Supreme Political Council

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The Supreme Political Council (SPC; Arabic : المجلس السياسي الأعلىal-Majlis as-Siyāsiyy al-ʾAʿlā) is an executive body formed by Houthi Ansarullah and the General People's Congress (GPC) to rule Yemen. Formed on 28 July 2016, the presidential council consists of 10 members and until his death from a drone air strike on 19 April 2018 was headed by Saleh Ali al-Sammad as president with Qassem Labozah as vice-president. [1] SPC carries out the functions of head of state in Yemen and is to manage Yemen's state affairs in a bid to fill in political vacuum during Yemeni Civil War in 2015. [2] The Council aims to outline a basis for running the country and managing state affairs on the basis of the existing constitution. [3] [1] Later, SPC was also responsible for forming a new government led by Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour known as the National Salvation Government. [4]

General Peoples Congress (Yemen) political party in Yemen

The General People's Congress is a political party in Yemen. The party is dominated by a nationalist line, and its official ideology is Arab nationalism, seeking Arab unity. In course of the Yemeni Civil War, the party's founder and leader Ali Abdullah Saleh was killed, while the GPC fractured into three factions backing different sides in the conflict.

Yemen Republic in Western Asia

Yemen, officially the Republic of Yemen, is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres. The coastline stretches for about 2,000 kilometres. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory encompasses more than 200 islands, including the largest island in the Middle East, Socotra. Yemen is a member of the Arab League, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Saleh Ali al-Sammad Yemeni official

Saleh Ali al-Sammad was a Yemeni political figure from the Houthi movement who served as the president of Yemen's Supreme Political Council until his death.

Contents

The members were sworn in on 14 August 2016. [5] On 15 August, the Supreme Revolutionary Committee (SRC) handed power to the Supreme Political Council. [6] However, the SPC is only recognized by Iran but remains not internationally recognized. [3] [7]

Supreme Revolutionary Committee

The Supreme Revolutionary Committee, sometimes referred to as the Revolutionary Council or the Revolutionary Committee, is an interim body in Yemen formed by the Zaidiyyah Shia group Ansar Allah. In their 6 February 2015 "constitutional declaration" after seizing control of the Yemeni capital and much of former North Yemen, and the failure of Thursday talks between the Houthis and Yemen’s many political parties that were aimed at forming a government to replace Hadi and his cabinet, the group declared the committee would act as Yemen's interim authority. The committee was given the task of forming a new 551-seat parliament, which would then select a five-member presidential council to rule the country for two years.

Iran Islamic Republic in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Background

In the wake of president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and prime minister Khaled Bahah resignations over Houthi rebels takeover of presidential palace on January 2015, Houthi leader Abdul Malik Al Houthi reportedly proposed a six-member "transitional presidential council" which would have equal representation from north and south, although this proposal was rejected by Southern Movement. [8] Nevertheless, on 1 February, the Houthis gave an ultimatum to Yemen's political factions warning that if they did not reach a solution to the current political crisis, then the Houthi "revolutionary leadership" would assume formal authority over the state. [9] According to Reuters, political factions have agreed to form an interim presidential council to manage the country for up to one year. Former South Yemen president Ali Nasser Mohammed was originally being considered as a prospective interim leader, but Mohammed later declined the post. [10]

Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi Yemeni mashal and politician

Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi is a Yemeni politician and former Field Marshal of the Yemeni Armed Forces. He has been the President of Yemen since 27 February 2012, and was Vice President from 1994 to 2012.

Khaled Bahah Yemeni politician, diplomat and ambassador to Canada

Khaled Mahfoudh Bahah is a Yemeni politician and diplomat who served as Prime Minister of Yemen between 2014 and 2016, as well as Vice President of Yemen from 2015 until he was sacked on April 3, 2016 by President of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.

Southern Movement

The Southern Movement, sometimes known as the Southern Separatist Movement, or South Yemen Movement, and colloquially known as al-Hirak, is a political movement and paramilitary organization active in the south of Yemen since 2007, demanding secession from the Republic of Yemen and a return to the former independent state of South Yemen. At present, its political branch, the Southern Transitional Council led by Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, is the de facto leadership in all provinces of the south.

