Steenbergen

Last updated
Steenbergen
Municipality

Steenbergen - Aerial photograph.jpg

Aerial view of Steenbergen
Flag of Steenbergen.svg
Flag
Steenbergen gemeentewapen.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0851 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°35′N4°19′E / 51.583°N 4.317°E / 51.583; 4.317 Coordinates: 51°35′N4°19′E / 51.583°N 4.317°E / 51.583; 4.317
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government [1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Ruud van den Belt (VVD)
Area [2]
  Total 159.14 km2 (61.44 sq mi)
  Land 146.66 km2 (56.63 sq mi)
  Water 12.48 km2 (4.82 sq mi)
Elevation [3] 1 m (3 ft)
Population (August 2017) [4]
  Total 24,815
  Density 169/km2 (440/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Steenbergenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 4650–4655, 4670–4671, 4680–4681, 4756
Area code 0167
Website gemeente-steenbergen.nl

Steenbergen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈsteːmbɛrɣə(n)]  ( Loudspeaker.svg   listen )) is a municipality and a town in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. The municipality had a population of 24,815 in 2017 and covers an area of 159.14 km2 (61.44 sq mi) of which 12.48 km2 (4.82 sq mi) is water. The municipality is mainly agricultural including a strongly growing greenhouse sector, but Steenbergen and the nearby town of Dinteloord also contain some light industry. A new stretch of A4 motorway under construction is expected to further increase the municipality's attractiveness, allowing easy connections with the large cities of Rotterdam to the north and the Belgian city of Antwerp to the south. The connection with the nearby city of Bergen op Zoom will also be improved as a result.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

North Brabant Province of the Netherlands

North Brabant, also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, and Belgium to the south. The northern border follows the Meuse westward to its mouth in the Hollands Diep strait, part of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Including three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Contents

Population centres

Dutch Topographic map of Steenbergen, June 2015 Gem-Steenbergen-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Steenbergen, June 2015
Dinteloord Place in North Brabant, Netherlands

Dinteloord is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant.The village has 5,600 inhabitants

Nieuw-Vossemeer human settlement in the Netherlands

Nieuw-Vossemeer is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Steenbergen, about 10 km northeast of Bergen op Zoom.

Kruisland Village in North Brabant, Netherlands

Kruisland is a village in the municipality of Steenbergen in the province of North Brabant, in the Netherlands. It is located between Roosendaal and Steenbergen.

It also includes the hamlet of t'Haantje.

The city of Steenbergen

Steenbergen received city rights in 1272.

Graves of Guy Gibson and Jim Warwick

Graves of RAF Wing Commanders Guy Gibson and Jim Warwick RAFgravenSteenbergen.jpg
Graves of RAF Wing Commanders Guy Gibson and Jim Warwick

Guy Gibson, Wing Commander and the first CO of the RAF's 617 Squadron which he led in the "Dam Busters" raid in 1943, crashed with his Mosquito aircraft in this municipality. Having returned to operational duties in 1944 after pestering Bomber Command, 26-year-old Gibson was killed along with his navigator, Sqn Ldr Jim Warwick, on a bombing raid on Rheydt (nowadays a borough of Mönchengladbach) operating as a Pathfinder Master Bomber based at RAF Coningsby, when his de Havilland Mosquito XX, KB267 , crashed near Steenbergen on 19 September 1944. It was assumed for years that he had been shot down, but following the discovery of the wreckage it was found that a fault with the fuel tank selector possibly meant the aircraft simply ran out of fuel. [5] An eye-witness account detailed how his aircraft circled Steenbergen and heard its engines 'splutter and stop'. [6] In 2011 it was revealed the Mosquito may also have been shot down in a friendly fire incident. [7] The graves are in the RC cemetery of Steenbergen. Streets have been named for both Gibson and Warwick, and one of the aircraft's propellers is located in the city park as a memorial.

Guy Gibson first CO of the Royal Air Forces 617 Squadron

Wing Commander Guy Penrose Gibson, was a distinguished bomber pilot in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. He was the first Commanding Officer of No. 617 Squadron, which he led in the "Dam Busters" raid in 1943, resulting in the destruction of two large dams in the Ruhr area of Germany. He was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, in the aftermath of the raid in May 1943 and became the most highly decorated British serviceman at that time. He completed over 170 war operations before dying in action at the age of 26.

Operation Chastise attack on German dams by Royal Air Force No. 617 Squadron

Operation Chastise was an attack on German dams carried out on 16–17 May 1943 by Royal Air Force No. 617 Squadron, later called the Dam Busters, using a purpose-built "bouncing bomb" developed by Barnes Wallis. The Möhne and Edersee Dams were breached, causing catastrophic flooding of the Ruhr valley and of villages in the Eder valley; the Sorpe Dam sustained only minor damage. Two hydroelectric power stations were destroyed and several more damaged. Factories and mines were also damaged and destroyed. An estimated 1,600 civilians – about 600 Germans and 1,000 mainly Soviet forced labourers – died. Despite rapid repairs by the Germans, production did not return to normal until September.

de Havilland Mosquito Multi-role combat aircraft

The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft, introduced during the Second World War, unusual in that its frame was constructed almost entirely of wood. It was nicknamed The Wooden Wonder, or "Mossie" to its crews. Lord Beaverbrook, Minister of Aircraft Production, nicknamed it "Freeman's Folly", alluding to Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfred Freeman, who stoutly defended Geoffrey de Havilland and his design concept against orders to discontinue the project. In 1941 it was one of the fastest operational aircraft in the world.

See also

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References

  1. "Belt van den, Ruud" (in Dutch). Gemeente Steenbergen. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 4652GA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. "RAF - Page not found". mod.uk.
  6. Bomber Barons, Chaz Bowyer (1983) page 165
  7. After The Battle no. 155 (2012), page 47,