Storrs, South Yorkshire

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Storrs
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
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Storrs
Location within Sheffield
Civil parish
  • Bradfield
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S6
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°24′00″N1°33′58″W / 53.400°N 1.566°W / 53.400; -1.566 Coordinates: 53°24′00″N1°33′58″W / 53.400°N 1.566°W / 53.400; -1.566
Village centre seen from Wadsley Common, 2 km to the NE. Storrs village.jpg
Village centre seen from Wadsley Common, 2 km to the NE.
Throstle Nest Cruck Barn Converted Cruck Barn, Throstle Nest Farm, Storrs.jpg
Throstle Nest Cruck Barn
The former chapel is now a private residence Old Chapel, Storrs.JPG
The former chapel is now a private residence

Storrs is a hamlet within the boundaries of the City of Sheffield in England, it is situated 6.5 km (4 miles) west-northwest of the city centre. Storrs is located between the suburb of Stannington and the village of Dungworth in the civil parish of Bradfield at a height of 210 metres above sea level between the Loxley and Rivelin valleys. Although historically a farming settlement, water-powered milling on the Storrs Brook and small scale cutlery making has also taken place in the hamlet.

Hamlet (place) Small human settlement in a rural area

A hamlet is a small human settlement. In different jurisdictions and geographies, hamlets may be the size of a town, village or parish, be considered a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, where the old French hamlet came to apply to small human settlements. In British geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church or other place of worship.

Sheffield City and metropolitan borough in England

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.

Stannington, Sheffield human settlement in United Kingdom

Stannington is a suburb in the City of Sheffield, England. The area is located in the civil parish of Bradfield, and is in the electoral ward of Stannington. Stannington is situated right on the western edge of the Sheffield urban area

Contents

History

The name Storrs is a derivation of the Old Norse word “Storth” which means a wooded place and is commonly found in the names of Viking settlements set up in woodland clearings. One of the first written references to the hamlet was in 1288 when the ancient Hallamshire family of Shaw first became established after Ralph del Shagh became a tenant at a local farm, the surname continued at the same farm for the next four centuries. There was another reference in 1323 when William, the son of Anne Dungworth was admitted to a small farm at Storrs.

Old Norse North Germanic language

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th centuries.

Vikings Norse explorers, warriors, merchants, and pirates

Vikings were Scandinavians, who from the late 8th to late 11th centuries, raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of Europe, and explored westwards to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland. The term is also commonly extended in modern English and other vernaculars to include the inhabitants of Norse home communities during what has become known as the Viking Age, 798–1066 AD. This period of Nordic military, mercantile and demographic expansion constitutes an important element in the early medieval history of Scandinavia, Estonia, the British Isles, France, Kievan Rus' and Sicily.

Hallamshire

Hallamshire is the historical name for an area of South Yorkshire, England, in the current city of Sheffield.

The moors and common land around Storrs was enclosed between 1791 and 1805, the proposal which was put forward by Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk and other landowners in 1787 met with some hostility by “several of the freeholders and inhabitants” as the usage of the land became controlled by the owner. However, none of the challengers to the policy owned enough land to defy the large landowners. [1] In 1881 it was recorded that nine men from Storrs were working at the pot clay drift mine at Load Brook, two km to the west. [2]

Enclosure was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms since the 13th century. Once enclosed, use of the land became restricted and available only to the owner, and it ceased to be common land for communal use. In England and Wales the term is also used for the process that ended the ancient system of arable farming in open fields. Under enclosure, such land is fenced (enclosed) and deeded or entitled to one or more owners. The process of enclosure began to be a widespread feature of the English agricultural landscape during the 16th century. By the 19th century, unenclosed commons had become largely restricted to rough pasture in mountainous areas and to relatively small parts of the lowlands.

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk British nobleman, peer, and politician

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk, styled Earl of Surrey from 1777 to 1786, was a British nobleman, peer, and politician. He was the son of Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk and Catherine Brockholes. Howard was known for actively participating in the Tory party as part of the support for King George III. He also spent a considerable amount of his money rebuilding and refurbishing Arundel Castle after inheriting his title and lands.

A ganister is hard, fine-grained quartzose sandstone, or orthoquartzite, used in the manufacture of silica brick typically used to line furnaces. Ganisters are cemented with secondary silica and typically have a characteristic splintery fracture.

Mills on the Storrs Brook

The Storrs Brook flows just to the south of the hamlet and joins the River Loxley at Rowell Bridge. The brook has been used to power two mills over the years. Storrs Mill dates from 1749 when it was a snuff mill, by 1783 it had been converted into a paper mill and it served as such until the middle of the 19th century. After being used as a corn mill for a time it was unoccupied and disused by 1931. Storrs Mill has now been renovated and is a private residence, the two mill dams are still visible within the grounds. Loxley Wire Mill was situated further downstream, near the brooks confluence with the River Loxley. It dates from 1693 and was used as a cutlers wheel, smelt mill, wire mill and corn mill over the years. It was damaged in the Great Sheffield Flood of 1864, today there are no visible signs. [3]

Snuff (tobacco) smokeless tobacco

Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverised tobacco leaves. It is inhaled or "snuffed" into the nasal cavity, delivering a swift hit of nicotine and a lasting flavoured scent. Traditionally, it is sniffed or inhaled lightly after a pinch of snuff is either placed onto the back surface of the hand, held pinched between thumb and index finger, or held by a specially made "snuffing" device.

Paper mill factory that produces paper

A paper mill is a factory devoted to making paper from vegetable fibres such as wood pulp, old rags and other ingredients. Prior to the invention and adoption of the Fourdrinier machine and other types of paper machine that use an endless belt, all paper in a paper mill was made by hand, one sheet at a time, by specialized laborers.

