Perth, Western Australia
|Population||9,202 (2016 census)|
|• Density||2,880/km2 (7,450/sq mi)|
|Area||3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|Location||4 km (2 mi) W of Perth CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Subiaco|
Subiaco (known colloquially as Subi) is an inner western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, north-west of Kings Park within the boundaries of the City of Subiaco. Historically a working class suburb containing a mixture of industrial and commercial land uses, since the 1990s the area has been one of Australia’s most celebrated urban redevelopment projects. It remains a predominantly low-rise, urban village neighbourhood centred around Subiaco train station and Rokeby Road.
Prior to European settlement the area was home to the Noongar people.
The area was settled in 1851 by Italian Benedictine monks. The monks named the area after Subiaco in Italy, the location where Benedict of Nursia, the founder of the Order of Saint Benedict, had begun his work.
The area developed rapidly in the late nineteenth century following the construction of the Perth to Fremantle Railway line. Industrial uses established themselves around the station with housing developing to the south with the area becoming a vibrant commercial hub by the 1930s (this area is now referred to as "Old Subiaco"). However, this industrial employment base went into decline from the 1960s with many of the suburb's historical buildings becoming derelict.
In 1997 the railway line through Subiaco was lowered, with a new station completed in 1998. This opened up 80 hectares of vacant land for the Subiaco Central redevelopment project administered by the Subiaco Redevelopment Authority.
Landmarks of suburb include Subiaco Oval, Mueller Park, the Regal Theatre, the Subiaco Hotel, the Victorian terraces on Catherine Street and the Subiaco Arts Centre.
The main street of Subiaco is Rokeby Road, which was named after General Henry Montagu, 6th Baron Rokeby, who was commander of the 1st Infantry Division during the Crimean War. Another important commercial road is Hay Street.
Residential areas include Subi Centro, a modern housing development with the sunken Subiaco railway station on reclaimed industrial land near Wembley, and older heritage properties towards Shenton Park.
Major hospital facilities include St John of God Subiaco Hospital, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children and King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women.
School facilities include Subiaco Primary Schooland Perth Modern School, the only academically selective school in Western Australia.
On the corner of Rokeby and Hamersley Roads is a clock tower war memorial, built in 1923 to commemorate soldiers from the district who died in World War I. The names of those who died in later conflicts have also been added.
Subiaco has a large number of well-preserved high-quality historic homes, many with elaborate leadlight windows.
The City of Subiaco publishes a self-guide walking tour of some of them. From 1989 until 2006 a Festival of Leadlights community event was run biennially by a Subiaco resident.It was restarted in 2018.
Each year, the City of Subiaco supports a boutique street festival where Rokeby Road is closed off from traffic between Barker Road and Hay Street. It is commonly referred to as the "Subiaco Street Party"and is a free community event that promotes live music, street food, markets and family entertainment.
Subiaco—along with Northbridge, Leederville and Fremantle—is one of Perth's major nightlife hubs.It attracts people from all over the metropolitan region for its pubs, bars and nightclubs. Subiaco's bars and restaurants are largely clustered around Rokeby Road and Hay Street although in recent years several trendy cafes, restaurants and bars have opened up near the southern end of Rokeby Road. Subiaco encompasses small businesses, commercial retail chains, and franchise businesses. Notable business that have operated in Subiaco for over 30 years include the Subiaco Hotel, Farmer Jack Food Market, Coles Supermarkets, the Vic Hotel, Jana Beauty, the Regal Theatre. In addition to this, the Crossways shopping precinct on Rokeby Road was constructed in 1954.
Subiaco is also known for its Subi Farmer's Market, held every Saturday morning near the primary school on Bagot Road. It is utilised by locals and other shoppers, with fresh and organic produce and a lively market atmosphere.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 million living in Greater Perth in 2018. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with most of the metropolitan area on the Swan Coastal Plain between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The city has expanded outward from the original British settlements on the Swan River, upon which the city's central business district and port of Fremantle are situated. Perth city is located on land on which the Whadjuk Nyoongar, the Aboriginal people of the south west of Western Australia, have lived for at least 38,000 years.
Fremantle is a port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River in the metropolitan area of Perth, the state capital. Fremantle Harbour serves as the port of Perth. In 2016, Fremantle had a population of approximately 29,000. The Western Australian vernacular diminutive for Fremantle is Freo.
Subiaco Oval was a sports stadium in Perth, Western Australia, located in the suburb of Subiaco. It was opened in 1908 and closed in 2017 after the completion of the new Perth Stadium in Burswood, Western Australia.
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The Subiaco Hotel is a historic hotel in Subiaco, Western Australia. It is located at 455–465 Hay Street, at the corner of Rokeby Road, and dates back to the state's gold rushes era of the 1890s.
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