Studio Ghibli

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Studio Ghibli Inc.
Native name
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Romanized name
Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Jiburi
Type Kabushiki gaisha
IndustryMotion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
Predecessor Topcraft
FoundedJune 15, 1985;36 years ago (1985-06-15)
in Tokyo, Japan
Founders
Headquarters,
Japan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Koji Hoshino
(Chairman)
Kiyofumi Nakajima
(President)
Hayao Miyazaki
(Director)
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
Products Animated feature films, television films, commercials, live-action films
¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥15.77 billion (2011)
Number of employees
150 (2016)
Parent Tokuma Shoten (1985–2005)
Independent (2005–present)
Website www.ghibli.jp

Studio Ghibli Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社スタジオジブリ, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Sutajio Jiburi) is a Japanese animation film studio headquartered in Koganei , Tokyo. [1] The studio is best known for its animated feature films, and has also produced several short subjects, television commercials, and one television film. The studio's mascot and most recognizable symbol is a character named Totoro, who is a giant cat-like spirit from the 1988 anime film My Neighbor Totoro . Among Studio Ghibli's highest-grossing films are Spirited Away (2001), Howl's Moving Castle (2004) and Ponyo (2008). [2] The studio was founded on June 15, 1985 by directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and producer Toshio Suzuki , after the successful performance of Topcraft's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984). It has also collaborated with video game studios on the visual development of several video games. [3]

Contents

Five of the studio's films are among the 10 highest-grossing anime feature films made in Japan, with Spirited Away being number two, grossing over US$380 million at the worldwide box office. Many of their works have won the Animage Grand Prix award. Four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. Five of the studio's films have received Academy Award nominations. Spirited Away won the 2002 Golden Bear and the 2003 Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film. [4]

On August 3, 2014, Studio Ghibli temporarily suspended production, following the retirement of Miyazaki. In February 2017, Suzuki announced that Miyazaki had come out of retirement again to direct a new feature film entitled How Do You Live? .

Name

The name "Ghibli" was chosen by Miyazaki from the Italian noun ghibli (also used in English), based on the Libyan Arabic name for hot desert wind (قبلي, 'ghiblī'), the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry". [5] [6] It also refers to an Italian aircraft, the Caproni Ca.309. Although the Italian word would be more accurately transliterated as 'Giburi' (ギブリ), with a hard g sound, the studio is romanised in Japanese as Jiburi (ジブリ, [dʑiꜜbɯɾi] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )). [5]

History

Tokuma Shoten era

Hayao Miyazaki cropped 1 Hayao Miyazaki 201211.jpg
Isao Takahata.jpg
Toshio Suzuki, Howl's Moving Castle premiere.jpg
Three of the four founders of Studio Ghibli. From top to bottom:
Hayao Miyazaki,
Isao Takahata,
Toshio Suzuki

Founded on June 15, 1985, the studio was headed by directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun in 1968 and the Panda! Go, Panda! films in 1972 and 1973, and in 1978, Suzuki became an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine, where the first film he chose was Horus. A year after his phone call with Takahata and his first encounter with Miyazaki, both about Horus, he made a phone call about the first film Miyazaki ever directed: The Castle of Cagliostro .

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind , written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version. [6] [7] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies ). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondō, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team". [8] At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo. [9]

In August 1996, The Walt Disney Company and Tokuma Shoten formed a partnership wherein Walt Disney Studios would be the sole international distributor for Tokuma Shoten's Studio Ghibli animated films. [10] Under this agreement, Disney also agreed to finance 10% of the studio's production costs. [11] Since then, all three aforementioned films by Miyazaki at Studio Ghibli that were previously dubbed by Streamline Pictures have been re-dubbed by Disney. [12] On June 1, 1997, Tokuma Shoten Publishing consolidated its media operations by merging Studio Ghibli, Tokuma Shoten Intermedia software and Tokuma International under one location. [13]

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Saeko Himuro's novel Umi ga Kikoeru was serialised in the magazine and subsequently adapted into Ocean Waves , Studio Ghibli's first animated feature-length film created for television. It was directed by Tomomi Mochizuki. [14]

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Mitaka, Tokyo. [15] It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts". [16]

Independent era

Between 1999 and 2005, Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary brand of Tokuma Shoten; however, that partnership ended in April 2005, when Studio Ghibli was spun off from Tokuma Shoten and was re-established as an independent company with relocated headquarters.

