stations in the city

Emergency services

Stamford Emergency Medical Services

A not-for-profit agency, Stamford Emergency Medical Services (SEMS) provides pre-hospital emergency care in Stamford, Connecticut. SEMS also provides contracted paramedic intercept response to Darien Emergency Medical Services, located in Darien, Connecticut. SEMS is the only Connecticut EMS service accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation of Ambulance Services (CAAS). All SEMS units are staffed by at least one Connecticut-licensed paramedic. [71] Stamford EMS responds to 14,000 calls annually.

In Stamford, medical facilities include:

Fire department

Fire protection in the city of Stamford is provided by the paid Stamford Fire Department (SFD) and four all-volunteer fire departments—Glenbrook-New Hope, Belltown, Springdale, and Turn of River—plus a combination company (paid and volunteer members), Long Ridge.

Budgeting and districting of the various fire departments throughout the city had been unstable since 2007, due to an extended legal conflict between the volunteer departments and the Malloy administration. [72] As of May 16, 2012, a decision was reached by the city's charter revision committee to combine the paid and volunteer fire departments into one combination fire department, known as the Stamford Fire Department. [73]

Police department

The Stamford Police Department (SPD) is Stamford's only police force, and has lost four officers in the line of service since 1938. The police force has about 280 sworn police officers making it the fifth largest police force in Connecticut after Hartford, New Haven, Bridgeport, and Waterbury. [74] Most Stamford Officers were trained at the Connecticut Police Training Academy before patrolling in the city. Aside from Police Headquarters, located at 725 Bedford St., opened in 2019, in Downtown Stamford, SPD also operates substations in Stamford's West Side at Wilson St. and W. Main St., and at 1137 High Ridge Rd and Hope Street. The current Chief of Police is Tim Shaw since April 9, 2020 who was a police officer in Stamford before leaving to [75] Easton, Connecticut and coming back to Stamford to become police chief. [76] [77] [78]


Mass transit

Manhattan-bound Metro-North Train leaving the Stamford Transportation Center Stamford Transportation Center Metro North Train.jpg
Manhattan-bound Metro-North Train leaving the Stamford Transportation Center
Stamford, CT Marriott Hotel from train tracks in Stamford, CT Stamford, CT Marriott Hotel from train tracks in Stamford, CT.jpg
Stamford, CT Marriott Hotel from train tracks in Stamford, CT

Stamford is located on the New Haven Line on the Metro-North Railroad, the commuter rail system for northern metropolitan New York City. Stamford is second the busiest station on the Metro-North system, after only Grand Central Terminal, and serves as a major transfer point for local trains. [79] Stamford Station is also the terminus of a Metro-North branch that ends in New Canaan, 8 mi (13 km) away, known as the New Canaan Branch, and a part-time terminal of Shore Line East trains. Two smaller train stations in Stamford are Glenbrook and Springdale, both a part of the New Canaan branch.

Commuter trains come into Stamford from all points between New London to the east and New York (Grand Central Terminal) to the south. The average non-stop commute is forty-seven minutes. Trains operate from the Stamford station between 4:43 a.m. (first departure to Grand Central) until 12:55 a.m. (last departure to Grand Central).

Stamford also serves as a station along the Amtrak route. Acela, the high speed train service between Boston and Washington, makes several daily stops in Stamford. Amtrak's Northeast Regional (Springfield, Massachusetts to Washington, D.C.) and Vermonter (Saint Albans, Vermont to Washington, D.C.) also make daily stops in Stamford. Amtrak tickets can be purchased on the upper level of the Stamford station.


Stamford is within reasonable distance of nine airports: two general aviation, two regional, five international.

