Stamford, Connecticut

Last updated

Stamford
Stamford CT Montage 2018.png
Flag of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Seal of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Logo of Stamford, Connecticut.svg
Nickname(s): 
The City That Works, Lock City
Motto: 
Innovating Since 1641
Fairfield County Connecticut incorporated and unincorporated areas Stamford highlighted.svg
Stamford, Connecticut
Stamford, Connecticut
Stamford, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°03′10″N73°32′20″W / 41.05278°N 73.53889°W / 41.05278; -73.53889
CountryUnited States
U.S. state Connecticut
County Fairfield
Region Western CT
Settled (town)1641
Incorporated (city)1893
Consolidated1949
Named for Stamford, Lincolnshire
Government
  Type Mayor-Board of representatives
   Mayor Caroline Simmons (D)
Area
[1]
   City 52.03 sq mi (134.75 km2)
  Land37.62 sq mi (97.43 km2)
  Water14.41 sq mi (37.33 km2)
  Urban
465 sq mi (1,205 km2)
Elevation
23 ft (7 m)
Population
 (2020) [2] [3]
   City 135,470
  Density3,601.0/sq mi (1,390.4/km2)
Demonym(s) Stamfordian, Stamfordite
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
069xx
Area code(s) 203/475
FIPS code 09-73000
GNIS feature ID0211129
Major highways I-95.svg Merritt Pkwy Shield.svg
Commuter rail Amtrak logo 2.svg MTA NYC logo.svg Hartford Line logo.png
Website www.stamfordct.gov

Stamford ( /ˈstæmfərd/ ) is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, 34 miles (55 kilometers) outside of New York City. It is the sixth-most populous city in New England. Stamford is also the largest city in the Western Connecticut Planning Region, and Connecticut's second-most populous city, behind Bridgeport. With a population of 135,470, Stamford passed Hartford and New Haven in population as of the 2020 census. [4] It is in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury metropolitan statistical area, which is part of the New York City metropolitan area (specifically, the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area).

Contents

As of 2023, Stamford is home to eight Fortune 500 companies [5] and numerous divisions of large corporations. [6] [7] [8] This gives it the largest financial district in the New York metropolitan region outside New York City and one of the nation's largest concentrations of corporations. Dominant sectors of Stamford's economy include financial management and real estate, tourism, information technology, healthcare, telecommunications, transportation, and retail. [9] Its metropolitan division is home to colleges and universities including UConn Stamford and Norwalk Community College.

History

Stamford was known as Rippowam by the Siwanoy Native American inhabitants of the region, and the very first European settlers in the area also called it that. The present name is after the town of Stamford, Lincolnshire, England. [10] The deed to Stamford was signed on July 1, 1640, between Captain Turner of the New Haven Colony and Chief Ponus. By the 18th century, one of the town's primary industries was merchandising by water, which was possible due to Stamford's proximity to New York.

In 1692, Stamford was home to a less famous witch trial than the well-known Salem witch trials, which also occurred in 1692. The accusations were less fanatical and on a smaller scale, but they also grew to prominence through gossip and hysterics. [11]

New Canaan officially separated from Stamford when it incorporated as a town in 1801, followed by Darien in 1820.

Starting in the late 19th century, New York residents built summer homes on the shoreline, and some moved to Stamford permanently and started commuting to Manhattan by train. Stamford incorporated as a city in 1893.

In 1950, the U.S. Census Bureau reported the city's population as 94.6% white and 5.2% black. [12]

In the 1960s and 1970s, Stamford's commercial real estate boomed as corporations relocated from New York City to peripheral areas. [13] A massive urban redevelopment campaign during that time resulted in a downtown with many tall office buildings. The F.D. Rich Company was the city-designated urban renewal developer of the downtown area in an ongoing, contentious project beginning in the 1960s and continuing through the 1970s. The company put up what was the city's tallest structure, One Landmark Square, at 21 floors high, and the GTE building (now One Stamford Forum), along with the Marriott Hotel, the Stamford Town Center and many other downtown office buildings. One Landmark Square has since been dwarfed by the new 34-story Park Tower Stamford condominium tower, and again by the Atlantic Station development, another Rich Company project in partnership with Cappelli Enterprises. [14] Over the years, other developers have joined in building up the downtown, a process that continued through the 1980s and 1990s and into the new century.

Since 2008, an 80-acre (32-hectare) mixed-use redevelopment project for Stamford's Harbor Point neighborhood has added additional growth south of downtown. The redevelopment plan included six million square feet (560,000 m2) of new residential, retail, office and hotel space, and a marina. In July 2012, roughly 900 of the projected 4,000 Harbor Point residential units had been constructed. [15] New restaurants and recreational activities have come up in the Harbor Point area, which is considered New Stamford. From 2008 to 2017, the city issued permits for 4,341 housing units. [16] [17]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S., many New Yorkers relocated to Stamford and its metropolitan area. [18] [19]

Geography

Aerial view of Stamford at night with Norwalk, Fairfield, Bridgeport, and beyond visible and Long Island Sound completely dark. Stamford CT night aerial from the west.jpg
Aerial view of Stamford at night with Norwalk, Fairfield, Bridgeport, and beyond visible and Long Island Sound completely dark.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has an area of 52.09 square miles (134.9 km2), of which 37.62 square miles (97.4 km2) is land and 14.41 square miles (37.3 km2) is water. Stamford is the state's largest city by area. [20] The population density was 3,101.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,197.7/km2) in 2010. The city is halfway between Manhattan and New Haven at approximately 38 miles (60 kilometers) from each; [21] [22] it is 79 miles (127 kilometers) from the state capital of Hartford. [23]

Stamford is near the southwestern point of Connecticut, on Long Island Sound; it is part of the Gold Coast. Stamford comprises approximately 45 distinct neighborhoods and villages, and two historic districts, [24] including Cove, East Side, Downtown, North Stamford, Glenbrook, West Side, Turn of River, Waterside, Springdale, Belltown, Ridgeway, Newfield, South End, Westover, Shippan, Roxbury, and Palmers Hill.

