Steve Bloomer

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Steve Bloomer
StiveBloomer.jpg
Bloomer in England kit
Personal information
Full nameStephen Bloomer
Date of birth(1874-01-20)20 January 1874
Place of birth Cradley, Worcestershire, England
Date of death 16 April 1938(1938-04-16) (aged 64)
Place of death Derby, England
Height 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m) [1]
Position(s) Forward
Youth career
188?–1888 St. Luke's Choir
1888–1891 Derby Swifts
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1891 Derby Midland
1891–1906 Derby County 375 (238)
1906–1910 Middlesbrough 125 (59)
1910–1914 Derby County 98 (53)
Total598(352)
National team
1895–1907 England 23 (28)
Teams managed
1914 Britannia Berlin 92
1923–1925 Real Unión
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

StephenBloomer (20 January 1874 – 16 April 1938) was an England international footballer and manager who played for Derby County – becoming their record goalscorer – and Middlesbrough. The anthem Steve Bloomer's Watchin' is played at every Derby home game and there is a bust of him at the Pride Park Stadium. He is also listed in the Football League 100 Legends and English Football Hall of Fame.

Contents

During his career Bloomer was a prolific goalscorer for both club and country. A quick thinking forward, he was able to shoot powerfully and accurately with either foot and his speciality was the daisy cutter – a low shot, hit with great power, speed and accuracy. In 536 First Division games he scored 317 goals and, after Jimmy Greaves, he is the second highest all-time goalscorer in the top-flight. He also scored 28 goals in 23 appearances for England. He helped Derby to win the Second Division title in 1911–12, and to reach second in the First Division in 1895–96; he also played on the losing side in four FA Cup semi-finals and three FA Cup finals (1898, 1899 and 1903).

Bloomer also played baseball for Derby Baseball Club and helped them become British champions three times in the 1890s. After retiring as a footballer he became a coach and worked with clubs in Germany, the Netherlands and Spain. During World War I he was interned at Ruhleben, a civilian detention camp. The highlight of his coaching career came in 1924 when he guided Real Unión to victory in the Copa del Rey.

Early life

Bloomer was born in Cradley, Worcestershire (now the West Midlands) to Caleb Bloomer (a blacksmith / iron foundry worker) and Merab Dunn, on 20 January 1874; he was the eldest of six children. [2] The family moved to Litchurch, Derbyshire five years later. [3] At the age of 12 he was apprenticed to a local blacksmith, which helped him to build strength. [4]

Bloomer had an aptitude for football that he later described as "a natural gift". [5] He first made an impression on the Derby football scene playing for St. Chad's Choir on the losing side of the 1887 Derbyshire Boys' Shield under-15 final, impressing despite his team losing 14–0 to a dominant St Luke's. [6] The following year he began working as a 'striker' at Ley's iron foundry, whilst playing football for Derby Swifts in the Derbyshire Minor League. [7] In 1891 he appeared in the Midland League for Derby Midland, playing in a 1–1 draw with Burton Swifts on 27 March. [8]

Playing career

Club

Derby County

Bloomer as a Derby player in 1892 Steve Bloomer 1892.jpg
Bloomer as a Derby player in 1892

Derby County merged with Derby Midland in 1891, and Bloomer was a Derby County player for the start of the 1891–92 – the fourth season of the Football League. [9] He chose to retain his amateur status and instead turned out for the third-team. [10] He signed a professional contract in April 1892. [11] The next month he signed a contract with Burton Wanderers, though the Football Association soon ruled the contract to be invalid and reprimanded the Burton official involved. [12]

An administrative error by Derby secretary William Parker meant that Jimmy McLachlan and Samuel Mills were ineligible for the opening game of the 1892–93 season against Stoke at the Victoria Ground, and Bloomer was a surprise late addition to the first eleven. [13] Bloomer later claimed he scored twice during the game, but contemporary reports instead credited two goals of the 3–1 win to Johnny McMillan. [14] His first officially recorded goal therefore came in a 2–1 defeat to Preston North End the following week at the County Ground. [15] He remained a key member of the first team, and was also given penalty taking duties, and finished the campaign with 11 goals from 28 matches. [16] Veteran striker and captain John Goodall helped to improve his game, helping to improve his ball control and positional skills. [17]

He missed seven games of the 1893–94 season after Leicester Fosse half-back Peggy Lord broke his collarbone on 10 February. [18] Bloomer recovered and claimed 19 goals from 27 appearances during the campaign.

