Stephen Shing-Toung Yau (Chinese :丘成棟; pinyin :Qiū Chéngdòng; born 1952) is a Chinese–American mathematician. He is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and currently teaches at Tsinghua University. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the American Mathematical Society.
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.
Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.
The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) is a public research university in Chicago, Illinois. Its campus is in the Near West Side community area, adjacent to the Chicago Loop. The second campus established under the University of Illinois system, UIC is also the largest university in the Chicago area, having approximately 30,000 students enrolled in 16 colleges.
Shing-Toung Yau was born in 1952 in British Hong Kong,with his ancestral home in Jiaoling County, Guangdong, China. He is the younger brother of Fields Medalist Shing-Tung Yau.
British Hong Kong was Hong Kong when it was governed as a colony and British Dependent Territory of the United Kingdom. Hong Kong was under British rule from 1841 and was briefly occupied by Japan from 1941 to 1945 before surrendering the territory back to British forces, resuming British rule from 1945 to 1997. The colonial period began with the occupation of Hong Kong Island in 1841 during the First Opium War. The island was ceded by Qing dynasty in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a Crown colony in 1843. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.
In Chinese culture, hometown or ancestral home is the place of origin of one's extended family. It may or may not be the place where one is born.
Jiaoling County is a county in the northeast of Guangdong Province, China, bordering Fujian province to the north. Under the jurisdiction of Meizhou City, it was previously known as the Zhenping County.
After graduating from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, he studied mathematics at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he earned his M.A. in 1974 and Ph.D. in 1976.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It is the territory's second oldest university and was founded as a federation of three existing colleges – Chung Chi College, New Asia College and United College – the oldest of which was founded in 1949.
He was a member of Princeton University's Institute for Advanced Study from 1976 to 1977 and from 1981 to 1982, and was a Benjamin Pierce Assistant Professor at Harvard University from 1977 to 1980. He subsequently taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago for more than 30 years. He was named the UIC Distinguished Professor in 2005.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.
The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), located at 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States, is an independent postdoctoral research center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry. It was founded in 1930 by American educator Abraham Flexner, together with philanthropists Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning. Its history, influence, wealth, and academic reputation have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. It has often been cited as the world's top university by most publishers.
From 2002 to 2011, Yau also served as Zi-Jiang Professor at East China Normal University in Shanghai, as well as Director of the university's Institute of Mathematics.After retiring from UIC in 2012, he joined Tsinghua University as a full-time professor.
East China Normal University (ECNU) is a comprehensive public research university in Shanghai. It was formed in 1951 by the merger of the Great China University founded in 1924 and Kwang Hua University which had its ultimate origins in the St. John's College established in the city in 1879. Its original role was to train teachers for secondary and higher education, as suggested in the name "Normal", but very soon housed top-class researchers and evolved into an elite research-intensive university.
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People's Republic of China. It is the most populous urban area in China, and the second most populous city proper in the world. Shanghai is a global financial, innovation and technology, and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the Eastern China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the south, east and west, and is bound to the east by the East China Sea.
Tsinghua University is a major research university in Beijing, and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities. Since its establishment in 1911, it has graduated numerous Chinese leaders in politics, business, academia, and culture.
Among Yau's research interests are bioinformatics, complex algebraic geometry, singularities theory, and nonlinear filtering.He published nearly 300 papers and established the "Yau algebra" and the "Yau number". He served as Chairman of the IEEE International Conference on Control and Information and co-founded the Journal of Algebraic Geometry in 1991. He founded the journal Communications in Information and Systems in 2000, and has served as Editor-in-Chief since its inception.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.
Yau was awarded the Sloan Research Fellowship in 1980 and the Guggenheim Fellowship in 2000. He was elected an IEEE Fellow in 2003 and a fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2013.
Shing-Tung Yau is a Chinese-born naturalized American mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1982. He is currently the William Caspar Graustein Professor of Mathematics at Harvard University.
Shiing-Shen Chern was a Chinese-American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology. He has been called the "father of modern differential geometry" and is widely regarded as a leader in geometry and one of the greatest mathematicians of the twentieth century, winning numerous awards and recognition including the Wolf Prize and the inaugural Shaw Prize. In memory of Shiing-Shen Chern, the International Mathematical Union established the Chern Medal in 2010 to recognize "an individual whose accomplishments warrant the highest level of recognition for outstanding achievements in the field of mathematics".
Richard Melvin Schoen is an American mathematician known for his work in differential geometry.
Shou-Wu Zhang is a Chinese-American mathematician known for his work in number theory and arithmetic geometry. He is currently a Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University.
Tian Gang is a Chinese mathematician. He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is known for his contributions to geometric analysis and quantum cohomology especially Gromov-Witten invariants, among other fields. He has been Vice President of Peking University since February 2017.
Yau is a surname. It is a romanisation of multiple surnames in Hong Kong as well as other Cantonese speaking regions, based on different varieties of Chinese, as well as a surname in other cultures.
Bernd Sturmfels is a Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley and is a director of the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig since 2017.
Huai-Dong Cao is A. Everett Pitcher Professor of Mathematics at Lehigh University and professor at Tsinghua University.
Center of Mathematical Sciences, is a renowned mathematical research center based in China. It belongs to the Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, Zhejiang.
Noriko Yui is a professor of mathematics at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.
Kefeng Liu, is a Chinese mathematician who is known for his contributions to geometric analysis, particularly the geometry, topology and analysis of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces and Calabi-Yau manifolds. He is a professor of mathematics at University of California, Los Angeles, as well as the Executive Director of the Center of Mathematical Sciences at Zhejiang University.
Richard Paul Winsley Thomas FRS is a British mathematician working in several areas of geometry. He is a professor at Imperial College London. He studies moduli problems in algebraic geometry, and ‘mirror symmetry’ — a phenomenon in pure mathematics predicted by string theory in theoretical physics.
Kapil Hari Paranjape is an Indian mathematician specializing in algebraic geometry. He is a Professor of Mathematics at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali.
Brooke Elizabeth Shipley is an American mathematician. She works as a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, where she is head of the Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science. Her research concerns homotopy theory and homological algebra.
Chiu-Chu Melissa Liu is a Taiwanese mathematician who works as a professor of mathematics at Columbia University. Her research interests include algebraic geometry and symplectic geometry.
Mu-Tao Wang is a Taiwanese mathematician and current Professor of Mathematics at Columbia University.
Jun Li is a Chinese mathematician who is currently a Professor of Mathematics at Stanford University. He focuses primarily on moduli problems in algebraic geometry and their applications to mathematical physics, geometry and topology.
Mark William Gross is an American mathematician, specializing in differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and mirror symmetry.
Song Sun is a Chinese mathematician whose research concerns geometry and topology. A Sloan Research Fellow and a laureate of the 2019 Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry, he has been an associate professor at the Department of Mathematics of the University of California, Berkeley since 2018.
Xiuxiong Chen is a Chinese-American mathematician whose research concerns differential geometry and differential equations. A professor at Stony Brook University since 2010, he was elected a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2015 and awarded the Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry in 2019.