Stephen Shing-Toung Yau

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Stephen Shing-Toung Yau (Chinese :丘成棟; pinyin :Qiū Chéngdòng; born 1952) is a Chinese–American mathematician. He is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and currently teaches at Tsinghua University. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the American Mathematical Society.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

University of Illinois at Chicago Public University

The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) is a public research university in Chicago, Illinois. Its campus is in the Near West Side community area, adjacent to the Chicago Loop. The second campus established under the University of Illinois system, UIC is also the largest university in the Chicago area, having approximately 30,000 students enrolled in 16 colleges.

Contents

Biography

Shing-Toung Yau was born in 1952 in British Hong Kong, [1] with his ancestral home in Jiaoling County, Guangdong, China. He is the younger brother of Fields Medalist Shing-Tung Yau. [2]

British Hong Kong Crown colony and British dependent territory in East Asia between 1841 and 1997

British Hong Kong was Hong Kong when it was governed as a colony and British Dependent Territory of the United Kingdom. Hong Kong was under British rule from 1841 and was briefly occupied by Japan from 1941 to 1945 before surrendering the territory back to British forces, resuming British rule from 1945 to 1997. The colonial period began with the occupation of Hong Kong Island in 1841 during the First Opium War. The island was ceded by Qing dynasty in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a Crown colony in 1843. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.

In Chinese culture, hometown or ancestral home is the place of origin of one's extended family. It may or may not be the place where one is born.

Jiaoling County County in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Jiaoling County is a county in the northeast of Guangdong Province, China, bordering Fujian province to the north. Under the jurisdiction of Meizhou City, it was previously known as the Zhenping County.

After graduating from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, he studied mathematics at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he earned his M.A. in 1974 and Ph.D. in 1976. [3] [4]

Chinese University of Hong Kong Public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It is the territory's second oldest university and was founded as a federation of three existing colleges – Chung Chi College, New Asia College and United College – the oldest of which was founded in 1949.

He was a member of Princeton University's Institute for Advanced Study from 1976 to 1977 and from 1981 to 1982, and was a Benjamin Pierce Assistant Professor at Harvard University from 1977 to 1980. He subsequently taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago for more than 30 years. He was named the UIC Distinguished Professor in 2005. [4]

Princeton University University in Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.

Institute for Advanced Study postgraduate center in Princeton, New Jersey

The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), located at 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States, is an independent postdoctoral research center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry. It was founded in 1930 by American educator Abraham Flexner, together with philanthropists Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld.

Harvard University Private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning. Its history, influence, wealth, and academic reputation have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. It has often been cited as the world's top university by most publishers.

From 2002 to 2011, Yau also served as Zi-Jiang Professor at East China Normal University in Shanghai, as well as Director of the university's Institute of Mathematics. [3] After retiring from UIC in 2012, he joined Tsinghua University as a full-time professor. [4]

East China Normal University university in Shanghai, China

East China Normal University (ECNU) is a comprehensive public research university in Shanghai. It was formed in 1951 by the merger of the Great China University founded in 1924 and Kwang Hua University which had its ultimate origins in the St. John's College established in the city in 1879. Its original role was to train teachers for secondary and higher education, as suggested in the name "Normal", but very soon housed top-class researchers and evolved into an elite research-intensive university.

Shanghai Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People's Republic of China. It is the most populous urban area in China, and the second most populous city proper in the world. Shanghai is a global financial, innovation and technology, and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the Eastern China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the south, east and west, and is bound to the east by the East China Sea.

Tsinghua University university in Beijing, China

Tsinghua University is a major research university in Beijing, and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities. Since its establishment in 1911, it has graduated numerous Chinese leaders in politics, business, academia, and culture.

Research

Among Yau's research interests are bioinformatics, complex algebraic geometry, singularities theory, and nonlinear filtering. [4] He published nearly 300 papers and established the "Yau algebra" and the "Yau number". [5] He served as Chairman of the IEEE International Conference on Control and Information and co-founded the Journal of Algebraic Geometry in 1991. He founded the journal Communications in Information and Systems in 2000, and has served as Editor-in-Chief since its inception. [4]

Bioinformatics Software tools for understanding biological data

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.

Awards

Yau was awarded the Sloan Research Fellowship in 1980 and the Guggenheim Fellowship in 2000. He was elected an IEEE Fellow in 2003 and a fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2013. [4]

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References

  1. "学术报告". Harbin Engineering University. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  2. "丘成桐院士关注家乡蕉岭仓海诗廊文化建设项目". Eastday. 2018-06-06. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  3. 1 2 "Stephen Shing-Toung Yau" (PDF). University of Illinois at Chicago. 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Stephen S. -T Yau". IEEE Xplore. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  5. "复几何、奇点理论及相关领域国际会议在清华举行". Tsinghua University. 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2019-08-17.