Location within Poland
Division into counties
4 cities, 21 land counties *
|• Voivode||Ewa Leniart (PiS)|
|• Marshal||Władysław Ortyl (PiS)|
|• Total||17,844 km2 (6,890 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PL-18|
|HDI (2017)||0.840 |
very high · 13th
Subcarpathian Voivodeship or Subcarpathia Province : województwo podkarpackie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔtkarˈpatskʲɛ] , Slovak : Podkarpatské vojvodstvo, Ukrainian : Підкарпатське воєводство) is a voivodeship, or province, in the southeastern corner of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów. Along with the Marshall, it is governed by the Subcarpathian Regional Assembly. Historically, most of the province's territory was part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the interwar period, it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship.(in Polish
The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszów, Przemyśl, Krosno and (partially) Tarnów and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe — Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. During the interwar period (1918-1939), Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszów, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as Dębica, Nowa Dęba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna. One of the names that was proposed for this voivodeship, was Galician, referring to the old historical region of Galicia. Despite having the approval of the population, the name that was put at the end was Subcarpathian, although it has never been called this way before.
It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast) to the east and Slovakia (Prešov Region) to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,127,462 (as at 2019). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park.
The voivodeship contains 51 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures as of 2019)
Subcarpathian Voivodeship is divided into 25 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 160 gminas.
The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).
| Rzeszów County |
|471||182||168,614||Rzeszów *||Boguchwała, Głogów Małopolski, Sokołów Małopolski, Błażowa, Tyczyn||14|
| Mielec County |
|880||340||136,591||Mielec||Radomyśl Wielki, Przecław||10|
| Dębica County |
| Jarosław County |
| Jasło County |
| Krosno County |
|924||357||112,301||Krosno *||Jedlicze, Rymanów, Dukla, Iwonicz-Zdrój||10|
| Stalowa Wola County |
| Sanok County |
| Łańcut County |
| Przeworsk County |
| Ropczyce-Sędziszów County |
| Przemyśl County |
| Leżajsk County |
| Nisko County |
|786||303||66,699||Nisko||Rudnik nad Sanem, Ulanów||7|
| Brzozów County |
| Kolbuszowa County |
| Strzyżów County |
| Lubaczów County |
|1,308||505||55,438||Lubaczów||Oleszyce, Narol, Cieszanów||8|
| Tarnobrzeg County |
|520||200||53,115||Tarnobrzeg *||Nowa Dęba, Baranów Sandomierski||4|
| Lesko County |
| Bieszczady County |
|* seat not part of the county|
Protected areas in Subcarpathian Voivodeship include two national parks and 11 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 19.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 15,100 euros or 50% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 59% of the EU average. Podkarpackie Voivodship is the province with the third lowest GDP per capita in Poland.
Lesser Poland, often known by its Polish name Małopolska, is a historical region situated in southern and south-eastern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Kraków. Throughout centuries, Lesser Poland developed a separate culture featuring diverse architecture, folk costumes, dances, cuisine, traditions and a rare Lesser Polish dialect. The region is rich in historical landmarks, monuments, castles, natural scenery and UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Świętokrzyskie Province, or Holy Cross Province is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is divided. It is situated in southeastern Poland, in the historical region of Lesser Poland, and takes its name from the Świętokrzyskie mountain range. Its capital and largest city is Kielce.
Lublin Voivodeship, or Lublin Province, is a voivodeship, or region, located in southeastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and (partially) Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships, pursuant to Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The region is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin, and its territory is made of four historical lands: the western part of the voivodeship, with Lublin itself, belongs to Lesser Poland, the eastern part of Lublin Area belongs to Red Ruthenia, and the northeast belongs to Polesie and Podlasie.
The Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded in parts by Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship and Lublin Voivodeship. Its capital city was Tarnobrzeg, albeit the major city in the region was Stalowa Wola.