North of the Merritt Parkway is considered the North Stamford section of the city, encompassing its largest land mass though it is the least densely populated. North Stamford functionally and legally acts as one municipality with the city of Stamford. Stamford borders Pound Ridge, New York to the north, the Long Island Sound to the south, Greenwich to the west, Darien to the east, and New Canaan to the northeast.

The city has islands in Long Island Sound: Cove Island, Grass Island, Greenway Island, Jack Island, and Cuties Island (also known as Vincent Island). Cove Island is a prominent beach and recreation area. It lies approximately 9 miles (14 kilometers) from Norwalk.

Climate

Harbor Point Marina in Stamford in August 2018 Stamford Harbor Point Marina.jpg
Harbor Point Marina in Stamford in August 2018

Under the Köppen climate classification, Stamford has a temperate climate (Cfa), with long, hot summers, and cool to cold winters, with precipitation spread fairly evenly throughout the year. Like the rest of coastal Connecticut, it lies in the broad transition zone between the colder continental climates of the northern U.S. and southern Canada to the north, and the warmer temperate and subtropical climates of the middle and south Atlantic states to the south.

The warm/hot season in Stamford is from mid-April through early November. Late day thundershowers are common in the hottest months (June through September), despite the mostly sunny skies. The cool/cold season is from late November though mid-March. Winter weather is far more variable than summer weather along the Connecticut coast, ranging from sunny days with higher temperatures to cold and blustery conditions with occasional snow. As on much of the Connecticut coast and nearby Long Island, some of the winter precipitation is rain or a mix and rain and wet snow. Stamford averages about 30 inches (75 cm) of snow annually, compared to inland areas like Hartford and Albany that average 45–60 inches (110–150 cm).

Although infrequent, tropical cyclones (hurricanes/tropical storms) have struck Connecticut and the Stamford metropolitan area. Hurricane landfalls have occurred along the Connecticut coast in 1903, 1938, 1944, 1954 (Carol), 1960 (Donna), Hurricane Gloria in 1985, and Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

Stamford lies in USDA garden zone 7a. It averages about 90 days annually with freeze. Coastal Connecticut is the broad transition zone where so-called "subtropical indicator" plants and other broadleaf evergreens can be cultivated. As such, Southern Magnolias, Needle Palms, Windmill palm, Loblolly Pines, and Crape Myrtles are grown in private and public gardens. As in much of coastal Connecticut, Long Island, and coastal New Jersey, the growing season is rather long in Stamford, averaging 210 days from April 8 to November 5 according to the National Weather Service in Bridgeport.

Climate data for Stamford, Connecticut (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1955–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)69
(21)
74
(23)
85
(29)
96
(36)
97
(36)
97
(36)
102
(39)
104
(40)
97
(36)
91
(33)
82
(28)
76
(24)
104
(40)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C)38.0
(3.3)
41.4
(5.2)
49.1
(9.5)
62.0
(16.7)
72.3
(22.4)
79.8
(26.6)
84.8
(29.3)
82.9
(28.3)
75.7
(24.3)
64.4
(18.0)
53.1
(11.7)
42.7
(5.9)
62.2
(16.8)
Daily mean °F (°C)30.1
(−1.1)
32.2
(0.1)
39.8
(4.3)
51.1
(10.6)
61.1
(16.2)
69.2
(20.7)
74.6
(23.7)
73.0
(22.8)
66.0
(18.9)
54.5
(12.5)
44.1
(6.7)
35.0
(1.7)
52.6
(11.4)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C)22.2
(−5.4)
23.1
(−4.9)
30.4
(−0.9)
40.3
(4.6)
50.0
(10.0)
58.5
(14.7)
64.4
(18.0)
63.1
(17.3)
56.2
(13.4)
44.6
(7.0)
35.1
(1.7)
27.3
(−2.6)
42.9
(6.1)
Record low °F (°C)−18
(−28)
−15
(−26)
−6
(−21)
16
(−9)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
43
(6)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
7
(−14)
−13
(−25)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.26
(108)
3.14
(80)
4.73
(120)
4.44
(113)
4.12
(105)
4.91
(125)
3.77
(96)
3.81
(97)
5.21
(132)
4.59
(117)
4.19
(106)
4.44
(113)
51.61
(1,311)
Average snowfall inches (cm)9.1
(23)
11.9
(30)
5.9
(15)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(2.0)
5.8
(15)
34.0
(86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)11.08.310.112.012.411.69.28.79.19.910.211.4123.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)4.84.03.00.30.00.00.00.00.00.00.42.615.1
Source 1: NOAA [25] [26]
Source 2: Weather Channel [27]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880 2,540
1890 10,396309.3%
1900 15,99753.9%
1910 25,13857.1%
1920 35,09639.6%
1930 46,34632.1%
1940 47,9383.4%
1950 74,29355.0%
1960 92,71324.8%
1970 108,79817.3%
1980 102,466−5.8%
1990 108,0565.5%
2000 117,0838.4%
2010 122,6434.7%
2020 135,47010.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2020 Census Data [28]

Census data from 2020 showed the city of Stamford with a population of 135,470. This was a 10.5% increase from 2010. Census data also showed Stamford had surpassed New Haven's population, making it the state's second-most populous city, behind Bridgeport.

