Stanley Sadie

Last updated

Stanley John Sadie CBE ( /ˈsdi/ ; 30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor. He was editor of the sixth edition of the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1980), which was published as the first edition of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians . [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Musicology Scientific discipline whose content is the practical and theoretical study of music

Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music. Musicology departments traditionally belong to the humanities, although music research is often more scientific in focus. A scholar who participates in musical research is a musicologist.

<i>The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians</i> encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians. Along with the German-language Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, it is one of the largest reference works on western music. Originally published under the title A Dictionary of Music and Musicians, and later as Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, it has gone through several editions since the 19th century and is widely used. In recent years it has been made available as an electronic resource called Grove Music Online, which is now an important part of Oxford Music Online.

Contents

Career

Born in Wembley, Sadie was educated at St Paul's School, London, and studied music privately for three years with Bernard Stevens. [7] At Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge he read music under Thurston Dart. Sadie earned Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music degrees in 1953, a Master of Arts degree in 1957, and a PhD in 1958. His doctoral dissertation was on mid-eighteenth-century British chamber music. [8] After Cambridge, he taught at Trinity College of Music, London (1957–1965). [9] [10] [11]

Wembley area of northwest London, England

Wembley is an area of north west London, England, and part of the London Borough of Brent. It is home to the Wembley Arena and Wembley Stadium. Wembley formed a separate civil parish from 1894 and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1937. In 1965, the area merged with the Municipal Borough of Willesden to create the London Borough of Brent, and has since formed part of Greater London.

St Pauls School, London boys independent school in Richmond upon Thames, England

St Paul's School is a selective independent school for boys aged 13–18, founded in 1509 by John Colet and located on a 43-acre (180,000m2) site by the River Thames, in Barnes, London.

Bernard (George) Stevens was a British composer.

Sadie then turned to music journalism, becoming music critic for The Times (1964–1981), and contributing reviews to the Financial Times after 1981, when he had to leave his position and The Times because of his commitments to the Grove and other scholarly work. He was editor of The Musical Times from 1967 until 1987. [12] [13] [14]

<i>The Times</i> British newspaper, founded 1785

The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. The Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, and have only had common ownership since 1967.

<i>Financial Times</i> Daily broadsheet business newspaper owned by Nikkei Inc. and based in London

The Financial Times (FT) is an English-language international daily newspaper owned by Nikkei Inc, headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country. It was originally published as The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular from 1844 until 1903. Its title was shortened to its present name from January 1904. The journal originally appeared monthly but is now a quarterly publication. It is also available online at JSTOR and RILM Abstracts of Music Literature Full Text.

From 1970 Sadie was editor of what was planned to be the sixth edition of the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1980). Sadie oversaw major changes to the dictionary, which grew from nine volumes to twenty, and was published as The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (New Grove), and is now referred to as the first edition under that name. He was also an important force behind the second edition of New Grove (2001), which grew further to 29 volumes. Sadie also oversaw a major expansion of the Grove franchise, editing the one-volume Grove Concise Dictionary of Music (1988), and several spinoff dictionaries, such as the New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (three volumes, 1984), the New Grove Dictionary of American Music, (with H. Wiley Hitchcock, four volumes, 1986), and The New Grove Dictionary of Opera (four volumes, 1992). He also edited composer biographies based on the entries in Grove. [15] [16]

The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject. It is the largest work on opera in English, and in its printed form, amounts to 5,448 pages in four volumes.

Outside his work on the Grove dictionaries, Sadie edited the Man and Music volumes accompanying a television series (1989–1993). [17] He was also an accomplished bassoonist. [18] [19] [20] [21]

Sadie died at his home in Cossington, Somerset, 21 March 2005, of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), which had been diagnosed only a few weeks earlier.

