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Ball-and-stick model of the stannane molecule Stannane-from-xtal-3D-balls.png
Ball-and-stick model of the stannane molecule
Space-filling model of the stannane molecule Stannane-3D-vdW.png
Space-filling model of the stannane molecule
IUPAC name
Other names
tin tetrahydride
tin hydride
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/Sn.4H Yes check.svgY
  • InChI=1/Sn.4H/rH4Sn/h1H4
  • [Sn]
Molar mass 122.71 g/mol
Appearancecolourless gas
Density 5.4 g dm−3, gas
Melting point −146 °C (−231 °F; 127 K)
Boiling point −52 °C (−62 °F; 221 K)
Related compounds
Related organotins
tributylstannane (Bu3SnH)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
X mark.svgN  verify  (what is  Yes check.svgYX mark.svgN ?)

Stannane /ˈstænn/ or tin hydride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula SnH4. It is a colourless gas and the tin analogue of methane. Stannane can be prepared by the reaction of SnCl4 and Li[AlH4]. [1]

SnCl4 + Li[AlH4] → SnH4 + LiCl + AlCl3

Stannane decomposes slowly at room temperature to give metallic tin and hydrogen and ignites on contact with air. [1]

Variants of stannane can be found as a highly toxic, gaseous, inorganic metal hydride and group 14 hydride.

See also

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  1. 1 2 Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN   978-0-08-037941-8.