Strandebarm

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Strandebarm kommune
Former Municipality
Norway Hordaland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Strandebarm kommune
Location in Hordaland county
Coordinates: 60°17′N06°01′E / 60.283°N 6.017°E / 60.283; 6.017 Coordinates: 60°17′N06°01′E / 60.283°N 6.017°E / 60.283; 6.017
Country Norway
Region Western Norway
County Hordaland
District Hardanger
Municipality ID NO-1226
Adm. Center Bru
Population (1964)
  Total1,628
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Created as Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Merged into Kvam in 1965

Strandebarm is a former municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The original municipality was large, spanning both sides of the central part of the Hardangerfjorden. It also included the island of Varaldsøy. Over time, the municipality was divided and by the time of its dissolution in 1965, it was 112 square kilometres (43 sq mi). The municipality included land in the present-day municipalities of Jondal, Kvam, and Kvinnherad. The administrative center of the municipality was the village of Bru, where Strandebarm Church is located. [1]

Hordaland County (fylke) of Norway

Hordaland is a county in Norway, bordering Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark, and Rogaland counties. Hordaland is the third largest county after Akershus and Oslo by population. The county government is the Hordaland County Municipality which is located in Bergen. Before 1972, the city of Bergen was its own separate county apart from Hordaland.

Norway constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Jondal Municipality in Hordaland, Norway

Jondal is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located on the Folgefonna peninsula in the Hardanger district, on the eastern shore of the Hardangerfjorden. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Jondal. Other villages in Jondal include Herand, Kysnesstranda, and Torsnes.

One of the larger industries in the municipality was shipbuilding, centered at the village of Omastranda, where the company Fjellstrand A.S. is headquartered.

Shipbuilding construction of ships and floating vessels

Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels. It normally takes place in a specialized facility known as a shipyard. Shipbuilders, also called shipwrights, follow a specialized occupation that traces its roots to before recorded history.

The Norwegian writer Hans E. Kinck lived in Strandebarm for many years, and is said to have used the village as setting and inspiration for his novel Den nye kapellanen ("The New Vicar").

Hans E. Kinck Norwegian writer

Hans Ernst Kinck was a Norwegian author and philologist who wrote novels, short stories, dramas, and essays. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature seven times.

History

The parish of Strandebarm was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1863, most of Strandebarm located on the eastern shore of the Hardangerfjorden (population: 1,663) was separated from Strandebarm to constitute the new municipality of Jondal. This left Strandebarm with 2,200 residents. Then on 1 January 1902, the southern district (population: 848) was separated to become the new municipality of Varaldsøy, leaving Strandebarm with a population of 1,661.

A prestegjeld was a geographic and administrative area within the Church of Norway roughly equivalent to a parish. This traditional designation was in use for centuries to divide the kingdom into ecclesiastical areas that were led by a parish priest. Prestegjelds began in the 1400s and were officially discontinued in 2012.

Formannskapsdistrikt is the name for Norwegian local self-government districts that were legally enacted on 1 January 1838. This system of municipalities was created in a bill approved by the Parliament of Norway and signed into law by King Carl Johan on 14 January 1837. The formannskaps law, which fulfilled an express requirement of the Constitution of Norway, required that every parish form a formannsskapsdistrikt (municipality) on 1 January 1838. In this way, the parishes of the state Church of Norway became worldly, administrative districts as well. In total, 396 formannsskapsdistrikts were created under this law, and different types of formannskapsdistrikts were created, also:

Varaldsøy (municipality) Former Municipality in Western Norway, Norway

Varaldsøy is a former municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The 83-square-kilometre (32 sq mi) municipality encompassed the whole island of Varaldsøy and a 2-to-3-kilometre wide strip of the mainland northwest and west of the island. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village area of Varaldsøy on the southern part of the island, where Varaldsøy Church is located.

