The Supreme Court (French Cour Suprême) is the highest jurisdiction of Chad in judiciary, administrative and tributary fields.
Apart from being the country's highest jurisdiction, the court is also in charge of monitoring the regular ongoing of local elections. The Court is divided in three chambers of justice, with jurisdiction respectively in judiciary, administrative and auditing matters (article 152 of the constitution).
As established by article 153 of the constitution, the Supreme Court is composed of 16 members, of whom the Chief Justice is selected by the Head of State among the highest ranking judges of the country. Of the remaining members of the Court, called Councilors and appointed for life (article 154), eight are designed by the Head of State and seven by the Speaker of the National Assembly. Their selection takes place among both the country's chief judges (eight) and experts in public accountancy and in administrative and financial law.
The legislation necessary to provide for the implementation of a Supreme Court as disposed by the Constitution of 1996 was approved by 1999, and President Idriss Déby officially had it installed on April 28 when he swore in office the members of the Court.Due to inadequate funding, the became fully operational only in October 2000.
President Idriss Déby took advantage of the occasion provided by the swearing in office of the judges to reaffirm the impartiality and the independence of the Chadian legal system, and to signal that it was the first time Chad had ever been given such a high judiciary instance.
|Chief Justice||Samir Adam Annour|
|Président of the Judicial Chamber||Belkoulayo Ben Coumareaux|
|Président of the Administrative Chamber||Ousmane Salah Idjemi|
|Président of the Accounts Chamber||Dolotan Noudjalbaye|
|Councilor||Ruth Yaneko Romba|
|Councilor||Maki Adam Issaka|
|Councilor||Mouta Ali Zezerti|
|Councilor||Ahmat Oumar Outman|
The Politics of Chad take place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Chad is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Chad is one of the most corrupt countries in the world.
Associate justice or associate judge is the title for a member of a judicial panel who is not the chief justice in some jurisdictions. The title "Associate Justice" is used for members of the Supreme Court of the United States and some state supreme courts, and for some other courts in Commonwealth of Nations countries, as well as for members of the Supreme Court of the Federated States of Micronesia, a former United States Trust Territory. In other common law jurisdictions, the equivalent position is called "Puisne Justice".
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The Constitution of the Republic of Chad is the supreme law of Chad. Chad's seventh constitution, it was adopted in 1996, six years after President Idriss Déby rose to power following a successful rebellion against President Hissène Habré, this formal document establishes the framework of the Chadian state and government and enumerates the rights and freedoms of its citizens. In its current form, the contents of the Constitution include a preamble, 16 parts and 225 articles.
A constitutional referendum was held in Chad on 31 March 1996 to approve or reject the new constitutional draft meant to definitively replace the Transitional Charter established by the Sovereign National Conference in 1993. It was approved by 63.5% of voters with a 61% turnout.
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