Surbiton

Last updated

Surbiton
Victoria rd surbiton.id.jpg
Victoria Road, Surbiton's high street
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Surbiton
Location within Greater London
Area7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi)
Population45,132 
  Density 6,286/km2 (16,280/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ180673
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SURBITON
Postcode district KT5, KT6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°23′38″N0°18′25″W / 51.394°N 0.307°W / 51.394; -0.307 Coordinates: 51°23′38″N0°18′25″W / 51.394°N 0.307°W / 51.394; -0.307

Surbiton is a suburban neighbourhood of south-west London, within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames (RBK). It is situated next to the River Thames, 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Charing Cross. Formerly part of the ancient parish of Kingston upon Thames in the county of Surrey, it has been part of Greater London since 1965. Surbiton comprises four of the RBK's wards: Alexandra, Berrylands, St. Mark's, and Surbiton Hill. [1]

Contents

Founded originally as Kingston-upon-Railway during the Industrial Revolution, Surbiton possesses a mixture of grand 19th-century townhouses, Art Deco courts, and more recent residential blocks blending in with semi-detached 20th-century housing estates. With a population of 45,132 in 2016, it accounts for approximately 25% of the total population of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. [2] Surbiton extends over an area of 7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi). [3]

Etymology

Though Surbiton only received its current name in 1869, the name is attested as Suberton in 1179, Surbeton in 1263, Surpeton in 1486, and finally Surbiton 1597. [4] Sūth Bere-tūn means "southern grange" or "outlying farm" in Old English, as opposed to nearby Norbiton; both Norbiton and Surbiton were possessions of the royal manor of Kingston. [4]

History

Grade-II listed Surbiton railway station. Art deco architecture Surbiton Railway Station.jpg
Grade-II listed Surbiton railway station. Art deco architecture

The present-day town came into existence after a plan to build a London-Southampton railway line through nearby Kingston was rejected by Kingston Council, who feared that it would be detrimental to the coaching trade. This resulted in the line being routed further south, through a cutting in the hill south of Surbiton. Surbiton railway station opened in 1838, and was originally named Kingston-upon-Railway. [5] It was only renamed Surbiton to distinguish it from the new Kingston railway station on the Shepperton branch line, which opened on 1 January 1869. The present station has an art deco façade.

As a result, Kingston is now on a branch line, whereas passengers from Surbiton (smaller in comparison) can reach London Waterloo in as little as 17 minutes [6] on a fast direct service; as well as places further afield, including Portsmouth and Southampton.

Surbiton was once home to Surbiton Studios which were owned by Stoll Pictures, before the company shifted its main production to Cricklewood Studios.

Politics

Sessions House housed the Municipal Borough of Surbiton before Surbiton became part of Greater London in 1965. Sessions House, Surbiton.jpg
Sessions House housed the Municipal Borough of Surbiton before Surbiton became part of Greater London in 1965.
Location map of Surbiton within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Greater London. Surbiton London UK blank ward map.svg
Location map of Surbiton within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Greater London.

National politics

Surbiton falls within the UK parliamentary constituency of Kingston and Surbiton, which is represented in the House of Commons by Sir Ed Davey, a Liberal Democrat who served as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change during the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition. Davey also represented the constituency between 1997 and 2015, having been ousted for a short period of time by Conservative James Berry. In the 2017 general election, Davey went on to defeat Berry by 45% to 38%. [7] Both Davey's and Berry's offices were located in Surbiton's Berrylands ward.

In the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Kingston and Surbiton voted to remain a member of the European Union by 61.7% of the local vote. [8]

London politics

Surbiton is represented in the London Assembly by Conservative Tony Arbour, as part of London's South West constituency.

Local councillors

Surbiton elects 12 of the Kingston upon Thames London Borough Council's 48 councillors. As of the 2018 local elections, the council is controlled by the Liberal Democrats, and all Surbiton's elected councillors are members of that party.

Councillors from Surbiton's four Kingston Council wards [9]
PartyCouncillors (12)Change
Liberal Democrats
12 / 12(100%)
Increase2.svg5
Conservatives
0 / 12(0%)
Decrease2.svg5

Transport

A London double-decker bus and an Abellio Surrey bus in Surbiton. Arriva Guildford & West Surrey 3976 GN07 AVR.JPG
A London double-decker bus and an Abellio Surrey bus in Surbiton.