Derby struggled during the 1894–95 campaign, and Bloomer was limited to 10 goals in 29 league games as County finished in 15th place and forced to play a test match against Notts County at Filbert Street to retain their First Division status. [19] Notts County were leading 1–0 with seven minutes to go, but goals from Goodall and Bloomer gave Derby the win. [19]

Bloomer opened the 1895–96 season by scoring both goals in a 2–0 win over Sunderland in the club's new permanent home at the Baseball Ground (the club had actually already played two first team games at the ground in 1892 due to scheduling conflicts at the County Ground). [20] Derby finished the season in second-place behind Aston Villa and exited the FA Cup at the semi-finals after losing 2–1 to Wolverhampton Wanderers. [21]

While at Derby he was top scorer in the First Division on five occasions in 1896, 1897, 1899, 1901 and 1904. In 1896, together with John Campbell of Aston Villa. He was also the leading "Rams" scorer for 14 consecutive seasons and scored 17 hat-tricks in the league. One of his best seasons came in 1896–97 when he scored 31 goals, including five hat-tricks, in 33 League and FA Cup games. Between 14 November 1896 and 5 April 1897 he scored 21 goals in 20 games. He also scored six goals for the club in a game against Sheffield Wednesday in January 1899.

Bloomer's goals helped Derby finish runners-up in the First Division in 1896 and helped them reach three FA Cup finals in 1898, 1899 and 1903. He scored in the 1898 final, a 3–1 defeat to Nottingham Forest. On 3 September 1900 Bloomer scored the first-ever goal at The Hawthorns, the 1–1 draw against West Bromwich Albion being the first match played at the ground. [22]

Middlesbrough

In March 1906 Bloomer joined Middlesbrough for a fee of £750. Among teammates at his new club were Alf Common, the first £1,000 footballer, and Fred Pentland. He was top-scorer at Middlesbrough in both the 1906–07 and 1907–08 seasons. He also scored four goals in a game against Woolwich Arsenal on 5 January 1907.

Return to Derby County

After four years at Middlesbrough he returned to the Rams in 1910 and helped them win the Second Division title in 1912. He scored his last league goal for Derby against Sheffield United on 6 September 1913 and his last match was against Burnley on 31 January 1914 when he was 40 years and 11 days.

International

Bloomer made his England debut on 3 March 1895, scoring twice in a 9–0 win against Ireland, [19] which helped England win the British Home Championship. He scored in all of his first 10 international appearances, which remains a record for number of consecutive scoring appearances. He netted 19 times during these games, including 5 goals against Wales on 16 March 1896, winning three British Home Championships. He became England's all-time top goalscorer on 2 April 1898, when he surpassed Tinsley Lindley's total of 14 with two goals against Scotland. On 18 March 1901, he scored four goals against Wales, becoming the first player to score two hat-tricks for England and also the first to score four goals for England twice, as England once again won the British Home Championship. At the end of 1901, his goal tally stood at 25 in just 14 games. Bloomer played for England 11 times over the next 6 years, all in the British Home Championship, winning four more, bringing England's total to eight during his career, however he only scored 3 more goals during this period. [23] He captained England once; against Scotland on 3 May 1902. [24] He finished his international career in 1907 as England's longest serving player [23] and England's all-time top goalscorer with 28 goals. He held the record until his tally was overhauled by Vivian Woodward in 1911.

During his international career Bloomer's teammates included his County teammate John Goodall as well as Frank Becton, Jack Reynolds, Ernest Needham, Fred Spiksley, Sam Wolstenholme and Woodward.

