Strzelno

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Strzelno
Widok - kosciola p.w. Sw. Trojcy w Strzelnie - panoramio (2).jpg
Norbertine monastery complex with the Holy Trinity Church (right) and Saint Procopius Church (left)
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Coat of arms
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Strzelno
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship location map.svg
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Strzelno
Coordinates: 52°37′46″N18°10′12″E / 52.62944°N 18.17000°E / 52.62944; 18.17000
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Mogilno
Gmina Strzelno
Area
  Total4.46 km2 (1.72 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total6,054
  Density1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
88-320
Vehicle registration CMG
Website http://www.strzelno.pl

Strzelno [ˈstʂɛlnɔ] (German : Strelno) is a town in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The town is located 18 km (11.18 mi) south of Inowrocław. According to the June 2005 Census, the population numbered 12,486. It is located in the historic region of Kuyavia.

Contents

History

Privilege of Pope Celestine III for the monastery in Strzelno issued in Rome in 1193. Bulla Celestyna III z 1193 roku w sprawie klasztoru Norbertanek w Sztrzelnie.jpg
Privilege of Pope Celestine III for the monastery in Strzelno issued in Rome in 1193.

Establishment of the town is connected to Piotr Włostowic, a 12th-century Polish noble and voivode of Polish monarch Bolesław III Wrymouth. He is considered the founder of the Church of St. Cross. In the 1180s, in what was then the village Strzelno, a Norbertine nuns convent was founded. The monastery church originally bore the name church of St. Trinity, in later years the name was extended to St. Trinity and the Blessed Virgin Mary. Strzelno received town rights in 1231.

During the German occupation of Poland (World War II), the Polish population was subjected to mass arrests, deportations, murder and expulsions. Many Poles, including activists and teachers, were either murdered or deported to Nazi concentration camps during the Intelligenzaktion . In 1939, the families of the victims, as well as owners of larger houses, shops, workshops and barbershops were expelled to the General Government, and their property was handed over to Germans as part of the Lebensraum policy. [1] In 1940 the Gestapo carried out massacres of around 200 Poles in the nearby Kurzebiela forest. [2]

Landmarks

The Norbertine monastery complex with the Romanesque Saint Procopius Church and the Romanesque-Gothic-Baroque Holy Trinity Church is listed as a Historic Monument of Poland. [3] The 12th-century church of Saint Procopius, in the shape of a Romanesque rotunda, is considered to be one of the best preserved original churches in Poland. There is a museum in the monastery.

Sports

Notable people

Born in Strzelno:

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References

  1. Maria Wardzyńska, Wysiedlenia ludności polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich włączonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945, IPN, Warszawa, 2017, p. 169 (in Polish)
  2. Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 182 (in Polish)
  3. Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 20 kwietnia 2018 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Strzelno - zespół dawnego klasztoru Norbertanek" , Dz. U. z 2018 r. poz. 981


Coordinates: 52°37′N18°10′E / 52.617°N 18.167°E / 52.617; 18.167