Studebaker Big Six

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1920 advertisement for the Studebaker Big Six touring car Studebaker1920.jpg
1920 advertisement for the Studebaker Big Six touring car

The Studebaker Big Six was an automobile produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana between 1918 and 1926, being designated the Model EG (1918–21), the EK (1922–24) and the EP (1925–26). [1] In 1927, it was renamed the President (ES) pending introduction of a smaller and smoother straight-eight engine for new top-of-the-range models after January 1928. [2]

Contents

Early models

1919 Big Six at 475,000 miles Studebaker National Museum May 2014 024 (1919 Studebaker Big Six).jpg
1919 Big Six at 475,000 miles
1924 illuminated tiled display for Big Six touring car in Seville Azulejo del Studebaker.jpg
1924 illuminated tiled display for Big Six touring car in Seville

All Studebaker models for 1918 represented an important milestone for the automaker because they represented a clean break from the legacy of E-M-F Studebaker had been producing.[ citation needed ]

Between 1918 and 1920, the Big Six was offered only as a four-door touring car, the most popular body style for automobiles at the time.[ citation needed ] As the price of enclosed cars came down and consumers discovered the benefits of closed and semi-closed passenger compartments, a wider variety of body styles was made available beginning with the 1921 model year. By 1926, the Big Six was available in a variety of body styles, including a dual-cowl Phaeton and a Berline (sedan).[ citation needed ]

1918 and 1919 Big Sixes were powered by Studebaker's 354 in³ (5.8-liter) Straight-6 engine, which produced 60 bhp (45 kW) at 2000 rpm.[ citation needed ] By 1926, the engine was delivering 75 bhp (56 kW) at 2400 rpm. The car's wheelbase was varied between 1918 120 in (3,048 mm) and 1926 when the car was available in either short 120 in (3,048 mm) or long 127 in (3,226 mm) wheelbases.[ citation needed ]

Studebaker's EK Big Six was popular with rum runners, for its large size and ability to reach up to 80 mph (130 km/h); its C$3000 price was not a deterrent. [3]

1920s production

1923 Big Six 1923 Studebaker Big Six (9711943885).jpg
1923 Big Six

In the 1920s, twelve of the fourteen Arizona counties issued Studebakers to their sheriffs, because of their reputation for power, reliability, and ability to withstand hard use and bad roads. In 1925, the company published a pamphlet about the Arizona sheriffs' Studebakers, and named their Big Six Sport Phaeton model the Sheriff. One of the Arizona sheriffs' Big Six cars has been restored, and is on display at the Arizona Historical Society museum in Tucson. [4]

At the 1924 New York Auto Show, Studebaker featured a 1918 Big Six that had a verified odometer reading of over 500,000 miles (800,000 km), as a testament to the longevity and durability of Studebaker vehicles.

Big Six President

1927 Big Six President limousine 1927 Studebaker President Limousine (394185760).jpg
1927 Big Six President limousine

In 1927, the model gained the transitional model name Big Six President as Studebaker began the process of converting all of its model names away from engine-type-based, and towards the more evocative Dictator (Standard Six) and Commander (Special Six). In the case of the Big Six President, 1928 would mark the introduction of Studebaker's famed 313-in³ Straight-8 which developed 100 bhp (75 kW) at 2600 rpm. The larger straight-six engine was utilised in the GB Commander before being replaced with a 248-in³ engine in 1929, marking the end of the line for the famous Big Six.

These sixes were the last descendants of rugged cars designed for poor roads in the early 20th century—loaded with torque and massively strong in construction. They were not suited to the higher cruising speeds which were made possible by better roads in later years. [5]

1926 Big Six 1926 Studebaker Big Six Sedan - fvr (4637313309).jpg
1926 Big Six

Standard Big Six Sedan specifications (1926 data)

1926 Big Six 1926 Studebaker Big Six Sedan - eng (4637320757).jpg
1926 Big Six

Standard equipment

1926 Boyce Moto-Meter 1926 Studebaker Big Six Sedan - detail (4637320323).jpg
1926 Boyce Moto-Meter

New car price included the following items:

1925 interior 1925 Studebaker California sedan (6712909665).jpg
1925 interior

Optional equipment

The following was available in new models at an extra cost:

See also

Sources

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References

  1. Model data at Studebaker Drivers' Club website
  2. Maurice D. Hendry Studebaker: One can do a lot of remembering at South Bend in Automobile Quarterly, Vol X, No 3, 1972, p. 239
  3. Windsor Public Library online (retrieved 13 June 2017)
  4. History of Pima County Sheriff's Department Archived 2008-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Maurice D. Hendry Studebaker: One can do a lot of remembering at South Bend in Automobile Quarterly, Vol X, No 3, 1972, p. 259

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