| Attorney General for England and Wales |
Advocate General for Northern Ireland
13 February 2020 –
On Leave: 2 March 2021 –
|Prime Minister||Boris Johnson|
|Preceded by||Sir Geoffrey Cox|
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union|
9 January 2018 –15 November 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Kwasi Kwarteng|
|Chairman of the|
European Research Group
19 June 2017 –9 January 2018
|Preceded by||Steve Baker|
|Succeeded by||Jacob Rees-Mogg|
|Deputy Chairman of the|
European Research Group
20 November 2016 –19 June 2017
Servingwith Michael Tomlinson
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Steve Baker (2018)|
| Member of Parliament |
7 May 2015
|Preceded by||Mark Hoban|
Sue-Ellen Cassiana Fernandes
3 April 1980
Harrow, London, England
Sue-Ellen Cassiana "Suella" Braverman née Fernandes; born 3 April 1980) is a British politician currently on leave. She was appointed Attorney General for England and Wales and Advocate General for Northern Ireland in February 2020 and has been the member of parliament (MP) for Fareham since 2015. A member of the Conservative Party, she chaired the European Research Group (ERG) from 19 June 2017 to 9 January 2018.(
Fernandes was born to Christie and Uma Fernandes of Indian origin,who had emigrated to Britain in the 1960s from Kenya and Mauritius. Her mother was a nurse and a councillor in Brent and her father, of Goan-ancestry in South India, worked for a housing association. She was born in Harrow, Greater London, and grew up in Wembley.
Fernandes attended the Uxendon Manor Primary School in Brent and the fee-paying Heathfield School, Pinner, on a partial scholarship.
Fernandes read Law at Queens' College, Cambridge. She lived in France for two years, as an Erasmus Programme student and then as an Entente Cordiale Scholar, where she completed a master's degree in European and French Law at Pantheon-Sorbonne University.During her undergraduate studies, she was Chairman of the Cambridge University Conservative Association. Between 2005 and 2015, Fernandes practised as a barrister.
Fernandes married Rael Braverman in February 2018 at the House of Commons.Their first child, George, was born on 10 July 2019 and their second child, Gabriella, was born on 7 March 2021.
Braverman is a member of the Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly known as the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order) and attends the London Buddhist Centre monthly.
Braverman was called to the bar at Middle Temple in 2005.She completed her pupillage at 2–3 Gray's Inn Square (now Cornerstone Barristers) and then was based at No5 Chambers in London specialising in commercial litigation, judicial review, immigration and planning law. She was appointed to the Attorney General's C Panel of Counsel in 2010.
At the 2005 general election, Fernandes contested Leicester East, finishing in second place behind Labour's Keith Vaz. [ citation needed ] and was eventually selected to be the Conservative candidate in Fareham. Fernandes also sought election to the London Assembly at the 2012 Assembly elections, being placed fourth on the Conservative London-wide list. She missed out, however, as only the first three Conservative candidates were elected.She sought selection as the Conservative candidate in Bexhill and Battle, but was unsuccessful,
Fernandes was elected to the House of Commons as the MP for Fareham in 2015 with 56.1% of the vote and a majority of 22,262.She gave her maiden speech on 1 June 2015. She has taken a particular interest in education, home affairs and justice and has written for The Daily Telegraph , Bright Blue, i News , HuffPost , Brexit Central and ConservativeHome .
From 2015 to 2017, Fernandes was a member of the Education Select Committee and the Education, Skills and the Economy Sub-Committee. [ citation needed ]Between November 2015 and February 2016, she was a member of the Joint Committee on the Draft Investigatory Powers Bill. Fernandes chaired the all-party parliamentary group (APPG) on Financial Education for Young People from September 2016 to May 2017. Working with the charity Young Enterprise and the money-saving expert Martin Lewis, she led the APPG's inquiry into the provision of financial education in schools and launched its report, Financial Education in Schools: Two Years On – Job Done?, which called for better financial education in schools. Fernandes was also a commissioner on the Social Market Foundation commission on inequality in education, a cross-party initiative which is examining the causes and effects of inequality in education at primary and secondary levels in England and Wales.
Fernandes joined the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme in 2016, graduating from the scheme in 2017.Fernandes opened a Westminster Hall debate in the House of Commons on the failings of Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust and has chaired meetings with the Trust's executives along with other MPs on the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Hampshire in which instances of poor care quality and the deaths of patients were investigated.
