Subcarpathian Voivodeship

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Subcarpathian Voivodeship

Województwo podkarpackie
POL wojewodztwo podkarpackie flag.svg
Flag
POL wojewodztwo podkarpackie COA.svg
Coat of arms
Podkarpackie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
PPA podkarpackie powiaty.svg
Division into counties
Coordinates(Rzeszów): 50°2′1″N22°0′17″E / 50.03361°N 22.00472°E / 50.03361; 22.00472
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Rzeszów
Counties
Government
   Voivode Ewa Leniart (PiS)
  Marshal Władysław Ortyl (PiS)
Area
  Total17,844 km2 (6,890 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total2,127,462
  Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
   Urban
880,947
  Rural
1,246,515
ISO 3166 code PL-18
Vehicle registration R
HDI (2017)0.840 [1]
very high · 13th
Website https://rzeszow.uw.gov.pl/
  • further divided into 160 gminas
Palace of Lubomirski family in Rzeszow Rzeszow, zamek, 1600, 1903-1906 danz 009.jpg
Palace of Lubomirski family in Rzeszów

Subcarpathian Voivodeship or Subcarpathia Province [2] (in Polish : województwo podkarpackie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔtkarˈpatskʲɛ] , Slovak : Podkarpatské vojvodstvo, Ukrainian : Підкарпатське воєводство) is a voivodeship, or province, in the southeastern corner of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów. Along with the Marshall, it is governed by the Subcarpathian Regional Assembly. Historically, most of the province's territory was part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the interwar period, it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship.

Contents

The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszów, Przemyśl, Krosno and (partially) Tarnów and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe — Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. During the interwar period (1918-1939), Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszów, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as Dębica, Nowa Dęba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna. One of the names that was proposed for this voivodeship, was Galician, referring to the old historical region of Galicia. Despite having the approval of the population, the name that was put at the end was Subcarpathian, although it has never been called this way before.

It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast) to the east and Slovakia (Prešov Region) to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,127,462 (as at 2019). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 51 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures as of 2019) [3]

  1. Rzeszów (194,886)
  2. Przemyśl (60,999)
  3. Stalowa Wola (60,799)
  4. Mielec (60,366)
  5. Tarnobrzeg (46,907)
  6. Krosno (46,369)
  7. Dębica (45,634)
  8. Jarosław (37,585)
  9. Sanok (37,381)
  10. Jasło (35,063)
  11. Łańcut (17,709)
  12. Ropczyce (15,836)
  13. Przeworsk (15,356)
  14. Nisko (15,324)
  15. Leżajsk (13,853)
  16. Sędziszów Małopolski (12,357)
  17. Lubaczów (12,018)
  18. Nowa Dęba (11,152)
  19. Ustrzyki Dolne (9,097)
  20. Kolbuszowa (9,075)
  21. Strzyżów (8,884)
  22. Brzozów (7,463)
  23. Rudnik nad Sanem (6,710)
  24. Głogów Małopolski (6,654)
  25. Boguchwała (6,179)
  26. Dynów (6,129)
  27. Nowa Sarzyna (5,834)
  28. Jedlicze (5,736)
  29. Lesko (5,424)
  30. Radymno (5,279)
  31. Zagórz (5,095)
  32. Pilzno (4,912)
  33. Sokołów Małopolski (4,193)
  34. Rymanów (3,825)
  35. Tyczyn (3,824)
  36. Pruchnik (3,764)
  37. Radomyśl Wielki (3,231)
  38. Kańczuga (3,167)
  39. Zaklików (2,979)
  40. Oleszyce (2,974)
  41. Brzostek (2,752)
  42. Sieniawa (2,140)
  43. Błażowa (2,139)
  44. Narol (2,109)
  45. Dukla (2,061)
  46. Cieszanów (1,913)
  47. Iwonicz-Zdrój (1,787)
  48. Przecław (1,775)
  49. Baranów Sandomierski (1,456)
  50. Ulanów (1,422)
  51. Kołaczyce (1,409)

Administrative division

Subcarpathian Voivodeship is divided into 25 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 160 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
AreaPopulation
(2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
km2sq mi
City counties
Rzeszów 7730194,8861
Przemyśl 441760,9991
Tarnobrzeg 863346,9071
Krosno 431746,3691
Land counties
Rzeszów County
powiat rzeszowski
471182168,614 Rzeszów * Boguchwała, Głogów Małopolski, Sokołów Małopolski, Błażowa, Tyczyn 14
Mielec County
powiat mielecki
880340136,591 Mielec Radomyśl Wielki, Przecław 10
Dębica County
powiat dębicki
776300135,348 Dębica Pilzno, Brzostek 7
Jarosław County
powiat jarosławski
1,029397120,462 Jarosław Radymno, Pruchnik 11
Jasło County
powiat jasielski
830320113,730 Jasło Kołaczyce 10
Krosno County
powiat krośnieński
924357112,301 Krosno * Jedlicze, Rymanów, Dukla, Iwonicz-Zdrój 10
Stalowa Wola County
powiat stalowowolski
833322106,272 Stalowa Wola Zaklików 6
Sanok County
powiat sanocki
1,22547394,473 Sanok Zagórz 8
Łańcut County
powiat łańcucki
45217580,898 Łańcut 7
Przeworsk County
powiat przeworski
69826978,354 Przeworsk Kańczuga, Sieniawa 9
Ropczyce-Sędziszów County
powiat ropczycko-sędziszowski
54921274,416 Ropczyce Sędziszów Małopolski 5
Przemyśl County
powiat przemyski
1,21446974,234 Przemyśl *10
Leżajsk County
powiat leżajski
58322569,479 Leżajsk Nowa Sarzyna 5
Nisko County
powiat niżański
78630366,699 Nisko Rudnik nad Sanem, Ulanów 7
Brzozów County
powiat brzozowski
54021065,652 Brzozów 6
Kolbuszowa County
powiat kolbuszowski
77429962,389 Kolbuszowa 6
Strzyżów County
powiat strzyżowski
50319461,505 Strzyżów 5
Lubaczów County
powiat lubaczowski
1,30850555,438 Lubaczów Oleszyce, Narol, Cieszanów 8
Tarnobrzeg County
powiat tarnobrzeski
52020053,115 Tarnobrzeg * Nowa Dęba, Baranów Sandomierski 4
Lesko County
powiat leski
83532226,532 Lesko 5
Bieszczady County
powiat bieszczadzki
1,13843921,799 Ustrzyki Dolne 3
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Jasliski Landscape Park and Jasiolka River Jasiolka River park.jpg
Jaśliski Landscape Park and Jasiołka River