Red Ruthenia or Red Rus' (Latin: Ruthenia Rubra; Russia Rubra; Ukrainian: Червона Русь, romanized: Chervona Rus'; Polish: Ruś Czerwona, Ruś Halicka; Russian: Червонная Русь, romanized: Chervonnaya Rus'; Romanian: Rutenia Roșie) is a term used since the Middle Ages for the south-western principalities of the Kievan Rus', namely the Principality of Peremyshl and the Principality of Belz. Nowadays the region comprises parts of western Ukraine and adjoining parts of south-eastern Poland. It has also sometimes included parts of Lesser Poland, Podolia, "Right-bank Ukraine" and Volhynia. Centred on Przemyśl (Peremyshl) and Belz, it has included major cities such as: Chełm, Zamość, Rzeszów, Krosno and Sanok, as well as Lviv and Ternopil.
Kolbuszowa is a small town in south-eastern Poland, with 9,190 inhabitants (02.06.2009). Situated in the Sandomierz Forest in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, it is the capital of Kolbuszowa County. Kolbuszowa belongs to historic Lesser Poland, near its border with another historic region, Red Ruthenia.
Ustrzyki Dolnepronounced ['usˈtʂɨkʲi ˈdɔlnɛ] is a town in south-eastern Poland, situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship close to the border with Ukraine. It is the capital of Bieszczady County, with 9,383 inhabitants (02.06.2009).
Leżajsk County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, south-eastern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Leżajsk, which lies 41 kilometres (25 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów. The only other town in the county is Nowa Sarzyna, lying 11 km (7 mi) north-west of Leżajsk.
Rzeszów County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, south-eastern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Rzeszów, although the city is not part of the county. The county contains six towns: Dynów, 28 km (17 mi) south-east of Rzeszów, Boguchwała, 8 km (5 mi) south-west of Rzeszów, Głogów Małopolski, 16 km (10 mi) north of Rzeszów, Sokołów Małopolski, 24 km (15 mi) north of Rzeszów, Tyczyn, 8 km (5 mi) south of Rzeszów, and Błażowa, 17 km (11 mi) south-east of Rzeszów.
Mielec Euro-Park Special Economic Zone is the oldest SEZ in Poland. It was founded in 1995 in Mielec.
This is a list of coats of arms of Poland.
Gmina Leżajsk is a rural gmina in Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Leżajsk, although the town is not part of the territory of the gmina.
Gmina Nowa Sarzyna is an urban-rural gmina in Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Nowa Sarzyna, which lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) north-west of Leżajsk and 40 km (25 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Gmina Rudnik nad Sanem is an urban-rural gmina in Nisko County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Rudnik nad Sanem, which lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) south-east of Nisko and 49 km (30 mi) north of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Gmina Sokołów Małopolski is an urban-rural gmina in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Sokołów Małopolski, which lies approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Sandomierz Basin is a lowland, located in southeastern Poland, between the Lesser Poland Upland, Lublin Upland and the Western Carpathians. Its name comes from the historical city of Sandomierz, and the basin has a triangular shape with the size of around 15,000 km2 (5,800 sq mi). It is drained by the Vistula River, as well as its eastern tributary, the San. Among major cities located in the Sandomierz Basin are Dębica, Jarosław, Mielec, Przemyśl, Przeworsk, Rzeszów, Stalowa Wola, Sandomierz, Tarnobrzeg, and Tarnów.
Łętownia is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowa Sarzyna, within Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) west of Nowa Sarzyna, 16 km (10 mi) north-west of Leżajsk, and 37 km (23 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Sarzyna is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowa Sarzyna, within Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) north-east of Nowa Sarzyna, 11 km (7 mi) north-west of Leżajsk, and 43 km (27 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Tarnogóra is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowa Sarzyna, within Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) north of Nowa Sarzyna, 14 km (9 mi) north-west of Leżajsk, and 43 km (27 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.
Przemyśl Land was an administrative unit of Kyivan Rus, Kingdom of Poland and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. It existed since the integration of Principality of Peremyshl into Kingdom of Ruthenia and until 1772, and was one of five lands of Poland's Ruthenian Voivodeship. Its capital was at Przemyśl, where local sejmiks also took place. Together with Red Ruthenia, Przemyśl Land was annexed by King Kazimierz Wielki in 1340. It remained part of Poland in unchanged form until 1772, when, following the first partition of Poland, it became of Habsburg's province of Galicia.
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