Fernandes was a member of the panel of an inquiry, led by the think-tank British Future, to examine how the government can protect the rights of EU citizens in the UK.Fernandes campaigned to leave the European Union in the 2016 EU membership referendum; a majority (55%) of votes in her constituency were for leaving. She was chair of the European Research Group, a pro-Leave group of Conservative MPs, until her promotion to ministerial office; she was replaced by Jacob Rees-Mogg. Following the 2017 general election, Fernandes was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the ministers of the Treasury.
During the January 2018 reshuffle, Fernandes was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Exiting the European Union.On 15 November 2018, Fernandes (now known as Braverman) resigned on the same day that Davis' successor, Dominic Raab, resigned as Brexit Secretary in protest at Theresa May and Olly Robbins's draft Brexit deal, which was released the day before.
In March 2019, Braverman stated in a speech for the Bruges Group that "[a]s Conservatives, we are engaged in a battle against cultural Marxism". Her usage of the Cultural Marxism conspiracy theory, an antisemitic conspiracy theory often employed by neo-Nazis and alt-right activists as a means of attacking Jewish people involved in politics, was condemned as hate speech by other MPs, the Board of Deputies of British Jews and the anti-racist organisation Hope Not Hate, among other anti-racist charities. Braverman denied that the term "cultural Marxism" was an antisemitic trope, saying, "We have culture evolving from the far left which has allowed the snuffing out of freedom of speech, freedom of thought. [...] I'm very aware of that ongoing creep of cultural Marxism, which has come from Jeremy Corbyn."After meeting with her later, the Board of Deputies of British Jews said in a subsequent statement that she is "not in any way antisemitic", saying it believed that she did not "intentionally use antisemitic language", while finding that she "is clearly a good friend of the Jewish community" and that they were "sorry to see that the whole matter has caused distress".
In the 13 February 2020 reshuffle, Braverman was appointed as Attorney General for England and Wales and Advocate General for Northern Ireland, succeeding Geoffrey Cox who had been dismissed from government. She is the second female Attorney General and the first Conservative female Attorney General.
Braverman was designated as a Minister on Leave on 2 March 2021,shortly after the Ministerial and other Maternity Allowances Act 2021 was enacted to allow this arrangement. Michael Ellis became Attorney General in an acting capacity.
Braverman is the chair of governors at the Michaela Community School,and supports plans to create a free school in Fareham. She sits on the advisory board of the New Schools Network, a charity which aims to support groups setting up free schools within the English state education sector.
In a December 2015 op-ed, Braverman wrote, "In essence, rights have come to fill the space once occupied by generosity." She quotes Eric Posner's theories on what the Brazilian state sees as its right to use torture by "the police in the name of crime prevention. They justify this by putting a general right to live free from crime and intimidation above their rights of those who are tortured." She closes,
To correct the imbalance, perhaps we should adopt a Universal Declaration of Responsibilities and Duties, to be read in tandem with that on Human Rights? A fair, decent and reasonable society should question the dilution of our sense of duty, the demotion of our grasp of responsibility and our virtual abandonment of the spirit of civic obligation. What we do for others should matter more than the selfish assertion of personal rights and the lonely individualism to which it gives rise.
In 2020, as Attorney General, she stated the UK Government's legal position about the possible impact of the UK Internal Market Bill on the Northern Ireland Protocol:
It is an established principle of international law that a state is obliged to discharge its treaty obligations in good faith. This is, and will remain, the key principle in informing the UK's approach to international relations. However, in the difficult and highly exceptional circumstances in which we find ourselves, it is important to remember the fundamental principle of Parliamentary sovereignty.
Parliament is sovereign as a matter of domestic law and can pass legislation which is in breach of the UK's Treaty obligations. Parliament would not be acting unconstitutionally in enacting such legislation. This 'dualist' approach is shared by other, similar legal systems […].
Catharine Letitia Hoey, Baroness Hoey, known as Kate Hoey, is a Northern Irish politician and life peer who served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Home Affairs from 1998 to 1999 and Minister for Sport from 1999 to 2001. A former member of the Labour Party, she was Member of Parliament (MP) for Vauxhall from 1989 to 2019.
Fareham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2015, it has been represented by Suella Braverman of the Conservative Party. She is currently the Attorney General.
