Sun Wen (footballer)

Last updated
Sun Wen 孙雯
Personal information
Date of birth (1973-04-06) April 6, 1973 (age 45)
Place of birth Shanghai, China
Height 1.62 m (5 ft 4 in)
Playing position Forward
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1989–2000 Shanghai
2001–2002 Atlanta Beat 33 (7)
2003 Shanghai SVA
2006 Shanghai SVA
National team
1990–2006 China [1] 152 (106 [2] )
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Sun Wen (simplified Chinese :孙雯; traditional Chinese :孫雯; pinyin :Sūn Wén; born April 6, 1973 in Shanghai) is a retired Chinese professional football (soccer) player. She previously captained the China women's national football team and the Atlanta Beat of the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA).

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Contents

In 2000, she won the FIFA Female Player of the Century along with Michelle Akers. Sun won both the Golden Ball (top player) and Golden Boot (top scorer) for her performance at the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup. She is considered one of the all-time greats of the women's game. [3] [4]

FIFA Female Player of the Century was a one-off award created by the global governing body FIFA to decide the greatest football female player of the 20th century, announced at the annual FIFA World gala, held in Rome on 11 December 2000. American player Michelle Akers and Chinese player Sun Wen were joint winners of the award. Michelle Akers won the award based on votes from FIFA officials, journalists and coaches, while Sun Wen won the award based on the Internet poll.

Michelle Anne Akers is an American former soccer player, who starred in the historic 1991 and 1999 Women's World Cup victories by the United States. She won the Golden Boot as the top scorer in the 1991 tournament.

1999 FIFA Womens World Cup 1999 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, the third edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was held in the United States and won by the host team. The final between the U.S. and China, held on 10 July at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, was the most-attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90,185. U.S. President Bill Clinton was among those in attendance. The final was scoreless after extra time and won by the U.S. in a penalty shootout. This remains the only Women's World Cup tournament in which the host nation has won.

Early life

Sun began playing football around the age of ten. Her father, Sun Zonggao, was a recreational football player who took Sun with him to watch matches in the Chinese men's league. Sun credits him for influencing her foray into the sport. [5] [6]

Sun studied Chinese literature at the University of Shanghai.

University of Shanghai

University of Shanghai, also known as Shanghai College and Hujiang University, was a university established by the American Baptist Missionary Union and the Southern Baptist Convention in Shanghai. It was the predecessor of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology.

Playing career

Club

Shanghai SVA

Sun played for the Shanghai team in the Chinese women's league. [5]

Atlanta Beat

Sun played for the Atlanta Beat of the Women's United Soccer Association from 2001-2002. She was the first overall pick of the WUSA's Inaugural Draft, but a knee and ankle injury limited her first season with the Beat to 13 games with five starts. During the league's semifinal match against the Philadelphia Charge, the Beat were down 2-0, however, Sun scored on a penalty kick and then provided the assist on the equalizer goal with a corner kick headed in by Cindy Parlow. The Beat would go on to win the match 3-2. She then notched the Beat's third goal in the Founders Cup helping the team to an eventual 3-3 tie during regulation. The San Jose CyberRays won the title in a penalty kick shootout. [7] [8]

Atlanta Beat (WUSA) defunct Womens United Soccer Association franchise

The Atlanta Beat was a professional soccer team that played in the Women's United Soccer Association. The team played at Bobby Dodd Stadium on the campus of the Georgia Institute of Technology in their first year of operation before moving to Herndon Stadium, on the campus of Morris Brown College in Atlanta, Georgia.

Womens United Soccer Association

The Women's United Soccer Association, often abbreviated to the WUSA, was the world's first women's soccer league in which all the players were paid as professionals. Founded in February 2000, the league began its first season in April 2001 with eight teams in the United States. The league suspended operations on September 15, 2003, shortly after the end of its third season, after making cumulative losses of around US $100 million.