Cossington, Somerset village in the United Kingdom

Cossington is a village and civil parish close to Woolavington and 5 miles (8 km) north of Bridgwater, in the Sedgemoor district in Somerset, England. The village lies on the north side of the Polden Hills.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive muscular paralysis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease that causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles. Some also use the term motor neuron disease for a group of conditions of which ALS is the most common. ALS is characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening weakness due to muscles decreasing in size. It may begin with weakness in the arms or legs, or with difficulty speaking or swallowing. About half of the people affected develop at least mild difficulties with thinking and behavior and most people experience pain. Most eventually lose the ability to walk, use their hands, speak, swallow, and breathe.

Sadie married twice. His first wife, Adèle Sadie (née Bloom; 1931–1978) – whom he married in 1953 in London, and with whom he had two sons and a daughter – died in 1978. Sadie married Julie Anne Sadie, PhD (née Vertrees; born 1948), also a musicologist, in 1978. They had a son and a daughter.

Honours

In 1982, Sadie was appointed CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire). He received an honorary Doctor of Letters from the University of Leicester in 1982, and was elected honorary fellow of the Royal College of Music in 1994 and Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. In 2005, Sadie became a Handel Music Prize laureate.

Professional affiliations

Related Research Articles

Eduardo Mata was a Mexican conductor and composer.

Steve Turre American jazz trombonist

Stephen Johnson Turre is an American jazz trombonist and a pioneer of using seashells as instruments, a composer, arranger, and educator at the collegiate-conservatory level. For fifty-five years, Turre has been active in jazz, rock, and Latin jazz – in live venues, recording studios, television, and cinema production. In March 2018 he was anonymously referred to as a transgressor in an online editorial entitled "Token Girl," a piece which discussed misogyny within the Juilliard jazz program.

Bertram Jay Turetzky is a contemporary American double bass (contrabass) soloist, composer, teacher, and author of The Contemporary Contrabass, a book that looked at a number of new and interesting ways of playing the double bass including featuring it as a solo performance vehicle with no other instrumental accompaniment.

Harold Bauer pianist

Harold Victor Bauer was a noted pianist who began his musical career as a violinist.

Kerry Mills(néFrederick Allen Mills; 1 February 1869 in Philadelphia – 5 December 1948 in Hawthorne, California) was an American ragtime composer and music publishing executive of popular music during the Tin Pan Alley era. His stylistically diverse music ranged from ragtime through cakewalk to marches. He was most prolific between 1895 and 1918.

Dewey Redman American saxophonist

Walter Dewey Redman was an American saxophonist who performed free jazz as a bandleader and with Ornette Coleman and Keith Jarrett.

Anshel Brusilow was an American violinist, conductor, and music educator at the collegiate level.

Opéra-ballet is a genre of French Baroque lyric theatre that was most popular during the 18th century, combining elements of opera and ballet, "that grew out of the ballets à entrées of the early seventeenth century". It differed from the more elevated tragédie en musique as practised by Jean-Baptiste Lully in several ways. It contained more dance music than the tragédie, and the plots were not necessarily derived from classical mythology and allowed for the comic elements, which Lully had excluded from the tragédie en musique after Thésée (1675). The opéra-ballet consisted of a prologue followed by a number of self-contained acts, often loosely grouped around a single theme. The individual acts could also be performed independently, in which case they were known as actes de ballet.

Martin Tudor Hansford Williams was an American jazz critic and writer.

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians is a major reference originally compiled by Theodore Baker, PhD, and published in 1900 by G. Schirmer, Inc. The ninth edition, the most recent edition, was published in 2001 — one hundred and one years after the first edition.

Barry Shelley Brook was an American musicologist.

Mack Kendree Harrell, Jr. was an American operatic and concert baritone vocalist who was regarded as one of the greatest American-born lieder singers of his generation.

Julia Frances Smith was an American composer, pianist, and author on musicology.

David Park McAllester was an American ethnomusicologist and Professor of Anthropology and Music at Wesleyan University, where he taught from 1947–1986. He contributed to the development of the field of ethnomusicology through his studies of Navajo and Comanche musics, and he helped to establish the ethnomusicology department and the World Music Program at Wesleyan. His recordings of Navajo and Comanche music led to the establishment of the World Music Archives at the University.