On 1 January 1965, there were many major municipal changes as a result of the work of the Schei Committee, and Strandebarm municipality ceased to exist. The district of Kysnesstranda (population: 100) on the east side of the fjord was incorporated into Jondal municipality. The rest of Strandebarm (population: 1,545) was incorporated into Kvam, its neighboring municipality to the north. [2]

The Schei Committee was a committee named by the Government of Norway to look into the organization of municipalities in Norway post-World War II.

Kysnesstranda Village in Western Norway, Norway

Kysnesstranda is a village in the Jondal municipality, Hordaland county, Norway. The village lies along the southern shore of the Hardangerfjorden. The village lies about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the municipal centre of Jondal.

Kvam Municipality in Hordaland, Norway

Kvam is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality is located along the Hardangerfjorden in the traditional district of Hardanger. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Norheimsund. Other larger settlements in the municipality include Øystese, Bru, Ålvik, Tørvikbygd, Omastranda, and Mundheim. Historically, the municipality was named Vikør.

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Kvinnherad Municipality in Hordaland, Norway

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Ogndal Former municipality in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway

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Mundheim Village in Western Norway, Norway

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Bru, Hordaland Village in Western Norway, Norway

Bru or Ploganes is a village in the municipality of Kvam in Hordaland county, Norway. It's located in the Strandebarm area, on the northern shore of the Hardangerfjorden. It is located about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of the village of Omastranda and about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest from the village of Kysnesstranda in Jondal Municipality.

Hatlestrand Village in Western Norway, Norway

Hatlestrand is a village in Kvinnherad municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The village is located along the Hardangerfjorden, northeast of the villages of Husa and Ølve. The village has a ferry port called Gjermundshamn, which has regular ferry connections to the island of Varaldsøy and to Årsnes on the opposite side of the fjord. Hatlestrand Church is located in the village.

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Jondal is the administrative centre of Jondal municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The village is located on the southern shore of the Hardangerfjorden, about 55 kilometres (34 mi) southeast of the city of Bergen. It is located on the Folgefonna peninsula, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) northwest of the Folgefonna glacier in Folgefonna National Park. The village of Kysnesstranda lies about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) to the south. The 0.59-square-kilometre (150-acre) village has a population (2013) of 379, giving the village a population density of 642 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,660/sq mi).

Jondal Church Church in Hordaland, Norway

Jondal Church is a parish church in Jondal municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Jondal, near the shore of the Hardangerfjorden. The church is part of the Jondal parish in the Hardanger og Voss deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin. Seating about 700 people, it is the largest church in Hardanger, leading it to sometimes be called the Hardanger Cathedral.

Vikøy Village in Western Norway, Norway

Vikøy is a village in Kvam municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The village is located on the shore of the Hardangerfjorden, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the municipal centre of Norheimsund. The village is the site of the Vikøy Church. It is also where the old Vikøy Stave Church stood for several centuries until 1863 when it was torn down. The municipality of Kvam was historically called Vikør, named after this village since it was the site of the local church. The spelling was later changed to Vikøy. The old vicarage at Vikøy is now a museum. One of the buildings is called "Borgstova". The museum is open on Wednesdays in the summer. You can often find characters dressed in period clothing cooking krotekaker on those days.

Strandebarm Church Church in Hordaland, Norway

Strandebarm Church is a parish church in Kvam municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Bru. The church is part of the Strandebarm parish in the Hardanger og Voss deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin. Historically, this was the main church for the old Strandebarm municipality.

Tørvikbygd is a village in Kvam municipality Hardanger, Hordaland, Norway. The village is located on the west side of Hardanger Fjord, around 13 km south of the community center Norheimsund.

Beitstad (municipality) Former municipality in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway

Beitstad is a former municipality in what was Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway. The 201-square-kilometre (78 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality encompassed what is now the northeastern part of the municipality of Steinkjer in Trøndelag county. Beitstad was originally quite large, but by 1964, it included the areas east of the Beitstadsundet and Hjellbotn bay and north of the inner-most parts of the Trondheimsfjorden. The administrative centre was the village of Beitstad where Beitstad Church is located.

References

  1. Store norske leksikon. "Strandebarm" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-06-21.
  2. Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.