Prisoner in Germany

After retiring as a player Bloomer went to Germany in July 1914 to coach Britannia Berlin 92. However within three weeks of arriving the First World War broke out and he found himself interned at Ruhleben, a civilian detention camp in the Spandau district of Berlin. Bloomer was one of several former professional footballers among the detainees. Others included his former England colleague Sam Wolstenholme; his former Middlesbrough teammate Fred Pentland; a Scotland international, John Cameron; John Brearley, once of Everton and Tottenham Hotspur; and a German international, Edwin Dutton, who had previously played for Britannia Berlin 92. [25]

The camp contained between 4,000 and 5,500 prisoners. Gradually a mini-society evolved and football became a popular activity. The Ruhleben Football Association was formed and cup and league competitions were organised with as many as 1,000 attending the bigger games. The teams adopted the names of established teams and in November 1914, Bloomer captained a Tottenham Hotspur XI, that also included Dutton, to victory in a cup final against an Oldham Athletic XI. On 2 May 1915 an England XI featuring Pentland, Wolstenholme, Brearley and Bloomer played a World XI captained by Cameron. Bloomer also played cricket at the camp and in May 1915 a Rubleben XI, featuring Bloomer and Brearley, played a Varsities XI in the Rubleban Cricket League. In July 1916 a Lancashire XI, featuring Bloomer, beat a Yorkshire XI that included Wolstenholme. [26]

In summer the prisoners turned to cricket on 'The Oval', played to packed houses. Bloomer established the camp batting record with an innings 204 and recorded bowling figures of 6 for 15. There was athletics too. Bloomer won the 'Old Age Handicap' at the Ruhleben Olympics, sprinting the 75 yards in 9.6 seconds. Everybody in camp knew 'Steve'. When he finally left Ruhleben in March 1918, a farewell football match was staged in his honour. Bloomer was released to neutral Holland, where he was employed as a coach of Blauw-Wit Amsterdam. He was not allowed to return home until the end of the war. Bloomer later said of his time in Ruhleben, "Myself and many others would not have survived without football."

Coaching career

Immediately after the World War I Bloomer briefly coached Blauw-Wit Amsterdam in The Netherlands. In 1923 he became coach of Real Unión in Spain and subsequently guided them to victory in the 1924 Copa del Rey. During the 1920s the Copa was effectively a play-off to decide the Spanish champions. Teams qualified by winning their regional titles and Real Unión represented Guipuzcoa. Nine other regional champions also qualified and in the first round of the competition Real beat Sevilla FC, the champions of Andalusia, 3–1 on aggregate. In the semi-final they faced the Catalan champions, FC Barcelona, coached by another Englishman, Jack Greenwell. Greenwell's squad included the likes of Paulino Alcántara, Sagibarba and Josep Samitier. Despite this, Real beat FC Barcelona 5–1 after a replay and went on to beat Real Madrid, the champions of central Spain, 1–0 in the final.

Professional Baseball

In 1890 Bloomer played professional baseball for Derby Baseball Club in the National League of Baseball of Great Britain.

Legacy

The bust of Bloomer at Pride Park Bloomer.JPG
The bust of Bloomer at Pride Park

On 17 January 2009, after a long and sustained period of campaigning, a bust of Bloomer was finally unveiled inside Pride Park, Derby. Bloomer's two grandsons, Steve Richards and Alan Quantrill, unveiled the bust in the presence of Bloomer's family and relations, the sculptor Andrew Edwards and thousands of Derby County fans. On 17 January 2009, a bust of Bloomer was unveiled next to the home dugout at Pride Park Stadium. [27] He remains a legend at Derby County and the club anthem, "Steve Bloomer's Watchin'", is played before every home game. He is also listed in the Football League 100 Legends and English Football Hall of Fame.

