Sun Yat-sen

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Notes

  1. In this Chinese name, the family name is Sun.
  2. Contrary to popular legends, Sun entered the Legation voluntarily, but was prevented from leaving. The Legation planned to execute him, before returning his body to Beijing for ritual beheading. Cantlie, his former teacher, was refused a writ of habeas corpus because of the Legation's diplomatic immunity, but he began a campaign through The Times . The Foreign Office persuaded the Legation to release Sun through diplomatic channels. [59]

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Charlie Soong

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Revive China Society

The Hsing Chung Hui, translated as the Revive China Society (興中會), the Society for Regenerating China, or the Proper China Society was founded by Sun Yat-sen on 24 November 1894 to forward the goal of establishing prosperity for China and as a platform for future revolutionary activities. It was formed during the First Sino-Japanese War, after a string of Chinese military defeats exposed corruption and incompetence within the imperial government of the Qing dynasty. The Revive China Society went through several political re-organizations in later years and eventually became the party known as the Kuomintang. As such, the contemporary Kuomintang considers its founding date to be the establishment of Revive China Society.

Names of Sun Yat-sen

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Second Guangzhou Uprising

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Road to Dawn is a 2007 Chinese historical film directed by Hong Kong filmmaker Derek Chiu. The film depicts an obscure episode in Sun Yat-sen's revolutionary life, when he sought refuge in Penang from July to December 1910. He relocated the Southeast Asian headquarters of his political party, the Tongmenghui, to Penang and convened the Penang Conference to stage the Second Guangzhou Uprising.

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Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912) Provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution in 1912

The Provisional Government of the Republic of China was a provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution by the revolutionaries in 1912. After the success of the Wuchang uprising, revolutionary provincial assembly representatives held a conference in the district of Wuchang, China, which framed the organizational outline of the Provisional Government.

Tōten Miyazaki

Tōten Miyazaki or Torazō Miyazaki was a Japanese philosopher who aided and supported Sun Yat-sen during the Xinhai Revolution. While Sun was in Japan, he assisted Sun in his travels as he was wanted by Qing dynasty authorities.

The 1910 Penang conference was a meeting held at 404 Dato' Kramat Road in Penang on 13 November 1910, by Sun Yat-sen to stage a major revolt. The following day, on 14 November 1910, Sun Yat-sen chaired an Emergency Meeting of the Tongmenghui at 120 Armenian Street, now the Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang, and raised Straits Dollars $8,000 on the spot. The meeting focused on fund raising and the planning of a final revolution to overthrow the Qing dynasty that would make or break the Tongmenghui.

Tse Tsan-tai

Tse Tsan-tai (Chinese: 謝纘泰 or 謝贊泰; pinyin: Xiè Zàntài; Sidney Lau: Je6 Juen2 Taai3; 16 May 1872 – 4 April 1938), courtesy name Sing-on (聖安), art-named Hong-yu (康如), was an Australian Chinese revolutionary, active during the late Qing Dynasty. Tse had an interest in designing airships but none were ever constructed. His book The Chinese Republic: Secret History of the Revolution (中華民國革命秘史), published in 1924 by the South China Morning Post, of which he was co-founder, is an important source of studies on the anti-Qing revolution.

Yau Lit

Yau Lit (尢列), born Yau Kwai-bok (尢季博), courtesy name Tui-hau (推孝) or Ling-kwai (令季), was a Chinese revolutionary from Shuntak, Kwangtung. He is one of the Four Bandits, together with Sun Yat-sen, Chan siu-bak and Yeung Hok-ling.

Chan Siu-bak Chinese revolutionary

Chan Siu-bak (陳少白), born Chan Siu-man (陳紹聞), courtesy name Siu-bak (少白), art-named Kwai-shek (夔石), was a Chinese revolutionary from Sanwui, Kwangtung. He was one of the Four Bandits, together with Sun Yat-sen, Yau Lit and Yeung Hok-ling.

Yeung Hok-ling

Yeung Hok-ling (楊鶴齡), courtesy name Lai-ha (禮遐), was a Chinese revolutionary from Cuiheng Village, Heungshan, Kwangtung. He is one of the Four Bandits, together with Sun Yat-sen, Yau Lit and Chan Siu-bak.

Chen Cuifen was born in Hong Kong as a fourth child. She was regarded as the "forgotten revolutionary female" and "the first revolution partner" of Sun Yat-sen. Before marrying Soong Ching-ling, Sun Yat-sen had a 20 year-relationship with Chen Cuifen. In the "Sun Genealogy", she was called "Sun Yat-sen's concubine."

Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang Museum in Northeast, Penang, Malaysia

The Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang formerly called the Sun Yat-sen Penang Base, is a museum in George Town, Penang, Malaysia. The museum is dedicated to Sun Yat-sen, a Chinese nationalist who established the Republic of China after his efforts in the Xinhai Revolution.

Former Residence of Sun Yat-Sen (Shanghai)

The Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen, located at 7 Xiangshan Road in the French Concession area of Shanghai, China, near Fuxing Park to the east, was the residence of the Chinese revolutionary Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)

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Further reading

Sun Yat-sen
孫中山 / 孫逸仙 / 孫文
... and other names
Sun Yat Sen portrait 2.jpg
Sun Yat-sen in 1911
Provisional President of the Republic of China
In office
1 January 1912 10 March 1912
Political offices
Preceded by
The Xuantong Emperor
(Puyi)
as Emperor of the Qing dynasty
Head of state of China
as Provisional President of the Republic of China

1912
Succeeded byas Provisional President of the Republic of China
Preceded by
Office created
Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
1917–1918
Succeeded by
Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Preceded by
Himself
as Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Member of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
1918
Succeeded byas Chairman of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Preceded byas Chairman of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China Member of the Governing Committee of the Military Government of Nationalist China
1920–1921
Succeeded by
Himself
as Extraordinary President of Nationalist China
Preceded by
Generalissimo of the Military Government of Nationalist China
Extraordinary President of Nationalist China
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Himself
as Generalissimo of the Nationalist China
Preceded by
Office created
Generalissimo of the National Government of Nationalist China
1923–1925
Succeeded by
Hu Hanmin
Acting
Party political offices
Preceded byas President of the Kuomintang Premier of the Kuomintang
1913–1914
Succeeded by
Himself
as Premier of the Chinese Revolutionary Party
Preceded by
Himself
as Premier of the Chinese Revolutionary Party
Premier of the Kuomintang of China
1919–1925
Succeeded byas Chairman