Steeles Avenue

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Steeles Avenue
Steeles Ave West Street Sign.jpg
Peel Regional Road 15.svg Steeles Avenue Brampton sign.svg
Halton Regional Road 8.svg
Peel Regional Road 15
Halton Regional Road 8
Steeles Ave map.png
Steeles in Toronto and York Region
Maintained byCity of Toronto
Region of Peel
Region of Halton
Length77.3 km [1] (48.0 mi)
Location Toronto
Brampton Milton
Halton Hills
West endAppleby Line
Halton Regional Road 25.svg (Former) Highway 25
Halton Regional Road 3.svg Trafalgar Road
Peel Regional Road 19.svg Winston Churchill Boulevard
Peel Regional Road 1.svg Mississauga Road
Peel Regional Road 18.svg Mavis Road / Chinguacousy Road
Hurontario Street / Main Street
Ontario 410 crown.svg  Highway 410
Peel Regional Road 4.svg Dixie Road
Peel Regional Road 7.svg Airport Road
Peel Regional Road 50.png Highway 50 / Albion Road
York Regional Road 27.svg (Former) Highway 27
Islington Avenue
Weston Road
Ontario 400 crown.svg  Highway 400
Jane Street
Keele Street
Dufferin Street
Bathurst Street
Yonge Street
Bayview Avenue
Don Mills Road
Ontario 404 crown.svg  Highway 404 / York Regional Road 8.svg Woodbine Avenue
Warden Avenue
Kennedy Road
McCowan Road
Markham Road
York Regional Road 69.svg Ninth Line
East end Scarborough-Pickering Townline / York Regional Road 30.svg York-Durham Line (Continues as Durham Regional Road 4.svg Taunton Road)
Nearby arterial roads
  Finch Avenue;
Derry Road
Steeles Avenue John Street/14th Avenue; Highway 7; Queen Street  

Steeles Avenue is an east–west street that forms the northern city limit of Toronto and the southern limit of York Region in Ontario, Canada. It stretches 77.3 km (48.0 mi) across the western and central Greater Toronto Area from Appleby Line in Milton in the west to the Toronto-Pickering city limits in the east, where it continues east into Durham Region as Taunton Road, which itself extends 58 km (36 mi) across the length of Durham Region to its boundary with Northumberland County.


York Region refers to Steeles Avenue as Regional Road 95 but the designation is strictly internal and there are no signs posted; as the street was always owned and maintained by the City of Toronto (succeeding Metropolitan Toronto). Through Peel and Halton Regions, the street is signed as Peel Road 15 and Halton Road 8, respectively.

The combination of Steeles and Taunton Road is the only arterial road to cross almost the entire Greater Toronto Area without breaks or turnoffs.


The Green Bush Inn at Yonge and Steeles; circa 1920 Green Bush Inn, Yonge Street, Steele's Corners, North York Twp.jpg
The Green Bush Inn at Yonge and Steeles; circa 1920

The street is named after Thomas Steele (1806-1877), [2] the first proprietor of the Green Bush Inn on the northwest corner of the street's intersection with Yonge Street in Thornhill. [3] Thomas Steele also previously managed an Inn in Bond Head, Ontario. The street's name originally contained an apostrophe (before the 'S'), a suggestive of Steele's possession of the inn and land around the intersection, but it was dropped by the mid-20th century.

Steeles in Scarborough was once referred to as Scarborough Town Line from 1850 to 1953. The section west of Yonge (bordering Vaughan) was called Vaughan Town Line. Prior to 1967, Steeles Avenue was named Upper Base Line (Lower Base Line being Eglinton Avenue, which is still named as such) in Halton County. [4]

