State Border Guard Service of Ukraine

Last updated
State Border Guard Service
Державна прикордонна служба
State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.svg
Service emblem
Flag of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.svg
Service flag
AbbreviationSBGS / ДПСУ
Agency overview
FormedJuly 31, 2003
Preceding agency
  • State Committee for Protection of the State Border of Ukraine
Employees~ 60 000 (2022) [1]
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Ukraine
Operations jurisdiction Ukraine
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
  • National border patrol, security, and integrity.
Operational structure
Headquarters26, Volodymyrska st, Kyiv [2]
Agency executive
  • Serhiy Deyneko [3] , Head of the SBGS
Parent agency Ministry of Internal Affairs
Child agency
Significant operations

The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (SBGS; Ukrainian : Державна Прикордонна Служба України, Derzhavna Prykordonna Sluzhba Ukrainy; abbr. ДПСУ, DPSU) is the border guard of Ukraine. It is an independent law enforcement agency, organized by the Constitution of Ukraine as a military formation, the head of which is subordinated to the President of Ukraine. [4]


The Service was created on July 31, 2003, after the reorganization of the State Committee for Protection of the State Border. During wartime, units of the State Border Guard Service fall under the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The State Border Guard Service includes the Ukrainian Sea Guard, which is the country's coast guard. It is also responsible for running Temporary Detention Centres, in which refugees are held.


Ukrainian border guards are the national successors of the Soviet Border Troops. They were formed from the approximately 17,000 Border Troops located in Ukraine in 1991. The organization was first titled the "Ukrainian Border Troops", which was later subordinated to the "Ukraine's State Committee for State Border Guarding".

From 1991 to at least 1993, the new borders with Russia and Belarus were not guarded; the Border Troops were only deployed along the western borders (minus Moldova) and on the Black Sea. [5] Another 9,000 personnel were added to the Border Troops at the expense of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and, by the end of 1993, border posts were established in the north along the Russian and Belarusian borders. In 1999, the authorized strength of the force was again increased to 50,000.

In 2003, new legislation was adopted, and this somewhat changed the legal status of the institution. In March 2003, the Border Troops became the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, and its status was legally changed from 'military formation' to 'special law-enforcement body.' The force was legally granted 50,000 personnel, including 8,000 civilian employees.

On 4 July 2012, a State Border Guard Service Diamond DA42 aircraft failed to make its scheduled radio contact with ground units. A Search and rescue mission revealed that the plane had crashed into a wooded mountainous area in Velykyi Bereznyi Raion, killing all 3 crew members on board. A further investigation was launched. [6]

During The War in Donbas on August 31, 2014, two Sea Guard Zhuk class patrol boats were struck by land-based artillery. In June 2, a border base in the outskirts of Luhansk was besieged by a troop of Luhansk People's Republic separatists. The Siege of the Luhansk Border Base resulted in 10 wounded Border Guards until they surrendered and withdrew. [7] [8]

In 2022, during the Battle of Snake Island 13 border troops were attacked and captured by Russian warships. A unit of border guards was stationed in Mariupol and fought during the Siege of Mariupol. In 20 April, the border guards were stranded in an encircled pocket at the Mariupol sea port together with National Police of Ukraine, until they were rescued by the Azov Regiment and retreated into the Azovstal Iron and Steel Works. [9]


State Border Guard Service of Ukraine is a special enforcement branch tasked with the protection of Ukrainian state border on land, sea or any other inland water obstacle. [10] During wartime, the Border Guards units fall under the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. [11] They were the first Ukrainian units to counter Russian invasion on February 24, 2022. [12]

Mobile response units

Border detachments

Maritime Security


Volunteer Units


Directors (commanders) of the Border Guard Service (border troops):

