Supermini is a British car classification or vehicle size class for a small car, usually in a hatchback body style. It is an equivalent of the European B-segment or American subcompact categories.
The term is also used by Euro NCAP for a size class including B-segment and the smaller A-segment cars.
In the UK the supermini is the top-selling vehicle type. For years the Ford Fiesta has been the leader of the class, and often most-sold car in the UK overall, competing against the Vauxhall Corsa, Volkswagen Polo,Renault Clio, Peugeot 208, and many others.
The term developed in the 1970s as an informal categorisation,and by 1977 was used regularly by the British newspaper The Times. By the mid-1980s, it had widespread use in Britain.
The term was adopted by Euro NCAP as the smallest size class for passenger vehicles for the launch of Euro NCAP in 1997.The first round of NCAP tests was of seven supermini cars. The term is also used by the Euro NCAP system as a size class for A-segment ("mini cars") and B-segment ("small cars").
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In 1977, the Ford Fiesta and Vauxhall Chevette were among Britain's top 10 best-selling cars.
Other superminis of the mid-1980s included the Austin Metro, Vauxhall Nova, Nissan Micra, Peugeot 205, Volkswagen Polo and Renault 5. The 1983 Fiat Uno was praised and won the European Car of the Year award.
The 1990 Renault Clio and 1994 Fiat Punto were significant models in the supermini category during the 1990s.[ why? ]. Both the Clio and Punto were recipients of the European Car of the Year Award. The Clio replaced the long-running Renault 5, although the Renault 5 remained in production until 1996. In 1993, the Nissan Micra (K11), became the first Japanese car company to be receive the European Car of the Year award. In 1999, the Toyota Yaris received the European Car of the Year award, and was noted for its high roof which allowed for improved interior space.
Retro styling became popular across Europe from the late-1990s, and the first successful retro-themed supermini was the 2000 launch of the BMW-owned Mini Hatch (the 1959–2000 Mini was in the smaller city car category, however the new model was a larger size and thus in the supermini category). The Fiat 500— launched in 2007 on the fiftieth anniversary of the release of the original model— was another popular retro-themed supermini that was popular in Europe.
Minivan is an American car classification for vehicles designed to transport passengers in the rear seating row(s), with reconfigurable seats in two or three rows. The equivalent terms in British English are multi-purpose vehicle (MPV), people carrier and people mover. Minivans often have a 'one-box' or 'two-box' body configuration, a higher roof, a flat floor, a sliding door for rear passengers, and high H-point seating.
Hot hatch is a high-performance version of a mass-produced hatchback car.
Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for various purposes including regulation, description, and categorization of cars.
The European Car of the Year ("ECOTY") award is an international Car of the Year award established in 1964, by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. The current organisers of the award are Auto (Italy), Autocar, Autopista (Spain), Autovisie (Netherlands), L'Automobile Magazine (France), Stern (Germany) and Vi Bilägare (Sweden).
The Metro is a supermini car, later a city car that was produced by British Leyland (BL) and, later, the Rover Group from 1980 to 1998. It was launched in 1980 as the Austin Mini Metro. It was intended to complement and eventually replace the Mini, and was developed under the codename LC8. The Metro was named by What Car? as Car of The Year in 1983 as an MG, and again as a Rover in 1991.
Subcompact car is an American classification for cars which is broadly equivalent to the B-segment (Europe) or supermini classifications, and smaller than a compact car.
Executive car is a British term for a large car which is equivalent to the European E-segment and American full-size classifications. Executive cars are larger than compact executive cars, and smaller than luxury saloons / full-size luxury sedans.
The C-segment is the third smallest of the European segments for passenger cars and is described as "medium cars". It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "small family car" size class, and the compact car category in the United States.
1992 in motoring includes developments in the automotive industry that occurred throughout the year 1992 by various automobile manufacturers, grouped by country. The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles.
The B-segment is the second smallest of the European segments for passenger cars, which is described as "small cars". It is equivalent to the subcompact category in the United States and the supermini category in Great Britain. The Euro NCAP vehicle class called “Supermini” also includes smaller A-segment cars.
1999 in motoring deals with developments in the automotive industry that occurred throughout the year 1999 by various automobile manufacturers, grouped by country.
This article 2001 in motoring deals with developments in the automotive industry that occurred throughout the year 2001 by various automobile manufacturers, grouped by country.
2002 in motoring deals with developments in the automotive industry that occurred throughout the year 2002 by various automobile manufacturers, grouped by country.
The A-segment is a category in the passenger car classification system defined by the European Commission. It is used for city cars, the smallest category of passenger cars defined. In Europe the term city car is also used.
The D-segment is the third largest of the European segments for passenger cars, and is described as "large cars". It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "large family car" size class, and the present-day definition of the mid-size car category used in North America. Compact executive cars are part of the D-segment size category.
The FIA World Rally Championship-2 or WRC-2, is a companion rally series to the World Rally Championship, and is driven on the same stages. WRC-2 is limited to production-based cars homologated under the Super 2000, N4, R5 rules. The series began in 2010 and split the Production World Rally Championship (P-WRC), which was previously open to both Super 2000 and Group N4 cars, into two separate competitions, both of which received their own FIA titles. There was also a World Rally Championship Cup for Teams within the S-WRC but this was discontinued after 2010. From 2013, WRC-2 replaced S-WRC.
M-segment is the European segments for passenger cars described as "multi purpose vehicles". It covers multi-purpose vehicles, minivans and cargo vans. The minivans often have removeable rear seating to provide flexibility for transporting passengers or cargo, while the cargo vans are primarily designed for transporting cargo and therefore do not have rear seats.
In relation to motorsport governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Group R refers to a set of regulations providing production-derived vehicles for rally competition. The Group R regulations were created in 2008 as a gradual replacement for Group A and Group N rally cars. To comply with Group R regulations, a car must be homologated in Group A and receive one or more VR extensions. Each VR extension is a set of homologated parts and modifications, designed and sold by the manufacturer. As part of its structure, the Group R regulations have a provision for GT cars, known as R-GT.
S-segment is a European car-classification segment for sport coupés. The cars are often described as sports cars and the equivalent Euro NCAP class is called "roadster sport".
Popularly known as superminis, these cars are a size larger than the original BMC Mini and are typified by the Austin Metro.
From the fuel-saving point of view there can have been no more welcome trend in the past five years than the appearance from one European manufacturer after another of what has become known as the "supermini" – the Fiat 127, Renault 5, Peugeot 104, Volkswagen Polo and most recently, the Ford Fiesta.