Surbiton is served by a number of regular bus services. Transport for London bus routes 71, 281, 406, 418, 465, K1, K2, K3, and K4, as well as Hallmark Connections route 458, Reptons Coaches route 513, Falcon Coaches routes 514 and 515, and Stagecoach South route 715 all serve the area. These provide links to Chessington, Kingston town centre, Twickenham, Hounslow, Epsom, Leatherhead, Dorking, Cobham, Staines, Weybridge and Guildford.

Surbiton is also close to two of London's largest airports: Heathrow and Gatwick.

Railways have served the town since it was founded. Surbiton and Berrylands stations are both served by South Western Railway services. It provides rail links to London Waterloo, Surrey and Hampshire.

If approval is granted for the project, Surbiton will be connected with the London Underground system via Crossrail 2. It is expected that the project will relieve pressure on both Surbiton and Berrylands stations. [10]

Surbiton lacks major motorways, although the A3 road cuts through Berrylands ward at Tolworth Underpass. Parts of the A307 that run along the River Thames, Portsmouth Road, have become part of the London cycle routes network.

Architecture

Education

For education in Surbiton see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames article.
Surbiton High School. SurbitonHighSchool01.JPG
Surbiton High School.

Demographics

Religion

Until the early 19th century, Surbiton, like Norbiton, lay in the parish of All Saints, Kingston upon Thames. As a result, Surbiton's three parish churches all date back to the Victorian era. [11] The two Anglican ones, Saint Mark's and Saint Andrew's, are located in the town centre. The third is the Roman Catholic church of Saint Raphael's, which is located away from the centre towards the north, in the Kingston upon Thames postal district.

St Matthew's, Surbiton St Matthew's Avenue - geograph.org.uk - 1458028.jpg
St Matthew's, Surbiton

In addition, there are two other Anglican parish churches in south Surbiton, Christ Church and Saint Matthew's. Both are also Victorian.

Christ Church was built in 1862–63, by Charles Lock Luck and lengthened in 1866. The chancel aisles were added in 1864, and 1871. It has no tower, and is built of red brick with stone dressings with some black brick voussoirs. The east stained glass window was done by Clayton and Bell, the central stained glass window by Burne-Jones, while the other stained glass was done by Lavers, Barraud and Westlake. [12]

Saint Matthew's was completed in 1875, having taken less than 2 years to build. The church and the original vicarage were paid for by one man, William Matthew Coulthurst, who was the senior partner of Coutts Bank. On the outside of the east end of the church, there is a stone plaque recording this and the fact that it was partly built in memory of Hannah Mabella Coulthurst, the dead sister of William Matthew Coulthurst. Built into the wall behind the plaque, there is a photograph of Hannah, a copy of ‘The Times’ newspaper of the day and a letter from William Coulthurst stipulating that the church should remain in the evangelical tradition. The church and vicarage cost £26,500. The old vicarage was pulled down in 1939 and a subsequent one was built on the same plot. In 2012, work started on a new vicarage on part of the plot and this was completed in 2013. [13]

In recent years, Surbiton has become more diverse in terms of religion. According to the 2011 Census, Muslims form the largest minority religious community at about 5% of the population; the nearest mosque is located in Kingston upon Thames.

Nationality

Approximately 74% of Surbiton's residents at the 2011 Census were born in the United Kingdom (73% in Alexandra, 71% in St. Mark's, 75% in Surbiton Hill, 76% in Berrylands). The largest ethnic group, with two-thirds of the population, is "White British", with "White Other" the second largest group at just under 10%.

Sport

Surbiton Lawn Tennis Club hosted International Tennis from 1900 (Surrey Grass Court Championships - SGCC) until 1981 at the tennis Club in Berrylands. From 1998 to 2008 International Tennis returned to Surbiton with an event hosted by The Lawn Tennis Association (LTA) and Surbiton Racket & Fitness Club (SRFC). The Surbiton Trophy was part of the ATP Challenger Series and in 2009 the venue was moved to Nottingham as part of a reorganisation by the LTA. The event came back to Surbiton Racket & Fitness Club in 2015 and continues to be played on the site in Berrylands.

Surbiton is the current home of both male and female football teams, Darkside FC, Surbiton Wanderers and Surbiton Town Ladies FC.

Surbiton is famous for Surbiton Hockey Club, which was established in 1874, and is regarded as one of the best hockey clubs in the country. Its men's and ladies' 1st XIs currently both playing in their respective national premier leagues, while its youth section regularly produces players of international quality.

Surbiton is also the home to Surbiton Croquet Club, which is amongst the strongest croquet clubs in the country and, with seven lawns, one of the largest.

