|This article is part of a series on|
|Administrative divisions of China|
Administrative division codes
A sub-provincial division (simplified Chinese : 副省级 行 政 区 ; traditional Chinese : 副省級 行 政 區 ; pinyin : fùshĕngjí xíngzhèngqū ) (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore.
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.
Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.
Sub-provincial divisions, similar to prefectural-level divisions, an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area, and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages.
The mayor or chairman of a sub-provincial division is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked the same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.
The original 16 municipalities were renamed as sub-provincial municipalities on 25 February 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level municipalities.They are mostly the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.
Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial municipalities after Chongqing was designated direct-control:
|Division name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Province||Abbreviation||Region||Population (2010 Census)||Date of designation||Subdivision|
|Changchun||长春 市||Chángchūn||Jilin||长||Northeast||7,677,089||1989-02-11||7 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county|
|Chengdu||成都 市||Chéngdū||Sichuan||蓉||Southwest||14,047,625||1989-02-11||11 districts, 4 county municipalities & 5 counties|
|Dalian||大连 市||Dàlián||Liaoning||连（鲲）||Northeast||6,690,432||1984-07-13||7 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county|
|Guangzhou||广州 市||Guǎngzhōu||Guangdong||穗||South Central||12,700,800||1984-10-05||11 districts|
|Hangzhou||杭州 市||Hángzhōu||Zhejiang||杭||East||8,700,400||1994-02-25||10 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties|
|Harbin||哈尔滨 市||Hā'ěrbīn||Heilongjiang||哈||Northeast||10,635,971||1984-10-05||9 districts, 2 county municipalities & 7 counties|
|Jinan||济南 市||Jǐnán||Shandong||济||East||6,814,000||1994-02-25||7 districts & 3 counties|
|Nanjing||南京 市||Nánjīng||Jiangsu||宁||East||8,001,680||1989-02-11||11 districts|
|Ningbo||宁波 市||Níngbō||Zhejiang||甬||East||7,605,689||1987-02-24||6 districts, 2 county municipalities & 2 counties|
|Qingdao||青岛 市||Qīngdǎo||Shandong||胶||East||8,715,100||1986-10-15||7 districts & 3 county municipalities|
|Shenyang||沈阳 市||Shěnyáng||Liaoning||沈||Northeast||8,106,171||1984-07-11||10 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties|
|Shenzhen||深圳 市||Shēnzhèn||Guangdong||深（鹏）||South Central||10,357,938||1988-10-03||8 districts (4 new districts)|
|Wuhan||武汉 市||Wǔhàn||Hubei||汉||South Central||9,785,392||1984-05-21||13 districts|
|Xi'an||西安 市||Xī'ān||Shaanxi||镐||Northwest||8,467,837||1984-10-05||11 districts & 2 counties|
|Xiamen||厦门 市||Xiàmén||Fujian||鹭||East||3,531,347||1988-04-18||6 districts|
Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial municipality of Sichuan until 14 March 1997, when it was made an independent municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city.
Chongqing, alternately romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China. Administratively, it is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of central government of the People's Republic of China, and the only such municipality located far away from the coast. It is the largest city proper in the world.
Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.
The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, known as XPCC or Bingtuan for short, is a unique economic and paramilitary organization in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of China. The XPCC has administrative authority over several medium-sized cities as well as settlements and farms in Xinjiang. It has its own administrative structure, fulfilling governmental functions such as healthcare and education for areas under its jurisdiction. Nominally subject to the XUAR, its internal affairs, including the administration of its cities and reclaimed land, is separate from that of the Autonomous Region and under direct control of the central government.
Chengdu is the largest sub-provincial municipality; has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of Tianjin while, both Harbin and Chengdu have a bigger area than Tianjin.
Tianjin, alternatively romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of Bohai Sea, it is one of the nine national central cities in Mainland China, with a total population of 15,621,200 as of 2016 estimation. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th-most populous city proper.
Additionally, the head of Pudong New Area of Shanghai and Binhai New Area of Tianjin, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.
|Division name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Municipality||Abbreviation||Region||Population (2010 Census)||Date of designation||Subdivision|
|Binhai New Area||滨 海 新 区||Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū||Tianjin||滨海||North||2,482,065||2009||19 Subdistricts & 7 towns (11 special township-level zones)|
|Pudong New Area||浦 东 新 区||Pǔdōng Xīn Qū||Shanghai||浦东||East||5,044,430||1992||13 Subdistricts & 25 towns (6 special township-level zones)|
Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture has both two prefectures of Altai and Tacheng, and 11 county-level administrative divisions under its jurisdiction, and in its legal status itself is only a prefecture-level division, which is a special case in China's administrative divisions. It is not accurate to regard Ili Kazakh Autonomous Region as a sub-provincial administrative division, which has no legal basis.
|Division name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Province||Abbreviation||Region||Population (2010 Census)||Date of designation||Subdivision|
|Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture||伊 犁 哈 萨 克 自 治 州||Yīlí Hāsàkè Zìzhìzhōu||Xinjiang||伊犁||Northwest||4,305,119||1979||(2 prefectures) 5 county cities, 17 counties & 2 autonomous counties|
The National Joint Conference of Sub-provincial City People's Congress Standing Committee Chairpersons (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:
Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China. Holding sub-provincial administrative status, Harbin has direct jurisdiction over nine metropolitan districts, two county-level cities and seven counties. Harbin is the eighth most populous Chinese city according to the 2010 census, the built-up area had 5,282,093 inhabitants, while the total population of the sub-provincial city was up to 10,635,971. Harbin serves as a key political, economic, scientific, cultural, and communications hub in Northeast China, as well as an important industrial base of the nation.
Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. The constitution of China provides for three de jure levels of government. Currently, however, there are five practical levels of local government: the provincial, prefecture, county, township, and village.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 33 such divisions, classified as 22 provinces, four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special Administrative Regions. All but the disputed Taiwan Province and a small fraction of Fujian Province are controlled by the People's Republic of China.
A sub-prefectural municipality, sub-prefectural city, or vice-prefectural municipality, is an unofficial designation for a type of administrative division of China. A sub-prefectural city is officially considered to be a county-level city, but it has more power de facto because the cadres assigned to its government are one half-level higher in rank than those of an "ordinary" county-level city—though still lower than those of a prefecture-level city.
Qiqihar is the second largest city in the Heilongjiang province of China, located in the west central part of the province. The built-up area made up of Longsha, Tiefeng and Jianhua districts had 979,517 inhabitants, while the total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,367,003 at the 2010 census. These are mainly Han Chinese, though the city is also home to thirty-four minorities including Manchus, Daur, and Mongols. Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes.
Yilan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It is more than 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the east-northeast of central Harbin. Its county seat, which is also called Yilan, is located near the confluence of the Mudan River with the Sungari. The easternmost county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Fangzheng County to the southwest, Tonghe County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level cities of Yichun to the north, Jiamusi to the northeast, Qitaihe to the southeast, and Mudanjiang to the south.
Harbin Bank Co., Ltd. is a Chinese city-based commercial bank, with its headquarters in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. It was established in 1997 as Harbin City Commercial Bank, opened its branches in Harbin City only, but changed its name to Harbin Bank in 2007 and has since opened branches in Dalian, Tianjin, Shuangyashan and Jixi. It ranks 4th by Comprehensive competitiveness among Chinese city commercial banks in 2011.
Hulan District is one of nine districts of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, covering part of the northeastern suburbs. The district was approved to establish from the former Hulan County (呼兰县) by the Chinese State Council on February 4, 2004. It borders Bayan County to the east, Bin County to the southeast, Daowai District to the south, and Songbei District to the southwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Suihua to the northwest.
Bayan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Mulan County to the east, Bin County to the south, Hulan District to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Suihua to the north.
Mulan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Tonghe County to the east, Fangzheng County to the southeast, Bin County to the south, and Bayan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Suihua to the north. The county is not related to the legendary Chinese superheroine Hua Mulan.
National Central City was a concept proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China. The National Central Cities are described as a group of cities in charge of leading, developing, and performing tasks in political, economic, and cultural aspects.
A municipality, formally as municipality under the direct administration of central government, is the highest level of classification for cities used by the People's Republic of China. These cities have the same rank as provinces, and form part of the first tier of administrative divisions of China.
The 2012 China League One is the ninth season of the China League One, the second tier of the Chinese football league pyramid, since its establishment. It began on March 17, 2012 and will end in October 28, 2012. The size of the league has been expanded from 14 to 16 teams this season.
2012 in Chinese football involves the national competitions of the Chinese football league system and the national team.
The new areas or new districts of the People's Republic of China are new urban districts that are given special economic and development support by the central government or regional government. New areas are divided into two varieties: administrative or management and further divided into levels: state-level, provincial-level, and prefectural-level.
Li Chuncheng is a former Chinese politician. He spent his early career in Heilongjiang Province, before being transferred to Sichuan in 1998. He served as the Mayor and then Communist Party Secretary of Chengdu, capital of Sichuan province, between 2001 and 2011; then Deputy Party Secretary of Sichuan Province between 2011 and 2012.
Harbin–Mudanjiang intercity railway is a high-speed railway in Heilongjiang Province, China, between the cities Harbin and Mudanjiang. It is a Passenger Dedicated Line (PDL), with a design speed of 250 km/h and a total length 293.2 km. Starting in Harbin, it leads east to Acheng, into mountains at Maoershan, to Shangzhi, again through the mountains to the southeast, Weihe, Yabuli, Hengdaohezi, Hailin and on to the end at Mudanjiang station. Future proposals for this line could see it extended across the border into Russia and the Russian port city of Vladivostok.
Yanji No.1 Senior High School, commonly abbreviated as Yanji Shi Yizhong, is a Provincial Key High School in Yanji, Yanbian, Jilin, China. It was established in 1915.