Steeles became a division boundary in 1953 when the road, which was a common township boundary across the width of the-then York County between the more urban townships surrounding the old City of Toronto and the more rural ones farther north, was chosen as the northern boundary of the new Metropolitan Toronto, which was severed from the county that year. [5] To the west in Peel County, it was also the southern boundary of Chinguacousy Township and the Town of Brampton and the northern boundary of Toronto Township (later the Town of Mississauga between 1968 and 1974) until the municipal restructuring of 1974 brought Steeles fully within Brampton when the new city limits were set to the south at the-then future Highway 407 corridor and the Canadian National Halton Subdivision. [6]

A 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) stretch of Steeles Avenue will be widened from east of Tapscott Road to just east of Ninth Line from 2020 to 2024. [7]

Route description

Steeles Avenue West, viewed from the railway bridge which crosses above the road between Keele and Dufferin Streets. Steeles Ave W from Train.jpg
Steeles Avenue West, viewed from the railway bridge which crosses above the road between Keele and Dufferin Streets.
Steeles Ave. in Brampton Steeles Ave. In Brampton.png
Steeles Ave. in Brampton

Starting from the east, the road begins at Scarborough-Pickering Town Line/York-Durham Line, although east of the town line, the road continues as Taunton Road or Durham Regional Road 4. Taunton Road continues as is until reaching Highway 35, where it becomes Concession Road 6, then after a turn, will become East Town Line, then to 6th Line, before ending at County Road 65.

Steeles is a two-lane rural road until east of Markham Road. It becomes a four lane suburban road with bicycle lanes on each side between Markham and Kennedy Roads, six lanes from Kennedy to Victoria Park Avenue, and eight lanes from Victoria Park to the interchange with Highway 404. West of there, it alternates between four and six lanes the rest of way to Albion Road. Like many other east–west arterial roads within Toronto and York Region, Steeles is divided into east and west segments by Yonge Street.

Although on the boundary between the two municipalities, the Toronto-York Region portion of the road is maintained by Toronto. As a result, limited planning authority is granted to Toronto over York Region for lands that is within 45 metres (148 ft) of Steeles; formalized through a 1974 agreement between Metropolitan Toronto (succeeded by the amalgamated City of Toronto) and York Region. For instance, Toronto city councillor David Shiner invoked the 1974 agreement to veto a proposed condo development that would replace the Shops on Steeles mall. [8] Due to an ongoing dispute on the widening and maintenance costs of Steeles, York Region's proposed Markham Bypass to Morningside Avenue has been stalled. [9] [7]

Highway 404 southbound approaching interchange with Steeles Avenue, circa 2007. Highway 404 CA.JPG
Highway 404 southbound approaching interchange with Steeles Avenue, circa 2007.

The areas around the street in Toronto and York Region consists of farmland (within the Rouge National Urban Park) in the east, a mix of commercial and residential in the middle, and industrial zones near the west.

West of Albion Road, Steeles Avenue continues into Brampton in Peel Region, where it is also designated as Peel Regional Road 15. Like the section in Toronto, Steeles Avenue has east–west segments, this time on either side of Hurontario and Main Streets. Steeles Avenue continues into Halton Region, where it is also designated as Halton Regional Road 8, through the town of Milton, crossing Highway 401 (no interchange) and ending at Appleby Line at a T intersection.

Originally, the road had a second section west of the height of the Niagara Escarpment (the location of the Crawford Lake Conservation Area), which ran from just east of Guelph Line west to the Milborough Townline on the boundary between Milton and Hamilton, but this section was renamed to Conservation Road and is thus no longer part of Steeles.

Public transit

Toronto and York Region

Steeles Avenue, near its intersection with Warden Avenue. Steeles Avenue.JPG
Steeles Avenue, near its intersection with Warden Avenue.

The road is served predominantly by TTC bus routes 53 Steeles East and 60 Steeles West. Both routes turn south at Yonge Street to terminate at Finch Station on the eastern portion of the Line 1 Yonge–University subway line. There are also two counterpart express bus routes during the rush hours, 953 Steeles East Express and 960 Steeles West Express, as well as one overnight Blue Night route going over both west and east, 353. YRT routes 88 and 91 also passes a short portion of Steeles West and Steeles East, respectively.

