SuperVia

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SuperVia Trens Urbanos
Supervia.png
Tremsupervia.jpg
Overview
Locale Greater Rio de Janeiro
Transit type Commuter rail
Number of lines8
Number of stations104
Daily ridership620,000 (2014) [1]
Operation
Began operation1 November 1998
Operator(s)SuperVia Concessionária de Transportes Ferroviários
Technical
System length270 km (167,7 mi)
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Electrification (3000) V Catenary

SuperVia Trens Urbanos (Portuguese pronunciation:  [ˌsupeʁˈvi.ɐ tɾẽˑzuʁˈbɐ̃nuⁱʃ] ) (English: SuperVia Urban Trains) is a rapid transit and commuter rail company operator, founded in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in November 1998. It carries around 750 million passengers [1] a year on a railroad network comprising 104 stations in 12 cities: Rio de Janeiro, Duque de Caxias, Guapimirim, Nova Iguaçu, Nilópolis, Mesquita, Queimados, São João de Meriti, Belford Roxo, Japeri, Paracambi and Magé.

Contents

The baggage areas of SuperVia trains were an adaptation of the original design to fit the Brazilian reality. A Brazilian study found that the average passenger carries a weight of 7 kg in backpacks, shopping bags or briefcases on their daily commute. [2]

History

In 1998, a concession agreement commenced, which established the concessionaire's investment commitments (SuperVia) and grantor (State). Thus, it was possible to realise savings for the state coffers of more than US$1.6 billion, a figure corresponding to the subsidies that the state failed to spend with the operation of the system in the period 1998/2009.

Since the turn of the century, the number of passengers carried has increased and the system has seen significant improvement in compliance with the scheduling of trains, which are monitored on an ongoing basis by the government, through the regulatory agency.

In 1998, before the grant, 145,000 passengers were transported per day, with a punctuality of less than 30%. In 2009, over 510,000 passengers were transported per day, with an average punctuality of 90%, the highest rate ever recorded in the history of the system. [3]

Modernization

Central do Brasil Train Station. Estacao Central do Brasil.jpg
Central do Brasil Train Station.

With the arrival of 30 new trains in 2011, 14 previous SuperVia train configurations will be withdrawn from circulation. Capable of carrying 1,300 passengers, the new trains have several technical advantages, such as: alternating current traction motors, air conditioning with automatic temperature control, automatic coupling system, door system with detection of obstruction, electronic billboards and onboard displays, sound equipment, security cameras, lubrication system friezes, intercom and emergency signaling devices in accordance with the accessibility standard (NBR 14021).

Trains will also have cameras on the sides (mirror type), which allows monitoring by the driver of any platform without having to move away from the command post in the cabin. The color blue will be used (which is the color of the state and also a color of SuperVia). Made of fiber, the seats have a padded backrest in synthetic fabric. There are eight seats of a different color on each car and in the engine cars, there are special spaces for wheelchair users. And centers located in the fore sections of the cars, serves to transmit information to passengers. Four cameras will be installed in each car, allowing the driver to have visual surveillance of any emergency request. Four LCD televisions will be installed, with the goal of enabling business partnerships and educational and government institutions. [4]

Lines

One of the trains of SuperVia. SuperVia Serie 4000 (10-01-2014).jpg
One of the trains of SuperVia.
LineTerminals
DeodoroCentral do Brasil ↔ Deodoro
Santa CruzCentral do Brasil ↔ Santa Cruz
JaperiCentral do Brasil ↔ Japeri
ParacambiJaperi ↔ Paracambi
Belford RoxoCentral do Brasil ↔ Belford Roxo
SaracurunaCentral do Brasil ↔ Saracuruna
Vila InhomirimSaracuruna ↔ Vila Inhomirim
GuapimirimSaracuruna ↔ Guapimirim

Special Services

LineTerminals
Campo GrandeCentral do Brasil ↔ Campo Grande
BanguCentral do Brasil ↔ Bangu
Engenho de DentroEngenho de Dentro ↔ Japeri
QueimadosCentral do Brasil ↔ Queimados
Nova IguaçuCentral do Brasil ↔ Nova Iguaçu
NilópolisCentral do Brasil ↔ Nilópolis
Belford RoxoCentral do Brasil ↔ Belford Roxo
GramachoCentral do Brasil ↔ Gramacho

Aerial tramway/cable car of the "Complexo do Alemão" favela

Public transport map with SuperVia routes (green). Public transport map of Rio de Janeiro.png
Public transport map with SuperVia routes (green).
Rio Metropolitan trains map. Mapacompleto supervia.svg
Rio Metropolitan trains map.

On 8 July 2011, SuperVia began operating the "Complexo do Alemão" slum cable car, the first mass transit aerial lift passenger system in Brazil. The cable car is integrated into the urban rail transport system and has six stations - "Bonsucesso", "Adeus", "Baiana", "Alemão", "Itararé/Alvorada" and "Palmeiras". The system consists of 152 gondolas, each of which can carry 10 passengers, eight seated and two standing, and is 3.5 km in length.

From the first station (Bonsucesso) to last (Palmeiras) takes 16 minutes. According to the law signed by Governor Sérgio Cabral, each resident is entitled to two free tickets per day (one-way and one back). The unit rate will cost $R1.

LineTerminals
Teleférico A Palmeiras - Bonsucesso
Bondinho do Complexo do Alemao Panorama 06 2014.jpg
Panoramic view of the aerial tramway/cable car system at the Complexo do Alemão slum. The image shows the lines between the stations (from left to right) Palmeiras - Itararé - Alemão - Baiana - Adeus

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "You are being redirected..." www.supervia.com.br.
  2. "Novos trens da SuperVia terão televisão, câmeras de segurança e bagageiros". 4 June 2010.
  3. "You are being redirected..." www.supervia.com.br.
  4. "Supervia modernization".