Sun Yat-sen

Last updated

Lu Muzhen
(m. 1885;div. 1915)
Kaoru Otsuki
(m. 1905;a. 1906)
Soong Ching-ling
(m. 1915)
(courtesy name)


  1. In this Chinese name, the family name is Sun .
  2. Also known by several other names.
    Sun's most common names in English and Chinese respectively are listed, but his common English name was originally derived from one of his less common Chinese names, traditional Chinese :孫逸仙; simplified Chinese :孙逸仙; pinyin :Sūn Yìxiān; Jyutping :Syun1 Jat6-sin1.
  1. Contrary to a popular legend, Sun entered the Legation voluntarily although he was prevented from leaving. The Legation planned to execute him and to return his body to Beijing for ritual beheading. Cantlie, his former teacher, was refused a writ of habeas corpus because of the Legation's diplomatic immunity, but he began a campaign through The Times . Through diplomatic channels, the British Foreign Office persuaded the Legation to release Sun. [54]

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Further reading

Sun Yat-sen
Sun Zhong Shan Xiao Xiang .jpg
Sun in the 1910s
Provisional President of the Republic of China
In office
1 January 1912 10 March 1912
Domestic partners
Children4, including Sun Fo
Education University of Hong Kong (MD)
OccupationPolitician, writer, physician
Signature (Chinese) The signature of Sun Yat-sun.svg
Signature Signature of Sun Yat Sen - China Document 21 Jan 1912 - dark version.svg
Military service
Branch/service Republic of China Army
Years of service1917–1925
Rank Generalissimo/Grand marshal
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 孫中山
Simplified Chinese 孙中山
Traditional Chinese 孫載之
Simplified Chinese 孙载之
Political offices
Preceded by
The Xuantong Emperor
as Emperor of the Qing dynasty
Head of state of China
as Provisional President of the Republic of China

Succeeded byas Provisional President of the Republic of China
Preceded by
Office created
Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Succeeded by
Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Preceded by
as Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Member of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Succeeded byas Chairman of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Preceded byas Chairman of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China Member of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Succeeded by
as Extraordinary President of Nationalist China
Preceded by
Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Extraordinary President of Nationalist China
Succeeded by
as Generalissimo of the Nationalist China
Preceded by
Office created
Generalissimo of the National Government of Nationalist China
Succeeded by
Hu Hanmin
Party political offices
Preceded byas President of the Kuomintang Premier of the Kuomintang
Succeeded by
as Premier of the Chinese Revolutionary Party
Preceded by
as Premier of the Chinese Revolutionary Party
Premier of the Kuomintang of China
Succeeded byas Chairman