Military ranks


Long service medal


Stugna-P Stugna (ATGM) 00.04.049.jpg Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine [16]
NLAW NLAW AFU 1.jpg Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Several hundredUsed by the Luhansk border guards. [17]
SPG-9 Mikolayivs'ki desantniki pidvishchili boiovi navichki pid chas taktichnikh navchan' vzvodiv (42686411294).jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Bulgarian made rifles are also used. [18]
BS-3 BS-3-batey-haosef-1.jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Reactivated after the 2022 Russian invasion. [19]
RAK-12 VLR 128 mm RAK 12 M91 080810 24.jpg Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia RAK-SA-12 [20]
Armoured personnel carrier
BM Triton  [ uk ] BM Triton, Kyiv 2017, 03.jpg Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 63 [21]
Roshel Senator Roshel Senator.jpg Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Used by the Chernihiv border guards. [22]
M113 UA M113 01.jpg Flag of the United States.svg  United States 50Purchased by the Ukrainian Ministry of Energy and energy sector companies. [23]
Kozak BBM Kozak-2.jpg Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Kozak-217 [24]
KRAZ Cougar Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland at a Ukrainian State Border Guard Service (SBGS) Base in Kyiv, Oct. 8, 2014 09.jpg Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
3+ [25]
Ural-4320 Ural-4320.jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Medium truck [26]
ZiL-131 ZiL-131 of the Ukrainian Army.JPG Medium truck [26]
GAZ-66 2014-09-27. Debal'tsevo 002.jpg Medium truck (2 tonnes) [26]
KamAZ-5320 Vyborg, KamAZ-toplivozapravshchik v depo.jpg Heavy truck (8 tonnes) [26]
KamAZ-4310 KamAZ, Ribnitz-Damgarten ( 1060469).jpg Heavy truck (6 tonnes) [26]
KAMAZ-43114 45th Separate Engineer-Camouflage Regiment - transport truck (2).jpg Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Heavy truck (6 tonnes)Purchased prior to the Russo-Ukrainian war. [26]
KrAZ-257 ParkPatriot2015part4-16.jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Heavy truck (12 tonnes) [26]
KrAZ-255B RAZ-255B. Production-USSR 1991 - Ukraine, engine JAMZ-238, 240 hp .JPG Heavy truck (12 tonnes) [26]
KrAZ-260 Anti-terrorist operation in eastern Ukraine (War Ukraine) (28285827242).jpg Heavy truck [26]
KrAZ-6322 KrAZ-6322 and 2A65 Msta-B, Kyiv 2021, 12.jpg Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Heavy truck [26]
KrAZ-6510 KrAZ-6510 Armed Forces of Ukraine.jpg Dump truck [26]
KrAZ-5233 KrAZ-5233, Kyiv 2018, 42.jpg Heavy truck (6 tonnes) [26]
IVECO Trakker Iveco Trakker 410 (crop).jpg Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Dump truckDonated by Germany. [27]
Mercedes Benz Unimog Combined Resolved X (54) (28141632398).jpg Flag of Germany.svg  Germany TruckDonated by Germany. [27]
UAZ offroad vehicle in Ukraine.jpg UAZ-3151 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
UAZ Patriot.jpg UAZ-3163 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Off-road vehicle [28]
Tomb Raider 90.JPG Land Rover Defender Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  UK Off-road vehicle 55 [29] [30]
Niva2123RCN1.jpg Chevrolet Niva Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
2011 Volkswagen Amarok (2H) TDI400 Highline 4-door utility (2011-08-17) 01.jpg Volkswagen Amarok Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Off-road vehicle 20 [31]
2016-2018 Toyota Land Cruiser (VDJ200R) VX wagon (2018-09-03) 01.jpg Toyota Land Cruiser 200 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Off-road vehicle 20 [32]
Dacia Duster Ambiance 1.6 16V 4x2 Artiksweiss.JPG Dacia Duster Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Off-road vehicle 10 [33]
Bronirovannye UAZy.jpg UAZ-3303 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Off-road vehicle [34]
Mitsubishi L200 Mitsubishi L200 Dakar HP 2021 (52325676526).jpg Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Off-road vehicle40Donated by the US in 2021. [35]
UAZ-452 Medical (EMS) 2006 G1.jpg UAZ-3962 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Gaz-322132 TAXI.jpg GAZ-3221 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Bus
VW Transporter front 20080126.jpg Volkswagen Transporter Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Bus 10 [33] [36]
VW Crafter 2.0 TDI Facelift.JPG Volkswagen Crafter Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Bus 31
2006-2011 Ford Transit (VM) 140 T330 van (2011-11-18) 01.jpg Ford Transit Flag of the United States.svg  USA Bus 10 [37]
Peugeot Boxer 100 HDi Tole 2010 (14362200005).jpg Peugeot Boxer Flag of France.svg  France Bus
Mercedes-Benz V 220 CDI Trend (W 638) - Frontansicht, 12. August 2013, Velbert.jpg Mercedes-Benz Vito Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Bogdan-A092 prospekt Shevchenka.jpg Bogdan A092 Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Bus
13-08-06-abu-dhabi-by-RalfR-032.jpg Toyota Coaster Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Bus
LAZ-695N in Lviv 02.jpg ЛАЗ-695 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Bus [38] [39]
Rosenbauer Panther Panther Leipzig.062.jpg Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Airport crash tender 2Donated by Germany. [40]
Other vehicles
Straubing 001 (237).JPG Bombardier Outlander 400 MAX Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 100 [41]
Polaris 700XC.jpeg Polaris 600 IQ Touring Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 50 [42]
Mototsikl Minsk vo Vladivostoke f1.JPG Minsk (motorcycle) Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 183
Caterpillar 336-08 CAT 336 (53149755654).jpg Flag of the United States.svg  United States Excavator1Donated by Germany. [27]
Diamond DA40 (8736184864).jpg Diamond DA40 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria TDI5
OH-DAC Tour de Sky Oulu 20140810 02.JPG Diamond DA42 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria M-NG4
Antonov An-24 37309109, Izmail RP23129.jpg Antonov An-24 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union RV1
AirbusHelicopter H125 of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.jpg Airbus H125 Flag of France.svg  France 7In total 24 helicopters to be received. [43]
Antonov An-26 blue 14-02.jpg Antonov An-26 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1
Mil Mi-8MT, Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine AN2126427.jpg Mil Mi-8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union T/MT/MTV5
The State Border Guard Service's headquarters in Kyiv State Border Guard Service of Ukraine headquaters 2.jpg
The State Border Guard Service's headquarters in Kyiv
Border Guards at the Belarus-Ukraine border, 2021. The Ukrainian border guard guards the international border with Belarus.jpg
Border Guards at the Belarus–Ukraine border, 2021.
State Border Guard armored vehicle KrAZ Cobra.jpg
State Border Guard armored vehicle
Ukrainian Border Guard post in Kyiv Oblast shelled by Russian missiles in the first day of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 24 February 2022. Ukrainian Border Guard post shelled by Russian missiles in the Kiev region near the border with Belarus (3).jpg
Ukrainian Border Guard post in Kyiv Oblast shelled by Russian missiles in the first day of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 24 February 2022.

See also

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  1. Мільйон українців у формі захищає Україну від росіян
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  20. "Ukrainian Border Guards received Croatian RAK-SA-12 MRL". Militarnyi. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
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  22. "Chernihiv border guards receive Senator APC armored vehicles". Militarnyi. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  23. "Ukrainian power companies buy 50 M113 APCs for border guards". Militarnyi. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
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  37. Автомобили Ford Transit - на защите границ Украины
  38. bus ЛАЗ-695Н "ДПСУ" возле Южного вокзала
  39. Закарпатці повернулися із пекла війни (ФОТО)
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