Hugo Kortschak American musician

Hugo Kortschak was an Austrian-born American violinist and a member of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1907 until 1914, founding member of the Berkshire String Quartet and Dean of Music at Yale University. His son was the plant physiologist Hugo P. Kortschak.

Richard John Dufallo was an American clarinetist, author, and conductor with a broad repertory. He is most known for his interpretations of contemporary music. During the 1970s, he directed contemporary music series at both Juilliard and the Aspen Music Festival, where he succeeded Darius Milhaud as artistic director of the Conference on Contemporary Music. He was influential at getting American works accepted in Europe, and gave the first European performances of works by Charles Ives, Carl Ruggles, Jacob Druckman, and Elliott Carter as well as younger composers like Robert Beaser. Dufallo, as conductor, also premiered numerous works by European composers, including Karlheinz Stockhausen, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, and Krzystof Penderecki. He was a former assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic, and worked closely with Leonard Bernstein from 1965 to 1975. He also served as associate conductor of the Buffalo Philharmonic.

The Grupo renovación was an Argentine composers' association founded in 1929 to promote modern music.

Luis Antonio Ramírez was a Puerto Rican composer.

Henry Sopkin was an American conductor. He founded, and for 21 years, from 1945 to 1966, led the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. Before that, he had been a long-standing pedagogue at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago, where he taught conducting and led the Conservatory Symphony Orchestra.