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996 and has also aided the release of the Princess Mononoke film in the United States. [17] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011. [18]

Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) The Tale of the Princess Kaguya – an adaptation of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter . The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films was The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder. [19]

On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious." [20]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime television series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya , an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli. [21] [22]

In March 2014, Toshio Suzuki retired as producer and assumed the new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role. [23]

On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future. [24] [25] [26] [27] This led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features." [28] Lead producer Yoshiaki Nishimura among several other staffers from Ghibli, such as director Hiromasa Yonebayashi, left to found Studio Ponoc in April 2015, working on the film Mary and the Witch's Flower .

The 2016 animated fantasy film The Red Turtle , directed and co-written by Dutch-British animator Michaël Dudok de Wit in his feature film debut, was a co-production between Studio Ghibli and Wild Bunch. [29]

In February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Hayao Miyazaki had come out of retirement to direct a new feature film with Studio Ghibli. [30]

On November 28, 2017, Koji Hoshino stepped down as president; he was replaced by Kiyofumi Nakajima (former Ghibli Museum director). Hoshino was then appointed as Chairman of Studio Ghibli. [31] [32]

In May 2020, Toshio Suzuki confirmed that a new film from Gorō Miyazaki is in development at Studio Ghibli. On June 3, 2020, Studio Ghibli announced that the film would be an adaptation of the novel Earwig and the Witch by Diana Wynne Jones. The film was announced as the first full 3D CG animated Ghibli film and slated for a television premiere on NHK in late 2020. [33]

Distribution rights

Theatrical and home media rights

Japan

In Japan, the company's films (along with The Castle of Cagliostro and all other Lupin the Third titles for movie theaters as well as Mary and the Witch's Flower ) are distributed by Toho theatrically, except for Castle in the Sky , Kiki's Delivery Service (which were distributed by Toei Company along with Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind , with Toei producing The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun ), and My Neighbors the Yamadas , which was distributed by Shochiku. For home media, Walt Disney Studios Japan released Ghibli's films along with Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind , The Castle of Cagliostro and Mary and the Witch's Flower . [34] Before the Disney deal, Tokuma Shoten released Ghibli movies themselves through their "Animage Video" imprint, as well as all Laserdisc releases of the movies, as the Disney deal did not include that format.

North America

Manson International and Showmen, Inc. produced a 95-minute English dub of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind , titled Warriors of the Wind, which was released theatrically in the United States by New World Pictures on June 13, 1985, followed by a VHS release in December 1985. [35] In the late 1980s, Vestron Video would re-release the film and First Independent Video would re-release it again in 1993, with another minute cut from the film. The voice actors and actresses were not credited and were not even informed of the film's plot line, and the film was heavily edited to market it as a children's action-adventure film, although the film received a PG rating just like Disney's later English dub. [36] Due to the heavy editing of the film in an attempt to appeal to American audiences, much of Nausicaä was cut out, including much of the environmentalist themes, which were diluted. The main subplot of the Ohmu was similarly altered to arguably portray them as aggressive. Most of the characters' names were changed, including the titular character who became Princess Zandra. The United States poster and VHS cover featured a cadre of male characters who are not in the film, riding the resurrected God Warrior—including a still-living Warrior shown briefly in a flashback. Overall, approximately 22 minutes was cut for North American release. [36] Warriors of the Wind also prompted Miyazaki to allow translator Toren Smith of Studio Proteus to create an official, faithful translation of the Nausicaä manga for Viz Media. [37]

