Stockach

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Stockach
Stockach2005.jpg
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Coat of arms
Location of Stockach within Konstanz district
Lake ConstanceBodenseekreisWaldshut (district)Schwarzwald-Baar-KreisTuttlingen (district)Sigmaringen (district)AachAllensbachBodman-LudwigshafenBüsingen am HochrheinStockachEigeltingenEngenGaienhofenGailingenGottmadingenHilzingenHohenfelsKonstanzMainauMoosMühlhausen-EhingenMühlingenÖhningenOrsingen-NenzingenRadolfzellReichenauReichenauReichenauReichenauRielasingen-WorblingenSingenSteißlingenStockachTengenVolkertshausenSwitzerlandStockach
Stockach
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Stockach
Baden-Wuerttemberg location map.svg
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Stockach
Coordinates: 47°51′5″N9°0′41″E / 47.85139°N 9.01139°E / 47.85139; 9.01139 Coordinates: 47°51′5″N9°0′41″E / 47.85139°N 9.01139°E / 47.85139; 9.01139
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Konstanz
Subdivisions10
Government
   Mayor Rainer Stolz
Area
  Total69.75 km2 (26.93 sq mi)
Elevation
491 m (1,611 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [1]
  Total17,114
  Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
78333
Dialling codes 07771
Vehicle registration KN
Website www.stockach.de

Stockach is a town in the district of Konstanz, in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Konstanz is a Landkreis (district) in the south of Baden-Württemberg on the German-Swiss border, situated along the shores of Lake Constance. Neighboring districts are Schwarzwald-Baar, Tuttlingen, Sigmaringen and Bodenseekreis. To the south it borders the Swiss cantons of Zurich, Thurgau and Schaffhausen. The municipality of Büsingen am Hochrhein is an exclave of Germany completely surrounded by Swiss territory.

Baden-Württemberg State in Germany

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state, with an area of 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi) and 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly sovereign, federated state which was formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen and Ulm.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

Location

It is situated in the Hegau region, about 5 km northwest of Lake Constance, 13 km north of Radolfzell and 25 km northwest of Konstanz.

Hegau landscape in southern Germany

The Hegau is an extinct volcanic landscape in southern Germany extending around the industrial city of Singen (Hohentwiel), between Lake Constance in the east, the Rhine River in the south, the Danube River in the north and the Randen—as the southwestern mountains of the Swabian Jura are called—in the west. It was first mentioned in A.D. 787 in the Latinised form in pago Egauinsse.

Lake Constance lake in Germany, Switzerland and Austria

Lake Constance is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein. These waterbodies lie within the Lake Constance Basin, which is part of the Alpine Foreland and through which the Rhine flows.

Radolfzell Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Radolfzell am Bodensee is a town in Germany at the western end of Lake Constance approximately 18 km northwest of Konstanz. It is the third largest town, after Constance and Singen, in the district of Konstanz, in Baden-Württemberg.

Stockach includes the central city and 10 villages:

  • Espasingen
  • Hindelwangen
  • Hoppetenzell
  • Mahlspüren im Hegau
  • Mahlspüren im Tal
  • Seelfingen
  • Raithaslach
  • Wahlwies
  • Winterspüren
  • Zizenhausen

History

Arms of the Counts of Nellenburg (extinct 1422) Wappen Nellenburg.png
Arms of the Counts of Nellenburg (extinct 1422)

The Counts of Nellenburg founded Stockach in the 13th century, the town receiving town privileges in 1283. In 1401 to the Landgraviate of Nellenburg owned the towns of Engen, Tengen, Radolfzell, Stockach, 125 villages, 9 abbeys and 4 mailing stations.

Town privileges features of European towns during most of the second millennium

Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium. The city law customary in Central Europe probably dates back to Italian models, which in turn were oriented towards the traditions of the self-administration of Roman cities

Engen, Germany Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Engen is a town in the district of Konstanz, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 12 km northwest of Singen, and 15 km south of Tuttlingen.

Tengen, Germany Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Tengen is a town in the district of Konstanz, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated near the border with Switzerland, 14 kilometres north of Schaffhausen.

The Counts of Nellenburg became extinct in 1422 and their estates were acquired by the House of Habsburg in 1465; hence Stockach was a part of Further Austria until 1805. In the Swabian War of 1499 the troops of the Three Leagues besieged the town but failed to capture it.