General aviation airportsDistance from Downtown/Location
Danbury Municipal Airport 21 miles north in Danbury, Connecticut
Sikorsky Memorial Airport 22 miles east in Stratford, Connecticut
Regional airportsDistance form Downtown/Location
Westchester County Airport 8 miles west in Westchester County, New York
Tweed New Haven Airport 37 miles east in East Haven, Connecticut
International AirportsDistance from Downtown/Location
LaGuardia Airport 26 miles southwest in Queens, New York
John F. Kennedy International Airport 31 miles southwest in Queens, NY
Newark Liberty International Airport 41 miles southwest in Newark, New Jersey
Stewart International Airport 43 miles northwest in Newburgh, New York
Bradley International Airport 75 miles northeast in Windsor Locks, Connecticut


City bus transportation is provided by CT Transit, which is run and financed by the Connecticut Department of Transportation. The main terminal is adjacent to the train station on State Street, under the I-95 highway. Bus service runs along major arterial roads through the towns of Darien, Norwalk, Greenwich and Port Chester, New York. A non-stop direct route is also offered to White Plains, New York. Commuters can connect in Norwalk to points as far east as Milford and as far north as Danbury. Additional connections can be made in Port Chester and White Plains to all points covered by the Bee-Line bus system in Westchester County.

Greyhound provides inter-city bus service from the lower level of the Stamford train station. Bus service is provided to New Haven (Union Station), Boston (South Station), and New York (Port Authority).


Two limited-access highways run through the city. Interstate 95 serves as the main route through downtown Stamford with four exits (6–9). The Merritt Parkway runs through the northern part of the city. This road is designated for passenger vehicles only. Any congestion on the Merritt Parkway is mostly likely to occur on the southbound lane in the morning and the northbound in the evening (route to and from New York). At night, due to the absence of lighting, visibility on the Merritt Parkway is relatively poor. Stamford exits on the Merritt Parkway are 33–35, and exit 36 is just over the border in New Canaan.

Stamford is also served by four other state highways. Route 1, also known as Main Street in Stamford, is also used as a major artery during the morning and evening commute. Most traffic via Route 1 is short distance or fairly local, yet vehicles have utilized Route 1 during times of heavy congestion on I-95 as a re-route. Route 137 (Washington Boulevard and High Ridge Road) is the main north–south road of the city and runs from the Stamford Transportation Center and serves the Turn of River, North Stamford, and High Ridge sections of the city. Route 104 (Long Ridge Road) branches off from Route 137 to serve the Long Ridge section. Route 106 (Courtland Avenue) serves the Glenbrook neighborhood and continues towards the town of Darien.

Notable people

Noteworthy past and present residents include:

Sister cities

See also

Related Research Articles

Connecticut State of the United States of America

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of human development behind Massachusetts, and highest median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and the Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. Historically the state is part of New England as well as the tri-state area with New York and New Jersey, which together make up metropolitan New York City. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett (Conanicut),” a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".

Hartford, Connecticut Capital of Connecticut, United States

Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford metropolitan area. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.

New Haven, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. With a population of 129,779 as determined by the 2010 United States Census, it is the second-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.

Fairfield County, Connecticut County in Connecticut, United States

Fairfield County is a county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut, as well as its fastest-growing from 2010 to 2018 and largest in terms of population. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 916,829, estimated to have increased by 3.6% to 949,921 in 2017, and decreased to 943,332 in 2019. The most populous county in the state, the county population represents a little over 25% of Connecticut's overall population and is one of its fastest-growing counties. The closest to the center of the New York metropolitan area, the county contains four of the state's largest cities–Bridgeport (1st), Stamford (3rd), Norwalk (6th), and Danbury (7th)–whose combined population of 433,368 is nearly half the county's total population.

Greenwich, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Greenwich is a town in southwestern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171, with a census-estimated increase to 62,574 in 2018. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, Greenwich is home to many hedge funds and other financial service firms. Greenwich is a principal community of the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk–Danbury metropolitan statistical area, which comprises all of Fairfield County.

Monroe, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Monroe is a town located in eastern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 19,479 at the 2010 census.