Resident artists and writers

The clock tower, Surbiton, built to celebrate the Coronation of King Edward VII, 1902 The clock tower Surbiton.jpg
The clock tower, Surbiton, built to celebrate the Coronation of King Edward VII, 1902

The Pre-Raphaelite painters John Everett Millais (1829–1896) and William Holman Hunt (1827–1910) came to Surbiton in 1851, 26 years before Richard Jefferies (1848–1887). Millais used the Hogsmill River, in Six Acre Meadow, Tolworth, as the background for his painting Ophelia . [14] Holman Hunt used the fields just south of this spot as the background to The Hireling Shepherd . [15]

In the mid-1870s the novelist Thomas Hardy (1840–1928) lived in a house called 'St. David's Villa' in Hook Road, Surbiton for a year after his marriage to Emma Gifford. [16] H.G.Wells, in his comic novel The Wheels of Chance, describes the cycle collision of 'Mr Hoopdriver' and a 'Young Lady in Grey'; the young lady approaching 'along an affluent from the villas of Surbiton'. The writer Enid Blyton was governess to a Surbiton family for four years from 1920, at a house called 'Southernhay', also on the Hook Road. [17] C. H. Middelton (1886–1945), who broadcast on gardening during the Second World War, lived in Surbiton, where he died suddenly outside his home. [18] The artist who brought Rupert the Bear to life for a whole generation, Alfred Bestall, sketched out his cartoons from his home in Cranes Park, Surbiton Hill.

A 1972 episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus featured a mock documentary which investigated whether the residents of Hounslow, another London area suburb, had long ago been descendants of the people of Surbiton "who had made the great trek north". [19]

Surbiton is popularly remembered as an icon of suburbia in such British television programmes as The Good Life (starring Richard Briers, Penelope Keith, Paul Eddington and Felicity Kendal), though location filming was done in Northwood, North-West London, [20] and John Sessions and Phil Cornwell's comedy series Stella Street .[ citation needed ]

Surbiton station features in the 2009 film version of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, with actors Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter and Michael Gambon as Albus Dumbledore. Filming took place in November 2007. [21] The station also appears in Agatha Christie's Poirot: The Adventure of the Clapham Cook, [22] a TV adaptation of the short story by Agatha Christie and the first episode of the 1989 ITV series. Having been set in the 1930s Art Deco period and external shots of Hercule Poirot's fictional residence Whitehaven Mansions being filmed at Florin Court, [23] the station assists in maintaining the authenticity of the programme and was built within a year of Florin Court.

Surbiton receives an offhand mention in the seventh chapter of the James Bond novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963) by Ian Fleming, whilst Sable Basilisk is discussing heraldry with Bond. [24]

The guitarist and singer-songwriter Eric Clapton purchased one of his first guitars from a shop in Surbiton called Bells; the shop has since closed. [25]

In the episode of EastEnders broadcast on 23 November 2012, Ava Hartman, daughter of Cora Cross, refers to her difficulties of being a black woman growing up in Surbiton in the late 1960s and 1970s adopted by white parents.[ citation needed ]

According to the cassette insert for the 1980s computer game Manic Miner , the mine complex in which the game action takes place was located "while prospecting down Surbiton way..." [26]

List of notable residents

Geography

Surbiton is a post town in the KT postcode area, consisting of the KT5 and KT6 postcode districts. KT5 includes Berrylands, Tolworth and part of Surbiton; and KT6 includes Tolworth, Long Ditton and part of Surbiton.

Related Research Articles

Kingston upon Thames Human settlement in England

Kingston upon Thames, is a town, former manor, ecclesiastical parish and borough now within Greater London, England, formerly within the county of Surrey. It is situated on the River Thames, about 33 feet (10 m) above sea level and 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Charing Cross. It is notable as the ancient market town in which Saxon kings were crowned and today is the administrative centre of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.

New Malden Suburb of London

New Malden is a suburb of south-west London, England. It is located mainly within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, with a small part in the London Borough of Merton, and is 9.4 miles (15.1 km) from Charing Cross.

Chessington Human settlement in England

Chessington is an area in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames within Greater London. Historically part of Surrey, today it is the largest salient of Greater London into that county. As of the 2011 Census it had a population of 18,973. The Bonesgate Stream, a tributary of the Hogsmill River, runs through it. The popular theme park resort Chessington World of Adventures, which incorporates Chessington Zoo, is located in the south-west of the area.

Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames Royal borough in United Kingdom

The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is a borough in southwest London. The main town is Kingston upon Thames and it includes Surbiton, Chessington, Malden Rushett, New Malden and Tolworth. It is the oldest of the four royal boroughs in England. The others are Kensington and Chelsea and Greenwich also in London, and Windsor and Maidenhead. The local authority is Kingston upon Thames London Borough Council.

Norbiton Human settlement in England

Norbiton is an area within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, London. It lies approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Kingston upon Thames town centre, and 11 miles (17.7 km) from Charing Cross. Its main landmarks include Kingston Hospital and Kingsmeadow football stadium, which is currently used for the home matches of both AFC Wimbledon and Chelsea F.C. Women. St Peter's Anglican parish church serves the area.

Tolworth Human settlement in England

Tolworth is a suburban area in the Surbiton district, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Greater London. It is 11 miles (17.7 km) south-west of Charing Cross. Neighbouring places include Long Ditton, New Malden, Kingston, Surbiton, Berrylands, Hinchley Wood, Chessington, Ewell and Worcester Park. Surbiton is the nearest, about a mile to the north-west. Tolworth is divided in two by the A3 Kingston Bypass.

Kingston Vale Human settlement in England

Kingston Vale with Kingston Hill is a district in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames towards outer southwest London. It is a residential area between Richmond Park, much smaller Putney Vale, Wimbledon Common, Coombe/Coombe Hill and the Norbiton part of the very old borough. The main road is the A308 which is a through route for traffic passing to and from Kingston Hill to the A3 trunk road. Many of the branch roads are cul-de-sacs. It includes toward the east and in the Vale the only part of Kingston which drains eastward, that is, into Beverley Brook. The hill expanse, shared with Coombe and a golf course, has a hotel and bed and breakfasts, some tall blocks overlooking Kingston, the edge of Kingston Hospital, the main campus of Kingston University London, faint remnants of dense woodland and a circa 16th century source of piped water for Hampton Court Palace.

Hogsmill River river in the United Kingdom

The Hogsmill River in Surrey and Greater London, England is one of the tributaries of the River Thames. It rises in Ewell and flows into the Thames at Kingston upon Thames on the reach above Kingston road bridge. The river is 6 miles (9.9 km) in length and has a catchment area of 73 km². The river flows through low-lying land, most of it sports grounds and green space, with the exception of Kingston town centre. It is a habitat for many animals, fish and insects.

Berrylands Residential neighbourhood in the Surbiton district

Berrylands is a residential neighbourhood in the Surbiton district, originally forming part of the Municipal Borough of Surbiton, and since 1965 part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. It is a suburban development situated 10.1 miles (16.3 km) south west of Charing Cross. Nearby places include Surbiton, New Malden, Old Malden, Tolworth and Chessington. Berrylands railway station is 24 minutes from London Waterloo by train.

Berrylands railway station National Rail station in the borough of Kingston upon Thames, London

Berrylands railway station is a National Rail station in the borough of Kingston upon Thames, London. It is 10 miles 78 chains (17.7 km) south-west of London Waterloo and is situated between New Malden and Surbiton.

Surbiton railway station South Western Railway Station in Outer London (Zone 6)

Surbiton railway station is a National Rail station in Surbiton, south-west London, in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The station is managed and served by South Western Railway, and is in Travelcard Zone 6. It is 12 miles 3 chains (19.4 km) from London Waterloo and is situated between Berrylands and Esher on the main line.

Kingston and Surbiton (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Kingston and Surbiton is a constituency created in 1997 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Ed Davey, the incumbent Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats. Kingston and Surbiton has been considered relative to others a very marginal seat, as well as a swing seat since 2010, as the seat has changed hands twice since that year, and its winner's majority did not exceed 6.6% of the vote since the 13.2% majority won in 2010 prior to 2019, when Davey won a 17.2% majority and a majority of the votes cast.

Old Malden Human settlement in England

Old Malden is a ward of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames in southwest London, 10 miles (16 km) south west of Charing Cross. Along with Coombe and Kingston Vale it is one of the more affluent areas in the borough.

Surbiton was a borough constituency created for the 1955 general election and abolished for the 1997 general election, in Surrey until 1965 and thereafter in outer south-west London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first past the post system of election.

A240 road

The A240 is a partially primary status A road in Surrey and Greater London that connects the A217 with the A3 and continues beyond through Surbiton to Kingston upon Thames. The road is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long and is dualled as the Ewell bypass and thereafter to Tolworth Broadway. In conjunction with the A3 it provides an alternative to the congested A24 corridor through Morden and Merton.