House of Habsburg Austrian dynastic family

The House of Habsburg and alternatively called the House of Austria, was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs from 1438 until their extinction in the male line in 1740. The house also produced emperors and kings of Bohemia, Hungary, Croatia, Galicia, Portugal and Spain with their respective colonies, as well as rulers of several principalities in the Netherlands and Italy. From the 16th century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between its Austrian and Spanish branches. Although they ruled distinct territories, they nevertheless maintained close relations and frequently intermarried.

Further Austria historical provinces of the House of Habsburg

Further Austria, Outer Austria or Anterior Austria was the collective name for the early possessions of the House of Habsburg in the former Swabian stem duchy of south-western Germany, including territories in the Alsace region west of the Rhine and in Vorarlberg.

Swabian War War between the Old Swiss Confederacy and the House of Habsburg; Swiss victory

The Swabian War of 1499 was the last major armed conflict between the Old Swiss Confederacy and the House of Habsburg. What had begun as a local conflict over the control of the Val Müstair and the Umbrail Pass in the Grisons soon got out of hand when both parties called upon their allies for help; the Habsburgs demanding the support of the Swabian League, and the Federation of the Three Leagues of the Grisons turning to the Swiss Eidgenossenschaft. Hostilities quickly spread from the Grisons through the Rhine valley to Lake Constance and even to the Sundgau in southern Alsace, the westernmost part of Habsburg Further Austria.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, Elector Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria set fire to Stockach. During the French Revolutionary Wars of the Second Coalition two battles were fought here between the French First Republic and the Habsburg Monarchy in 1799 and 1800. In 1810 Stockach finally fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden.

War of the Spanish Succession 18th-century conflict in Europe

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700. His closest heirs were members of the Austrian Habsburg and French Bourbon families; acquisition of an undivided Spanish Empire by either threatened the European balance of power and thus involved the other leading powers. Related conflicts include Rákóczi's War of Independence in Hungary, the Camisard revolt in Southern France, Queen Anne's War in North America, and minor struggles in Colonial India. The 1700-1721 Great Northern War is viewed as connected but separate.

Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria german noble, Elector of Bavaria (1662-1726)

Maximilian II, also known as Max Emanuel or Maximilian Emanuel, was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. He was also the last governor of the Spanish Netherlands and duke of Luxembourg. An able soldier, his ambition led to conflicts that limited his ultimate dynastic achievements.

French Revolutionary Wars series of conflicts fought between the French Republic and several European monarchies from 1792 to 1802

The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution. They pitted France against Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia and several other monarchies. They are divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (1792–97) and the War of the Second Coalition (1798–1802). Initially confined to Europe, the fighting gradually assumed a global dimension. After a decade of constant warfare and aggressive diplomacy, France had conquered a wide array of territories, from the Italian Peninsula and the Low Countries in Europe to the Louisiana Territory in North America. French success in these conflicts ensured the spread of revolutionary principles over much of Europe.

Court of fools in Stockach Narrengericht Stockach Hansele Narrentreffen Messkirch 2006.jpg
Court of fools in Stockach
Aerial view Luftbild Stockach.JPG
Aerial view

Politics

Parties in the Ratshaus

PartyPercentageSeatsSource
Christian Democratic Union 34.30%11 [2]
Free Voters 33.3810
Social Democratic Party 15.895
Green Party 9.403
Free Democratic Party 7.032

Twin towns

Stockach is twinned with:

Personality

Freeman

Sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked locally

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The Amateurliga Südbaden was the highest football league in the region of the Südbaden FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1945 to the formation of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and the Verbandsliga Südbaden below it in 1978.

Radolfzell–Mengen railway railway line

The Radolfzell–Mengen railway is a branch line in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It runs from Radolfzell via Stockach to Mengen. The line was built as a mainline connection from Ulm via Lake Constance (Bodensee) to Switzerland. Regular passenger services were abandoned between 1972 and 1982. Passenger services were reactivated on the southern section between Radolfzell and Stockach in 1996 and has since been operated under the brand name of Seehäsle. The northern section from Stockach to Mengen is however only used for freight trains and passenger excursion trains. In 2005, it had to be temporarily closed because of the deterioration of the infrastructure on some sections.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. "Endgültiges Wahlergebnis". City of Stockach. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  3. Jörg Braun (jöb): “Nur kein großes Aufheben”. In: Südkurier vom 16. Dezember 2002
  4. Marc Dumitru. Website der AnubisPedia. Abgerufen am 13. März 2010.