Suihua People's Square
Location of Suihua City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey)
|Coordinates(Suihua government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Suihua Secretary||Zhang Jingchuan (张晶川)|
|• Mayor||Wang Jinhui (王金会)|
|• Prefecture-level city||34,964.17 km2 (13,499.74 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,756.4 km2 (1,064.3 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,756.4 km2 (1,064.3 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,416,439|
|• Density||150/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HL-12|
"Suihua", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Suihua (Chinese :绥化) is a prefecture-level city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It has 5,418,453 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 877,114 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Beilin District.
Suihua is located in the northern part of the Songnen Plain, and situated in the central part of Heilongjiang Province. Bordering prefectures are:
The city is located at latitude 45° 03′–48° 02′ N and longitude 124° 13′–128° 30' E. The total area of the city is 35,211 square kilometres (13,595 sq mi).
Suihua has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, bitterly cold, but dry winters, and humid, very warm summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −20.9 °C (−5.6 °F) in January to 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 2.78 °C (37.0 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone.
|Climate data for Suihua (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||1.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||−14.8|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−20.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||−26.6|
|Record low °C (°F)||−41.8|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.0|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.5||4.9||4.7||7.1||9.8||13.9||14.0||13.3||10.4||7.0||6.3||6.8||103.7|
|Source: Weather China|
Suihua's history can be stretched back to over 10,000 years ago. Paleolithic Age stone tools were unearthed at Hailun and Zhaodong. Neolithic sites belong to the Ang'angxi Culture type were olso discovered at Anda. Sushen, the ancestors of the Manchu, inhabited in this region During the Xia Dynasty and Shang Dynasty. During the Yuan Dynasty, agriculture developed rapidly in Suihua.
From 1653, Suihua area was under the rule of Ningguta General. In 1683, the position of Heilongjiang General was established, Suihua was under the rule of Heilongjiang General. On November 20, 1885, the Directly Ruled Ting of Suihua (綏化直隸廳) was established at Beilin Tuanzi, a barren at that time. In 1905 it was redesigned as Suihua Fu (綏化府).
In 1912, an army regiment was established in Suihua. The outbreak of plague caused 1683 deaths that year. In February 1913, 3000 brigands attacked the county seat, and was flattened by the garrison corps. In August 1917, in Suihua established the first telephone company. In July 1919, the 2nd High School of Heilongjiang Province was created. In February 1929, the county government was formally established.
In April 1932, the Japanese entered the city, resistance army led by Ma Zhanshan withdrew. The Manchuko county government was created on July 12, 1933. In December 1934, Suihua county was put under the administration of Binjiang Province. In 1939, the county was incorporated into Bei'an Province, and the county hospital was built. On July 28, 1941, Counter-Japanese United Army organized the National Salvation Society at Shuanghe, Wuying villages. The Manchu government ordered the peasants to supply military grain, and often faced heavy resistance. In 1943 the Suihua-Jiamusi railway was opened to traffic. The Soviets took the city in August 27, 1945, and Chen Lei was made the first County CPC secretary in November.
The land reform movement began in 1947. Many Suihua people joined the Chinese civil war, especially the Siping Campaign. In May 13, 1949, Suihua County Government was renamed Suihua People's Government.
Suihua is approved to become a prefecture-level city in 1999, and officially designated a prefecture-level city on June 14, 2000.
|Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|Beilin District||北林区||Běilín Qū||877,114||2,756.4||318|
|Anda City||安达市||Āndá Shì||472,826||3,586.3||132|
|Zhaodong City||肇东市||Zhàodōng Shì||903,067||4,331.96||208|
|Hailun City||海伦市||Hǎilún Shì||769,437||4,667.26||165|
|Wangkui County||望奎县||Wàngkuí Xiàn||458,725||2,313.78||198|
|Lanxi County||兰西县||Lánxī Xiàn||424,562||2,499.35||170|
|Qinggang County||青冈县||Qīnggāng Xiàn||474,422||2,684.71||177|
|Qing'an County||庆安县||Qìng'ān Xiàn||386,162||5,468.7||71|
|Mingshui County||明水县||Míngshuǐ Xiàn||320,695||2,305.46||139|
|Suileng County||绥棱县||Suíléng Xiàn||331,343||4,350.25||76|
As an agricultural production hub in Heilongjiang province,Suihua's GDP has reached RMB 73.34 billion in 2010, an increase of 14.8 percent over the previous year. To the city's GDP, the main contributors are the agricultural sector and service sector. Petrochemicals, textiles and machinery are some other pillar industries in Suihua. In 2015, Suihua had a GDP of RMB 127.22 billion.
The railway station of Suihua is located at the crossing of Taiping Road (太平路) and Beilin Road (北林路) in the eastern region of the city proper. The Harbin-Jiamusi Railway and the Harbin-Heihe Railway connect the city with Harbin, Jiamusi and several other cities in Heilongjiang Province. There are also buses to Daqing, Qiqihar and other cities in Heilongjiang.
Heilongjiang is a province in Northeast China. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.
Daqing is a prefecture-level city in the west of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The name literally means "Great Celebration". Daqing is known as the Oil Capital of China and has experienced a phenomenal boom since oil was discovered at the Daqing Oil Field in 1959.
Jiamusi is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Located along the middle and lower reaches of the Songhua River, it faces Russia's Khabarovsk Krai across the Ussuri River and the Heilongjiang. In 2018, Jiamusi had a GDP of RMB 101.2 billion with a 4.3% growth rate. Jiamusi had a total population of 2.333 million at the 2018 census, of which 1.24 million lived in the urban area and 1.09 million lived in the rural area.
