|House Majority Leader|
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Kevin McCarthy|
January 3, 2007 –January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Roy Blunt|
|Succeeded by||Eric Cantor|
|House Minority Whip|
January 3, 2011 –January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Eric Cantor|
|Succeeded by||Steve Scalise|
January 3, 2003 –January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Nancy Pelosi|
|Succeeded by||Roy Blunt|
|Chair of the House Democratic Conference|
June 21, 1989 –January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||William H. Gray, III|
|Succeeded by||Vic Fazio|
|Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference|
January 3, 1989 –June 21, 1989
|Preceded by||Mary Rose Oakar|
|Succeeded by||Vic Fazio|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Maryland's 5th district
May 19, 1981
|Preceded by||Gladys Spellman|
|82nd President of the Maryland Senate|
January 3, 1975 –January 3, 1978
|Preceded by||William S. James|
|Succeeded by||James A. Clark Jr.|
|Member of the Maryland Senate |
from the 26th district
January 3, 1975 –January 3, 1978
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Mike Donovan|
|Member of the Maryland Senate |
from the 4C district
January 1967 –January 1975
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
Steny Hamilton Hoyer
June 14, 1939
New York City, New York, U.S.
(m. 1961;died 1997)
|Education|| University of Maryland, College Park (BA)|
Georgetown University (JD)
|Website|| House website |
Steny Hamilton Hoyer ( // STENN-ee HOY-ər; born June 14, 1939) is an American politician and attorney serving as U.S. Representative for Maryland's 5th congressional district since 1981 and as House Majority Leader since 2019. A Democrat, he was first elected in a special election on May 19, 1981, and is currently serving in his 20th term. The district includes a large swath of rural and suburban territory southeast of Washington, D.C. Hoyer is the dean of the Maryland Congressional delegation and the most senior Democrat in the House.
Since 2003, Hoyer has been the second ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives behind Nancy Pelosi. He is a two-time House Majority Leader, having previously served in the post from 2007 to 2011 under Speaker Pelosi.During two periods of Republican House control (2003–2007 and 2011–2019), Hoyer served as House Minority Whip, both times under Minority Leader Pelosi. As a result of the 2018 midterm elections, in which the Democrats took control of the House, Hoyer was re-elected Majority Leader in January 2019 on the opening of the 116th Congress, remaining the number two House Democrat behind Speaker Pelosi.
Hoyer was born in New York City, New York, and grew up in Mitchellville, Maryland, the son of Jean (née Baldwin) and Steen Theilgaard Høyer. His father was Danish and a native of Copenhagen; "Steny" is a variant of his father's name, "Steen".His mother was an American, with Scottish, German, and English ancestry, and a descendant of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He graduated from Suitland High School in Suitland, Maryland.
In his early years at the University of Maryland College Park, Hoyer held a 1.9 grade point average. His attitude towards school and politics changed after hearing a speech from then Senator John F. Kennedy before his election in 1960.[ citation needed ] In 1963, Hoyer received his B.A. degree magna cum laude from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he also became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He earned his J.D. degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in 1966.
For four years, from 1962 to 1966, Hoyer was a member of the staff of United States Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland); also on Senator Brewster's staff at that time was Nancy Pelosi, who would later become a leadership colleague of Hoyer, as she served as Minority Leader and Speaker of the House.
In 1966, Hoyer won a newly created seat in the Maryland State Senate, representing Prince George's County-based Senate district 4C.The district, created in the aftermath of Reynolds v. Sims , was renumbered as the 26th district in 1975, the same year that Hoyer was elected President of the Maryland State Senate, the youngest in state history.
From 1969 to 1971, Hoyer served as the first vice president of the Young Democrats of America.
In 1978, Hoyer sought the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland as the running mate of then acting Governor Blair Lee III, but he lost to Samuel Bogley 37%–34%.In the same year, Hoyer was appointed to the Maryland Board of Higher Education, a position he served in until 1981.