In 2020, the racial makeup of the city was 49.3% non-Hispanic white, 14.1% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.6% Asian American, 3.2% from two or more races, and 27.2% Hispanic or Latino (of any race). [29] 2020 American Community Survey estimates show that of the Hispanic or Latin American population, Guatemalans form the largest group (6.75% of the city's population), followed by Puerto Ricans (3.77%), Colombians (2.87%), Ecuadorians (2.42%), and Mexicans (2.38%). [30] In 2018, 5.9% of the city was West Indian. [31] The median age was 37.2 in 2018, lower than the national average of 37.9. [32]

There were 54,513 housing units at the 2018 estimates and 50,847 households. The average household size was 2.53 and there were approximately 31,347 families living in the city. [33] The owner-occupied housing rate was 46.6% and the renter-occupied housing rate was 53.4%. Stamford's median household income in 2021 was $99,792 and the per capita income was $58,297, the highest of any city in Connecticut. [34] The average household income was $143,222. [35] About 9.3% of the population was at or below the poverty line.

In 2010, its population was 122,643. At the U.S. Census Bureau's mid-year 2010 estimates, it grew to 122,902. [36] Roughly 49.8% of the population was non-Hispanic white, 12.9% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 6.8% Asian, 1.6% from two or more races, and 28.3% Hispanic or Latino. The American Community Survey determined there were 46,396 households. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.15. [37] The owner-occupied housing rate was 56.5% and the renter-occupied rate was 43.5%.

The 2000 census determined Stamford had a population of 117,083. The proportion of the population under the age of 18 was 21.6%, age 18 to 24 was 7.8%, age 25 to 44 was 32.5%, age 45 to 64 was 25.0%, and 65 years of age or older was 13.1%. The median age of 37.1 was slightly lower than the U.S. median age of 37.2. Composition of the population based on sex was 50.7 females to 49.3 males.

According to Sperling's BestPlaces, 64.0% of the city's inhabitants are religious or religiously affiliated. [38] The largest religious group in the city are Christians, followed by Judaism, Islam, and eastern religions including Hinduism and Buddhism. The largest Christian denomination in the city is the Roman Catholic Church, served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport.

Crime

According to FBI statistics in 2014, Stamford is the 16th safest of the 269 cities in the nation and well ahead of any in Connecticut with a population greater than 100,000 that report crime statistics to the FBI. [39] In 2015, Stamford reported three murders, 19 rapes, and 92 robberies. Crime in Stamford is much more controlled in comparison to cities with similar population size in Connecticut and nationally. Lower crime rates in Stamford are attributed to the city's robust economic growth in recent decades. Criminal cases are prosecuted by the State's Attorney's Office, and Stamford is home to a State Superior Court, at 123 Hoyt Street, adjacent to the Stamford Police Headquarters.

Economy

NBC Sports Group world headquarters at 1 Blachley Road 1 Blachley Rd-NBC Sports Group.jpg
NBC Sports Group world headquarters at 1 Blachley Road
WWE headquarters in Stamford WWE Corporate HQ, Stamford, CT, jjron 02.05.2012.jpg
WWE headquarters in Stamford

Stamford's cluster of corporate headquarters includes a number of Fortune 500, Fortune 1000, and Forbes Global 2000 companies. In 2017, Stamford had four Fortune 500, nine Fortune 1000, three Forbes Global 2000, [40] and one Fortune Global 500 company. [8]

Among the larger companies with headquarters in Stamford are Charter Communications, Harman International, Synchrony Financial, Indeed.com, Webster Bank, United Rentals, Conair, Gartner, Henkel North American Consumer Goods, WWE, Pitney Bowes, ITT Inc., Gen Re, NBC Sports Group, Nestle Waters North America, Crane Co. and Vineyard Vines. [41] UBS's Stamford trading floor held the Guinness World Record as the largest columnless trading floor in the world until surrendering that space in 2017. The building was sold after the bank downsized. [42] The Royal Bank of Scotland moved its North American operations into Stamford in 2009, including its RBS Greenwich Capital subsidiary. [43]

The Harbor Point development, in the South End, is one of the nation's largest private-sector development projects. [44] Many large retail stores, such as Design within Reach (also headquartered in Stamford), have moved in, along with multiple companies including ITV America, McKinsey & Company, Bridgewater Associates, and Kayak.com.

Arts and culture

Science and nature

Theater, film, and video

Avon Theatre in 2013 Avon Theatre Stamford 2013.jpg
Avon Theatre in 2013

Movies shot in Stamford

Music

The Gothic revival exterior of St. Mary's Church on Elm Street St. Mary's Church II.jpg
The Gothic revival exterior of St. Mary's Church on Elm Street

Fine art

Libraries

Stamford's public library, the Ferguson Library, is one of the largest in Connecticut. The library also shows movies and has a used book store run by Friends of Ferguson Library.

The library has branches in South End, Springdale, and the Turn of River sections of the city, it also has a bookmobile that runs daily to different neighborhoods. The Turn of River branch, officially called the Harry Bennett Branch, is the largest library branch in the state. That branch also has a used book store run by Friends of Ferguson Library.

Parks and recreation

Stamford boasts miles of accessible shoreline for recreation and two public beaches. Shippan Landing Stamford Connecticut Skyline Aerial.jpg
Stamford boasts miles of accessible shoreline for recreation and two public beaches.