Several TTC bus routes provide service on north-south arterial roads in York Region that continue north from Toronto on a contractual basis. Steeles forms the fare zone boundary, and extra fare is required for bus riders to continue across it.

On December 17, 2017, an extension of the western portion of the Line 1 subway up to Vaughan was opened, passing through York University, with a station at Steeles called Pioneer Village, which was named after the nearby Black Creek Pioneer Village heritage museum (as opposed to simply having a West designation as is the practice on most of the western section of the line). Unlike TTC-contracted bus routes however, no extra fare is charged when crossing Steeles on the subway, due to the difficulty of implementing a payment-on-exit system. [10] MoveOntario 2020 also includes plans to extend the Yonge subway line north and add a station at Steeles.


In Brampton, Brampton Transit routes 11 Steeles, 51 Hereford, and 511 Züm Steeles (bus rapid transit) run along much of the street in Brampton. The 11A branch of route 11 serves the street from Brampton Gateway Terminal to Humber College, while limited trips along route 11 and all 511 Züm Steels trips run from Lisgar GO Station to Humber College. [11] [12] Route 51 Hereford serves the route west of Brampton Gateway Terminal to Mississauga Road. [13] In addition, several other routes run along it for shorter stretches.


In Milton, Milton Transit operates 2 routes that run along part of Steeles Avenue: 1 Industrial and 2 Main. Route 2 runs between Lawson Road and Thompson Road before going south. [14] Route 1 is split into 3 branches, 1A, 1B and 1C. Routes 1A and 1B are separate directions in a loop, running on Steeles between Industrial Drive and Ontario Street and Thompson Road and Esquesing Line while route 1C operates on the section of Steeles between Martin Street and Ontario Street. [14]

Canadian Automobile Association rating

Steeles Avenue was listed by the CAA as the "worst road in Ontario" for 2006, and as the fifth-worst road in October 2007. In October 2008, it was again crowned the worst road in Ontario. [15] Reasons include potholes and general quality of surface. Soon after the results of CAA's survey were made public, some parts of the road between Dufferin Street and Bayview Avenue were resurfaced. The results of the 2009 survey listed Steeles as Ontario's worst road, for the second year in a row.

However, in 2010, Steeles Avenue was resurfaced from Yonge Street to Markham Road, with the funds coming from the federal infrastructure stimulus program, and the CAA named it the "Best Road in Ontario". [16]


Landmarks and notable sites along Steeles from west to east

LandmarkCross streetNotesImage
Crawford Lake Conservation Area Guelph LineFormer separate section of road west of Guelph Line now known as Conservation Road Crawford Lake-2010-03-18-001.JPG
Rattlesnake Point Appleby Line, Guelph LineRoad now officially begins at Appleby Line Bruce-Trail-bmountain.jpg
Toronto Premium Outlets Trafalgar RoadFirst Premium Outlets Center in Canada Toronto Premium Outlets.jpg
Sheridan College-Davis Campus McLaughlin RoadSheridan's largest campus, educating nearly 8,000 students. Sheridan College, Davis Campus.jpg
Shoppers World Brampton Hurontario StreetRoad becomes Steeles West and Steeles East Shoppers world foodcourt osgoodelawyer.jpg
Bramalea GO Station Bramalea Road Bramalea Station-2008-10-18-001.JPG
Wet 'n' Wild Toronto Finch Avenue WestCanada's largest waterpark
Black Creek Pioneer Village Jane Street Taylor's Cooperage.jpg
Pioneer Village station Northwest Gate Q4132835 Pioneer Village station A01.jpg
York University Keele Street, Founders Road, Murray Ross ParkwayToronto's second largest university York University (Toronto).jpg
Centerpoint Mall Yonge StreetFormerly Towne and Country Square CenterpointMall.jpg
Brebeuf College School Conacher Drive NewBrebeuf.jpg
Pacific Mall Kennedy Roadlargest indoor Chinese Asian mall in North America Pacificmall.jpg
Market Village Kennedy Road, Redlea AvenueCurrently closed on March 1, 2018. To be replaced by Remington Centre Market Village.jpg
Splendid China Mall Kennedy Road, Redlea AvenueFormer Canadian Tire store Splendid China Tower.JPG
Milliken GO Station Old Kennedy Road, Silverstar BoulevardStation moved across the street from Markham to Toronto Milliken GO Station dscn0550.jpg
Cedar Brae Golf & Country Club Staines RoadRoad enters Rouge Park. Formerly Cedar Brook Golf and Country Club c. 1922
Menno-Reesor House (6461 Steeles Avenue East)Littles RoadHome and barn will be renovated as part of the Toronto Wildlife Centre development [17]

