Statspolitiet

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Vidkun Quisling (left) and Reichskommissar Josef Terboven (center) inspects an honor company of Statspolitiet officers in 1942 AEreskompanier, Vidkun Quisling, Josef Terboven og norske polititropper (8618020299).jpg
Vidkun Quisling (left) and Reichskommissar Josef Terboven (center) inspects an honor company of Statspolitiet officers in 1942

Statspolitiet (shortened STAPO) was from 1941 to 1945 a National Socialist armed police force that consisted of Norwegian officials after Nazi German pattern. It operated independently of the ordinary Norwegian police. The force was established on June 1, 1941 during the German occupation of Norway. The initiative for the force came from the later chief Karl Marthinsen and other prominent members of the collaborationist party Nasjonal Samling. At its peak, in 1944 there were 350 employees in Statspolitiet, in addition to a larger number who collaborated or rendered services for them. [1] Its purpose was primarily to combat so-called political crimes, refugees, espionage, sabotage, armed resistance and other kinds of resistance against the German occupation forces or the Norwegian collaborationist Quisling regime. Statspolitiet played an important role during the Holocaust in Norway, aiding in the deportation of the Jews in Norway. [2] Norwegians were arrested by contemporary laws, and many were later sent to prison camps in Norway and concentration camps in what was then Germany. Statspolitiet was organized with a headquarters in Oslo and six subsidiaries in Oslo and Aker, Stavanger, Bergen, Trondheim, Tromsø and Kirkenes. [3] [4] Statspolitiet was subordinate to the chief of the security police and the Norwegian Minister of Police, Jonas Lie. Statspolitiet also received orders directly from the German Sicherheitspolizei. [5] [6] The general of Statspolitiet, Karl A Marthinsen was liquidated by the Norwegian resistance movement on 8 February 1945. This caused massive reprisals, in which 34 imprisoned resistance fighters were executed at Akershus Fortress. [7]

Contents

After World War II

After the German capitulation on May 8, 1945, Statspolitiet was disbanded immediately. Former officers of Statspolitiet were arrested and tried in Norwegian courts, and were found guilty of varying degrees of such crimes as treason, illegal detention, torture, maltreatments, murders and illegal executions. [8] The punishments were harsh and included the use of capital punishment. The death sentences for the Statspolitiet officers Reidar Haaland, Arne Saatvedt, Hans Jacob Skaar Pedersen, Holger Tou, Ole Wehus, Olav Aspheim and Einar Dønnum were fulfilled, the officers being executed by firing squad. [5] [9]

Ranks and rank insignia

Rank insignia of the Norwegian State Police. STATSPOLITIET. Distinksjoner uniform 1942. Luesnor, -rem, -merke, kravespeil, skulderklaffer. Nasjonal Samlings solkors. Tjenestegrader. From exhibition in Justismuseet, Trondheim, Norway. (distorted, miscoloured photo 2019).jpg
Rank insignia of the Norwegian State Police.
InsigniaRank Comparative rank
in the Wehrmacht
CollarShoulder
None.svg TkS-Korpskommandant.svg General i politietGeneral der Waffengattung
TkS-Gruppenkommandant.svg Generalløjtnant i politietGeneralleutnant
TkS-Brigadekommandant.svg Generalmajor i politietGeneralmajor
TkS-Oberstkapitan.svg PolitioberstOberst
TkS-Oberfeldkapitan.svg PolitioberstløytnantOberstleutnant
TkS-Oberstabskapitan.svg PolitimajorMajor
TkS-Stabskapitan.svg PolitikapteinHauptmann
TkS-Oberfeldkornett.svg Politiløytnant IOberleutnant
TkS-Feldkornett.svg Politiløytnant IILeutnant
Enlisted
STAPO-Enlisted collar.svg STAPO-Politoverbetjant.svg Politoverbetjant
STAPO-Politiforstebetjant.svg Politiførstebetjant
STAPO-Politibetjent.svg Politibetjent
STAPO-Politioverkonstabel.svg Politioverkonstabel
STAPO-Politikonstabel.svg Politikonstabel

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References

  1. Namngjev nordmenn som torturerte Norwegian broadcasting corporation (in Nynorsk)
  2. "Fra arbeiderkrig til verdenskrig" and "Politiet som aldri gikk lei", chapters of "«Samfunnets pansrede neve» by P.O. Johansen Institute for criminology and justice sociology University of Oslo (in Norwegian)
  3. Statspolitiet - Hovedkontoret / Osloavdelingen National Archives of Norway (in Norwegian)
  4. aftenposten.no Slik opererte det norske Gestapo Aftenposten October 22, 2012 (in Norwegian)
  5. 1 2 Eirik Veum: Nådeløse nordmenn: Statspolitiet 1941-1945. Kagge forlag, 2012 (in Norwegian) ISBN   9788248911746
  6. Statspolitiet Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945, J.W. Cappelens forlag a.s, Oslo 1995, page 396 (in Norwegian) ISBN   82-02-14138-9
  7. Eirik Veum: Nådeløse nordmenn Statspolitiet 1941-1945. Kagge Forlag A/S, Oslo 2012. pp 230-279 (in Norwegian) ISBN   978-82-489-1174-6
  8. Norsk politi torturerte nordmenn Vi Menn Oct 28, 2014 (in Norwegian)
  9. Asbjørn Jaklin: De dødsdømte (page 101), Gyldendal, Oslo 2011, (in Norwegian) ISBN   978-82-05-41088-6