Amber Augusta Rudd is a British former politician who served as Home Secretary from 2016 to 2018 and Secretary of State for Work and Pensions from 2018 to 2019. She was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Hastings and Rye being first elected in 2010, representing the Conservative Party, and stood down from parliament in 2019. She identifies herself as a one-nation conservative, and has been associated with both socially liberal and economically liberal policies.
Anne Marie Morris is a British Conservative Party politician and former lawyer. She has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Newton Abbot since 2010.
Kwasi Alfred Addo Kwarteng is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy since 2021. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Spelthorne since 2010.
Caroline Julia Dinenage, Lady Lancaster of Kimbolton is a British Conservative Party politician who has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Gosport since the 2010 general election.
Michael Tyrone Ellis is a British Conservative Party politician currently serving as Attorney General for England and Wales. He was appointed as such when Suella Braverman was designated as a Minister on Leave in March 2021. He has also served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Northampton North since 2010.
Marcus John Hudson Fysh is a British Conservative Party politician and former investment manager serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Yeovil since 2015. He was a supporter of Leave Means Leave, a pro-Brexit lobby group, and campaigned to leave the EU in the 2016 Referendum.
Maria Colette Caulfield is a Conservative Party politician and nurse. She was first elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Lewes in 2015. She was given the role of Conservative Campaign Headquarters (CCHQ) Vice Chair for Women on 8 January 2018, until her resignation on 10 July 2018 in protest at the Brexit strategy of the Prime Minister, Theresa May. She was a board member of Blue Collar Conservativism.
Amanda Anne Milling is a British politician who has been serving since February 2020 both as a Minister without Portfolio in the UK Cabinet and, alongside Ben Elliot, as Co-Chairman of the Conservative Party. She has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cannock Chase since the 2015 general election. She previously worked in market research.
Huw William Merriman is a British Conservative Party politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Bexhill and Battle since the 2015 general election. Prior to his parliamentary career, he was a barrister and a local councillor.
Miriam Jane Alice Davies, known as Mims Davies, is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Employment since 2019.
Lucy Frazer is a British politician and barrister who has served as Solicitor General for England and Wales since March 2021. She has also been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South East Cambridgeshire since 2015 and is a member of the Conservative Party.
Christopher Patrick James Green is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Bolton West; he has held the seat since gaining it from the Labour Party at the 2015 general election. He was elected again in the 2017 general election, increasing his majority and vote share. In August 2019, he was appointed as a Parliamentary Private Secretary in the Department for Education.
Olukemi Olufunto Badenoch is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Saffron Walden since 2017. A member of the Conservative Party, she has served in Boris Johnson's second government as Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury and the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Equalities at the Government Equalities Office since 2020.
Ruth Stephanie Nicole George is a British Labour Party politician, who became the Member of Parliament (MP) for High Peak in Derbyshire at the 2017 United Kingdom general election. George lost the seat back to the Conservatives at the 2019 general election, and now serves as a local councillor in Whaley Bridge, Derbyshire.
Lloyd Cameron Russell-Moyle is a British Labour and Co-operative Party politician who was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton Kemptown in the 2017 general election. He retained his seat in the 2019 general election.
Cultural Marxism is a far-right antisemitic conspiracy theory which claims Western Marxism as the basis of continuing academic and intellectual efforts to subvert Western culture. The conspiracists claim that an elite of Marxist theorists and Frankfurt School intellectuals are subverting Western society with a culture war that undermines the Christian values of traditionalist conservatism and promotes the cultural liberal values of the 1960s counterculture and multiculturalism, progressive politics and political correctness, misrepresented as identity politics created by critical theory.
The European Research Group (ERG) is a research support group of Eurosceptic Conservative Members of Parliament of the United Kingdom. The journalist Sebastian Payne described it in the Financial Times as "the most influential [research group] in recent political history".
The second Johnson ministry began on 16 December 2019, three days following Boris Johnson's audience of Queen Elizabeth II where she invited him to form a new administration following the 2019 general election, in which the Conservative Party was returned to power with a majority of 80 seats in the House of Commons. Initially the ministers were largely identical to those at the end of the first Johnson ministry, but changed significantly in a cabinet reshuffle in February 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suella Braverman .|
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament |
| Attorney General for England and Wales |
| Advocate General for Northern Ireland |
| Chair of the European Research Group |