Cutlery Eating utensils

Cutlery includes any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in Western culture. A person who makes or sells cutlery is called a cutler. The city of Sheffield in England has been famous for the production of cutlery since the 17th century and a train – the Master Cutler – running from Sheffield to London was named after the industry. Bringing affordable cutlery to the masses, stainless steel was developed in Sheffield in the early 20th century.

Buildings and amenities

Many of the present day buildings in Storrs have had a change in usage over the years. The cruck barn at Throstle Nest Farm is a grade II listed building which dates from the 17th century, it has four pairs of crucks within it. The barn has been converted into residential use in recent years and has been available to rent as a holiday cottage. [4] The old Sunday school building was built in 1821 and closed in 1884 when a new chapel was built in the hamlet, it is now in residential use.

Cruck curved timber used as roof support

A cruck or crook frame is a curved timber, one of a pair, which supports the roof of a building, used particularly in England. This type of timber framing consists of long, generally naturally curved, timber members that lean inwards and form the ridge of the roof. These posts are then generally secured by a horizontal beam which then forms an "A" shape. Several of these "crooks" are constructed on the ground and then lifted into position. They are then joined together by either solid walls or cross beams which aid in preventing racking.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Sunday school Christian educational institution

A Sunday school is an educational institution, usually Christian in character. They were first set up in the 1780s in England to provide education to working children. Today, Sunday school has become the generic name for many different types of religious education pursued and conducted on Sundays by various denominations.

Storrs Chapel built in 1884 and closed in 1975 is also now a private residence known as Wesley House, the village shop also underwent the same fate when it closed in the 1960s. Chapel cottages and Storrs Green cottages are both long-standing groups of housing, Chapel cottages was built in the latter part of the 1700s, a cutlers shop operated at the rear at one stage. Storrs House Farm has operated a boarding cattery for many years. Storrs Hall was the home for a time of Thomas Wragg, owner of the nearby fire brick factory. [2] Other buildings in the hamlet include Storrs Green Farm, which is still a working farm, Storrs Grange Farm, and Hazelhurst Farm. [5]

Cattery facility where cats are housed

A cattery is where cats are commercially housed. Catteries come in two varieties – boarding catteries and breeding catteries.

Fire brick

A fire brick, firebrick, or refractory brick is a block of refractory ceramic material used in lining furnaces, kilns, fireboxes, and fireplaces. A refractory brick is built primarily to withstand high temperature, but will also usually have a low thermal conductivity for greater energy efficiency. Usually dense firebricks are used in applications with extreme mechanical, chemical, or thermal stresses, such as the inside of a wood-fired kiln or a furnace, which is subject to abrasion from wood, fluxing from ash or slag, and high temperatures. In other, less harsh situations, such as in an electric or natural gas fired kiln, more porous bricks, commonly known as "kiln bricks" are a better choice. They are weaker, but they are much lighter, easier to form, and insulate far better than dense bricks. In any case, firebricks should not spall, and their strength should hold up well during rapid temperature changes.

Storrs Park is a small recreation area for the community, it is located at the junction of Storrs Lane and Lee Moor Lane. The park consists of a few children's swings and an area of grass on land leased and maintained by Bradfield Parish Council. There is no public transport for the hamlet, although the 762 school bus service passes through to take pupils to Bradfield School at Worrall. [6]

Related Research Articles

High Bradfield village in the United Kingdom

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Low Bradfield village in the United Kingdom

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River Loxley river in the United Kingdom

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Worrall village in United Kingdom

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Whirlow human settlement in United Kingdom

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Wadsley suburb if Sheffield, England

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Owlerton

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Loxley, South Yorkshire village in the United Kingdom

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Dungworth village in United Kingdom

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Little Matlock Rolling Mill

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Upper Midhope village in United Kingdom

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Whirlow Hall Farm

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Stumperlowe Cottage

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Holdworth human settlement in the United Kingdom

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Brightholmlee

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Ughill human settlement in the United Kingdom

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Fulwood, Sheffield residential suburb of the City of Sheffield

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Bradfield Dale

Bradfield Dale is a rural valley which lies 12 km west-northwest of the City of Sheffield in England. The valley stands within the north eastern boundary of the Peak District National Park just to the west of the village of Low Bradfield. The dale is drained by the Strines Dike which becomes the Dale Dike lower down the valley, these being the headwaters of the River Loxley. The dale contains two reservoirs Strines and Dale Dike, and a third Agden Reservoir stands in a side valley just above Low Bradfield. The dale is characterised by agricultural land interspersed with farming and residential buildings. It is approximately 5 km in length from its foot at Low Bradfield to its head on Strines Moor.

References

  1. "Historic Hallamshire", David Hey, Landmark Collectors Library, ISBN   1 84306 049 3, pages 79, 86, 87, 102, Gives historical details.
  2. 1 2 "The Forgotten Mines Of Sheffield", Ray Battye, ALD Design & Print, ISBN   1 901 587 40 1, pages 68 & 69, Gives details of miners and Thomas Wragg.
  3. "Water Power On The Sheffield Rivers", David Crossley (editor), STHS, ISBN   0 950660 12 4, pages 32, 33, Gives details of mills.
  4. Images of England Gives details of Throstle Nest Farm Cruck Barn.
  5. "Around Bradfield, Loxley and Hillsborough", Malcolm Nunn, Chalford, ISBN   0 7524 0671 X, pages 48 - 50, Gives details of buildings.
  6. Travel South Yorkshire Gives details of Bradfield School bus service.