Fifth district Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election. She was reelected, but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness, and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981. Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, beating Spellman's husband Reuben by only 1,600 votes. He then defeated a better-funded Republican, Audrey Scott, in the May 19 special election by 56%–44%, earning himself the nickname of "boy wonder".In the 1982 general election, Hoyer won reelection to his first full term with 80% of the vote. He has faced only one relatively close contest since then, when he defeated future Governor of Maryland Larry Hogan with just 53% of the vote in 1992. His second worst performance was his 1996 bid against Republican State Delegate John Morgan, when he won reelection with 57% of the vote. Hoyer has been reelected 14 times with no substantive opposition, and is the longest-serving House member ever from southern Maryland.
Hoyer supports and has led on the Make It In America plan linking domestic manufacturing industry and overall US economic success.
Hoyer is pro-choice on abortion rights.He voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003. Hoyer supports affirmative action and LGBT rights. Hoyer is rated F by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun-control voting record.
In 2008, Hoyer said he opposed providing immunity to telecom companies, but then negotiated a bill, described by Senators Patrick Leahy and Russ Feingold as a "capitulation", that would provide immunity to any telecom companythat had been told by the Bush administration that their actions were legal. "No matter how they spin it, this is still immunity," said Kevin Bankston, a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy rights group that has sued over President George W. Bush's wiretapping program. "It's not compromise, it's pure theater."
In a 2009 USA Today opinion piece regarding healthcare reform, Steny Hoyer wrote that "[d]rowning out opposing views is simply un-American."
In June 2010, Hoyer brought up the idea that Congress would extend only temporarily middle-class tax cuts that were set to expire at the end of the year, suggesting that making them permanent would cost too much. President Obama wanted to extend them permanently for individuals making less than $200,000 a year and families making less than $250,000.
Hoyer voted against the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in 1999. In 2019, Hoyer voted for the impeachment of President Trump.In 2021, Hoyer voted for the second impeachment of President Trump.
Hoyer supports civilian nuclear cooperation with India.
Hoyer initially supported the Iraq War and was even recognized by the DLC for his vocal leadership on this issue. After the war became publicly unpopular, Hoyer said he favored a "responsible redeployment".However, he has repeatedly supported legislation to continue funding for the war without deadlines for troop withdrawal, most recently in return for increased funding of domestic projects.
Hoyer is a supporter of Israel, and has often been allied with American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). In September 2007, he criticized Rep. Jim Moran for suggesting that AIPAC "has pushed (the Iraq) war from the beginning", calling the comment "factually inaccurate."In January 2017, Hoyer voted for a House resolution condemning the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories a flagrant violation of international law and a major obstacle to peace. Hoyer supported President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Hoyer has stated that a nuclear Iran is "unacceptable" and that the use of force remains an option.
In January 2019, Hoyer opposed President Donald Trump's planned withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria and Afghanistan as "impulsive, irresponsible, and dangerous."Hoyer supports former President Obama's call for authorizing limited but decisive military action in response to the Assad regime's alleged use of chemical weapons.
Hoyer is a former chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
On February 28, 2014, Hoyer introduced the bill To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date (H.R. 4120; 113th Congress) into the United States House of Representatives.The bill would extend until November 9, 2016, the authority of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, a nonprofit organization, to construct a museum on federal lands within the District of Columbia honoring law enforcement officers.
Hoyer is a prolific fundraiser for House Democrats. He has been the top giver to fellow party members in the House. In the 2008 election cycle, he contributed more than $1 million to the party and individual candidates as of July 14, 2008.
Hoyer has served as chairman of the Democratic Caucus, the fourth-ranking position among House Democrats, from 1989 to 1994; the former co-chair (and a current member) of the Democratic Steering Committee; and as the chief candidate recruiter for House Democrats from 1995 to 2000. He also served as Deputy Majority Whip from 1987 to 1989.