Southborough High School, commonly known as Southborough, is an all-boys secondary School with academy status located in Surbiton, Greater London founded in 1962. It was rated a grade 2 school (Good) in 2017 by OFSTED.

<i>Kingston Guardian</i>

The Kingston Guardian was a weekly free local newspaper covering the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, in South West London, ceasing to be published in September 2016. It was published once a week, on a Thursday, and is distributed free of charge.

<i>Surrey Comet</i>

The Surrey Comet is a weekly local newspaper covering the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, in South West London, and surrounding areas. It is now a free sheet but can also be purchased. It was founded in 1854 and is among the oldest London newspapers and the oldest newspaper covering Surrey. The newspaper is published once a week, every Friday, and is sold in Kingston upon Thames, Norbiton, Surbiton, Tolworth, New Malden, Old Malden, Worcester Park, Hook and Chessington.

Raeburn Open Space Local nature reserve in London

Raeburn Open Space, locally known as Berrylands Nature Reserve, is a 5-hectare Local Nature Reserve and Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade 1, in Berrylands in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames in London, England. It is owned and managed by Kingston Council. but is mainly maintained by local community volunteers. Officially declared a nature reserve in 1992, little was done to manage it as a nature reserve until 2017 when a community initiative began.

References

  1. "Administrative Boundaries". www.maps.kingston.gov.uk. Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames . Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  2. "Population". www.data.kingston.gov.uk. Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames . Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  3. "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". www.ons.maps.arcgis.com. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  4. 1 2 "Surbiton". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 7 February 2018. Suberton 1179, Surbeton 1263, Surpeton 1486, Surbiton 1597, that is 'the southern grange or outlying farm', from Old English su ̄th and bere-tu ̄n, so called in relation to Norbiton; both were granges of the royal manor of Kingston.
  5. "Railways South East" . Retrieved 10 August 2007. A township developed on the hill near the railway. This was named New Kingston, New Town and Kingston-upon-Railway before becoming Surbiton
  6. "Train Timetable | South Western Railway". www.southwesternrailway.com. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  7. "2017 UK general election results". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  8. "EU referendum results". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  9. "Local Elections - Thursday 3 May 2018". Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  10. "Crossrail 2 Consultation Analysis" (PDF). www.consultations.tfl.gov.uk. Steer Davies Gleave / Transport for London . Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  11. McCormack, Anne (1989). Kingston upon Thames: A Pictorial History. Phillimore. ISBN   9780850337167.
  12. Historic England. "Christ Church (1080070)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  13. "St Matthew's Church - History". St Matthew's Church. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  14. Salkeld, Luke (1 July 2010). "Amateur sleuth discovers site where Sir John Millais painted famous Ophelia". dailymail.co.uk. Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  15. "Collections". Manchestergalleries.org. Manchester Art Gallery. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  16. 1 2 "The surprising story of Thomas Hardy in Surbiton". Maproom. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  17. The Enid Blyton Society, Chronology , retrieved 10 February 2012
  18. Daniel Smith (2011) The Spade as Mighty as the Sword
  19. Monty Python's Flying Circus, Episode No. 28, first aired 28 October 1972
  20. The Good Life house for sale
  21. thisislocallondon.co.uk
  22. "The Adventure of the Clapham Cook". Agatha Christie's Poirot . Season 1. Episode 1. 8 January 1989. 38:28 minutes in. ITV.
  23. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. On Her Majesty's Secret Service by Ian Fleming (Page 89)
  25. christies.com
  26. 'Manic Miner - Instructions' at 20 GOTO 10 website
  27. "Alfred Bestall blue plaque". Open Plaques. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  28. V&A Museum. "Mrs Bryant's Pleasure". V&A Museum. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  29. "Hillcroft College". London Parks and Gardens Trust. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  30. 1 2 3 4 "Famous residents of Kingston, Surbiton and the local area". Kingston Online guide to Kingston upon Thames. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  31. "The Cooper Car Company commemorated with an English Heritage blue plaque". English Heritage. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  32. Nazia Dewji (26 April 2012). "Kingston women's cycling pioneer in line for award". Surrey Comet. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  33. "James Johnston (@JayVJohnston) | Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  34. "Surbiton High Pupils receive award at the National Awards Ceremony for WOHAA". Surbiton High School. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  35. The Comprehensive Guide to the Victoria and George Cross. "Dudley William Mason GC". VC Online. Retrieved 24 July 2019.