References

  1. Biography Index , H. W. Wilson Company; ISSN   0006-3053
        Vol. 12: September 1979 – August 1982 (1983)
        Vol. 30: September 2004 – August 2005 (2005)
        Vol. 31 September 2005 – August 2006 (2006)
  2. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (Sadie is in Vol. 5 of 6), Macmillan; Schirmer
        6th ed, Slonimsky (ed.) (1978); OCLC   4426869
        7th ed, Slonimsky (ed.) (1984); OCLC   10574930
        8th ed, Slonimsky (ed.) (1992); OCLC   24246972
        9th ed, Laura Diane Kuhn (ed.) (born 1953) (2001); OCLC   44972043
  3. Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Classical Musicians, Nicolas Slonimsky (ed), Schirmer (1997); OCLC   36111932
  4. Baker's Dictionary of Opera, Laura Kuhn (born 1953), New York: Schirmer Books (2000); OCLC   41531658
  5. "Stanley Sadie (1930–2005): A Remembrance," by James P. Cassaro, website: IAML, 26 March 2015
  6. "Stanley Sadie, 74, Writer and Scholar of Music History, Dies," by Allan Kozinn, The New York Times , 23 March 2005
  7. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians
  8. British chamber music, 1720–1790 (dissertation), Stanley John Sadie, PhD, University of Cambridge (1958); OCLC   11000833, 502093985, 127124503
  9. Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, Detroit: Gale Research; ISSN   0275-7176
        Vol. 9 (1983); OCLC   873325505
        Vol. 115 (2003); OCLC   659933884
  10. Contemporary Authors Detroit: Gale Research; ISSN   0275-7176; ISSN   0010-7468
        Vols. 17–20, 1st rev. (1976); OCLC   655229931
        Volume 237 (2006); OCLC   507344108
  11. The International Authors and Writers Who's Who, Adrian Gaster (1919–1989) (ed), [[Cambridge, England|]], England: International Biographical Centre; ISSN   0143-8263
        8th ed. (1977)
        9th ed. (1982)
        10th ed. (1986)
        12th ed. (1991)
        11th ed. (1989)
        13th ed. 1993– 94 (1993)
  12. International Who's Who in Music and Musicians' Directory (in the Classical and Light Classical fields), Adrian Gaster (1919–1989), [[Cambridge, England|]], England: International Who's Who in Music; ISSN   0307-2894
        6th ed. (1972); OCLC   9991844
        9th ed. (1980); OCLC   7519641
        12th ed. 1990–1991 (1990); OCLC   28065697
         17th ed. 2000–2001 (2000); OCLC   610394664
  13. International Who's Who, Europa Publications; ISSN   0074-9613
        42nd ed., 1978 (1978); OCLC   440743278
        43rd ed., 1979–80 (1979); OCLC   440743632
        44th ed., 1980–81 (1980); OCLC   440743737
        45th ed., 1981–82 (1981); OCLC   440743813
        46th ed., 1982–83 (1982); OCLC   440744015
        47th ed., 1983–84 (1983); OCLC   441457144
        53rd ed., 1989–90 (1989); OCLC   20250797
        55th ed., 1991–92 (1991); OCLC   24322591
        57th ed., 1993–94 (1993); OCLC   28473075
        61st ed., 1997–98 (1997); OCLC   37363047
        62nd ed., 1998–99 (1998); OCLC   39517239
        63rd ed., 2000 (1999); OCLC   59440072
        64th ed., 2000–01 (2000); OCLC   43788856
        65th ed., 2002 (2001); OCLC   59550486
        66th ed., 2003 (2002); OCLC   50197639
        67th ed., 2004 (2003); OCLC   59342773
        68th ed., 2005 (2004); OCLC   59262688
  14. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 20 volumes, Stanley Sadie (ed.) London: Macmillan Publishers (1980); OCLC   5676891
  15. Something about the Author, Vol. 14, Detroit: Gale Research (1978); OCLC   705262453
  16. Who's Who, An Annual Biographical Dictionary, St. Martin's Press; ISSN   0083-937X
        126th Year, 1974–1975 (1974)
        134th Year, 1982–1983 (1982)
        135th Year, 1983–1984 (1983)
        137th Year, 1985–1986 (1985)
        140th Year, 1988 (1988)
        142nd Year, 1990 (1990)
        144th Year, 1992 (1992)
        146th Year, 1994 (1994)
        150th Year, 1998 (1998)
        151st Year, 1999 (1999)
        152nd Year, 2000 (2000)
        153rd Year, 2001 2001)
        154th Year, 2002 2002)
        155th Year, 2003 (2003)
        156th Year, 2004 (2004)
        157th Year, 2005 (2005)
  17. Latham, Alison. "Sadie, Stanley". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/96225.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.); OCLC   4916054867
  18. The Author's and Writer's Who's Who, 6th ed., J.V. Yates (ed.), Darien, CT: Hafner Publishing Co. (1971); OCLC   1243912
  19. Who's Who in Entertainment, 3rd ed., 1998–1999, Marquis Who's Who (1997); OCLC   38740408
  20. Who's Who in the World, Wilmette, Illinois: Marquis Who's Who; ISSN   0083-9825
        3rd ed., 1976–1977 (1976)
        7th ed., 1984–1985 (1984)
        8th ed., 1987–1988 (1986)
        9th ed., 1989–1990 (1988)
        10th ed., 1991–1992 (1990)
        11th ed., 1993–1994 (1992)
        12th ed., 1995–1996 (1994)
        13th ed., 1996–1997 (1995)
        14th ed., 1997 (1996)
        15th ed., 1998 (1997)
        16th ed., 1999 (1999)
        17th ed., 2000 (1999)
        18th ed., 2001 (2000)
        19th ed., 2002 (2001)
  21. The Writers Directory St. Martin's Press; ISSN   0084-2699
        3rd ed., 1976–1978
        4th ed., 1980–1982
        5th ed., 1982–1984 (1981)
        6th ed., 1984–1986 (1983)
        7th ed., 1986–1988 (1986)
        8th ed., 1988–1990 (1988)
        9th ed., 1990–1992 (1990)
        10th ed., 1992–1994 (1991)
        11th ed., 1994–1996 (1994)
        12th ed., 1996–1998 (1996)
        13th ed., 1998–2000 (1997)
        14th ed., 1999 (1999)
        15th ed., 2000 (2000)
        16th ed., 2001 (2001)
        17th ed., 2002 (2002)
        18th ed., 2003 (2003)
        19th ed., 2004 (2003)
        20th ed., 2005 (2004)
        21st ed., 2006 (2005)
        22nd ed., 2007 (2006)
        23rd ed., 2008 (2007) (obituaries at end of vol.)