Sunol, California

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Sunol, California
Suñol
Sunol Depot, Niles Canon Railway, Sunol, CA.jpg
Historic Sunol Train Depot, on the Niles Canyon Railway
Alameda County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Sunol Highlighted.svg
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°35′40″N121°53′19″W / 37.59444°N 121.88861°W / 37.59444; -121.88861
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Alameda
Government
   State Senate Steve Glazer (D) [1]
   State Assembly Liz Ortega (D) [2]
   U. S. Congress Eric Swalwell (D) [3]
Area
[4]
  Total27.764 sq mi (71.91 km2)
  Land27.751 sq mi (71.87 km2)
  Water0.013 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.05%
Elevation
[5]
266 ft (81 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total913
  Density33/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
94586
Area code(s) 925, 510, 341
FIPS code 06-77042
GNIS feature IDs 1670341, 2410033

Sunol (Spanish : Suñol) is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Alameda County, California. Located in the Sunol Valley of the East Bay, the population was 913 at the 2010 census. It is best known as the location of the Sunol Water Temple and for its historic tourist railroad system, the Niles Canyon Railway.

Contents

Etymology

Don Antonio Sunol, founder and namesake of Sunol, founded on his Rancho Valle de San Jose. Antonio Sunol.jpg
Don Antonio Suñol, founder and namesake of Sunol, founded on his Rancho Valle de San José.

Sunol, formerly Sunolglen, is named for Don Antonio Suñol. His adobe ranch house from the 1840s was located where the San Francisco water system's works are now located. [6]

History

The first Sunol post office opened in 1871 and the name was changed to Sunolglen the same year. [7] The name reverted to Sunol in 1920. [7] The town's name is in honor of Antonio Suñol, first postmaster in nearby San Jose and part owner of the historical Rancho Valle de San Jose land grant that once contained the site of the town. [7] Thomas Foxwell Bachelder had large farm in Sunol and sold land in 1884 that founded much of the town. [8] [9] [10]

Geography

Sunol is located adjacent to two railroads and lies near the crossroads of Interstate 680 and State Route 84. These connect Sunol with Fremont to the south and west, Pleasanton to the north, and Livermore to the northeast. Sunol sits 17 miles (27 km) north of the center of San Jose and 32 miles (51 km) southeast of San Francisco.

The town lies near Alameda Creek at the northwest edge of the Sunol Valley. The San Antonio Reservoir lies 3 miles (4.8 km) to Sunol's east, and the Calaveras Reservoir lies 8 miles (13 km) south of the town.

North of the town is Kilkare Woods, accessible only through Sunol.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Sunol CDP has a total area of 27.8 square miles (72 km2), of which 99.95% is land and 0.05% is water.

Demographics

2010 Census data

The 2010 United States Census [11] reported that Sunol had a population of 913. The population density was 32.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.7/km2). The racial makeup of Sunol was 780 (85.4%) White, 1 (0.1%) African American, 6 (0.7%) Native American, 48 (5.3%) Asian, 7 (0.8%) Pacific Islander, 19 (2.1%) from other races, and 52 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 91 persons (10.0%).

The Census reported that 100% of the population lived in households.

There were 362 households, out of which 76 (21.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 228 (63.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 20 (5.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 9 (2.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 16 (4.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 81 households (22.4%) were made up of individuals, and 24 (6.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52. There were 257 families (71.0% of all households); the average family size was 2.90.

The population was spread out, with 148 people (16.2%) under the age of 18, 74 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 164 people (18.0%) aged 25 to 44, 377 people (41.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 150 people (16.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.8 males.

There were 394 housing units at an average density of 14.2 per square mile (5.5/km2), of which 362 were occupied, of which 272 (75.1%) were owner-occupied, and 90 (24.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 708 people (77.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 205 people (22.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000 Census data

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 1,332 people, 483 households, and 368 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 40.6 inhabitants per square mile (15.7/km2). There were 503 housing units at an average density of 15.3 per square mile (5.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.46% White, 0.98% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 4.13% from other races, and 5.41% from two or more races. 8.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 483 households, out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the CDP, the population was 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 33.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $88,353, and the median income for a family was $96,121. Males had a median income of $77,666 versus $37,102 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $45,773. None of the families and 1.4% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Area attractions

The Sunol Water Temple Sunol water temple.JPG
The Sunol Water Temple

School district

The majority of Sunol is in the Sunol Glen Unified School District. Castro Valley Unified School District and Pleasanton Unified School District have small portions of Sunol. [18]

The Sunol Glen School, a K–8 public school, is the sole school of Sunol Glen USD. [19] High school students are served by Foothill High School in nearby Pleasanton.[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  2. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  3. "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  4. "U.S. Census". Archived from the original on January 25, 2012.
  5. "Sunol". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  6. Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of California. North American Book Dist LLC. Page 447. ISBN   9780403093182.
  7. 1 2 3 Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 710. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
  8. National Register of Historic Places Continuation Sheet Thomas Foxwell Bachelder Barn, npgallery.nps.gov
  9. "Help! Here Comes the Sun!". Marie Antoinette Interiors.
  10. "Recognized on Historic Register". February 23, 2006.
  11. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Sunol CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. "San Francisco Water Power Sewer | SFPUC".
  14. Teresa Brown (November 29, 2002). "Welcome to Sunol" (PDF). Pleasanton Weekly . Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  15. "Bay Area's First Canine Mayor Memorialized". NBC Bay Area . San Jose, California: NBCUniversal. December 17, 2008. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  16. George Lewis (February 26, 1990). "Sunol, California / Dogmocracy / Bosco The Dog". NBC Evening News. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  17. Erik Hage (May 1, 2007). "What the Night Said". Allmusic.com. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
  18. "2020 Census – School District Reference Map: Alameda County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved December 15, 2022.
  19. "Our History". Sunol Glen Unified School District . Retrieved December 15, 2022.