Danbury, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, located approximately 55 miles northeast of New York City. Danbury's population at the 2010 census was 80,893.

Darien, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Darien is an affluent coastal town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States 37 miles northeast of New York City. With a population of 21,000 and a land area of just under 13 square miles, it is the smallest town on Connecticut's "Gold Coast". It has the youngest population of any non-college town in Connecticut, a high rate of marriage, and high number of average children per household. Darien is also one of the wealthiest communities in the U.S.

Milford, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Milford is a city within Coastal Connecticut and New Haven County, Connecticut, between Bridgeport, Connecticut and New Haven, Connecticut, United States. The population was estimated to be 53,195 in a July 2019 estimate. The city includes the Village of Devon and the borough of Woodmont. Milford is part of the New York-Newark Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.

Shelton, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Shelton is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was estimated at 41,129 on July 1, 2019 by the United States Census Bureau.

Westport, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Westport is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, along the Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast. It is 52 miles (84 km) northeast of New York City. The town had a population of 26,391 according to the 2010 U.S. Census, and is ranked 19th among America's 100 Richest Places as well as third in Connecticut, with populations between 20,000 and 65,000.

New York metropolitan area Megacity in the United States

The New York metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,669.0 sq mi (12,093 km2), and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The metropolitan area includes New York City, Long Island, and the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in New York State; the five largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Edison, and their vicinities; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities. The New York metropolitan area sits within the larger Northeast Megalopolis.

Norwalk, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Norwalk is a city located in southwestern Connecticut, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound. Norwalk lies within both the New York metropolitan area and the Bridgeport metropolitan area.

Stamford Transportation Center Rail station in Stamford, Connecticut, United States

Stamford station, officially known as the Stewart B. McKinney Transportation Center or the Stamford Transportation Center, is a major railroad station in the city of Stamford, Connecticut, serving passengers traveling on Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line, Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, and CTrail's Shore Line East. In addition, it is also a major bus terminal for Greyhound, Peter Pan, and CTtransit buses. Annual ridership on Metro-North exceeded 8.4 million in 2016, making it the second busiest station in the entire system, after Grand Central Terminal.

Interstate 95 (I-95) is the main north–south Interstate Highway on the East Coast of the United States, running in a general east–west compass direction for 111.57 miles (179.55 km) in Connecticut, from the New York state line to the Rhode Island state line. I-95 from Greenwich to East Lyme is part of the Connecticut Turnpike, during which it passes through the major cities of Stamford, Bridgeport, and New Haven. After leaving the turnpike in East Lyme, I-95 is known as the Jewish War Veterans Memorial Highway and passes through New London, Groton, and Mystic, before exiting the state through North Stonington at the Rhode Island border.

Bridgeport station (Connecticut)

Bridgeport station is a shared Amtrak, Metro-North Railroad, and CTrail train station along the Northeast Corridor serving Bridgeport, Connecticut and nearby towns. On Metro-North, the station is the transfer point between the Waterbury Branch and the main New Haven Line. Amtrak's inter-city Northeast Regional and Vermonter service also stop at the station, as do some CTrail Shore Line East trains. In addition the transfer point for Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority buses, the departure point for the Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Ferry across Long Island Sound to Port Jefferson, New York, and both the Arena at Harbor Yard and the Ballpark at Harbor Yard are located adjacent to the station.

Downtown Stamford United States historic place

Downtown Stamford, or Stamford Downtown, is the central business district of the city of Stamford, Connecticut, United States. It includes major retail establishments, a shopping mall, a university campus, the headquarters of major corporations and Fortune 500 companies, as well as other retail businesses, hotels, restaurants, offices, entertainment venues and high-rise apartment buildings.