Shuangyashan is a coal mining prefecture-level city located in the eastern part Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, bordering Russia's Khabarovsk and Primorsky krais to the east. The city's name means a pair-of-ducks mountains and refers to two peaks northeast of the city. In 2007 it had a GDP of RMB 20.6 billion with a 14.2% growth rate.
Qiqihar is the second largest city in the Heilongjiang province of China, located in the west central part of the province. The built-up area made up of Longsha, Tiefeng and Jianhua districts had 979,517 inhabitants, while the total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,367,003 at the 2010 census. These are mainly Han Chinese, though the city is also home to thirty-four minorities including Manchus, Daur, and Mongols. Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes.
Heihe is a prefecture-level city of northern Heilongjiang province, China, located on the Russian border, on the south bank of the Heilong Jiang, across the river from Blagoveshchensk. Heihe has an urban population of about 211,313, while the total population of the prefecture-level city is 1,673,893. In 2015, Heihe had a GDP of RMB 44.78 billion.
Hegang, is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the People's Republic of China, situated in the southeastern section of the Lesser Khingan Range, facing Jiamusi across the Songhua River to the south and Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast across the Amur River to the north. Hegang is one of the principal coal-producing cities in China. Hegang covers an administrative area of 14,679.88 km2 (5,667.93 sq mi) and according to the 2010 Census, has a population of 1,058,665 inhabitants. Its built-up area is home to 664,471 inhabitants spread out over 5 urban districts including Dongshan being urbanized, even though still largely rural.
Mudanjiang is a prefecture-level city in the southeast part of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It was called Botankou under Japanese occupation. It serves as a regional transport hub with a railway junction and an international airport connecting with several major Chinese cities as well as Seoul of South Korea. Mudanjiang is located 248 km (154 mi) from Vladivostok, Russia. In 2011 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 93.48 billion with a 15.1% growth rate. In 2015 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 118.63 billion.
Yichun is a prefecture-level city on the Songhua river in Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The city is separated from Russia by the Amur River and has an international border of 246 kilometres (153 mi). At the 2010 census, Yichun has a total population of 1,148,126 while 729,202 people live in 15 districts separated by forests. The greening rate of Yichun is up to 83%. The nickname of Yichun is Lindu.
Jixi is a city in southeastern Heilongjiang Province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, 1,862,165 people resided within its administrative area of 22,488.47 square kilometres (8,682.85 sq mi) and 757,647 in its built-up area made up of 3 out of 6 urban districts. Jixi is on the Muling River about 30 km (19 mi) from the border with Russia's Primorsky Krai and 120 km (75 mi) from Khanka Lake. The mayor of Jixi is Zhang Changrong (张常荣) since June 2015. The area is one of the important coal mining bases in China. A crater on asteroid 253 Mathilde was named after the city.
Qitaihe is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Covering an area 6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi), it is geographically the smallest prefecture-level division of the province. Qitaihe also has the second smallest population of the cities in Heilongjiang. At the 2010 census, its total population was 920,419, while 620,935 live in the built up area made of 3 urban districts.
An intermediate people's court is the second lowest local people's court in China. According to the Organic Law of the People's Courts of the People's Republic of China, the intermediate people's courts handle relevant important local cases in the first instance and hear appeal cases from the basic people's courts.
Daxing'anling Prefecture, also known as Da Hinggan Ling Prefecture, is the northernmost Chinese prefecture-level division, located in Heilongjiang Province. Its area is 46,755 square kilometres (18,052 sq mi) and has a population of 520,000, as of 2004. It is named after the Greater Khingan Range Mountains. In 2007 it had a GDP of RMB 6.1 billion and a growth rate of 11.1%. In 2015 Daxing'anling Prefecture had a GDP of RMB 13.49 billion, while a GDP of RMB 15.39 billion in the year 2014.
Suiling County is a county of west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Suihua, and contains its northernmost point.
The Harbin–Tongjiang Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hatong Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, and Tongjiang, a county-level city in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang. It is completely in Heilongjiang Province.
Yang Xin is a former Chinese politician from Heilongjiang Province. He was the Party Secretary and Mayor of Qiqihar, and prior to that Mayor of Daqing. In September 2014 Yang was investigated by the Communist Party's anti-corruption body.
Wang Jiadao (1916–1992) was a People's Liberation Army major general and People's Republic of China politician. He was born in Huoqiu County, Anhui Province. As a member of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, he participated in the Long March. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was part of the Eighth Route Army. In March 1969, he was involved in the Sino-Soviet border conflict. In 1971, he was made Governor and Communist Party of China Committee Secretary of Heilongjiang Province after the dismissal of Pan Fusheng.
Tiexi Subdistrict is the subdistrict of Anda, Suihua, Heilongjiang, China. The subdistrict office at Second Street of Tiexi (铁西二道街). The subdistrict is east to Caoqiao (草桥), Xinfadi (新发地), south to Yangcao (羊草), Nanlai (南来). The area of subdistrict is 50.28 km², the shape of subdistrict is rectangle in east-west direction, it has inhabitants 94993.
Songzhan is the town of Zhaodong, Suihua, Heilongjiang, China. It is located at the northwest of Zhaodong, away from Zhaodong city 30 km, and away from Harbin 90 km, away from Daqing 60 km. The area of Songzhan is 281 km². The town has 8 administrate villages, 64 natural villages, and it has inhabitants 42,000. It has inhabitants 22,000 at the town city.
Han Dongyan is a Chinese politician who spent most of his career in both cities of Daqing and Qiqihar in northeast China's Heilongjiang province. He was investigated by the Heilongjiang Provincial Surveillance Commission in March 2018. Previously he served as director and deputy party chief of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Heilongjiang Government.