Sterneckerbräu

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Sterneckerbräu

Sterneckerbrau2014.jpg

The Sterneckerbräu in 2014
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General information
Address Tal 38
Town or city Munich
Country Germany
Coordinates 48°8′8″N11°34′50″E / 48.13556°N 11.58056°E / 48.13556; 11.58056
Opened 1557
Technical details
Floor count 5

The Sterneckerbräu was a brewery in Munich, Germany. The associated inn served as a meeting place for the first branch of the German Workers' Party (DAP), which later changed its name to the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Similar to the Bürgerbräukeller , it was a place of pilgrimage for the Nazi movement. The building is now used as a residential and commercial building and is a registered monument on the Bavarian monument list.

Munich Place in Bavaria, Germany

Munich is the capital and most populous city of the second most populous German federal state of Bavaria, and, with a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany. Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna.

German Workers Party predecessor of the Nazi Party

The German Workers' Party was a short-lived political party established in Weimar Germany after World War I. It was the precursor of the Nazi Party, which was officially known as the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The DAP only lasted from 5 January 1919 until 24 February 1920.

Nazi Party political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945

The National Socialist German Workers' Party, commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945, that created and supported the ideology of Nazism. Its precursor, the German Workers' Party, existed from 1919 to 1920.

Contents

Location

The Sterneckerbräu was located in Munich's old town in the Tal 38 (originally 54) on the corner of Sterneckerstraße, very close to the Isartor.

Isartor tower

The Isartor at the Isartorplatz in Munich is one of four main gates of the medieval city wall. It served as a fortification for the defence and is the most easterly of Munich's three remaining gothic town gates. The gate is located close to the Isar and was named after the river.

History

The present building originally covered three plots of land. In Jakob Sandtner's model of the city of Munich from 1570, three two-story houses can be seen. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the house at the corner of Tal and Sterneckergasse was owned by the beer brewer family Sternegger, after whom the road is named since 1696. [1] A brewery had been there since 1557.

Tal (Munich)

The Tal is a street in the old town of Munich.

In the 19th century, the corner house and its eastern neighbor were replaced by a four-story building with a classical facade. This was demolished in 1901, and in 1901/02, the present building was built on the site of these two buildings and an additional adjoining plot. The building was built by Heilmann & Littmann for the brewer Joseph Höcherl.

Heilmann & Littmann was a leading German contracting business.

The German Workers Party (DAP) of Anton Drexler met once a week in the restaurant on the first floor of the new building. On 12 September 1919, Adolf Hitler attended a meeting of the DAP on behalf of the intelligence command of the army. The meeting took place in a meeting room of the Sterneckerbräu. Drexler invited him to join the DAP. Hitler accepted on that date, [2] becoming the party's 55th member. [3] In October 1919, the first branch of the DAP, which in February 1920 changed its name to the Nazi Party (NSDAP), was set up in a side room of the Sterneckerbräu.

Anton Drexler 20th-century German politician

Anton Drexler was a German far-right political leader of the 1920s who founded the pan-German and anti-Semitic German Workers' Party (DAP), the antecedent of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Drexler mentored his successor in the NSDAP, Adolf Hitler, during his early years in politics.

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer ("Leader") of the German Reich and People in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

<i>Reichswehr</i> 1921-1935 combined military forces of Germany

The Reichswehr formed the military organisation of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when it was united with the new Wehrmacht.

In 1921, the Bavarian nationalist and royalist league In Treue fest was founded at the Sterneckerbräu. It was banned by the Nazis on 2 February 1933, and later re-established in 1952.

In Treue fest

In Treue fest was the motto of the Kingdom of Bavaria (1805–1918) and of its Wittelsbach rulers, after the end of World War I used by Bavarian monarchists.

On 8 November 1933, Hitler opened the Museum of the Nazi Party at the Sterneckerbräu, which was also mentioned in the Baedeker . The first inventory and office furniture, as well as the members' rooms, can still be viewed there.

The building survived World War II. In 1957 the restaurant was closed and the first floor was converted into a store.

Building

The Sterneckerbrau building today Sterneckerbrau heute.jpg
The Sterneckerbräu building today

The Sterneckerbräu is a five-story corner building with a gable roof. The facade of the building facing the Tal has seven windows, and the one facing Sterneckerstraße has five. The corner is chamfered from the third floor upwards, with windows in the corner. On the first floor, the building has five large arcade arches at the Tal which serve as showrooms today. The entrance door is between the two leftmost arches. The facade of the building's upper floors is irregular. On the front facade of the building, on the third floor, the third and fourth windows from the left are bay windows, while on the fourth and fifth floors only the fourth windows are bay windows. On the fifth floor, the second and sixth windows have loggias.

Notes

  1. Stahleder, Helmuth (1992). Haus- und Straßennamen der Münchner Altstadt. München: Hugendubel. p. 312. ISBN   3-88034-640-2.
  2. Stackelberg 2007, p. 9.
  3. Mitcham 1996, p. 67.

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References

Coordinates: 48°08′08″N11°34′50″E / 48.13556°N 11.58056°E / 48.13556; 11.58056