Stephen Wilkinson MBE
|Born||29 April 1919|
|Occupation(s)||Choral conductor, composer, reader|
Stephen Wilkinson MBE (born 29 April 1919) is an English choral conductor and composer.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
Born in Eversden Rectory, Cambridgeshire, on April 29, 1919, he was a chorister at Christ Church, Oxford, under Sir William Henry Harris and then went on to St. Edward’s, Oxford, having whilst there a few composition lessons with Sir Thomas Armstrong. He went up to Queens’ College, Cambridge as Organ Scholar in 1937 and was very active as a pianist at the University Music Club, of which he was secretary in his third year. He also refounded the Echo Club for aspiring student composers. His tutors were Edward Dent, Cyril Rootham, Hubert Middleton, Henry Moule, Philip Radcliffe, Boris Ord and Patrick Hadley.
Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the Cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.
Sir William Henry Harris KCVO was an English organist and composer, affectionately nicknamed "Doc H" by his choristers.
Boris Ord was organist and choirmaster of King's College, Cambridge between 1929 and 1957, save during World War II when he served in the Royal Air Force; Harold Darke deputised during that period.
He served in the Royal Navyduring the war, first on Atlantic convoys, then for two years as Mine Disposal Officer in the Faroe Islands. After this he was on the staff of the Enemy Mining section of HMS Vernon until following an accident in 1944 he was eventually "invalided out", returning to Cambridge to complete his Mus. Bac. In 1946. He was mentioned in despatches "for courage and undaunted devotion to duty" in August 1944.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.
From 1947 to 1953, Wilkinson was director of the Hertfordshire Rural Music School at Hitchin, conducting the Hertford Choir, who celebrated the Festival of Britain by commissioning "Cutty Sark" for voices & strings from the young Antony Hopkins. He has always retained a keen interest in working with amateurs. While in Hitchin, he also studied singing with George Parker.
From 1953 to 1979 he was on the Music Staff of the BBC,first in Leeds, then from 1961 in Manchester. He first worked with the BBC Northern Singers in 1954 and between then and 1993, by which time they had "gone private" as the Britten Singers, he achieved a notable succés d’estime with them. They appeared at the major festivals: frequently at Aldeburgh, at Bath, Cheltenham, Edinburgh and five times at The Proms, where Edward Greenfield described them as "a choir to equal, or even outshine, any in this country" (Guardian). They also travelled widely abroad, to Ireland, Belgium, France, Poland, Spain, Turkey, Thailand, Australia and Hong Kong.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London, and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 20,950 staff in total, 16,672 of whom are in public sector broadcasting. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time, flexible, and fixed-contract staff are included.
The Proms is an eight-week summer season of daily orchestral classical music concerts and other events held annually, predominantly in the Royal Albert Hall in central London. The Proms were founded in 1895, and are now organised and broadcast by the BBC. Each season consists of concerts in the Royal Albert Hall, chamber music concerts at Cadogan Hall, additional Proms in the Park events across the UK on the Last Night of the Proms, and associated educational and children's events. The season is a significant event in British culture. In classical music, Jiří Bělohlávek described the Proms as "the world's largest and most democratic musical festival".
Edward Harry Greenfield OBE was an English music critic and broadcaster.
Wilkinson has always been a great champion of new music, commissioning many works and giving many "Proms Premières"and other first performances with the BBC Northern Singers. The first of these commissions was a work by Wilfrid Mellers; amongst his successors are Richard Rodney Bennett, Michael Ball, Judith Bingham, Stephen Dodgson, Geoffrey Burgon, Peter Dickinson, John Gardner, Kenneth Leighton, John McCabe, Elizabeth Maconchy, Nicholas Maw, Alan Bullard, Robin Orr and William Walton (Cantico del Sole ). They gave the first concert performance of Gustav Holst's Nunc Dimittis, now a staple of the repertoire. They recorded widely; their disc Spring Song was listed as Critic’s Choice in The Gramophone. Warm reviews followed: "In the field of choral music, Stephen Wilkinson is a genius" (Yorkshire Post); 'Simply a great choral conductor' (South China Times); "No praise could overstate the merits of Stephen Wilkinson’s direction" (The Guardian).