When David E. Bonior resigned as Minority Whip in early 2002, Hoyer ran but lost to Nancy Pelosi. After the 2002 midterm elections, Pelosi ran to succeed Dick Gephardt as Minority Leader, leaving the Minority Whip post open again.On November 14, 2002, Hoyer was unanimously elected by his colleagues in the Democratic Caucus to serve as the Minority Whip, the second-highest-ranking position among House Democrats.
Pelosi became the Speaker of the House in January 2007. Hoyer was elected by his colleagues to be House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress, defeating John Murtha of Pennsylvania by a vote of 149–86 within the caucus, despite Pelosi endorsing Murtha.Hoyer is the first Marylander to become Majority Leader. and became the highest-ranking federal lawmaker in Maryland history. In this post, Hoyer was the floor leader of the House Democrats and ranked second in the leadership after the Speaker who is the actual head of the majority party in the house.
The day after the 2010 midterm elections in which the Democrats lost control of the House, Hoyer had a private conversation with Pelosi and stated that he would not challenge her bid for Minority Leader (for Pelosi to remain Democratic House Leader).He ran for minority whip, but was challenged by outgoing Majority Whip Jim Clyburn (the top House Democrats wanted to remain in the leadership, but the minority party in the House has one less position). Hoyer is moderate while Pelosi and Clyburn are more liberal, and a significant number of Hoyer's would-be supporters in the House who were moderate and conservative Democrats had been defeated for reelection. The Congressional Black Caucus backed Clyburn, while 30 House Democrats have supported Hoyer, and Hoyer has also raised money and campaigned for many candidates. Hoyer received further support from outgoing Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard L. Berman, Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank, and outgoing Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry A. Waxman Pelosi intervened in the contest by supporting Hoyer as Minority Whip, while creating an "Assistant Leader" position for Clyburn which would keep him as the third-ranking Democrat in the House behind Pelosi and Hoyer (the existing "Assistant to the Leader" post formerly held by Chris Van Hollen is not officially part of the House leadership and was directly appointed by the Minority Leader).
Hoyer and the DCCC have been criticized for picking their preferred candidates through an undemocratic process. In 2018, it was reported that Hoyer sought to alter the outcome of the primary race in Colorado's 6th congressional district. Hoyer was recorded urging progressive candidate Levi Tillemann to drop out of the race. Hoyer acknowledged that the DCCC had already identified its choice candidate and discouraged a candid discussion about his weaknesses.On November 28, 2018, Hoyer was selected to return as House Majority Leader.
|1981||Congress, 5th district||Special||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||42,573||55.81||Audrey Scott||Republican||33,708||44.19|
|1982||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||83,937||79.58||William Guthrie||Republican||21,533||20.42|
|1984||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||116,310||72.18||John Ritchie||Republican||44,839||27.82|
|1986||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||82,098||81.93||John Sellner||Republican||18,102||18.07|
|1988||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||128,437||78.63||John Sellner||Republican||34,909||21.37|
|1990||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||84,747||80.66||Lee Breuer||Republican||20,314||19.34|
|1992||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||113,280||55.0||Larry J. Hogan, Jr.||Republican||92,636||45.0|
|1994||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||98,821||58.81||Donald Devine||Republican||69,211||41.19|
|1996||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||121,288||56.92||John S. Morgan||Republican||91,806||43.08|
|1998||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||126,792||65.37||Robert Ostrom||Republican||67,176||34.36|
|2000||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||166,231||65.09||Thomas Hutchins||Republican||89,019||34.86|
|2002||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||137,903||69.27||Joseph Crawford||Republican||60,758||30.52|
|2004||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||204,867||68.67||Brad Jewitt||Republican||87,189||29.93||Bob Auerbach||Green||4,224||1.42|
|2006||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||168,114||82.69||Steve Warner||Green||33,464||16.46||Write Ins: P.Kuhnert and Other||635||1,110||0.86|
