Stavropol Krai

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Stavropol Krai
Ставропольский край
Coat of arms of Stavropol Krai.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Stavropol Krai.svg
Coordinates: 45°03′N43°16′E / 45.050°N 43.267°E / 45.050; 43.267 Coordinates: 45°03′N43°16′E / 45.050°N 43.267°E / 45.050; 43.267
CountryRussia
Federal district North Caucasian [2]
Economic region North Caucasus [3]
EstablishedOctober 17, 1924 [4]
Administrative center Stavropol
Government
  Body Duma [5]
   Governor [5] Vladimir Vladimirov [6]
Area
[7]
  Total66,500 km2 (25,700 sq mi)
Area rank 45th
Population
 (2010 Census) [8]
  Total2,786,281
  Estimate 
(2018) [9]
2,800,674 (+0.5%)
  Rank 14th
  Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
   Urban
57.2%
   Rural
42.8%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [10] )
ISO 3166 code RU-STA
License plates 26, 126
OKTMO ID07000000
Official languagesRussian [11]
Website http://www.stavregion.ru

Stavropol Krai (Russian:Ставропо́льский край, tr. Stavropolsky kray,IPA:  [stəvrɐˈpolʲskʲɪj kraj] ) is a federal subject (a krai) of Russia. It is geographically located in the North Caucasus region in Southern Russia, and is administratively part of the North Caucasian Federal District. Stavropol Krai has a population of 2,786,281 (2010). [8]

Contents

Stavropol is the largest city and the capital of Stavropol Krai, and Pyatigorsk is the administrative center of the North Caucasian Federal District.

Stavropol Krai is bordered by Krasnodar Krai to the west, Rostov Oblast to the north-west, Kalmykia to the north, Dagestan to the east, and Chechnya, Ingushetia, North Ossetia-Alania, Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia to the south. It is one of the most multi-ethnic federal subjects in Russia, with thirty-three ethnic groups with more than 2,000 persons each. The western area of Stavropol Krai is considered part of the Kuban region, the traditional home of the Kuban Cossacks, with most of the krai's population living in the drainage basin of the Kuban River.

Geography

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Stavropol Krai
Federal subjects in the Black Sea-Caspian area.
*Smaller areas along the north Caucasus are the republics: Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia-Alania, Ingushetia, and Chechnya
*Yellow is the Southern Federal District and below it is the North Caucasian Federal District (light grey)

The krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders with Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Kalmykia, Dagestan, Chechnya, North Ossetia–Alania, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Karachay–Cherkessia.

Climate

Most of Stavropol Krai experiences hot-summer humid continental climate (except for mountains). Winters are shorter and warmer than in most of Russia but still freezing and snowy: average January temperature is between −2 °C (28 °F) and −6 °C (21 °F). Summers are warm to hot with average July temperature of 20 °C (68 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F). Extremes range from −35 °C (−31 °F) in winter to 40 °C (104 °F) in summer. Average annual precipitation is 400 to 600 millimetres (16 to 24 in).

History

The krai was established as North Caucasus Krai on October 17, 1924. After undergoing numerous administrative changes, it was renamed Ordzhonikidze Krai (Орджоникидзевский край), after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, in March 1937, and Stavropol Krai on January 12, 1943.

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the region (krai) was shared between three persons: The First Secretary of the Stavropol Krai CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the Chairman of the Krai Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the Krai Executive Committee (executive power).

In 1970–1978, Mikhail Gorbachev, a native of Stavropol Krai, occupied the position of the First Secretary of the Krai's Communist Party Committee. He left the region for Moscow in 1978, when he was promoted to a Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, to become the Party's General Secretary and the nation's leader 7 years later.

Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Krai Administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside the elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Stavropol Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Stavropol Krai is the province's regional standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Krai Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The krai administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the krai Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Economy

Large companies in the region include Stavrolen, Arnest, Concern Enorgomera, Nevinomiskiy Azot, Stavropolskiy Gres. [12]

Demographics

Population

According to the 2010 Census, the Krai's population was 2,786,281; [8] up from 2,735,139 recorded in the 2002 Census [13] and further up from 2,410,379 recorded in the 1989 Census. [14] The population of the krai is concentrated in the drainage basins of the Kuban River and of the Kuma River, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks ). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered[ by whom? ] ethnic Russians, although their roots are in central Ukraine (historically, their dialect was descended from that of Cherkasy). Other notable ethnic groups include Armeno-Tat, Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) and Pontic Greeks.

