Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden

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Kammarrattens hus (yellow) and the Sparre Palace (white) is the seat of the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden. Kammarrattens hus dec 2011.jpg
Kammarrättens hus (yellow) and the Sparre Palace (white) is the seat of the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden.
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The Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden (Swedish : Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen, before 2011 Regeringsrätten, acronym RR or RegR) is the supreme court and the third and final tier for administrative court cases in Sweden, and is located in Stockholm. [1] It has a parallel status to that of the Supreme Court of Sweden (Högsta domstolen), which is the supreme court for criminal and civil law cases.

Swedish language North Germanic language spoken in Sweden

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden, and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent with Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Written Norwegian and Danish are usually more easily understood by Swedish speakers than the spoken languages, due to the differences in tone, accent and intonation. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It has the most speakers of the North Germanic languages. While being strongly related to its southern neighbour language German in vocabulary, the word order, grammatic system and pronunciation are vastly different.

The supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, apex court, and highcourt of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts.

Administrative court a type of court specializing in administrative law

An administrative court is a type of court specializing in administrative law, particularly disputes concerning the exercise of public power. Their role is to ascertain that official acts are consistent with the law. Such courts are considered separate from general courts.

Contents

It hears cases which have been decided by one of the four Administrative courts of appeal, which represent the second tier for administrative court cases in Sweden. Before a case can be decided, a leave to appeal must be obtained, which is typically only granted when the case is of interest as a precedent. The bulk of its caseload consist of taxation and social security cases.

In common law legal systems, precedent is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts. Common-law legal systems place great value on deciding cases according to consistent principled rules, so that similar facts will yield similar and predictable outcomes, and observance of precedent is the mechanism by which that goal is attained. The principle by which judges are bound to precedents is known as stare decisis. Common-law precedent is a third kind of law, on equal footing with statutory law and subordinate legislation - that is, delegated legislation or regulatory law.

Taxation in Sweden National and subnational tax policies; considered high-taxing

Taxation in Sweden on salaries for an employee involves contributing to three different levels of government: the municipality, the county council, and the central government. Social security contributions are paid to finance the social security system.

Social security in Sweden is one of the parts of the Swedish welfare system and consists of various social insurances handled by the National Agency for Social Insurance, and also welfare given out on a need basis by local municipalities. They are the main conduits for redistribution of approximately 48% of the Swedish GDP in the form of taxed income.

Justices of the Supreme Administrative Court (Swedish : justitieråd) are appointed by government, but the court as an institution is independent of the Riksdag, and the government is not able to interfere with the decisions of the court. By law, there shall be fourteen Justices of the Supreme Administrative Court or such a higher a number as may be required, at the government's discretion. As of 2009, there were eighteen Justices in the court. One of the Justices serves as president and head of the court, and is appointed by the government to this function.

The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority of Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen is used both in the Basic Laws of Sweden and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties.

Since 2018, justice Helena Jäderblom serves as the court's president. In total the court has approximately 100 employees.

Helena Jäderblom is a Swedish jurist and civil servant. Since 2012, she has been a judge at the European Court of Human Rights.

History

The court was founded in 1909. Before that, the Supreme Court of Sweden handed administrative court matters as well. From 1972 until 2009, the Supreme Administrative Court resided in the Stenbock Palace on the Riddarholmen islet in central Stockholm. Since 2011 the court sits in Kammarrättens hus (the former Administrative Court of Appeal Building) and the Sparre Palace on Riddarholmen.

Riddarholmen island and urban district in Stockholm, Sweden

Riddarholmen is a small islet in central Stockholm, Sweden. The island forms part of Gamla Stan, the old town, and houses a number of private palaces dating back to the 17th century. The main landmark is the church Riddarholmskyrkan, used as Sweden's royal burial church from the 17th century to 1950, and where a number of earlier Swedish monarchs also lie buried.

Stockholm Capital of Sweden

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 965,232 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County.

Presidents of the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden

Originally, there were no regulations on the presidency of the Supreme Administrative Court. According to practice, the senior member of the post served as chair when the court met in plenary session, and the second oldest served as department chair. In its report of 1966, the Administrative Court Committee (Förvaltningsdomstolskommittén) proposed a new order, in which the President of the Supreme Administrative Court (as well as the chair of a section of the Supreme Administrative Court) was appointed by the King in Council. This became a reality in the Administrative Process Reform (Förvaltningsprocessreformen) in 1972. In the Supreme Court, the corresponding reform had been implemented in 1946. [2]

Plenary session session of a conference or assembly which can or should be attended by all involved

A plenary session is a session of a conference which all members of all parties are to attend. Such a session may include a broad range of content, from keynotes to panel discussions, and is not necessarily related to a specific style of presentation or deliberative process.

King in Council (Sweden)

King in Council, or Royal Majesty, was a term of constitutional importance that was used in Sweden before 1975 when the 1974 Instrument of Government came into force.

Supreme Court of Sweden highest juridical instance in Sweden

The Supreme Court of Sweden is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in Sweden. Before a case can be decided by the Supreme Court, leave to appeal must be obtained, and with few exceptions, leave to appeal can be granted only when the case is of interest as a precedent. The Supreme Court consists of 16 Justices who are appointed by the government, but the court as an institution is independent of the Riksdag, and the Government is not able to interfere with the decisions of the court.

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Johan Ramstedt Swedish 20th century prime minister

Johan Olof Ramstedt was Prime Minister of Sweden from April to August 1905.

The Supreme Court of Finland, located in Helsinki, is the court of last resort for cases within the private law of Finland. The Court's counterpart is the Supreme Administrative Court, which is the court of last resort for cases within the administrative law.

Svea Court of Appeal Swedish court of appeal

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The Supreme Administrative Court of Finland is the highest court in the Finnish administrative court system, parallel to the Supreme Court of Finland. Its jurisdiction covers the legality of the decisions of government officials, and its decisions are final. Appeals are made to the Supreme Administrative Court from the decisions of the administrative courts of Helsinki, Turku, Hämeenlinna, Kouvola, Kuopio, Vaasa, Oulu, Rovaniemi and Åland Islands, the Market Court, and the Council of State.

Johan Munck Swedish feminist

Johan Munck is a Swedish lawyer and former President of the Supreme Court of Sweden (2007–2010). Since 2010, he is the editor of the Swedish code of laws.

The general order of precedence in Sweden at the annual opening of the Riksdag is as follows:

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The administrative courts of appeal in Sweden is the second tier for the general administrative courts in Sweden. The next and final instance is the Supreme Administrative Court. There are four administrative courts of appeal, and they mostly handle cases and other judicial issues that have already been dealt with by the lower courts. In addition to this, they also act as court of first instance in cases related to the principle of public access to official records.

Eric M. Runesson, in full Erik Michael Runesson, originally Andersson, born 26 September 1960 in the Katarina borough in Stockholm, is a Swedish lawyer, member of the Swedish Academy and Justitieråd in the Supreme Court of Sweden.

Anders Bror Eka, born 6 September 1961, is a Swedish lawyer. Since 2013, he is a Justice of the Supreme Court. In 2018, he was appointed President of the Supreme Court.

Karl Gustaf Magnus Sjöberg is a Swedish jurist. He served as the Prosecutor-General of Sweden from 1978 to 1989 and as President of the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden from 1990 to 1994.

References

  1. "The Supreme Administrative Court". Courts of Sweden. Retrieved 2019-07-10.
  2. Förvaltningsrättsskipning: betänkande av förvaltningsdomstolskommittén, SOU 1966:70, p. 334f