In the late 1980s, an English dub of Castle in the Sky was produced by Magnum Video Tape and Dubbing [38] for international Japan Airlines flights at the request of Tokuma Shoten. The Castle dub was briefly screened in the United States by Streamline Pictures. Carl Macek, the head of Streamline, was disappointed with this dub, deeming it "adequate, but clumsy". [39] Following this, Tokuma allowed Streamline to dub their future acquisitions My Neighbor Totoro and Kiki's Delivery Service . In April 1993, Troma Films, under their 50th St. Films banner, distributed the Totoro dub as a theatrical release, and the dub was later released onto VHS and eventually onto DVD by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. In the early 1990s, an English dub of Porco Rosso was produced by an unknown company, again for international Japan Airlines flights. The original dubs can be seen on the 1996 Ghibli ga Ippai Laserdisc set, and on the initial copies for the Japanese DVD releases of Totoro, Laputa and Porco.

In 1996, Ghibli joined teams with Buena Vista International, an entertainment distribution company that is a part of The Walt Disney Company, allowing the studio greater access to international audiences and promotions, including Disney-sponsored English-dubbed versions of original films. Ghibli's partnership with Buena Vista provided the opportunity to expand its fanbase and bring full marketing efforts and promotional efforts to the US and Europe, with English dubs. Disney was able to pick the English dub voice actors, sometimes picking their own budding stars, while other times, picking relatively unknown actors, so the main draw of the movies would be the Studio and the directors. This way, international fans in the US and Europe gained recognition of the studio name and many fans became more invested by picking their favorite of the Ghibli recurring directors, particularly Hayao Miyazaki or Isao Takahata. [40]

Both Miyazaki and Takahata maintain specific personal animation styles, and can be recognized for their art throughout their careers. The consistency of their respective animation styles has also helped push Studio Ghibli movies into the mainstream overseas, since fans tend to become loyal to their favorite style of animation. Another factor that helped Studio Ghibli gain international popularity is the nostalgia that fans often speak of in reference to their favorite films, especially those by Miyazaki, the most prolific director under the Studio. Miyazaki has maintained a very similar animation style throughout his career, which can even be seen in his first film, Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind (1984). Since, Miyazaki has directed many of the most popular and famous Ghibli films, including My Neighbor Totoro (1988) and Spirited Away (2001), he has effectively become the face of the studio, especially with foreign audiences (besides the official mascot, Totoro). [40]

In 1996, Walt Disney Studios acquired worldwide distribution rights to the Studio Ghibli library, with Disney redubbing all previously dubbed films. [10] [41] In addition, Walt Disney Studios Japan agreed to contribute 10% of the funding for all future releases, starting with My Neighbors the Yamadas , in exchange for right of first refusal regarding international distribution. [11] Disney continues with this practice to this day, even extending it to the works of Studio Ponoc and to co-productions like The Red Turtle in Japan. It was said to have taken four years for Disney and Studio Ghibli to reach a distribution deal. Originally, the Ghibli films were meant to headline a line of videos called Animation Celebration, highlighting critically acclaimed animated films from around the world. These plans never materialized in full, but the Animation Celebration logo can be seen on Disney's original VHS release of Kiki's Delivery Service . During Disney's tenure, the studio produced the English dubs and released 15 of Ghibli's films, plus Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind through the Walt Disney Pictures, Buena Vista Home Video, Miramax and Touchstone Pictures banners. [42]

Disney and Ghibli have also selectively chosen not to promote and record an English-dubbed version for films and works deemed less internationally marketable, including some of Takahata's more developmental and obscure pieces. [40] Although the Studio has a "No cuts" policy in terms of international versions and dubs, this does not apply to promotional posters, etc., for which the film makers collaborate with Disney to produce cultural appropriate international versions. The Studio has not shied away from slight rebranding on the international stage in order to convey slightly tweaked promotional imagery for different cultural norms. One example of these slight tweaks to international promotional materials can be seen between the Japanese and English versions of the movie poster for Spirited Away (2001). For American and other English-speaking audiences, the name of the film was changed from the Japanese version, which directly translates roughly to, "The Disappearance of Chihiro and Sen", to Spirited Away to suggest more mystical, otherworldly themes, since the direct Japanese translation could be taken to mean that Chihiro/Sen disappeared due to some more dangerous reason. On the American movie poster, more pictures of spirits from the film were added to the background to further pique the viewer's interest with more supernatural themes, creating an association between the pictures spirits and what most American people would think of as "ghosts". For the Japanese poster, there are fewer spirits as the Japanese Shinto religion normalizes the existence of spirits, so less emphasis is needed to convey the importance of non-human spirits. Also, Disney enlarged the "Studio Ghibli" and "Hayao Miyazaki" labels on the poster, helping to bring greater awareness to the studio through the success of Spirited Away. [43]