|2008||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||253,854||73.6||Collins Bailey||Republican||82,631||24.0||Darlene Nicholas||Libertarian||7,829||2.3|
|2010||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||143,620||64.3||Charles Lollar||Republican||79,122||35.6||H. Gavin Shickle||Libertarian||2,399||1.1|
|2012||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||238,618||69.4||Tony O'Donnell||Republican||95,271||27.7||Bob Auerbach||Green||5,040||1.5||Arvin Vohra||Libertarian||4,503||1.3|
|2014||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||144,725||64.0||Chris Chafee||Republican||80,752||35.7||Write-ins||563||0.2|
|2016||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||242,989||67.4||Mark Arness||Republican||105,931||29.4||Jason Summers||Libertarian||11,078||3.1||Write-ins||606||0.2|
|2018||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||213,796||70.3||William Devine III||Republican||82,361||27.1||Patrick Elder||Green||4,082||1.3||Write-ins||279||0.1|
|2020||Congress, 5th district||General||Steny Hoyer||Democratic||274,210||68.8||Chris Palombi||Republican||123,525||31.0||Write-ins||1,104||0.3|
Hoyer has three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Stefany, from his marriage to Judy Pickett Hoyer, who died of cancer in February 1997.In 2012, after Hoyer announced his support of same-sex marriage, his daughter Stefany Hoyer Hemmer came out as a lesbian in an interview with the Washington Blade .
His wife was an advocate of early childhood education, and child development learning centers in Maryland have been named in her honor ("Judy Centers").She also suffered from epilepsy, and the Epilepsy Foundation of America sponsors an annual public lecture in her name. Hoyer, too, has been an advocate for research in this area, and the Epilepsy Foundation presented him in 2002 with their Congressional Leadership Award.
Hoyer serves on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Marylandand is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, a nonprofit that supports international elections. He is also an Advisory Board Member for the Center for the Study of Democracy.
In July 2018, Hoyer was hospitalized at George Washington University Hospital for pneumonia.
The speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The speaker is the political and parliamentary leader of the House of Representatives, and is simultaneously the House's presiding officer, de facto leader of the body's majority party, and the institution's administrative head. Speakers also perform various other administrative and procedural functions. Given these several roles and responsibilities, the speaker usually does not personally preside over debates. That duty is instead delegated to members of the House from the majority party. Neither does the speaker regularly participate in floor debates.
Nancy Patricia Pelosi is an American politician serving as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2019, and previously from 2007 to 2011. Pelosi has served as a U.S. representative from California since 1987. A member of the Democratic Party, she is the only woman in U.S. history to serve as Speaker and, until the inauguration of Kamala Harris as vice president, is the highest-ranking female elected official in United States history. As House Speaker, Pelosi is second in the presidential line of succession, after the vice president.
Richard Andrew Gephardt is an American politician who served as a United States Representative from Missouri from 1977 to 2005. A member of the Democratic Party, he was House Majority Leader from 1989 to 1995 and Minority Leader from 1995 to 2003. He ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1988 and 2004. Gephardt was mentioned as a possible vice presidential nominee in 1988, 1992, 2000, 2004, and 2008.
James Enos Clyburn is an American politician and a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina. He has served as House Majority Whip since 2019. He is a two-time Majority Whip, having previously served in the post from 2007 to 2011, and served as House Assistant Minority Leader from 2011 to 2019.
Kevin Owen McCarthy is an American politician serving as House Minority Leader in the United States House of Representatives since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as House Majority Leader under Speakers John Boehner and Paul Ryan from 2014 to 2019. He has been the U.S. Representative for California's 23rd congressional district since 2007. The district, numbered as the 22nd district from 2007 to 2013, is based in Bakersfield and includes large sections of Kern and Tulare counties, as well as part of the Quartz Hill neighborhood in northwest Los Angeles County.