North Stamford Neighborhood in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States

North Stamford is an affluent section of Stamford, Connecticut, United States, north of the Merritt Parkway. Mostly woody and hilly, it is the least densely populated, and highest income section of the city with a 2018 median household income of $221,654. The two main roadways in North Stamford are High Ridge Road and Long Ridge Road. North Stamford borders Pound Ridge, New York at the New York line to the north, the "back country" section of Greenwich, Connecticut to the west, and the Town of New Canaan, Connecticut to the east. According to the 2010 census, North Stamford has a population of 14,904. The City of Stamford as a whole had a population of 122,643 with most recent estimates showing Stamford's population around 128,000.

Bridgeport Police Department

The Bridgeport Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency in Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is responsible for most law enforcement within the geographical boundaries of City of Bridgeport, with the exception of:

Bridgeport, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and its largest city. With a census-estimated population of 144,399 in 2019, it is also the fifth-most populous in New England. Located in Fairfield County at the mouth of the Pequonnock River on Long Island Sound, it is 60 miles (97 km) from Manhattan and 40 miles (64 km) from The Bronx. It is bordered by the towns of Trumbull to the north, Fairfield to the west, and Stratford to the east. Bridgeport and other settlements in Fairfield County make up the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury metropolitan statistical area, the second largest metropolitan area in Connecticut. The Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury metropolis forms part of the New York megacity.


