Sub-provincial division

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A sub-provincial division (simplified Chinese : 副省级 ; traditional Chinese : 副省級 ; pinyin : fùshĕngjí xíngzhèngqū ) (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Sub-provincial divisions, similar to prefectural-level divisions, an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area, and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages.

The mayor or chairman of a sub-provincial division is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked the same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.

Map of sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China

Map of Sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China
Map of Sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China.png

Sub-provincial municipalities

The original 16 municipalities were renamed as sub-provincial municipalities on 25 February 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level municipalities. [1] They are mostly the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.

Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial municipalities after Chongqing was designated direct-control: [2]

Sub-provincial municipalities of the People's Republic of China [3]
Division nameSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinProvinceAbbreviationRegionPopulation (2010 Census)Date of designationSubdivision
Changchun 长春 Chángchūn Jilin Northeast 7,677,0891989-02-117 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county
Chengdu 成都 Chéngdū Sichuan Southwest 14,047,6251989-02-1111 districts, 4 county municipalities & 5 counties
Dalian 大连 Dàlián Liaoning 连(鲲) Northeast 6,690,4321984-07-137 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county
Guangzhou 广州 Guǎngzhōu Guangdong South Central 12,700,8001984-10-0511 districts
Hangzhou 杭州 Hángzhōu Zhejiang East 8,700,4001994-02-2510 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties
Harbin 哈尔滨 Hā'ěrbīn Heilongjiang Northeast 10,635,9711984-10-059 districts, 2 county municipalities & 7 counties
Jinan 济南 Jǐnán Shandong East 6,814,0001994-02-257 districts & 3 counties
Nanjing 南京 Nánjīng Jiangsu East 8,001,6801989-02-1111 districts
Ningbo 宁波 Níngbō Zhejiang East 7,605,6891987-02-246 districts, 2 county municipalities & 2 counties
Qingdao 青岛 Qīngdǎo Shandong East 8,715,1001986-10-157 districts & 3 county municipalities
Shenyang 沈阳 Shěnyáng Liaoning Northeast 8,106,1711984-07-1110 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties
Shenzhen 深圳 Shēnzhèn Guangdong 深(鹏) South Central 10,357,9381988-10-038 districts (4 new districts)
Wuhan 武汉 Wǔhàn Hubei South Central 9,785,3921984-05-2113 districts
Xi'an 西安 Xī'ān Shaanxi Northwest 8,467,8371984-10-0511 districts & 2 counties
Xiamen 厦门 Xiàmén Fujian East 3,531,3471988-04-186 districts

Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial municipality of Sichuan until 14 March 1997, when it was made an independent municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city.

Chongqing Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Chongqing, alternately romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China. Administratively, it is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of central government of the People's Republic of China, and the only such municipality located far away from the coast. It is the largest city proper in the world.

Sichuan Province

Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.

The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, known as XPCC or Bingtuan for short, is a unique economic and paramilitary organization in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of China. The XPCC has administrative authority over several medium-sized cities as well as settlements and farms in Xinjiang. It has its own administrative structure, fulfilling governmental functions such as healthcare and education for areas under its jurisdiction. Nominally subject to the XUAR, its internal affairs, including the administration of its cities and reclaimed land, is separate from that of the Autonomous Region and under direct control of the central government.

Chengdu is the largest sub-provincial municipality; has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of Tianjin while, both Harbin and Chengdu have a bigger area than Tianjin.

Tianjin Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Tianjin, alternatively romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of Bohai Sea, it is one of the nine national central cities in Mainland China, with a total population of 15,621,200 as of 2016 estimation. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th-most populous city proper.

Sub-provincial new areas

Additionally, the head of Pudong New Area of Shanghai and Binhai New Area of Tianjin, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.

Sub-provincial districts of the People's Republic of China [3]
Division nameSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinMunicipalityAbbreviationRegionPopulation (2010 Census)Date of designationSubdivision
Binhai New Area Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū Tianjin 滨海 North 2,482,065200919 Subdistricts & 7 towns (11 special township-level zones)
Pudong New Area Pǔdōng Xīn Qū Shanghai 浦东 East 5,044,430199213 Subdistricts & 25 towns (6 special township-level zones)

Sub-provincial autonomous prefecture

Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture has both two prefectures of Altai and Tacheng, and 11 county-level administrative divisions under its jurisdiction, and in its legal status itself is only a prefecture-level division, which is a special case in China's administrative divisions. It is not accurate to regard Ili Kazakh Autonomous Region as a sub-provincial administrative division, which has no legal basis.

Sub-provincial autonomous prefecture of the People's Republic of China [3]
Division nameSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinProvinceAbbreviationRegionPopulation (2010 Census)Date of designationSubdivision
Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture Yīlí Hāsàkè Zìzhìzhōu Xinjiang 伊犁 Northwest 4,305,1191979(2 prefectures) 5 county cities, 17 counties & 2 autonomous counties

Sub-provincial Municipal Conference

The National Joint Conference of Sub-provincial City People's Congress Standing Committee Chairpersons (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:

  1. Guangzhou (26 February – 4 March 1985)
  2. Harbin (27–31 August 1985)
  3. Wuhan (20–24 May 1986)
  4. Dalian (10–14 August 1987)
  5. Xi'an (9–13 September 1988)
  6. Shenyang (13–17 August 1990)
  7. Chongqing (22–26 November 1991)
  8. Qingdao (3–7 May 1992)
  9. Shenzhen (25–28 October 1993)
  10. Nanjing (1–4 November 1994)
  11. Changchun (21–24 May 1995)
  12. Hangzhou (20–24 October 1996)
  13. Jinan (19–25 October 1997)
  14. Xiamen (12–16 October 1998)
  15. Ningbo (17–20 October 1999)
  16. Chengdu (10–13 October 2000)
  17. Guangzhou (30 October – 3 November 2001)
  18. Harbin (23–26 July 2002)
  19. Wuhan (8–12 October 2003)
  20. Shenyang (31 August – 6 September 2004)
  21. Qingdao (6–8 September 2005)
  22. Shenzhen (20–23 October 2006)
  23. Dalian (14–16 August 2007)
  24. Xi'an (13–16 April 2009)
  25. Nanjing (18–20 October 2010)
  26. Changchun (22–25 August 2011)

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References

  1. 中央机构编制委员会印发《关于副省级市若干问题的意见》的通知. 中编发[1995]5号. 豆丁网. 1995-02-19. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  2. Xue Hongli (薛宏莉) (2008-05-07). 15个副省级城市中 哈尔滨市房价涨幅排列第五名 [Prices rose in 15 sub-provincial cities, Harbin ranked fifth]. 哈尔滨地产 (in Chinese). Sohu. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
  3. 1 2 3 References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual municipality articles.