Politics and government

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2020. [56]
PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentage
Democratic 31,1772,31833,49564.87%
Republican 13,6381,02214,66028.39%
Unaffiliated 1,5831551,7383.37%
Minor parties1,5891521,7413.37%
Total47,9873,64751,634100%
Stamford city vote
by party in presidential elections [57]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 68.08%40,43730.71% 18,2421.21% 720
2016 65.35%34,14831.04% 16,2223.61% 1,888
2012 62.33%29,62336.76% 17,4730.91% 433
2008 64.06%31,73335.35% 17,5100.59% 291
2004 58.60%27,58840.07% 18,8661.33% 624
2000 62.03%27,43034.28% 15,1593.69% 1,634
1996 57.93%25,00534.05% 14,6968.03% 3,464
1992 46.44%23,18539.68% 19,80913.88% 6,932
1988 44.97% 20,77353.85%24,8771.19% 548
1984 39.78% 19,43259.70%29,1670.52% 256
1980 38.35% 17,63350.56%23,25011.09% 5,099
1976 44.55% 20,66654.80%25,4220.65% 302
1972 37.97% 18,29960.74%29,2681.29% 622
1968 45.97% 20,92648.74%22,1865.28% 2,405
1964 64.50%29,07835.50% 16,0040.00% 0
1960 49.86% 21,44850.14%21,5720.00% 0
1956 34.30% 13,97765.70%26,7670.00% 0

Stamford is predominantly Democratic but not nearly as heavily Democratic as Connecticut's more urban cities like Bridgeport and New Haven. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.06% of the city vote to Republican John McCain's 35.35%. [58]

Democrat Caroline Simmons is Stamford's current mayor. Notable Republicans from the city include former U.S. Representative Chris Shays, former Lieutenant Governor Michael Fedele, and former mayor Michael Pavia. Prominent Democrats from Stamford include current Attorney General William Tong, former two-term Governor Dannel Malloy, former Attorney General and incumbent senior U.S. Senator Richard Blumenthal, former Attorney General George Jepsen, former U.S. Attorney General and former mayor Homer Stille Cummings, Connecticut Supreme Court Justice Andrew J. McDonald, and Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court Richard A. Robinson. Other notable politicians with Stamford roots include Carrie Clyde Holly, the first woman (along with two colleagues) elected to serve in a State Legislature (Colorado, from Pueblo County in the 1894 election) in U.S. history, Joe Lieberman, former Attorney General of Connecticut and Independent/Democratic U.S. Senator who was Al Gore's vice-presidential nominee in the 2000 presidential election; William F. Buckley, Jr., conservative commentator; and French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau.

Stamford has consistently received a perfect score from the Human Rights Campaign for LGBT-friendly policies since 2016. [59] [60]

Education

Stamford has a highly educated population. Per the American Community Survey from 2017 to 2021, 89.1% of adults aged 25 and older graduated from high school, and 52.3% have a Bachelor's degree or higher. [61] This compares to 91.1% and 37.9% nationally, respectively. [62]

Stamford is home to a branch of the University of Connecticut, commonly called UConn Stamford. Sacred Heart University also hosts a physician assistant studies program located on the Stamford Hospital campus. [63] The city also used to host a branch of the University of Bridgeport. [64] UConn Stamford's campus is located in Downtown Stamford, and its main building, reconverted from hosting a former Bloomingdale's store that had closed in 1990, opened in 1998. [65] In 2017, UCONN Stamford opened a 300-student dormitory around the corner from the Stamford Campus on Washington Boulevard. [66]

Stamford Public Schools comprises 13 elementary schools, 5 middle schools, and 3 high schools. [67] As of the 2022–2023 school year, the school district serves 16,212 students, a slight increase over the previous year. [68] Stamford Public Schools students come from a diverse array of backgrounds, mirroring the city's diversity. As of 2022, the majority of Stamford Public Schools students are Hispanic or Latino. [68] 75 different languages are spoken at home by Stamford Public School students, with English, Spanish, Haitian Creole, Bengali, and Polish among the most common languages. [69] Per an April 2023 report by the Connecticut State Department of Education on racial imbalance in public school enrollment, none of the 10 Stamford School District schools studied had a racial imbalance of more than 14% compared to the school district at large. [70] According to the Connecticut State Department of Education, in the 2004–2005 academic year, 42.7% of Stamford's public school students were economically disadvantaged, and 11.6% were students with disabilities.[ citation needed ]

The supermajority of Stamford Public Schools funding comes from the City of Stamford. In the 2022-2023 fiscal year, Stamford Public Schools had a total operating budget of $301,843,542, [71] provided by the City of Stamford. This represented 82.6% of its total revenue that year, with an additional 9.8% coming from federal grants, 7.5% coming from state grants, and 0.1% coming from other sources. [72]

Stamford's three public high schools are Westhill High School, Stamford High School, and the Academy of Information Technology and Engineering. [73] As of 2022, the Stamford School District's average SAT score was 990, [74] below the state average.

The city also has several private schools, including Villa Maria School, Bi-Cultural Hebrew Academy of Connecticut, King School, and The Long Ridge School.

Media

Radio stations in the city

Emergency services

Stamford Emergency Medical Services

A not-for-profit agency, Stamford Emergency Medical Services (SEMS) provides pre-hospital emergency care in Stamford, Connecticut. SEMS also provides contracted paramedic intercept response to Darien Emergency Medical Services, located in Darien, Connecticut. SEMS is the only Connecticut EMS service accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation of Ambulance Services (CAAS). All SEMS units are staffed by at least one Connecticut-licensed paramedic. [87] Stamford EMS responds to 14,000 calls annually.

In Stamford, medical facilities include:

Fire department

Fire protection in the city of Stamford is provided by the paid Stamford Fire Department (SFD) and four all-volunteer fire departments—Glenbrook-New Hope, Belltown, Springdale, and Turn of River—plus a combination company (paid and volunteer members), Long Ridge.