Settlements

Ethnic groups

The 2010 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than 2,000 persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multiethnic in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table: [8]

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,232,153 Russians 80.9%
161,324 Armenians 5.9%
55,946 Armeno-Tats 2%
49,302 Dargins 1.8%
33,573 Caucasus Greeks 1.2%
30,879 Romani people 1.1%
30,373 Ukrainians 1.1%
22,006 Nogais 0.8%
17,800 Azerbaijanis 0.6%
15,598 Karachay 0.6%
15,048 Turkmens 0.5%
11,980 Chechens 0.4%
11,795 Tatars 0.4%
10,419 Turks 0.4%
7,988 Ossetians 0.3%
7,104 Belarusians 0.3%
6,759 Koreans 0.2%

Note: 26,855 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group. [15]

Vital Statistics for 2007

  • Natural Increase: −2.1 per 1,000
    • Crude Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
    • Crude Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year

Vital statistics for 2012

  • Births: 34,768 (12.5 per 1,000)
  • Deaths: 33,356 (12.0 per 1,000) [16]
YearFertility rate [17]
20091.45
20101.44
20111.43
20121.52
20131.55
20141.62
20151.64
20161.67(e)

Religion

Religion in Stavropol Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [18] [19]
Russian Orthodoxy
46.9%
Other Orthodox
1%
Other Christians
6.6%
Islam
2%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
1.3%
Spiritual but not religious
19.3%
Atheism and irreligion
16.4%
Other and undeclared
6.5%

According to a 2012 survey [18] 46.9% of the population of Stavropol Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% are Muslims, 1% are either Orthodox Christian believers who do not belong to churches or members of non-Russian Orthodox bodies, and 1% of the population adheres to Rodnovery or local native faiths. In addition, 19% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist, and 7.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [18]

Administrative divisions

Stavropol Krai is administratively divided into twenty-six districts (raions) and ten cities/towns. The districts are further subdivided into nine towns of district subordinance, seven urban-type settlements, and 284 rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs.

Agriculture

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3,361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e., had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water). [20]

Among the major irrigation canals are: [20]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Stavropol City in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Stavropol is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 398,539.

Mineralnye Vody Town in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Mineralnye Vody (Min-Vody) is a town in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located along the Kuma River and the main rail line between Rostov-on-Don in Russia and Baku in Azerbaijan. Population: 76,728 (2010 Census); 75,644 (2002 Census); 70,961 (1989 Census).

Zheleznovodsk Town in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Zheleznovodsk is a town in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Population: 24,433 (2010 Census); 25,135 (2002 Census); 28,460 (1989 Census).

Zelenokumsk Town in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Zelenokumsk is a town and the administrative center of Sovetsky District in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located on the Kuma River. Population: 35,839 (2010 Census); 40,340 (2002 Census); 35,140 (1989 Census).

Blagodarny, Stavropol Krai Town in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Blagodarny is a town and the administrative center of Blagodarnensky District in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located on the Mokraya Buyvola River, 150 kilometers (93 mi) east of Stavropol, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 32,725 (2010 Census); 34,500 (2002 Census); 27,828 (1989 Census). It was previously known as Blagodarnoye.

Neftekumsk Town in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Neftekumsk is a town and the administrative center of Neftekumsky District in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuma River, 305 kilometers (190 mi) east of Stavropol, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 27,687 (2010 Census); 27,395 (2002 Census); 22,092 (1989 Census).

Alexandrovsky District, Stavropol Krai District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Alexandrovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Alexandrovsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the krai. The area of the district is 2,014 square kilometers (778 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Alexandrovskoye. Population: 50,235 (2010 Census); 50,978 ; 49,434. The population of Alexandrovskoye accounts for 54.7% of the district's total population.

Andropovsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Andropovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Andropovsky Municipal District. It is located in the southwest of the krai. The area of the district is 2,388 square kilometers (922 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kursavka. Population: 35,437 (2010 Census); 35,670 ; 32,216. The population of Kursavka accounts for 33.4% of the district's total population.