In 2011, GKIDS acquired the North American theatrical distribution rights of the aforementioned Ghibli films, with Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment retaining the home video rights. [44] Afterwards, in 2013, GKIDS acquired the US and Canadian distribution rights to From Up on Poppy Hill . The film, which Disney passed on to GKIDS due to dealing with potential incest, marked the first time since 1996 that Disney handed a Studio Ghibli film off to another distributor. Afterwards, GKIDS would go on to distribute the films Disney found to be too mature or unmarketable for American audiences: Only Yesterday , Ocean Waves , The Tale of the Princess Kaguya and When Marnie Was There . Finally, in July 2017, Disney relinquished its home video rights (with the exception of The Wind Rises, which remained with Disney until 2020 due to a distribution clause) to GKIDS, which currently handles all theatrical and home media distribution of Ghibli films in North America along with Mary and the Witch's Flower . [41] Nevertheless, Disney still continues to handle select distribution in Japan (home media) and Taiwan.

GKIDS' home media releases have been handled by multiple distributors. Cinedigm distributed the home media release of Poppy Hill, Universal Pictures Home Entertainment distributed the home media releases of Kaguya, Marnie, Mary, Yesterday and Waves, and Shout! Factory all subsequent releases thus far. The Ghibli films owned by GKIDS were made available for digital purchases on most major services in the United States and Canada on December 17, 2019 through Shout! Factory. [45]

Beginning in May 2020, Studio Ghibli's catalogue is available for streaming on HBO Max. [46]

Ghibli also partnered with the Walt Disney Company in 2010 to help produce The Secret World of Arrietty, a feature-length film inspired by the British novel, The Borrowers , written by Mary Norton in 1952. [47] To help introduce Ghibli to a new generation of American children, the film was promoted to American children on the popular TV channel, Disney Channel. The (American) English dubbed version also included the voices of well-known Disney Channel original TV-show stars from that time, including Bridgit Mendler, from Good Luck Charlie and David Henrie from Wizards of Waverly Place . [48]

Ghibli has also capitalized on its success by offering film and character-inspired merchandise for purchase in several countries, including the US. They have now partnered with Amazon to create an official merchandise line available for fans around the globe. This merchandise is distributed from Japan. This includes stickers, stuffed animals, figurines, posters and more.

In terms of international awards, Ghibli has also performed well, receiving an Oscar for Spirited Away (2001) at the 75th Academy Awards for Best Animated Feature. At the time, in 2003, it was the first film to win this award which was originally produced in a language other than English. [49]

Internationally

Outside Japan and North America since 2003, Wild Bunch has held international sales rights to Ghibli's film library and serves as a distributor itself in France and Belgium. [50] The company also sells distribution rights to separate distributors across the world, including The Walt Disney Company (Taiwan), StudioCanal UK (United Kingdom and Ireland) [lower-alpha 1] , Universum Film (Germany), Lucky Red (Italy), Vértigo Films (Spain) [lower-alpha 2] and Madman Entertainment (Australia and New Zealand).

Notably, The Secret World of Arrietty received a second dub exclusive to the United Kingdom, produced by StudioCanal, likely due to the film's origins being from Mary Norton's British novel The Borrowers .