On 6 February 2015, the Houthis formally assumed over authority in Sana'a, declaring the dissolution of House of Representatives and announced that a "presidential council" would be formed to lead Yemen for two years, while a "revolutionary committee" would be put in charge of forming a new, 551-member national council. [11] This governance plan was later affirmed by Houthi Ansarullah politburo leader Saleh Ali al-Sammad as he said that national council would choose a five-member presidential council to govern the country. [12]

National Salvation Government

On 2 October 2016, Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour was appointed as Prime Minister by the Houthis. [4] On 4 October, he formed his cabinet. [13] The cabinet is composed by members of the Southern Movement. [14] However, the cabinet is not internationally recognized. [15]

Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour Yemeni official

Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour is a Yemeni politician who served as Governor of Aden during the Houthi takeover in Yemen. He is a member of the General People's Congress, sitting on its permanent committee since 1995. An ally of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, he condemned the 2014–15 Yemeni coup d'état and received the deposed leader after his flight from the Houthi-controlled capital of Sana'a on 21 February 2015. He is also a vocal opponent of the separatist movement in the former South Yemen, saying the movement is too fractured and small to achieve its goals.

On 28 November 2016, a new cabinet was formed. [16] It is only composed by members of pro-Saleh GNC and Ansarullah Movement.

However, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said the move was "a new and unnecessary obstacle. Yemen is at a critical juncture. The actions recently taken by Ansarullah and the General People's Congress will only complicate the search for a peaceful solution. The parties must hold Yemen’s national interests above narrow partisan ambitions and take immediate steps to end political divisions and address the country’s security, humanitarian and economic challenges." He further claimed that such an action could harm peace talks. [17]

OfficeIncumbentStartEnd
President Mahdi al-Mashat 25 April 2018Incumbent
Prime Minister Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour 4 October 2016Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for the Affairs of the Security Jalal al-Rowaishan 28 November 2016Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for the Affairs of the ServiceMahmoud Abdel Kader al-Jounaïd1 January 2018Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for Economic AffairsHussein Abdullah Mkabuli28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Interior Abdulhakim Ahmed al-Mawri 13 December 2017Incumbent
Minister of Planning and International CooperationAbdulaziz Al-KumaimJuly 2017Incumbent
Minister of InformationAbdel Salam Ali Mohammed Jaber1 January 2018Incumbent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Hisham Sharaf Abdullah 28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of State for National Dialogue Outcomes' Affairs and National Reconciliation.Ahmed Saleh al-Ganie28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Youth and SportHassan Mohammed Zaid28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Legal AffairsAbdulrahman Ahmed al-Mukhtar28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Education Yahia Badreddin al-Houthi 28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Civil Service and Insurance Talal Aklan 28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and the Shura CouncilAli Abdullah Abu Hulaykah28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Defense Mohamed al-Atifi 28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Industry and TradeAbdu Mohammed Bishr28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister for FisheriesMohammad Mohammad al-Zubayri28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of JusticeAhmed Abdullah Akabat28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Higher Education and Scientific ResearchHussein Ali Hazeb28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Social Affairs and Labour-Faiqah al-Sayed Ba'alawy28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of TourismNasser Mahfouz Bagazkoz28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Public Works and HighwaysGhalib Abdullah Mutlaq28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Water and EnvironmentNabil Abdullah al-Wazair28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Petroleum and MineralsAhmed Abdullah Naji Dars1 January 2018Incumbent
Minister of Electricity and EnergyLutf Ali al-Jermouzi28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Local AdministrationAli Bin Ali Al-Kays28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Religious Endowments and GuidanceSharaf Ali al-Kulaisi28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Expatriate AffairsMohammed Saeed al-Mashjari28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of FinanceSaleh Ahmed Shaaban28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Communications and Information TechnologyMusfer Abdullah Saleh Al-Numeir16 December 2017Incumbent
Minister of Agriculture and IrrigationGhazi Ahmed Mohsen28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Technical Education and VocationalMohsen Ali al-Nakib28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of CultureAbdullah Ahmad al-Kibsy28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of TransportZakaria Yahya al-Shami28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of Human RightsAlia Faisal Abdullatif al-Shaba28 November 2016Incumbent
Minister of State Fares Mana'a
Nabih Mohsen Abu Nashtan
Radhiyah Mohammad Abdullah
Aubayd Salem bin Dhabia
Hamid Awadh al-Mizjaji
Abdulaziz Ahmed al-Bakir
28 November 2016Incumbent

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Ali Abdullah Saleh President of North Yemen from 1978 to 1990; President of Yemen from 1990 to 2012

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