Budgeting and districting of the various fire departments throughout the city had been unstable since 2007, due to an extended legal conflict between the volunteer departments and the Malloy administration. [88] As of May 16, 2012, a decision was reached by the city's charter revision committee to combine the paid and volunteer fire departments into one combination fire department, known as the Stamford Fire Department. [89]

Police department

The Stamford Police Department (SPD) is Stamford's only police force, and has lost four officers in the line of service since 1938. The police force has about 280 sworn police officers making it the fifth largest police force in Connecticut after Hartford, New Haven, Bridgeport, and Waterbury. [90] Most Stamford Officers were trained at the Connecticut Police Training Academy before patrolling in the city. Aside from Police Headquarters, located at 725 Bedford St., opened in 2019, in Downtown Stamford, SPD also operates substations in Stamford's West Side at Wilson St. and W. Main St., and at 1137 High Ridge Rd and Hope Street. The current Chief of Police is Tim Shaw since April 9, 2020 who was a police officer in Stamford before leaving to Easton, Connecticut and coming back to Stamford to become police chief. [91] [92] [93]

Transportation

Mass transit

A Manhattan-bound Metro-North Railroad train leaving Stamford Transportation Center Stamford Transportation Center Metro North Train.jpg
A Manhattan-bound Metro-North Railroad train leaving Stamford Transportation Center

Stamford is on the New Haven Line of the Metro-North Railroad, the commuter rail system for northern metropolitan New York City. Stamford is the second-busiest station on the Metro-North system, after Grand Central Terminal, and serves as a major transfer point for local trains. [94] Stamford Station is also the terminus of a Metro-North branch that ends in New Canaan, 8 mi (13 km) away, known as the New Canaan Branch, and a part-time terminal of Shore Line East and Danbury Branch trains. Two smaller train stations in Stamford are Glenbrook and Springdale, both a part of the New Canaan branch.

Commuter trains come into Stamford from all points between New London to the east and New York (Grand Central Terminal) to the south. The average nonstop commute is 47 minutes. Trains operate from the Stamford station between 4:43 a.m. (first departure to Grand Central) until 12:55 a.m. (last departure to Grand Central).

Stamford also serves as a prominent station along Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor. The Acela, a high speed train service between Boston and Washington D.C., makes several daily stops in Stamford. Amtrak's higher-speed Northeast Regional (between Boston or Springfield, Massachusetts and Washington, D.C.) and Vermonter (between Saint Albans, Vermont and Washington, D.C.) also make plentiful daily stops in Stamford. Amtrak has facilities in upper level of the Stamford station.

Airports

Stamford is within reasonable distance of 11 airports: four general aviation, two regional, five international.

General aviation airportsDistance from Downtown/Location
Danbury Municipal Airport 21 mi (34 km) north in Danbury, Connecticut
Sikorsky Memorial Airport 22 mi (35 km) east in Stratford, Connecticut
Teterboro Airport 31 mi (50 km) southwest in Teterboro, New Jersey
Waterbury–Oxford Airport 36 mi (58 km) northeast in Oxford, Connecticut
Regional airportsDistance form Downtown/Location
Westchester County Airport 8 mi (13 km) west in Westchester County, New York
Tweed New Haven Airport 37 mi (60 km) east in East Haven, Connecticut
Stewart Airport 43 mi (69 km) northwest in Newburgh, New York
International airportsDistance from Downtown/Location
LaGuardia Airport 26 mi (42 km) southwest in Queens, New York
John F. Kennedy International Airport 31 mi (50 km) southwest in Queens, NY
Newark Liberty International Airport 41 mi (66 km) southwest in Newark, New Jersey
Bradley International Airport 75 mi (121 km) northeast in Windsor Locks, Connecticut

Buses

City bus transportation is provided by CT Transit, which is run and financed by the Connecticut Department of Transportation. The main terminal is adjacent to the train station on State Street, under the I-95 highway. Bus service runs along major arterial roads through the towns of Darien, Norwalk, Greenwich and Port Chester, New York. A non-stop direct route is also offered to White Plains, New York. Commuters can connect in Norwalk to points as far east as Milford and as far north as Danbury. Additional connections can be made in Port Chester and White Plains to all points covered by the Bee-Line bus system in Westchester County.

Greyhound provides inter-city bus service from the lower level of the Stamford train station. Bus service is provided to New Haven (Union Station), Boston (South Station), and New York (Port Authority).

Highways

Two limited-access highways run through the city. Interstate 95 serves as the main route through downtown Stamford with four exits (6–9). The Merritt Parkway runs through the northern part of the city. This road is designated for passenger vehicles only. Any congestion on the Merritt Parkway is mostly likely to occur on the southbound lane in the morning and the northbound in the evening (route to and from New York). At night, due to the absence of lighting, visibility on the Merritt Parkway is relatively poor. Stamford exits on the Merritt Parkway are 33–35, and exit 36 is just over the border in New Canaan.

Stamford is also served by four other state highways. Route 1, also known as Main Street in Stamford, is also used as a major artery during the morning and evening commute. Most traffic via Route 1 is short distance or fairly local, yet vehicles have utilized Route 1 during times of heavy congestion on I-95 as a re-route. Route 137 (Washington Boulevard and High Ridge Road) is the main north–south road of the city and runs from the Stamford Transportation Center and serves the Turn of River, North Stamford, and High Ridge sections of the city. Route 104 (Long Ridge Road) branches off from Route 137 to serve the Long Ridge section. Route 106 (Courtland Avenue) serves the Glenbrook neighborhood and continues towards the town of Darien.