Disney formerly held the international sales rights as well until Wild Bunch's purchase in 2003. Disney kept the French distribution rights to Ghibli's library until September 2020, when it had expired and transitioned off to Wild Bunch. [51]

Currently, several films are also available for streaming on Netflix in all countries except for the US, Canada, Japan, and China. [52]

Streaming rights

Prior to 2019, Studio Ghibli opted not to make its films available digitally, feeling that physical media and theatrical events like GKIDS' Studio Ghibli Fest would work more towards their goal of mindful care and curation for their films. Disney had previously lobbied for a streaming deal with Ghibli during their distribution tenure, but such attempts were never materialized. [42] The studio heads changed their minds after hearing a quote from American actor and director Woody Allen about how there should be multiple outlets for feature films. [53]

On October 17, 2019, WarnerMedia's HBO Max announced it had acquired exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in the United States as part of a deal with GKIDS; these films were available when the service launched in May 2020. [54] On January 20, 2020, it was announced that Netflix acquired the exclusive streaming rights to this catalogue in all regions where it operates except for the United States (in which Netflix does have streaming rights to The Castle of Cagliostro and Mary and the Witch's Flower ), as part of a deal with Ghibli's international sales rights partner Wild Bunch. Seven of twenty-one films in the studio's catalogue were released on February 1, 2020, with the others following on March 1 and April 1. [55] Netflix then struck a separate deal with GKIDS for streaming rights in Canada which was announced on June 22, and came into effect on June 25 for most films. [56] Currently, no streaming rights deals have been announced for Studio Ghibli's home country of Japan, nor for markets such as China where neither Netflix nor HBO Max is available and definitely not the United states.

Grave of the Fireflies

Most of the above deals exclude Grave of the Fireflies ; unlike most of the other films, which were published by Tokuma Shoten, Grave of the Fireflies was produced and is owned by Shinchosha, which also had published the short story it was based on, and as such, fell into different rights holdings. [45]

Grave of the Fireflies was released in Japan on VHS by Buena Vista Home Entertainment under the Ghibli ga Ippai Collection on August 7, 1998. On July 29, 2005, a DVD release was distributed through Warner Home Video. Walt Disney Studios Japan released the complete collector's edition DVD on August 6, 2008. WDSJ released the film on Blu-ray twice on July 18, 2012: one as a single release, and one in a two-film set with My Neighbor Totoro .

It was released on VHS in North America by Central Park Media in a subtitled form on June 2, 1993. [57] They later released the film with an English dub on VHS on September 1, 1998 (the same day Disney released Kiki's Delivery Service in North America) and an all-Regions DVD (which also included the original Japanese with English subtitles) on October 7 the same year. It was later released on a two-disc DVD set (which once again included both the English dub and the original Japanese with English subtitles as well as the film's storyboards with the second disc containing more extensive Bonus Features) on October 8, 2002. It was released by Central Park Media one last time on December 7, 2004. Following the May 2009 bankruptcy and liquidation of Central Park Media, [58] ADV Films acquired the rights and re-released it on DVD on July 7, 2009. [59] Following the September 1, 2009 shutdown and re-branding of ADV, [60] their successor, Sentai Filmworks, rescued the film and released a remastered DVD on March 6, 2012. [61] [62] A Blu-ray edition was released on November 20, 2012, featuring an all-new English dub produced by Seraphim Digital, along with a digital release that same year. [63]

StudioCanal released a Blu-ray in the United Kingdom on July 1, 2013. [64] Madman Entertainment released the film in Australia and New Zealand.

Works

While not technically Studio Ghibli films, The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun (1968), Panda! Go Panda! (1972), The Castle of Cagliostro (1979), Jarinko Chie (1981), Gauche the Cellist (1982), Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), The Red Turtle (2016), Mary and the Witch's Flower (2017) and Modest Heroes (2018) are sometimes grouped together with the Studio Ghibli library (particularly with the Ghibli ga Ippai home video collection released by Walt Disney Studios Japan) due to their ties to the studio.

Horus and Cagliostro were the feature-length directorial debuts of Isao Takahata and Hayao Miyazaki respectively, and were produced by Toei Animation and TMS Entertainment years before the founding of Studio Ghibli.

Nausicaä was directed by Miyazaki at Topcraft, a studio which Miyazaki, Takahata and Toshio Suzuki later purchased and renamed Studio Ghibli. As a result, the film has often been rereleased and marketed as a Studio Ghibli movie.

