Type of site
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The Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators 1450-1950 (abbreviated DSI) is an online repository of bibliographic data about people who illustrated published scientific works from the time of the invention of the printing press, around 1450, until 1950;the latter cut-off chosen with the intention of excluding currently-active illustrators. The database includes those who worked in a variety of fields, including astronomical, botanical, zoological and medical illustration.
The database is hosted by the University of Stuttgart.Content is displayed in English, and is free to access. As of January 2020, the site's homepage states that the database includes over 12,500 illustrators. The site is searchable by 20 fields.
Suggestions for additional entries, or amendments, may be submitted by members of the public, but are subject to editorial review before inclusion.
An example entry, for Charles Tunnicliffe, may be seen at http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/hi/gnt/dsi2/index.php?table_name=dsi&function=details&where_field=id&where_value=5570
Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as study of shock waves. The ratio of one's speed to that of sound is named the Mach number in his honour. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism and American pragmatism. Through his criticism of Newton's theories of space and time, he foreshadowed Einstein's theory of relativity.
An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in published media, such as posters, flyers, magazines, books, teaching materials, animations, video games and films. An illustration is typically created by an illustrator. Illustration also means providing an example; either in writing or in picture form.
DSI may refer to:
The German nuclear weapons project was an unsuccessful scientific effort led by Germany to research nuclear weapons during World War II. It went through several phases of work, but in the words of a historian, it was ultimately "frozen at the laboratory level" with the "modest goal" to "build a nuclear reactor which could sustain a nuclear fission chain reaction for a significant amount of time and to achieve the complete separation of at least tiny amount of the uranium isotopes." Scholarly consensus is that it failed to achieve these goals.
The German Physical Society is the world's largest and oldest organisation of physicists. The DPG's worldwide membership is cited as 60,547, as of 2019. It holds an annual conference and multiple spring conferences, which are held at various locations and along topical subjects of given sections of the DPG. The DPG serves the fields of pure and applied physics. Main aims are to bring its members and all physicists living in Germany closer together, represent their entirety outwards as well as foster the exchange of ideas between its members and foreign colleagues. The DPG binds itself and its members to advocate for freedom, tolerance, veracity and dignity in science and to be aware about the fact that the people working in science are responsible to a particularly high extent for the configuration of the overall human activity.
A medical illustration is a form of biological illustration that helps to record and disseminate medical, anatomical, and related knowledge.
Technical Illustration is illustration meant to visually communicate information of a technical nature. Technical illustrations can be components of technical drawings or diagrams. Technical illustrations in general aim "to generate expressive images that effectively convey certain information via the visual channel to the human observer".
Erich Schumann was a German physicist who specialized in acoustics and explosives, and had a penchant for music. He was a general officer in the army and a professor at the University of Berlin and the Technical University of Berlin. When Adolf Hitler came to power he joined the Nazi Party. During World War II, his positions in the Army Ordnance Office and the Army High Command made him one of the most powerful and influential physicists in Germany. He ran the German nuclear energy program from 1939 to 1942, when the army relinquished control to the Reich Research Council. His role in the project was obfuscated after the war by the German physics community's defense of its conduct during the war. The publication of his book on the military's role in the project was not allowed by the British occupation authorities. He was director of the Helmholtz Institute of Sound Psychology and Medical Acoustics.
The Reichsforschungsrat was created in Germany in 1936 under the Education Ministry for the purpose of centralized planning of all basic and applied research, with the exception of aeronautical research. It was reorganized in 1942 and placed under the Ministry of Armaments.
Georg Jakob Christof Joos was a German experimental physicist. He wrote Lehrbuch der theoretischen Physik, first published in 1932 and one of the most influential theoretical physics textbooks of the 20th Century.
Physik Journal is the official journal of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Until 2002 it was named Physikalische Blätter.
Robert Abraham Esau was a German physicist.
Gerhard Hoffmann was a German nuclear physicist. During World War II, he contributed to the German nuclear energy project, also known as the Uranium Club.
Klaus Hentschel is a German physicist, historian of science and Professor and head of the History of Science and Technology section in the History Department of the University of Stuttgart. He is known for his contributions in the field of the history of science.
Horace Knight was a natural history illustrator with the British Museum, noted particularly for his images in The Moths of the British Isles by Richard South.
Peter Walden Milonni is an American theoretical physicist who deals with quantum optics, laser physics, quantum electrodynamics and the Casimir effect.
Herbert Goodchild was an early twentieth century illustrator of birds. He was born in 1873 at Cumberland and died sometime around 1919. Goodchild was employed to supply artwork for a fully illustrated and multi-volume work, Birds of Australia. by Gregory Mathews. This followed the death of John Keulemans in 1912. His works appeared in several other publications, but Goodchild's talents were regarded as overlooked in the field of ornithological illustration.
Elizabeth Nodder was a 19th Century publisher of the illustrated The Naturalist's Miscellany. However, she is listed in the database of Scientific Illustrators as an artist. She and her husband, Frederick Polydore Nodder collaborated in the publishing of this work, until his death circa 1800, when she continued to publish further volumes in the series, with Richard Polydore Nodder as illustrator.
Emma Kissling was a scientific illustrator who worked for the Prince of Monaco and completed illustrations of marine species. Her work was published in Poissons provenant des campagnes du yacht Princesse-Alice (1901-1910).
Marguerite Primrose Gerrard, born Marguerite Primrose Tyndale-Biscoe, was a Jamaica-born American botanical artist.
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