Stephen Hansen

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The Stephen Hansen Mansion at Strandgade 95 in Helsingor, Denmark Stephen Hansens Palae (Helsingor).JPG
The Stephen Hansen Mansion at Strandgade 95 in Helsingør, Denmark

Stephen Hansen (28 September 1701 – 22 January 1770) was a Danish industrialist, businessman and General War Commissioner. He is most known for his involvement with Kronborg Rifle Factory in Hellebæk and for building Hellebækgård as well as the Stephen Hansen Mansion on the harbourfront in Helsingør..

Denmark constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

General War Commissioner was a military office in various German states as well as in Denmark-Norway. It was the military officer in charge of national conscription, collection of war contributions, equipment, provisioning, payroll and military discipline. Their subordinates, with responsibility for specific regions, were called War Commissioners. The position of General War Commissioner was usually of equal rank to that of a General.

Hammermøllen

Hammermøllen was a set of water mills at Hellebæk in Denmark, used to power the Kronborg weapons factory. The first mill on the site was built in 1576, but it was only linked to weapons production from 1601, when the gun foundry was built nearby. It then produced weapons until 1870, peaking in the 18th century, when the factory employed 200 men and produced 6000 guns a year.

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Early life and military career

Hansen was born on 28 August 1701 in the village of Skodsbøl in the Parish of Oddum in western Jutland. Little is known about his early years. In 1728, he was appointed to quartermaster at the Artillery Regiment and shortly thereafter also to recruitment officer (Danish: Mønsterskriver) and Judge Advocate General (Danish: Auditør) at the Naval Artillery. In 1747, he was appointed to Superior War Commissioner but resigned from the military in 1750 to focus on his civil career as an industrialist and merchant. [1]

Quartermaster army supply officer or naval rank

Quartermaster is a military or naval term, the meaning of which depends on the country and service.

Civil career

Stephen Hansen's Hellebaekgard from 1747 as it appeared prior to the rebuilding in 1768 Hellebaekgard (before 1768).jpg
Stephen Hansen's Hellebækgård from 1747 as it appeared prior to the rebuilding in 1768

In 1743, Hansen purchased Hellebækgård and the Hammermøllen industrial enterprise which was in a state of neglect. He expanded the factory and improved operations. He obtained a 20-year monopoly on the manufacture of rifles in Denmark and benefited tremendously from the Seven Year War (1756–1763)when he supplied rifles for the Danish army in Holstein. In 1761, he was appointed to General War Commissioner. [1]

Hellebækgård

Hellebækgård is a Rococo-style mansion in Hellebæk, Helsingør Municipality, North Zealand, located 5 km northwest of Helsingør and some 40 km north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The estate is associated the former 18th-century Hellebæk weapons factory and has also housed the Royal Danish Orphanage. It now houses a private primary school.

Hansen was also involved in trade on the Garoe Islands on which he had a monopoly from 1750 until 1770. In 1759, he commissioned Philip de Lange to build a Rococo-style mansion in Strandgade in Helsingør.

Philip de Lange Danish architect

Philip de Lange was a leading Dutch-Danish architect who designed many different types of building in various styles including Dutch Baroque and Rococo.

Rococo 18th-century artistic movement and style

Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is a highly ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors, sculpted molding, and trompe l'oeil frescoes to create the illusions of surprise, motion and drama. It first appeared in France and Italy in the 1730s and spread to Central Europe in the 1750s and 1760s. It is often described as the final expression of the Baroque movement.

Last years

In 1765, Hansen sold Kronborg Rifle Factory to the Danish state for 70,000 Rigsdaler and that same year acquired Frydendal Manor at Holbæk. He died on 22 January 1770 and is buried at Frederick's German Church in Copenhagen. [1]

Holbæk Place in Zealand, Denmark

Holbæk is a town in Denmark and the seat of Holbæk municipality with a population of 26,961. It is in the northeastern part of Region Sjælland, Denmark.

Christians Church, Copenhagen Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

Christian's Church is a magnificent Rococo church in the Christianshavn district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Designed by Nicolai Eigtved, it was built 1754–59.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Stephen Hansen" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 21 November 2015.