  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  2. "Connecticut population in 2010" (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
  3. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stamford city, Connecticut". Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. "".
  6. 1 2 "Distance between Stamford, CT and New York, NY". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Distance between Stamford, CT and New Haven, CT". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  8. "Fortune 500". Fortune. March 29, 2019.
  9. Schott, Paul (June 21, 2019). "ITV America Stamford production hub set for 2020 opening". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  10. Schott, Paul (May 25, 2018). "ITV and startup announce Stamford hub, plan hundreds of jobs". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  11. 1 2 "Fortune 500 Companies 2017: Who Made the List". Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  12. Harris, Paul (February 15, 2013). "Connecticut's wealthy Gold Coast: where life is good, if you can afford it". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  13. The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 334.
  14. Godbeer, Richard (January 2005). "Chapter 1: Katherine Branch's Fits". Escaping Salem. Oxford. ISBN   0-19-516130-0.
  15. "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  16. Jackson, Kenneth T. (1985), Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States , New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN   0-19-504983-7 , p.268
  17. Charles, Eleanor (September 26, 1999). "Commercial Property /Stamford, Conn.; A Pioneer Business Park That Confounded Critics".
  18. "Trending: Why one city is booming". Connecticut Post. May 23, 2013.
  19. Lytton, Barry (March 21, 2019). "Stamford's building boom shows no sign of slowing". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  20. Cavanaugh, Jack (January 24, 2020). "Jack Cavanaugh: Squeezing more people into Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  21. "'A tidal wave': New Yorkers snapping up CT homes as they flee the city". May 15, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  22. McFarland, Amanda Blanco, Shawn. "Connecticut becomes a top destination for people moving out of New York following the coronavirus outbreak". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  23. "Stamford Master Plan" (PDF). Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  24. "Distance between Stamford, CT and Hartford, CT". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  25. "Stamford, CT neighborhood Map—Best and Worst Neighborhoods". Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  26. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  27. "Station: Stamford 5 N, CT". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  28. "Monthly Averages for Stamford, CT (06902)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
  29. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  30. "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates 2018". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  31. "American Community Survey 2018 Estimates Graphs". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  32. "American Community Survey Households and Families Estimates 2018". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  33. "American Community Survey Demographic and Housing Estimates 2010". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  34. "American Community Survey Households and Families Estimates 2010". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  35. "Religion in Stamford, Connecticut". Sperling's BestPlaces . Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  36. "Stamford police say downtown is safe, despite homicide and other recent crimes".
  37. "Crime in Stamford, Connecticut (CT): murders, rapes, robberies, assaults, burglaries, thefts, auto thefts, arson, law enforcement employees, police officers, crime map".
  38. "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  39. "Stamford's Major Employers | Stamford CT". Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  40. "Royal Bank of Scotland to sell Stamford building". June 4, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  41. "Harbor Point Spurs Stamford's Economic Growth with Thousands of New Jobs". March 11, 2012.
  42. "'Trisha Goddard' Talk Show Begins Production in Stamford". Stamford, CT Patch. July 30, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  43. "Stamford Historical Society, The Stamford Historical Society: Photo Selection of the Month, July 2004, Shippan Point".
  44. "Homepage".
  45. "Stamford Youth Hockey Association".
  46. Porstner, Donna, "Curve appeal/ Area's new skate park opens", news article in The Advocate of Stamford, July 13, 2007, pp 1, A6
  47. "Sterling Farms Golf Course".
  48. Porstner, Donna (June 28, 2006). "Sterling Farms golfers fight to keep money". Stamford Advocate.
  49. "E. Gaynor Brennan Golf Course—Stamford, CT".
  50. "Italian Center of Stamford, CT: Outdoor Pools, Indoor Pool, Tennis, Fitness Center, Nursery School, Camps, Banquet Hall".
  51. "Stamford Family YMCA". Stamford YMCA.
  52. "Guest Welcome—Stamford Yacht Club". Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  53. "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2020" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. October 27, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  56. Megan, Kathleen. "Connecticut cities and towns score higher than average when it comes to laws and policies supporting the LGBTQ community". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  57. Trusty, Lea. "Stamford Rated Most LGBT-Friendly Community In Conn". Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  58. Dunlap, David W. (January 5, 1997). "Stamford Reinvents Its Downtown Once Again". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  59. "UConn-Stamford opens first dormitory". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  60. US Census Bureau. "".
  61. Nickerson, John (July 3, 2016). "Doug Llewelyn 'loves' filming 'People's Court' in Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  62. Schott, Paul (May 25, 2018). "ITV and startup announce Stamford hub, plan hundreds of jobs". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  63. "WWE SEC Filing".
  64. "Charter to invest $10 million in new Conn. headquarters". Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  65. 1 2 Just, Olivia (July 3, 2014). "Disney moves filming of 'Millionaire' to Stamford". CT Post. Hearst Media Services Connecticut, LLC . Retrieved May 22, 2015.
  66. Schott, Paul (February 20, 2017). "This Old House makes new moves with digital real estate". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  67. "Contact–Synapse Group Inc" . Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  68. "About Chief Executive Group". Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  69. "'30 Rock': The great state of Connecticut". Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  70. King, Kate; Writer, Staff (November 6, 2010). "New TBS sitcom filming in Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  71. "STAMFORD EMS—A Not-For-Profit Charitable Organization Providing Consistent, Compassionate, Quality Paramedic Ambulance Services".
  72. Morganteen, Jeff (December 2, 2009). "Stamford fire service consolidation part of Malloy's legacy". Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  73. O'Connor, Kara (May 16, 2012). "Charter Revision Commission recommends single fire chief". Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  74. Veronica Rose (April 25, 2011). "Connecticut Police Department Statistics". Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  75. "Easton, Connecticut", Wikipedia, June 13, 2020, retrieved June 16, 2020
  76. John Nickerson (October 5, 2012). "Pavia names Fontneau as police chief". Greenwich Time. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  77. Nickerson, John (July 2, 2019). "Wuennemann named interim Stamford police chief". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  78. Nickerson, John (April 9, 2020). "Pandemic can't prevent Stamford from swearing in new police chief". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  79. Lytton, Barry (December 7, 2018). "Stamford train station gets $22.9M for improvements". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  80. 2013 Interview
  81. "Jewish congregation working with sister city in Israel" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2011.
  82. "International Trade Council ... Overview". Retrieved May 8, 2016.
  83. 1 2 "Online Directory: Connecticut, USA". Sister Cities. Archived from the original on October 2, 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2007.

Further reading