The Red Turtle was a collaborative effort by Studio Ghibli with Dutch animator Michaël Dudok de Wit and was branded as a Studio Ghibli release internationally. It was distributed by Sony Pictures Classics in North and Latin America.

Mary and the Witch's Flower and Modest Heroes were produced by Studio Ponoc, a company founded by Studio Ghibli veterans Yoshiaki Nishimura and Hiromasa Yonebayashi following the 2014 restructuring of Ghibli.

For the purposes of the list below, only films fully produced and released by Studio Ghibli are listed. Other Studio Ghibli productions are listed here.

Feature films

YearTitleDirectorScreenwriter(s)Producer(s)MusicOriginal release RT Metacritic
1986 Castle in the Sky Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe Hisaishi August 2, 198696% [65] 78
1988 Grave of the Fireflies Isao TakahataTōru HaraMichio MamiyaApril 16, 1988 100% [66] 94
My Neighbor Totoro Hayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi94% [67] 86
1989 Kiki's Delivery Service Hayao MiyazakiJuly 29, 198998% [68] 83
1991 Only Yesterday Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Katz HoshiJuly 20, 1991100% [69] 90
1992 Porco Rosso Hayao MiyazakiJoe HisaishiJuly 18, 199295% [70] 83
1993 Ocean Waves Tomomi Mochizuki Seiji Okuda & Nozomu TakahashiShigeru NagataMay 5, 199388% [71] 73
1994 Pom Poko Isao Takahata Shang Shang Typhoon July 16, 199485% [72] 77
1995 Whisper of the Heart Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Yuji Nomi July 15, 199594% [73] 75
1997 Princess Mononoke Hayao MiyazakiJoe HisaishiJuly 12, 199793% [74] 76
1999 My Neighbors the Yamadas Isao Takahata Akiko Yano July 17, 199978% [75] 75
2001 Spirited Away Hayao MiyazakiJoe HisaishiJuly 20, 200197% [76] 96
2002 The Cat Returns Hiroyuki Morita Reiko Yoshida Toshio Suzuki & Nozomu TakahashiYuji NomiJuly 19, 200291% [77] 70
2004 Howl's Moving Castle Hayao MiyazakiToshio SuzukiJoe HisaishiNovember 20, 200487% [78] 80
2006 Tales from Earthsea Gorō Miyazaki Gorō Miyazaki & Keiko NiwaTomohiko Ishii & Toshio SuzukiTamiya TerashimaJuly 29, 200643% [79] 47
2008 Ponyo Hayao MiyazakiToshio SuzukiJoe HisaishiJuly 19, 200891% [80] 86
2010 Arrietty Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Cécile Corbel July 17, 201095% [81] 80
2011 From Up on Poppy Hill Gorō Miyazaki Satoshi Takebe July 16, 201186% [82] 71
2013 The Wind Rises Hayao MiyazakiJoe HisaishiJuly 20, 201388% [83] 83
The Tale of the Princess Kaguya Isao TakahataIsao Takahata & Riko Sakaguchi Yoshiaki Nishimura November 23, 2013100% [84] 89
2014 When Marnie Was There Hiromasa YonebayashiHiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi Ando Takatsugu MuramatsuJuly 19, 201491% [85] 72
2020 Earwig and the Witch [33] Gorō MiyazakiKeiko Niwa & Emi GunjiToshio SuzukiSatoshi TakebeDecember 30, 202030% [86] 45
2023 How Do You Live? [87] [88] [89] Hayao MiyazakiJoe HisaishiTBATBATBA

Television

YearTitleDirectorWriter(s)Producer(s)Music
2014 Ronja, the Robber's Daughter Gorō Miyazaki Hiroyuki Kawasaki Nobuo Kawakami Satoshi Takebe

Notable animators and character designers

See also

Related Research Articles

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Laputa: Castle in the Sky, known as simply Castle in the Sky in North America, is a 1986 Japanese animated fantasy adventure film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki. It was the first film produced by Studio Ghibli and was produced for Tokuma Shoten. It follows the adventures of a young boy and girl in the late 19th century attempting to keep a magic crystal from a group of military agents, while searching for a legendary floating castle. The film was distributed by Toei Company.

