Subprefectures in France

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A subprefecture in Verdun, Meuse Verdun sous-prefecture 4juni2006 045.jpg
A subprefecture in Verdun, Meuse
A subprefecture in Langon, Gironde Langon 009.jpg
A subprefecture in Langon, Gironde

In France, a subprefecture (French : sous-préfecture) is the commune which is the administrative centre of a departmental arrondissement that does not contain the prefecture for its department. The term also applies to the building that houses the administrative headquarters for an arrondissement.

The civil servant in charge of a subprefecture is the subprefect, assisted by a general secretary. Between May 1982 and February 1988, subprefects were known instead by the title commissaire adjoint de la République. Where the administration of an arrondissement is carried out from a prefecture, the general secretary to the prefect carries out duties equivalent to those of the subprefect.

The municipal arrondissements of Paris, Lyon and Marseille are divisions of the commune rather than the prefecture. They are not arrondissements in the same sense.

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Departments of France Administrative subdivision in France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government under the national level, between the administrative regions and the communes. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

An arrondissement is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, as well as the Netherlands.

A prefecture is an administrative jurisdiction traditionally governed by an appointed prefect. This can be a regional or local government subdivision in various countries, or a subdivision in certain international church structures, as well as in antiquity a Roman district

Prefectures in France

In France, a prefecture may be:

Hautes-Alpes Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Hautes-Alpes is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. Located in and named after the Alps, it had a population of 141,107 in 2016. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon.

Doubs Department of France in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Doubs is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in Eastern France. Named after the Doubs River, it had a population of 538,549 in 2016. Its prefecture is Besançon and subprefectures are Montbéliard and Pontarlier.

Saône-et-Loire Department of France in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Saône-et-Loire is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of central-eastern France. Named after the Saône and Loire between which it lies, it had a population of 555,023 in 2016. Its prefecture is Mâcon and subprefectures are Autun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.

An arrondissement is a level of administrative division in France generally corresponding to the territory overseen by a subprefect. As of 2019, the 101 French departments were divided into 332 arrondissements.

Prefect (France)

A prefect in France is the state's representative in a department or region. Subprefects are responsible for the subdivisions of departments, arrondissements. The office of a prefect is known as a prefecture and that of a sub-prefect as a subprefecture.

Minister of the Interior (France) French government ministry

The Minister of the Interior is an important position in the Government of France. The office is equivalent to the Interior Minister of other countries, like the Home Secretary of the United Kingdom, the Minister of Public Safety in Canada or similar to a combination of the Attorney General and Secretary of Homeland Security in the United States.

The 7 arrondissements of the Pas-de-Calais department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Arras, with 357 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 248,929 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Béthune, with 104 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 293,991 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Boulogne-sur-Mer, with 74 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 159,748 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Calais, with 52 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 158,492 in 2016.
  5. Arrondissement of Lens, with 50 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 367,839 in 2016.
  6. Arrondissement of Montreuil, with 164 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 112,118 in 2016.
  7. Arrondissement of Saint-Omer, with 89 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 129,608 in 2016.

An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.

The 5 arrondissements of the Charente-Maritime department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Jonzac, with 129 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 67,989 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Rochefort, with 78 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 189,875 in 2013.
  3. Arrondissement of La Rochelle, with 58 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 215,707 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Saintes, with 88 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 116,057 in 2016.
  5. Arrondissement of Saint-Jean-d'Angély, with 110 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 52,563 in 2016.

The four arrondissements of the Haut-Rhin department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Altkirch, with 108 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 69,793 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Colmar-Ribeauvillé, with 98 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 211,668 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Mulhouse, with 79 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 351,012 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Thann-Guebwiller, with 81 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 130,270 in 2016.
Arrondissements of the Martinique department

The 4 arrondissements of the Martinique department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Fort-de-France, with 4 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 157,449 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Le Marin, with 12 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 117,168 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Saint-Pierre, with 8 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 22,926 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of La Trinité, with 10 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 78,937 in 2016.

The 6 arrondissements of the Nord department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe, with 151 communes. Its population was 230,372 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Cambrai, with 116 communes. Its population was 162,045 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Douai, with 64 communes. Its population was 245,280 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Dunkirk (Dunkerque), with 111 communes. Its population was 377,294 in 2016.
  5. Arrondissement of Lille, with 124 communes. Its population was 1,237,472 in 2016.
  6. Arrondissement of Valenciennes, with 82 communes. Its population was 351,260 in 2016.
Vienne Department of France

Vienne is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.

A subprefect is a high government official in several countries, including Brazil and France.