Philadelphia Charge

The Philadelphia Charge was an American women's professional soccer team that played in the Women's United Soccer Association. The team played at Villanova Stadium on the campus of Villanova University near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

During the 2002 season, Sun played in 18 games, making 10 starts. She scored four goals as the Beat earned another chance at the playoffs, but the Beat were eliminated in the semifinals. [9]

Sun announced her retirement from the WUSA in January 2003 to return to China in preparation for the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup. [10]

International

Sun appeared on China's national squad at the age of 17 and went on to appear in four FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments for China and became one of three women to have played all of China's 15 matches in its three World Cup appearances. [11] In 1999, she had 10 goals in her World Cup career, leaving her tied for second place on an all-time scoring list. [5]

Sun helped the national team win the Asian Cup in 1991, 1993, 1995 and 1997. [12]

Sun led China to a silver medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Athens, Georgia. During the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, Sun scored seven goals and earned the Golden Ball (top player) and Golden Boot (top scorer) at the tournament.

She returned to the Chinese women's team from a two-year retirement on December 15, 2005. [13] Due to injury reasons, Sun retired again after winning AFC Women's Asian Cup in 2006.

Matches and goals scored at World Cup and Olympic tournaments

Sun played 28 matches and scored 16 goals in 4 world cup tournaments and 2 Olympics: China 1991, Sweden 1995, Atlanta 1996, USA 1999, Sydney 2000, USA 2003; she played and started every match for China. Sun Wen, with her China teams, won a silver medal at Atlanta 1996 Olympics, and finished second at USA 1999 world cup.

GoalMatchDateLocationOpponentLineupMinScoreResultCompetition
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup
1
1991-11-16 [m 1] Guangzhou Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

off 70' (on Zhu Tao)

4–0 W

Group stage
1
2
1991-11-19 [m 2] Guangzhou Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Start37

1–1

2–2 D

Group stage
3
1991-11-21 [m 3] Foshan Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Start

4–1 W

Group stage
4
1991-11-24 [m 4] Guangzhou Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start

0–1 L

Quarter-final
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup
2
5
1995-06-06 [m 5] Gävle Flag of the United States.svg  United States Start79

3–3

3–3 D

Group stage
6
1995-06-08 [m 6] Västerås Flag of Australia.svg  Australia Start

4–2 W

Group stage
3
7
1995-06-10 [m 7] Västerås Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Start76

2–1

3–1 W

Group stage
8
1995-06-13 [m 8] Helsingborg Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start

1–1(pso 4–3) (W)

Quarter-final
9
1995-06-15 [m 9] Helsingborg Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start

0–1 L

Semi-final
10
1995-06-17 [m 10] Gävle Flag of the United States.svg  United States

off 59' (on Wei Haiying)

0–2 L

Third place match
Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta 1996 Olympic Women's Football Tournament
11
1996-07-21 [m 11] Miami Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start

2–0 W

Group stage
12
1996-07-23 [m 12] Miami Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark

off 43' (on Chen Yufeng)

5–1 W

Group stage
13
1996-07-25 [m 13] Miami Flag of the United States.svg  United States Start

0–0 D

Group stage
14
1996-07-28 [m 14] Athens GA Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Start

3–2 W

Semi-final
4
15
1996-08-01 [m 15] Athens GA Flag of the United States.svg  United States Start32

1–1

1–2 L

Gold medal match
Flag of the United States.svg USA 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup
16
1999-06-19 [m 16] San Jose CA Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

off 74' (on Pu Wei)

2–1 W

Group stage
5
17
1999-06-23 [m 17] Portland OR Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Start9

1–0

7–0 W

Group stage
6
21

3–0

7
54

4–0

8
18
1999-06-26 [m 18] E Rutherford NJ Flag of Australia.svg  Australia

off 63' (on Qiu Haiyan)

39

1–0

3–1 W

Group stage
9
51

2–0

19
1999-06-30 [m 19] San Jose CA Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Start

2–0 W

Quarter-final
10
20
1999-07-04 [m 20] Boston Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start3

1–0

5–0 W

Semi-final
11
72 pk

5–0

21
1999-07-10 [m 21] Los Angeles Flag of the United States.svg  United States Start

0–0(pso 4–5) (L)

Final
Flag of Australia.svg Sydney 2000 Olympic Women's Football Tournament
12
22
2000-09-14 [m 22] Canberra Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Start57

2–0

3–1 W

Group stage
13
83

3–0

14
23
2000-09-17 [m 23] Melbourne Flag of the United States.svg  United States Start67