In the United States House of Representatives, the two major political parties maintain policy and steering committees. Their primary purpose is to assign fellow party members to other House committees, and they also advise party leaders on policy.
The House Democratic Caucus is a congressional caucus composed of all Democratic Representatives in the United States House of Representatives and is responsible for nominating and electing the Democratic Party leadership in the chamber. In its roles as a party conference, the caucus writes and enforces rules of conduct and discipline for its members, approves committee assignments, and serves as the primary forum for development of party policy and legislative priorities. It hosts weekly meetings for these purposes and to communicate the party's message to members. The caucus has a Caucus Chairman and Caucus Vice-Chair.
In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party. The party leader is typically responsible for managing the party's relationship with the general public. As such, they will take a leading role in developing and communicating party policy, especially election platforms, to the electorate. They are also typically the public face of the respective party and the principal media contact.
Alexander Xavier Mooney is the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district since 2015. He is a member of the Republican Party. He served in the Maryland State Senate, representing District 3, from 1999 to 2011 and is a former Chairman of the Maryland Republican Party. He is the first Hispanic elected to Congress from West Virginia.
The 115th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States of America federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 2017, to January 3, 2019, during the final weeks of Barack Obama's presidency and the first two years of Donald Trump's presidency. The seats in the House were apportioned based on the 2010 United States Census.
The 116th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2019, and ended on January 3, 2021, during the final two years of Donald Trump's presidency. Senators elected to regular terms in 2014 are finishing their terms in this Congress, and House seats were apportioned based on the 2010 Census.
The 2008 congressional elections in Maryland were held on November 4, 2008 to determine who would represent the state of Maryland in the United States House of Representatives, coinciding with the presidential election. Representatives are elected for two-year terms; those elected serve in the 111th Congress from January 3, 2009 until January 3, 2011.
Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives, also known as floor leaders, are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot. With the Democrats holding a majority of seats and the Republicans holding a minority, the current leaders are: Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, Majority Whip Jim Clyburn, Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy and Minority Whip Steve Scalise.
The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the eight U.S. Representatives from the state of Maryland, one from each of the state's eight congressional districts. The elections coincided with other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections, including the Governor of Maryland, Attorney General of Maryland and Comptroller of Maryland.
The 117th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2021, during the final weeks of Donald Trump's presidency, and will end on January 3, 2023. It will meet during the first two years of Joe Biden's presidency.
The October 2015 Speaker of the United States House of Representatives election took place on October 29, 2015, during the 114th United States Congress. This unusual intra-term election for Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives was necessitated by the impending resignation of John Boehner from the speakership and the House, set for October 30. Boehner was the first speaker to resign in the middle of a Congressional term since Jim Wright in 1989.
The 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland was held on November 3, 2020, to elect the eight U.S. Representatives from the state of Maryland, one from each of the state's eight congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. On March 17, 2020, Governor Larry Hogan announced that the primary election would be postponed from April 28 to June 2 due to coronavirus concerns. On March 26, the Maryland Board of Elections met to consider whether in-person voting should be used for June's primary, and recommended that voting in June be mail-in only.
The 2019 Speaker of the United States House of Representatives election took place on January 3, 2019, on the opening day of the 116th United States Congress, two months after the United States 2018 elections. This was the 126th Speaker of the House of Representatives election since the office was created in 1789. House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi received 220 votes, a majority of the chamber, to become its speaker. House Republican leader Kevin McCarthy garnered 192 votes, with 18 more going to others. As only 430 representatives in the 435-member House cast a vote, 216 votes were necessary in order to win.
A leadership election was held by the United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus before the beginning of the 116th United States Congress on January 3, 2019. The election determined who will be nominated by the caucus for the speakership election as well as who would occupy other leadership positions within the House Democratic Caucus. The following positions were nominated or elected on November 29: Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, House Majority Leader, House Majority Whip, House Assistant Majority Leader, Democratic Caucus Chair, and Democratic Caucus Vice Chair. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chair, the Policy and Communications Committee's Chair and its three Co-Chairs, Junior Caucus Representative and Freshman Class Representative were elected the next day, and a third co-chair was added to the Steering and Policy Committee by the Leader.