Notable people

Noteworthy past and present residents include:

Sister cities

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hartford, Connecticut</span> Capital city of Connecticut, U.S.

Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. The city, located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, had a population of 121,054 as of the 2020 Census. Hartford is the largest city in the Capitol Planning Region and the core city of the Greater Hartford metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Haven, Connecticut</span> City in Connecticut, United States

New Haven is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound and is part of the New York City metropolitan area. With a population of 135,081 as determined by the 2020 U.S. census, New Haven is the third largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport and Stamford, the largest city in the South Central Connecticut Planning Region, and the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 864,835 in 2020. Prior to 1960, it was the county seat of New Haven County until the county governments were abolished that year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fairfield County, Connecticut</span> County in Connecticut, United States

Fairfield County is a county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is the most populous county in the state and was also its fastest-growing from 2010 to 2020. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 957,419, representing 26.6% of Connecticut's overall population. The closest to the center of the New York metropolitan area, the county contains four of the state's top 7 largest cities—Bridgeport (1st), Stamford (2nd), Norwalk (6th), and Danbury (7th)—whose combined population of 433,368 is nearly half the county's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Easton, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

Easton is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,605. Easton contains the historic district of Aspetuck and the Plattsville census-designated place. It is a part of the Greater Bridgeport Planning Region, the New York metropolitan statistical area, and is bordered by the towns of Fairfield to the south, Redding to the north, Weston to the west, and Monroe and Trumbull to the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greenwich, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

Greenwich is a town in southwestern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. At the 2020 census, it had a population of 63,518. Greenwich is a principal community of the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk–Danbury metropolitan statistical area, which comprises all of Fairfield County, and is part of the Western Connecticut Planning Region. The town is the southwesternmost municipality in both the State of Connecticut and the six-state region of New England. The town is named after Greenwich, a royal borough of London in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monroe, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

Monroe is a town located in eastern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 18,825 at the 2020 census. The town is part of the Greater Bridgeport Planning Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Canaan, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

New Canaan is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 20,622 according to the 2020 census. The town is part of the Western Connecticut Planning Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Danbury, Connecticut</span> City in Connecticut, United States

Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, located approximately 50 miles (80 km) northeast of New York City. Danbury's population as of 2020 was 86,518. It is the third-largest city in Western Connecticut, and the seventh-largest city in Connecticut.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Darien, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

Darien is a coastal town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. With a population of 21,499 and a land area of just under 13 square miles (34 km2), it is the smallest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast. The town is part of the Western Connecticut Planning Region. It has a high rate of marriage, and high average number of children per household.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milford, Connecticut</span> City in Connecticut, United States

Milford is a coastal city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, between New Haven and Bridgeport. The population was 50,558 at the 2020 United States Census. The city includes the village of Devon and the borough of Woodmont. Milford is part of the South Central Connecticut Planning Region and New York metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bristol, Connecticut</span> City in Connecticut, United States

Bristol is a suburban city located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, 20 miles (32 km) southwest-west of Hartford. The city is also 120 miles southwest from Boston, and approximately 100 miles northeast of New York City. The city is part of the Naugatuck Valley Planning Region. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 60,833.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westport, Connecticut</span> Town in Connecticut, United States

Westport is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, along the Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast. It is 48 miles (77 km) northeast of New York City. The town is part of the Western Connecticut Planning Region. Westport's public school system is ranked as the top public school district in Connecticut and 17th best school district in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norwalk, Connecticut</span> City in Connecticut, United States

Norwalk is a city located in Western Connecticut, United States, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of the Long Island Sound. Norwalk lies within both the New York metropolitan area and the Bridgeport metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sacred Heart University</span> Catholic university in Fairfield, Connecticut, U.S.

Sacred Heart University (SHU) is a private, Roman Catholic university in Fairfield, Connecticut. It was founded in 1963 by Walter W. Curtis, Bishop of the Diocese of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Sacred Heart was the first Catholic university in the United States to be staffed by the laity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greater Bridgeport</span> Metropolitan statistical area in Connecticut, United States

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk is a metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Connecticut. The area is located in Southwestern Connecticut. In its most conservative form the area consists of the city of Bridgeport and five surrounding towns—Easton, Fairfield, Monroe, Stratford, and Trumbull. This definition of the Bridgeport area has a population of more than 305,000 and is within the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk-Danbury metropolitan statistical area, which consists of all of Fairfield County, Connecticut. The estimated 2015 county population was 948,053. The area is numbered as part of the New York-Newark Combined Statistical Area NY-NJ-CT-PA by the United States Census Bureau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Education in Stamford, Connecticut</span>

Education in Stamford, Connecticut takes place in both public and private schools and college and university campuses. Stamford has a highly educated population. Per the American Community Survey from 2017 to 2021, 89.1% of adults aged 25 and older graduated from high school, and 52.3% have a Bachelor's degree or higher. This compares to 91.1% and 37.9% nationally, respectively.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Stamford</span> Neighborhood in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States

North Stamford is an affluent section of Stamford, Connecticut, United States, north of the Merritt Parkway. Mostly woody and hilly, it is the least densely populated, and highest income section of the city, with a 2021 median household income in excess of $250,000. The two main roadways in North Stamford are High Ridge Road and Long Ridge Road. North Stamford borders Pound Ridge, New York, at the New York line to the north, the "back country" section of Greenwich, Connecticut, to the west, and the Town of New Canaan, Connecticut, to the east. According to the 2010 census, North Stamford has a population of 14,904. The City of Stamford as a whole had a population of 135,470.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">CT Transit New Haven</span> Bus operator in Connecticut