Real Union held a Steve Bloomer Day on 21 January 2017, to pay tribute to Bloomer and mark his birthday. [28] In recognition of his contribution to both clubs, Real Unión and Derby County met to contest the Steve Bloomer Trophy in a friendly match in Irun on 3 October 2017, in what is intended to become an annual fixture. [29]

On 16 February 2018, a Blue plaque honouring Bloomer was unveiled on Bloomer's former school, in Portland Street, Derby, by the Derby Civic Society, in the presence of the Mayor of Derby, councillor John Whitby. [30] [31] It reads:

Steve Bloomer

1874-1938
Footballer
Played for Derby County FC (1892-1914) and capped 23 times for his Country

Brought up in Portland Street, he received his earliest education in this building

Blue Plaque commemorating the life of Steve Bloomer, sited on the corner of Peartree Street and Portland Street. Blue Plaque commemorating the life of Steve Bloomer.jpg
Blue Plaque commemorating the life of Steve Bloomer, sited on the corner of Peartree Street and Portland Street.

Career statistics

Club

Club performanceLeague FA Cup Total
SeasonClubLeagueAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
1892–93 Derby County First Division 28112811
1893–94 2519202719
1894–95 30 [a] 11 [a] 1031 [a] 11 [a]
1895–96 2522553027
1896–97 2924473331
1897–98 2315352620
1898–99 2824563330
1899–1900 2819203019
1900–01 2724102824
1901–02 2915733618
1902–03 2412212613
1903–04 2920653525
1904–05 2913103013
1905–06 2312302612
1905–06 Middlesbrough First Division 9696
1906–07 3418223620
1907–08 3412103514
1908–09 28142814
1909–10 209212210
1910–11 Derby County Second Division 2820443224
1911–12 3618213819
1912–13 First Division 2913113014
1913–14 521062
Middlesbrough total125595113060
Derby County total4742935038525331
Career total [32] 5993525539655391
 

International

England national team
YearAppsGoals
189523
189626
189734
189812
189934
190011
190125
190230
190411
190531
190721
Total [33] 2328
a. ^ Includes one appearance and one goal in a League Test match.

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References

  1. Seddon 1999, p. 36
  2. Seddon 1999 , p. 12
  3. Seddon 1999 , p. 22
  4. Seddon 1999 , p. 33
  5. Bloomer, S. (n.d.) [1920], "How to Play Inside-Right", How to Play "Soccer", by McWeeney, J. A. (ed.), New York: American Sports Publishing Co., p. 53CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  6. Seddon 1999 , p. 34
  7. Seddon 1999 , p. 37
  8. Seddon 1999 , p. 39
  9. Seddon 1999 , p. 40
  10. Seddon 1999 , p. 41
  11. Seddon 1999 , p. 45
  12. Seddon 1999 , p. 46
  13. Seddon 1999 , p. 52
  14. Seddon 1999 , p. 53
  15. Seddon 1999 , p. 54
  16. Seddon 1999 , p. 55
  17. Seddon 1999 , p. 57
  18. Seddon 1999 , p. 58
  19. 1 2 3 Seddon 1999 , p. 59
  20. Seddon 1999 , p. 62
  21. Seddon 1999 , p. 63
  22. Matthews, Tony (2005). The Who's Who of West Bromwich Albion. Breedon Books. p. 214. ISBN   1-85983-474-4.
  23. 1 2 Steve Bloomer at Englandstats.com
  24. England profile at www.englandfootballonline.com
  25. Brown, Paul (2020). The Ruhleben Football Association: How Steve Bloomer's Footballers Survived a First World War Prison Camp. Goal Post. ISBN   9780995541238.
  26. Bloomer at Ruhleben
  27. "Derby County: Steve Bloomer's watching after statue is unveiled at Pride Park". Derby Evening Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012.
  28. "Spanish club hold 'Steve Bloomer Day' in honour of Derby County legend". ITV News. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  29. Watson, Chris (26 August 2017). "All you need to know about the Steve Bloomer Trophy". Derby Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  30. "Blue plaque unveiled to Derby County football great Steve Bloomer". Derby Telegraph . 16 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  31. Council, Derby City (16 February 2018). "Blue Plaque unveiled for football legend, Steve Bloomer". Derby City Council . Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  32. Seddon 1999 , p. 216
  33. Seddon 1999 , p. 217

Bibliography