Grachyovsky District, Stavropol Krai District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Grachyovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Grachyovsky Municipal District. It is located in the western central part of the krai. The area of the district is 1,794 square kilometers (693 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Grachyovka. Population: 36,272 (2010 Census); 36,110 ; 31,970. The population of Grachyovka accounts for 18.4% of the district's total population.

Ipatovsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Ipatovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Ipatovsky Municipal District. It is located in the north of the krai. The area of the district is 4,036 square kilometers (1,558 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Ipatovo. Population: 62,751 (2010 Census); 69,268 ; 64,725. The population of Ipatovo accounts for 41.5% of the district's total population.

Kochubeyevsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Kochubeyevsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kochubeyevsky Municipal District. It is located in the southwest of the krai. The area of the district is 2,363 square kilometers (912 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kochubeyevskoye. Population: 79,557 (2010 Census); 81,609 ; 69,512. The population of Kochubeyevskoye accounts for 33.7% of the district's total population.

Kursky District, Stavropol Krai District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Kursky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kursky Municipal District. It is located in the southeast of the krai. The area of the district is 3,694 square kilometers (1,426 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kurskaya. Population: 54,054 (2010 Census); 52,100 ; 43,303. The population of Kurskaya accounts for 22.3% of the district's total population.

Levokumsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Levokumsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Levokumsky Municipal District. It is located in the northeast of the krai. The area of the district is 4,687 square kilometers (1,810 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Levokumskoye. Population: 41,499 (2010 Census); 44,167 ; 42,369. The population of Levokumskoye accounts for 24.8% of the district's total population.

Novoselitsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Novoselitsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Novoselitsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the krai. The area of the district is 1,724 square kilometers (666 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Novoselitskoye. Population: 26,697 (2010 Census); 26,613 ; 23,021. The population of Novoselitskoye accounts for 32.7% of the district's total population.

Predgorny District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Predgorny District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Predgorny Municipal District. It is located in the south of the krai. The area of the district is 2,047 square kilometers (790 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Yessentukskaya. Population: 106,775 (2010 Census); 104,391 ; 90,955. The population of Yessentukskaya accounts for 18.9% of the district's total population.

Stepnovsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Stepnovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Stepnovsky Municipal District. It is located in the southeast of the krai. The area of the district is 1,887 square kilometers (729 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Stepnoye. Population: 22,192 (2010 Census); 23,315 ; 19,520. The population of Stepnoye accounts for 25.3% of the district's total population.

Trunovsky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Trunovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Trunovsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the krai. The area of the district is 1,686 square kilometers (651 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Donskoye. Population: 34,558 (2010 Census); 35,403 ; 32,093. The population of Donskoye accounts for 43.2% of the district's total population.

Turkmensky District District in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Turkmensky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Stavropol Krai, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Turkmensky Municipal District. It is located in the north of the krai. The area of the district is 2,612 square kilometers (1,008 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Letnyaya Stavka. Population: 25,948 (2010 Census); 28,045 ; 27,070. The population of Letnyaya Stavka accounts for 17.1% of the district's total population.

Arzgir Selo in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Arzgir is a rural locality and the administrative center of Arzgirsky District of Stavropol Krai, Russia. Population: 14,722 (2010 Census); 15,559 (2002 Census); 15,307 (1989 Census).

Andzhiyevsky Work settlement in Stavropol Krai, Russia

Andzhiyevsky is an urban locality under the administrative jurisdiction of the town of krai significance of Mineralnye Vody of Stavropol Krai, Russia. Population: 6,680 (2010 Census); 6,636 (2002 Census); 5,317 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. According to Article 2 of the Charter of Stavropol Krai, the krai may have an anthem. As of 2015, however, no anthem has been adopted.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. October 17, 1924 is the date of establishment of North Caucasus Krai, which underwent several renamings and administrative changes before stabilizing in its present borders.
  5. 1 2 Charter of Stavropol Krai, Article 8
  6. Official website of Stavropol Krai. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vladimirov, Governor of Stavropol Krai (in Russian)
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  10. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  12. "Stavropol Territory Industries". investinregions.ru. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  13. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  16. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  17. "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  18. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  19. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  20. 1 2 Общая информация О водных ресурсах края Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (in Russian)

Sources