Protected areas in Subcarpathian Voivodeship include two national parks and 11 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 19.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 15,100 euros or 50% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 59% of the EU average. Podkarpackie Voivodship is the province with the third lowest GDP per capita in Poland. [4]

History

Ethnic groups

Regional costumes of the Pogorzans 43. TKB - Chodowiacy z Chodowa 04.JPG
Regional costumes of the Pogorzans
  1. Mazur: [5] 9,530
  2. Nowak: 9,301
  3. Baran: 8,020

Notable residents

Subcarpathia landscape pictures

See also

Related Research Articles

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Ustrzyki Dolne Place in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

Ustrzyki Dolnepronounced ['usˈtʂɨkʲi ˈdɔlnɛ] is a town in south-eastern Poland, situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship close to the border with Ukraine. It is the capital of Bieszczady County, with 9,383 inhabitants (02.06.2009).

Leżajsk County County in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

Leżajsk County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, south-eastern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Leżajsk, which lies 41 kilometres (25 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów. The only other town in the county is Nowa Sarzyna, lying 11 km (7 mi) north-west of Leżajsk.

Rzeszów County County in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

Rzeszów County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, south-eastern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Rzeszów, although the city is not part of the county. The county contains six towns: Dynów, 28 km (17 mi) south-east of Rzeszów, Boguchwała, 8 km (5 mi) south-west of Rzeszów, Głogów Małopolski, 16 km (10 mi) north of Rzeszów, Sokołów Małopolski, 24 km (15 mi) north of Rzeszów, Tyczyn, 8 km (5 mi) south of Rzeszów, and Błażowa, 17 km (11 mi) south-east of Rzeszów.

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Gmina Leżajsk is a rural gmina in Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Leżajsk, although the town is not part of the territory of the gmina.

Gmina Nowa Sarzyna is an urban-rural gmina in Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Nowa Sarzyna, which lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) north-west of Leżajsk and 40 km (25 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.

Gmina Rudnik nad Sanem is an urban-rural gmina in Nisko County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Rudnik nad Sanem, which lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) south-east of Nisko and 49 km (30 mi) north of the regional capital Rzeszów.

Gmina Sokołów Małopolski is an urban-rural gmina in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. Its seat is the town of Sokołów Małopolski, which lies approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of the regional capital Rzeszów.

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Łętownia, Leżajsk County Village in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

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Sarzyna Village in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

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Tarnogóra, Podkarpackie Voivodeship Village in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

Tarnogóra is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowa Sarzyna, within Leżajsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) north of Nowa Sarzyna, 14 km (9 mi) north-west of Leżajsk, and 43 km (27 mi) north-east of the regional capital Rzeszów.

Przemyśl Land

Przemyśl Land was an administrative unit of Kyivan Rus, Kingdom of Poland and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. It existed since the integration of Principality of Peremyshl into Kingdom of Ruthenia and until 1772, and was one of five lands of Poland's Ruthenian Voivodeship. Its capital was at Przemyśl, where local sejmiks also took place. Together with Red Ruthenia, Przemyśl Land was annexed by King Kazimierz Wielki in 1340. It remained part of Poland in unchanged form until 1772, when, following the first partition of Poland, it became of Habsburg's province of Galicia.

References

Notes

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  4. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  5. Kujawiak, Ślązak similarly as Krakowiak and Mazur, took its name from the region of origin; " Mazowsze zasługuje na uwagę ze względu uzdolnień kolonizacyjnych ludności, które to plemię zapędzały na Ruś Czerwoną, w ziemię bialską, więc w sadyby dawnych Jadźwingów, na Podole. Wszędzie jednakże swoje plemienne cechy, a chociażby nazwę Mazurzy. Do dziś dnia (Tatomir Geografija Galicji 1876. str. 59) między Rabą a lewym brzegiem Sanu ludność miejscowa nosi nazwę Mazurów, z których część pod nazwą Grębowiaków (Lisowiaków al. Borowców) siedzi między Wisłą, dolnym Sanem po Mielec, i Leżajsk. Mamy zaś ślady, że w 1373 w Sanockiem nad Sanem, z daru księcia Władysława Opolczyka, a wówczas pana Rusi (lwowskiej) otrzymał wieś Jabłonicę Przybysław syn Fala z ziemi łęczyckiej (AGZ t. VII, str. 15-16)..." [w:] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom VI. III. Etnografia i stosunki społeczne. str. 191.

Coordinates: 49°57′24″N22°10′22″E / 49.95667°N 22.17278°E / 49.95667; 22.17278