<i>Porco Rosso</i> 1992 Japanese animated film

Porco Rosso is a 1992 Japanese animated adventure comedy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki. It is based on Hikōtei Jidai, a three-part 1989 watercolor manga by Miyazaki. The film stars the voices of Shūichirō Moriyama, Tokiko Kato, Akemi Okamura and Akio Ōtsuka. Toshio Suzuki produced the film. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Japan Airlines and the Nippon Television Network and distributed by Toho. Japanese composer Joe Hisaishi composed the music.

<i>Grave of the Fireflies</i> 1988 Japanese animated film by Isao Takahata

Grave of the Fireflies is a 1988 Japanese animated war tragedy film based on the 1967 semi-autobiographical short story of the same name by Akiyuki Nosaka. It was written and directed by Isao Takahata, and animated by Studio Ghibli for the story's publisher Shinchosha Publishing. The film stars Tsutomu Tatsumi, Ayano Shiraishi, Yoshiko Shinohara and Akemi Yamaguchi. Set in the city of Kobe, Japan, the film tells the story of two siblings, Seita and Setsuko, and their desperate struggle to survive during the final months of the Second World War. Grave of the Fireflies received critical acclaim and has been ranked as one of the greatest war films of all time and has been recognized as a major work of Japanese animation.

Isao Takahata Deceased Japanese film director, screenwriter and film producer

Isao Takahata was a Japanese film director, screenwriter and producer. In 1985, he co-founded Studio Ghibli with his long-time collaborative partner Hayao Miyazaki and Miyazaki's collaborators Toshio Suzuki and Yasuyoshi Tokuma. Takahata earned international critical acclaim for his work as a director of anime films, among them Grave of the Fireflies (1988), Only Yesterday (1991), Pom Poko (1994), and My Neighbors the Yamadas (1999). His last film as director was The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2013), which was nominated for an Oscar in the category of Best Animated Feature Film at the 87th Academy Awards.

<i>Kikis Delivery Service</i> 1989 Japanese animated film

Kiki's Delivery Service is a 1989 Japanese animated film written, produced, and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, adapted from the 1985 novel by Eiko Kadono. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Yamato Transport and the Nippon Television Network and distributed by the Toei Company. The film tells the story of a young witch, Kiki, who moves to a new town and uses her flying ability to earn a living. According to Miyazaki, the movie portrays the gulf between independence and reliance in teenage Japanese girls.

<i>Only Yesterday</i> (1991 film) 1991 Japanese animated film

Only Yesterday is a 1991 Japanese animated drama film written and directed by Isao Takahata, based on the 1982 manga of the same title by Hotaru Okamoto and Yuko Tone. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Nippon Television Network and Hakuhodo, and distributed by Toho. It was released on July 20, 1991. The ending theme song "Ai wa Hana, Kimi wa sono Tane" is a Japanese translation of Amanda McBroom's composition "The Rose".

<i>Ocean Waves</i> (film) 1993 Japanese animated film

Ocean Waves, known in Japan as I Can Hear the Sea, is a 1993 Japanese anime television film directed by Tomomi Mochizuki and written by Kaori Nakamura based on the 1990-1992 novel of the same name by Saeko Himuro. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten and the Nippon Television Network. Ocean Waves first aired on May 5, 1993 on Nippon TV. In 1995, the sequel, I Can Hear the Sea II: Because There Is Love, was published. In the same year, a TV drama was produced mainly based on this work starring Shinji Takeda and Hitomi Satō.