CT New Haven is the second largest division of Connecticut Transit, providing service on 24 routes in 19 towns within the Greater New Haven and Lower Naugatuck River Valley areas, with connections to other CT Transit routes in Waterbury and Meriden, as well as connections to systems in Milford and Bridgeport at the Connecticut Post Mall.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bridgeport, Connecticut</span> City in the United States

Bridgeport is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Connecticut and the fifth-most populous city in New England, with a population of 148,654 in 2020. Located in eastern Fairfield County at the mouth of the Pequonnock River on Long Island Sound, it is a port city 60 miles (97 km) from Manhattan and 40 miles (64 km) from The Bronx. It borders the towns of Trumbull to the north, Fairfield to the west, and Stratford to the east. Bridgeport and other towns in Fairfield County make up the Greater Bridgeport Planning Region, as well as the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk–Danbury metropolitan statistical area, the second largest metropolitan area in Connecticut. The Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk–Danbury metropolis forms part of the New York metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">David Martin (mayor)</span> American politician (born 1953)

David R. Martin was the mayor of Stamford, Connecticut, from 2013 to 2021. A Democrat, he was elected Mayor of Stamford in November 2013 in a four-candidate race with approximately 48% of the vote. He was sworn in on December 1, 2013. He previously served as the President of the Stamford Board of Representatives and on the Stamford Board of Finance.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  2. "Connecticut population in 2010" (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2011. Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
  3. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stamford city, Connecticut". Census.gov. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  4. "census.gov". Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  5. "Fortune 500 companies in Stamford". Fortune. March 29, 2019. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  6. Schott, Paul (June 21, 2019). "ITV America Stamford production hub set for 2020 opening". Stamford Advocate. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  7. Schott, Paul (May 25, 2018). "ITV and startup announce Stamford hub, plan hundreds of jobs". Stamford Advocate. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  8. 1 2 "Fortune 500 Companies 2017: Who Made the List". Fortune.com. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  9. Harris, Paul (February 15, 2013). "Connecticut's wealthy Gold Coast: where life is good, if you can afford it". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  10. The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 334.
  11. Godbeer, Richard (January 2005). "Chapter 1: Katherine Branch's Fits". Escaping Salem. Oxford. ISBN   0-19-516130-0.
  12. "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  13. Jackson, Kenneth T. (1985), Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States , New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN   0-19-504983-7 , p.268
  14. Charles, Eleanor (September 26, 1999). "Commercial Property /Stamford, Conn.; A Pioneer Business Park That Confounded Critics". The New York Times . Archived from the original on September 27, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  15. "Trending: Why one city is booming". Connecticut Post. May 23, 2013. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  16. Lytton, Barry (March 21, 2019). "Stamford's building boom shows no sign of slowing". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  17. Cavanaugh, Jack (January 24, 2020). "Jack Cavanaugh: Squeezing more people into Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  18. "'A tidal wave': New Yorkers snapping up CT homes as they flee the city". CTInsider.com. May 15, 2020. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  19. McFarland, Amanda Blanco, Shawn (May 25, 2020). "Connecticut becomes a top destination for people moving out of New York following the coronavirus outbreak". courant.com. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. "Stamford Master Plan" (PDF). stamfordct.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  21. "Distance between Stamford, CT and New York, NY". distance-cities.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  22. "Distance between Stamford, CT and New Haven, CT". distance-cities.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  23. "Distance between Stamford, CT and Hartford, CT". distance-cities.com. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  24. "Stamford, CT neighborhood Map—Best and Worst Neighborhoods". AreaVibes . Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  25. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  26. "Station: Stamford 5 N, CT". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on May 10, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  27. "Monthly Averages for Stamford, CT (06902)". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on February 5, 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
  28. "2020 Census Population". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 11, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  29. "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates 2018". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  30. "B03001 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN". data.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2022. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  31. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on December 5, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  32. "American Community Survey 2018 Estimates Graphs". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  33. "American Community Survey Households and Families Estimates 2018". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  34. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stamford city, Connecticut". census.gov. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  35. "Stamford,CT Household Income, Population & Demographics | Point2". point2homes.com. Archived from the original on September 17, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  36. "American Community Survey Demographic and Housing Estimates 2010". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  37. "American Community Survey Households and Families Estimates 2010". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  38. "Religion in Stamford, Connecticut". Sperling's BestPlaces . Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  39. "Stamford police say downtown is safe, despite homicide and other recent crimes". Stamfordadvocate.com. March 15, 2015. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  40. "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  41. "Stamford's Major Employers | Stamford CT". Stamfordct.gov. Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  42. "Former Stamford UBS site sells for $33 million". Stamford Advocate. December 19, 2017. Archived from the original on May 29, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  43. "Royal Bank of Scotland to sell Stamford building". June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  44. "Harbor Point Spurs Stamford's Economic Growth with Thousands of New Jobs". Prweb.com. March 11, 2012. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  45. "'Trisha Goddard' Talk Show Begins Production in Stamford". Stamford, CT Patch. July 30, 2012. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  46. "Stamford Historical Society, The Stamford Historical Society: Photo Selection of the Month, July 2004, Shippan Point". Stamfordhistory.org. Archived from the original on July 5, 2006. Retrieved August 25, 2006.
  47. "Homepage". Tcrink.com. Archived from the original on June 27, 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2006.