Related Research Articles

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Dufferin Street is a major north–south street in Toronto, Vaughan and King, Ontario, Canada. It is a concession road, two concessions (4 km) west of Yonge Street. The street starts at Exhibition Place, continues north to Toronto's northern boundary at Steeles Avenue with some discontinuities and continues into Vaughan, where it becomes York Regional Road 53. The street is named for Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, who served as Governor General of Canada from 1872 to 1878. Prior to 1878 the street was labelled as Western City Limits or Sideline Road south off Bloor. In 2003 and 2007, it was voted as one of "Ontario's Worst 20 Roads" in the Ontario's Worst Roads poll organized by the Canadian Automobile Association.

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Woodbine Avenue consists of three north–south road sections in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada:

  1. The southern section in Toronto begins near Ashbridges Bay on the shore of Lake Ontario, at Lake Shore Boulevard. Woodbine then continues north to O'Connor Drive.
  2. The middle section in Toronto begins, under the name Woodbine Heights Blvd, across the Taylor-Massey Creek, in the Parkview Heights neighbourhood. Following the southern alignment of Woodbine, it continues for four blocks and ends at the East Don Valley and valley along the Don River. Had the alignment of the O'Connor Bridge been north–south instead of southwest–northeast, this section would have been joined with the southern segment.
  3. The northern section runs from Steeles Avenue at the Toronto-Markham border to the shore of Lake Simcoe, ending at Lake Drive East in Georgina. York Region designates this section as an arterial road numbered as York Regional Road 8. It runs parallel to Highway 404. Before renaming it was signed as Don Mills Road but changed to current name as sections of German Mills Road connected with northern section of Leslie Street became Don Mills Road to provide continity with road south of Steeles Avenue.


  1. "Steeles Ave. route". Google Maps. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
  2. "THE WAY WE WERE: History at the crossroads".
  3. Toronto Archives photo
  4. "Canadian Champion (Milton, ON), 7 Dec 1966, p. 11".
  5. Colton 1990, pp. 71–72.
  6. "Brampton's historic Churchville village turns 200". Pam Douglas. Brampton Guardian. July 28, 2015. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Steeles Avenue Widening and Morningside Avenue Extension". 22 November 2017.
  8. Alcoba, Natalie (26 March 2011). "Who's afraid of Shops on Steeles?". National Post. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  9. "City moves towards widening Steeles Avenue in northeast Scarborough".
  10. James Bow. "A History of Subways on Bloor and Queen Streets: Celebrating the Subway's first stop in the suburbs". Transit Toronto.
  11. "Route 11/11A Steeles Schedule" (PDF). City of Brampton. 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  12. "Route 511 Züm Steeles Schedule" (PDF). City of Brampton. 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  13. "Route 51 Hereford Schedule" (PDF). City of Brampton. 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  14. 1 2 "Transit Map" (PDF). Town of Milton. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  15. "Ontario's Worst Roads Final Results". 2007-10-04. Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  16. Rush, Curtis (2010-10-28). "Federal infrastructure money resurfaced Steeles Ave. from Yonge St., to Markham Rd., which is now the Best Road in Ontario". The Star. Toronto. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
  17. [ bare URL PDF ]