A leadership election was held by the United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus on November 17, 2006. The election determined who would be nominated by the caucus for Speaker of the House as well as who would occupy other leadership positions within the House Democratic Caucus in the 110th United States Congress. The following positions were nominated or elected on November 29: Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, House Majority Leader, House Majority Whip, House Assistant Majority Leader, Democratic Caucus Chair, and Democratic Caucus vice-Chair.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steny Hoyer .|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Maryland's 5th congressional district
| Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission |
| Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission |
| House Minority Whip |
| House Majority Leader |
| House Minority Whip |
| House Majority Leader|
|Party political offices|
Mary Rose Oakar
| Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference |
| Chair of the House Democratic Conference |
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority |
|97th||Senate: C. Mathias • P. Sarbanes||House: C. Long • P. Mitchell • M. Holt • G. Spellman • B. Mikulski • M. Barnes • B. Byron • R. Dyson • S. Hoyer|
|98th||Senate: C.Mathias • P. Sarbanes||House: C. Long • P. Mitchell • M. Holt • B. Mikulski • M. Barnes • B. Byron • R. Dyson • S. Hoyer|
|99th||Senate: C. Mathias • P. Sarbanes||House: P. Mitchell • M. Holt • B. Mikulski • M. Barnes • B. Byron • R. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley|
|100th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B Mikulski||House: B. Byron • R. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley • B. Cardin • T. McMillen • K. Mfume • C. Morella|
|101st||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: B. Byron • R. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley • B. Cardin • T. McMillen • K. Mfume • C. Morella|
|102nd||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: B. Byron • S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley • B. Cardin • T. McMillen • K. Mfume • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest|
|103rd||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley • B. Cardin • K. Mfume • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn|
|104th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • K. Mfume • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • B. Ehrlich • E. Cummings|
|105th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • B. Ehrlich • E. Cummings|
|106th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • B. Ehrlich • E. Cummings|
|107th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • C. Morella • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • B. Ehrlich • E. Cummings|
|108th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen|
|109th||Senate: P. Sarbanes • B. Mikulski||House: S. Hoyer • B. Cardin • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen|
|110th||Senate: B. Mikulski • B. Cardin||House: S. Hoyer • W. Gilchrest • R. Bartlett • A. Wynn • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen • J. Sarbanes • D. Edwards|
|111th||Senate: B. Mikulski • B. Cardin||House: S. Hoyer • R. Bartlett • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen • J. Sarbanes • D. Edwards • F. Kratovil|
|112th||Senate: B. Mikulski • B. Cardin||House: S. Hoyer • R. Bartlett • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen • J. Sarbanes • D. Edwards • A. Harris|
|113th||Senate: B. Mikulski • B. Cardin||House: S. Hoyer • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen • J. Sarbanes • D. Edwards • A. Harris • J. Delaney|
|114th||Senate: B. Mikulski • B. Cardin||House: S. Hoyer • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • C. Van Hollen • J. Sarbanes • D. Edwards • A. Harris • J. Delaney|
|115th||Senate: B. Cardin • C. Van Hollen||House: S. Hoyer • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • J. Sarbanes • A. Harris • J. Delaney • A. Brown • J. Raskin|
|116th||Senate: B. Cardin • C. Van Hollen||House: S. Hoyer • E. Cummings • D. Ruppersberger • J. Sarbanes • K. Mfume • A. Harris • A. Brown • J. Raskin • D. Trone|
|117th||Senate: B. Cardin • C. Van Hollen||House: S. Hoyer • D. Ruppersberger • J. Sarbanes • K. Mfume • A. Harris • A. Brown • J. Raskin • D. Trone|