  48. "Stamford Youth Hockey Association". Syha.org. Archived from the original on April 17, 2007. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  49. Porstner, Donna, "Curve appeal/ Area's new skate park opens", news article in The Advocate of Stamford, July 13, 2007, pp 1, A6
  50. "Sterling Farms Golf Course". Sterlingfarmsgc.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
  51. Porstner, Donna (June 28, 2006). "Sterling Farms golfers fight to keep money". Stamford Advocate. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
  52. "E. Gaynor Brennan Golf Course—Stamford, CT". Brennangolf.com. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  53. "Italian Center of Stamford, CT: Outdoor Pools, Indoor Pool, Tennis, Fitness Center, Nursery School, Camps, Banquet Hall". Italiancenter.org. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  54. "Stamford Family YMCA". Stamford YMCA. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  55. "Guest Welcome—Stamford Yacht Club". Stamfordyc.com. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  56. "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2020" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. October 27, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  57. "General Elections Statement of Vote 1922". Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  58. "Connecticut Election 2008 - Presidential Results Margin of Victory" (PDF). University of Connecticut. November 13, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  59. Megan, Kathleen (November 20, 2019). "Connecticut cities and towns score higher than average when it comes to laws and policies supporting the LGBTQ community". courant.com. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  60. Trusty, Lea (October 20, 2016). "Stamford Rated Most LGBT-Friendly Community in Conn". wshu.org. Archived from the original on September 21, 2021. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  61. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stamford city, Connecticut". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 2, 2023. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  62. "Census Bureau Releases New Educational Attainment Data". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. February 24, 2022. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  63. "Tandet Center". Sacred Heart University . Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  64. "2023 Annual Security and Fire Report" (PDF). University of Bridgeport. 2023. p. 5. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  65. Dunlap, David W. (January 5, 1997). "Stamford Reinvents Its Downtown Once Again". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  66. "UConn-Stamford opens first dormitory". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  67. "About Us". www.stamfordpublicschools.org. Stamford Public Schools. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  68. 1 2 Laguarda, Ignacio (December 22, 2022). "1 in 2 Stamford students are Hispanic and overall enrollment is on the rise, report shows". Stamford Advocate . Hearst Communications . Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  69. Vaughan, Sophie (October 12, 2019). "75 home languages spoken by Stamford students". Stamford Advocate . Hearst Communications . Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  70. "2022 Public School Enrollment by Racial Imbalance" (PDF). portal.ct.gov. Connecticut State Department of Education. April 10, 2023. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  71. "2022-23 Operating Budget by Object" (PDF). Stamford Public Schools. June 24, 2022. p. 119. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  72. "2023-24 Section 06: Revenue" (PDF). Stamford Public Schools. January 17, 2023. p. 1. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  73. "High School". www.stamfordpublicschools.org. Stamford Public Schools. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  74. "CT SAT Scores". datawrapper.dwcdn.net. Connecticut State Department of Education . Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  75. Nickerson, John (July 3, 2016). "Doug Llewelyn 'loves' filming 'People's Court' in Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on August 5, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  76. Schott, Paul (May 25, 2018). "ITV and startup announce Stamford hub, plan hundreds of jobs". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  77. "WWE SEC Filing". Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  78. "WWE® Announces New Global Headquarters in Stamford". corporate.wwe.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2023.
  79. "Charter to invest $10 million in new Conn. headquarters". bizjournals.com. Archived from the original on August 5, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  80. 1 2 Just, Olivia (July 3, 2014). "Disney moves filming of 'Millionaire' to Stamford". CT Post. Hearst Media Services Connecticut, LLC. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
  81. "Stamford Innovation Center Adds Tenants Cashpath Financial, Local Yokel Media, Orthozon Technologies". PRLog. Archived from the original on May 26, 2023. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  82. Schott, Paul (February 20, 2017). "This Old House makes new moves with digital real estate". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on August 5, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  83. "Contact–Synapse Group Inc". Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  84. "About Chief Executive Group". ChiefExecutive.net. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  85. "'30 Rock': The great state of Connecticut". EW.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  86. King, Kate; Writer, Staff (November 6, 2010). "New TBS sitcom filming in Stamford". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  87. "STAMFORD EMS—A Not-For-Profit Charitable Organization Providing Consistent, Compassionate, Quality Paramedic Ambulance Services". Stamfordems.org. Archived from the original on April 15, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  88. Morganteen, Jeff (December 2, 2009). "Stamford fire service consolidation part of Malloy's legacy". Stamfordadvocate.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  89. O'Connor, Kara (May 16, 2012). "Charter Revision Commission recommends single fire chief". Thehour.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  90. Veronica Rose (April 25, 2011). "Connecticut Police Department Statistics". cga.ct.gov. Archived from the original on January 24, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  91. John Nickerson (October 5, 2012). "Pavia names Fontneau as police chief". Greenwich Time. Archived from the original on February 17, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  92. Nickerson, John (July 2, 2019). "Wuennemann named interim Stamford police chief". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  93. Nickerson, John (April 9, 2020). "Pandemic can't prevent Stamford from swearing in new police chief". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  94. Lytton, Barry (December 7, 2018). "Stamford train station gets $22.9M for improvements". StamfordAdvocate. Archived from the original on February 4, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  95. "Revington Arthur's Latest Paintings on Exhibit Next Sunday in Silvermine". The Bridgeport Post . October 20, 1957. p. 9. Archived from the original on February 20, 2023. Retrieved February 20, 2023.
  96. "TTV Interviews - Greg Farshtey!". Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022 via YouTube.
  97. "Jewish congregation working with sister city in Israel" (PDF). Congregationagudathsholom.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2011.
  98. "International Trade Council ... Overview". Stamfordchamber.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
  99. 1 2 "Online Directory: Connecticut, USA". Sister Cities. Archived from the original on October 2, 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
  100. "Ukraine Aid International: Stamford joins CT communities providing humanitarian support to overseas victims". April 6, 2023. Archived from the original on April 7, 2023. Retrieved April 7, 2023.

Further reading