<i>Tales from Earthsea</i> (film) 2006 Japanese film

Tales from Earthsea is a 2006 Japanese anime epic fantasy film directed by Gorō Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for the Nippon Television Network, Dentsu, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Mitsubishi and Toho, and distributed by the latter company. The film is based on a combination of plot and character elements from the first four books of Ursula K. Le Guin's Earthsea series, as well as Hayao Miyazaki's manga series The Journey of Shuna. The film's title is named from the collection of short stories Tales from Earthsea, published in 2001. The plot was "entirely different" according to the author Ursula K. Le Guin, who told director Gorō Miyazaki, "It is not my book. It is your movie. It is a good movie", although she later expressed her disappointment with the end result. A film comic adaptation of the film has been published in Japan.

Tokuma Shoten Japanese publisher

Tokuma Shoten Publishing Co., Ltd. is a publisher in Japan, headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo. The company was established in 1954 by Yasuyoshi Tokuma in Minato, Tokyo. The company’s product portfolio includes music publishing, video game publishing, movies, anime, magazines, manga and books.

Toshio Suzuki (producer) Japanese producer

Toshio Suzuki is a film producer of anime and a long-time colleague of Hayao Miyazaki, as well as the former president of Studio Ghibli. Suzuki is renowned as one of Japan's most successful producers after the enormous box office success of many Ghibli films.

<i>Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind</i> (manga) Manga series by Hayao Miyazaki

Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Hayao Miyazaki. It tells the story of Nausicaä, a princess of a small kingdom on a post-apocalyptic Earth with a toxic ecosystem, who becomes involved in a war between kingdoms while an environmental disaster threatens humankind.

<i>Whisper of the Heart</i> 1995 Japanese animated film directed by Yoshifumi Kondō

Whisper of the Heart is a 1995 Japanese animated musical coming-of-age romantic drama film directed by Yoshifumi Kondō and written by Hayao Miyazaki based on the 1989 manga of the same name by Aoi Hiiragi. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Nippon Television Network and Hakuhodo. The film stars Yoko Honna, Issei Takahashi, Takashi Tachibana, Shigeru Muroi, Shigeru Tsuyuguchi and Keiju Kobayashi.

Short films by Studio Ghibli Short films by Japanese animation studio Studio Ghibli

Studio Ghibli is a Japanese animation film studio founded in 1985. In addition to producing 18 feature films, the studio has produced several short films, including commercials, films for the Ghibli Museum, music videos, and works released directly to video.

Topcraft was an animation studio established in 1971 by former Toei Animation producer Toru Hara, and located in Tokyo, Japan. It was famous for the production of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind and for doing animation for hand-drawn animation titles by Rankin/Bass Productions. The studio went bankrupt and dissolved on June 15, 1985, essentially splitting the studio in half. Hayao Miyazaki, Toshio Suzuki and Isao Takahata formed Studio Ghibli. Topcraft's animators later formed another studio, called Pacific Animation Corporation, to continue working with Rankin/Bass on television shows like ThunderCats and Silverhawks, but eventually joined Ghibli once Pacific Animation was bought out by The Walt Disney Company and became Walt Disney Animation Japan. Some animators, like Tsuguyuki Kubo, went to work for other studios, such as Studio Pierrot, working on Naruto and Bleach for them. In the end the buy out of Topcraft made the studio into the birth of Studio Ghibli. Topcraft's founder, Toru Hara, became Studio Ghibli's first manager.

<i>The Wind Rises</i> 2013 Japanese animated film

The Wind Rises is a 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for the Nippon Television Network, Dentsu, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners, Walt Disney Japan, Mitsubishi, Toho and KDDI and distributed by Toho. It was released on 20 July 2013, in Japan, and was released by Touchstone Pictures in North America on 21 February 2014.

<i>The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness</i> 2013 documentary film about Studio Ghibli

The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness is a 2013 Japanese documentary film directed by Mami Sunada. The film follows the routines of those employed at Studio Ghibli, including filmmakers Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, and Toshio Suzuki as they work to release two films simultaneously, The Wind Rises and The Tale of the Princess Kaguya.

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  1. Also includes DVD and Blu-ray distribution of The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun and The Castle of Cagliostro , the first full-length feature films directed by Isao Takahata and Hayao Miyazaki, respectively.
  2. Co-distributed by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment as of 2018.

Further reading

Documentaries