1–1

1–1 D

Group stage
15
24
2000-09-20 [m 24] Canberra Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start75

1–1

1–2 L

Group stage
Flag of the United States.svg USA 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup
16
25
2003-09-21 [m 25] Carson CA Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Start; (c)29

1–0

1–0 W

Group stage
26
2003-09-25 [m 26] Carson CA Flag of Australia.svg  Australia Start; (c)

1–1 D

Group stage
27
2003-09-28 [m 27] Portland OR Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Start; (c)

1–0 W

Group stage
28
2003-10-02 [m 28] Portland OR Flag of Canada.svg  Canada Start; (c)

0–1 L

Quarter-final

Honors and awards

A strong striker with great skills and passing abilities, Sun won both the Golden Boot (which she shared with Sissi, of Brazil) and the Golden Ball for the 1999 Women's World Cup, and became the first woman to be nominated for the Asian Football Confederation player of the year award.

In 2002, she was received the FIFA Internet Award in the FIFA Female Player of the Century voting. While the overall award was won by American Michelle Akers, Sun received the most internet votes on the FIFA-website. [14]

See also

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References

  1. 中国女足出局玫瑰提前凋零 孙雯宣布挂靴 (in Chinese). 潇湘晨报. 2003-10-04. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
  2. "Sun's retirement leaves China to suffer wait for new genius". China Daily.
  3. Lewis, Michael (2016-08-03). "The 20 greatest female football players of all time". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  4. FIFA.com (2010-11-25). "Who is the greatest women's footballer of all time?". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  5. 1 2 3 Hersh, Philip (1999-07-06). "Hot? Chinese Star Sun Blazing". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  6. "Sun Wen: A World-class Soccer Player". Women of China. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  7. "Beat chooses Chinese star forward first in WUSA draft". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  8. "Sun Wen is up'beat' heading into title game". USA Today. 2001-08-24. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  9. "Chinese star leaves Atlanta to concentrate on World Cup". ESPN. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  10. "Superstar Striker Retires; Beat Adds German to the Attack". Our Sports Central. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  11. "Legend Sun Wen impessed by Japan". FIFA.
  12. "Sun Wen leads off second day of Olympic Torch Relay in Shanghai". Beijing Olympics. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  13. "Ma returns to coach women's team; Sun Wen back". China Daily.
  14. Whiteside, Kelly (2001-08-23). "Sun Wen is up'beat' heading into title game". USA Today . Retrieved 2009-08-12.

Match reports

  1. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Norway". FIFA.
  2. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Denmark". FIFA.
  3. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - New Zealand". FIFA.
  4. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Quarter-finals: China PR - Sweden". FIFA.
  5. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Group matches: USA - China PR". FIFA.
  6. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Australia". FIFA.
  7. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Denmark". FIFA.
  8. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Quarter-finals: Sweden - China PR". FIFA.
  9. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Semi-finals: Germany - China PR". FIFA.
  10. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: MATCH Report: Match for third place: China PR - USA". FIFA.
  11. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996: MATCH Report: First stage: Sweden - China PR". FIFA.
  12. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996: MATCH Report: First stage: Denmark - China PR". FIFA.
  13. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996: MATCH Report: First stage: USA - China PR". FIFA.
  14. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996: MATCH Report: Semi-finals: China PR - Brazil". FIFA.
  15. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996: MATCH Report: Gold medal match: China PR - USA". FIFA.
  16. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Sweden". FIFA.
  17. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Ghanna". FIFA.
  18. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Australia". FIFA.
  19. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Quarter-finals: China PR - Russia". FIFA.
  20. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Semi-finals: Norway - China PR". FIFA.
  21. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: MATCH Report: Final: USA - China PR". FIFA.
  22. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000: MATCH Report: First stage: China PR - Nigeria". FIFA.
  23. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000: MATCH Report: First stage: USA - China PR". FIFA.
  24. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000: MATCH Report: First stage: Norway - China PR". FIFA.
  25. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Ghanna". FIFA.
  26. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Australia". FIFA.
  27. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: MATCH Report: Group matches: China PR - Russia". FIFA.
  28. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: MATCH Report: Quarter-finals: China PR - Canada". FIFA.