Wilfrid Howard Mellers was an English music critic, musicologist and composer.
Sir Richard Rodney Bennett was an English composer of film, TV and concert music, and also a jazz pianist. He was based in New York City from 1979 until his death there in 2012.
Judith Bingham is an English composer and mezzo-soprano singer.
Wilkinson also performed with other professional choirs - the BBC Singers in London, the RTE Singers in Dublin and the Nederlands Kammerkoor. However, he remained active in amateur music as well, directing for many years the choral course of the Ernest Read Music Association, now closed down but happily taken over by Canford; also those of the Benslow Music Trust, Manchester and Bristol Universities, and 'Chorale' in Chester. For ten years he conducted yearly week-long choral courses in Italy, based around the Preggio Music Festival. He also established a series of singing days, workshops and study days in Manchester.
The BBC Singers are a British chamber choir, and the professional chamber choir of the BBC.
His principal work in this field was undoubtedly as conductor for nearly forty yearsof the William Byrd Singers of Manchester, becoming a much-admired figure on the Manchester music scene (described by Robert Beale of the Manchester Evening News as "one of the most extraordinary men I have ever met" ). Under his direction they also gained a string of commissions, foreign tours and festival appearances to their credit. Wilkinson retired as conductor of the William Byrd Singers in May 2009 at the age of 90.
In 1991, observing that there was no training orchestra in the Manchester area, Wilkinson founded a companion young string ensemble, Capriccio, as a springboard for the National Youth Orchestra. Choir and strings recorded two CDs together. Some of the group's many alumni now leading national/international careers are: Jonathan Cohen, described as "one of Britain's finest young musicians"(Associate Conductor, Les Arts Florissants), Steven Wilkie (adjudicator, Young Musician of the Year ), Clare Duckworth (RPO), Jonathan Martindale (Manchester Camerata), David Adams (leader, WNO orchestra).
Continuing his support of new music, Wilkinson ran two Composers' Competitions, and godfathered Earth, Sweet Earth by the Bristol composer Alan Charltonand Three Poems of Edith Sitwell by Graham Redwood.
Increasingly active since his retirement as a composer, a CD of a selection of his choral music entitled "Dover Beach"was released in 2012 on the label Deux-Elles. A Phoenix Hour, settings of Irish poets, was premièred at the Aldeburgh Festival by the BBC Northern Singers. The Manchester Chamber Choir commissioned two pieces entitled Fanfare and Envoi, now augmented by a setting of Berthold Brecht to create the tripartite set The singing will never be done; Tarira, a Faroese choir, two Tempest settings. Juno's Song and Summer Floods were written for I Fagiolini. Many solo songs of widely varying character have also appeared from the 1930s to the present day. At the Manger and The Garden, for voice and viols, were written for his daughter, mezzo-soprano Clare Wilkinson, and Fretwork, and feature on their disk The Silken Tent. Several volumes of solo songs and choral music are in print: choral collections The Other Carol Book and Grass Roots (folk song arrangements), and two solo song collections The Sunlight on the Garden & Eternal Summer are available from Forsyth of Manchester. Choral works Rorate Coeli (Eboracum Choral Series ) and The Singing World, both for SATB, are published as separate scores, available from Banks of York.
Manchester University gave him an honorary MA in 1982 and he was awarded an MBE for services to choral music in the 1992 New Year’s Honours.
Stephen Wilkinson’s 70th birthday was marked by his appearance as ‘Artist of the Week’ on Radio 3; also, choral compositions were written for him in honour of the occasion by Michael Ball, Stephen Dodgson, David Gow, John Joubert, John McCabe and Elizabeth Maconchy. His 80th birthday was celebrated with a pair of concerts in Trinity College, Cambridge.
Stephen Wilkinson lives in Manchester with his wife of forty years, Delyth, a singer and psychotherapist. He has six children, four of whom have followed him into professional music.
He has recently embarked on a new career as Reader for concerts given by his daughter Clare's early music ensemble, Courtiers of Grace,with whom he has appeared at the Trigonale Festival (Austria), Trinity College, Cambridge, the Brighton and York Early Music Festivals and Stour Music.
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