Surinyavong II

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Chao Surinyavongsa II
ເຈົ້າສຸລິຍະວົງສາທີ່ສອງ
King of Luang Phrabang
King of Luang Phrabang
Reign1771 – 1788
Predecessor Sotikakumman
Successor Anurutha
Born?
Died1791
Bangkok, Siam
SpouseTaenkham
IssueBeng
Oui
Father Inthasom
MotherTaen Sao

Surinyavong II (also spelled Surinyavongsa; Lao : ເຈົ້າສຸລິຍະວົງສາ; died 1791 in Bangkok) was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1771 to 1788. [1]

Surinyavong was the ninth son of Inthasom. In March 1765, Luang Phrabang was conquered by Burma and became the latter's vassal. Surinyavong was taken as hostage in Burma. [2]

In 1768, Surinyavong escaped from Buram and fled to Sip Song Chau Tai. He raised an army there and seized the Luang Phrabang throne in 1771. [2] He deeply hated Ong Boun, the king of Vientiane, whom he blamed for instigating the Burmese army attack on Luang Phrabang of 1765. [1] To take revenge, his army besieged Vientiane in the same year, but was defeated by Vientiane's ally, Burma.[ citation needed ] Surinyavong was forced to accept Burmese suzerainty. [1]

The Siamese king Taksin seized Lanna in 1776, now Luang Phrabang was able to shake off Burmese suzerainty. In 1778, Surinyavong informed that a Siamese army under Chao Phraya Chakri (later Rama I) was sent to invade Vientiane. Surinyavong accepted Siamese suzerainty, bringing his men to join the Siamese army in besieging Vientiane. Since then, Luang Phrabang was forced to pay tribute, an annual bunga mas . [1]

In May 1788, Surinyavong was summoned to Bangkok and taken as hostage by the order of Rama I. During the absence of the royal family, Luang Phrabang was ruled by Siamese officials. Luang Phrabang was occupied by Siam until 1792.[ citation needed ]

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Voravongsa I was king of Lan Xang reigning from 1575–1579 with the regnal name Samdach Brhat-Anya Chao Brhatasena Vora Varman Raja Sri Sadhana Kanayudha but he is commonly referred to in both Lao and Burmese chronicles by his title of Maha Oupahat or Viceroy. Voravongsa was taken prisoner by the Burmese in 1565 during the occupation of Vientiane. In 1575 following the third of a series of Burmese invasions of Lan Xang, Voravongsa was appointed by Bayinnaung as a vassal within the Taungoo Empire. Voravongsa had few supporters even within the Burmese court; he reigned for only four years before facing a popular rebellion which would threaten to overtake the capital in Vientiane. Voravongsa attempted to flee back to Burma, but were killed en route. To reestablish order the Burmese dispatched another army, and would install Sen Soulintha as vassal from 1580-1582.

Sadet Chao Fa JayaTissa was a Laotian prince. He was the viceroy (oupahat) of Vientiane from 1826 to 1827. In Vietnamese records, he was called Ấp Ma Hạt (邑麻曷).

Chao RaxavongNgao was a Laotian prince. He was the third most important person of Vientiane, just after his uncle, the oupahat Tissa. In Vietnamese records, he was called Hạt Xà Bồng (曷蛇芃).

Chao Ong Kham, also known as Ong Nok, was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1713 to 1723, later the king of Lanna from 1727 to 1769.

Chao Kingkitsarat, also known as Kitsarat or Kitsarath, was the king of Luang Phrabang.

Chao Inthasom was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1723 to 1749.

Chao Inthaphom, also known as his regnal name Intharavongsa, was a king of Luang Phrabang.

Chao Sotikakumman was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1750 to 1771.

Chao Anurutha was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1792 to 1819.

Chao Manthaturath was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1819 to 1836.

Chao Sukkhasoem was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1839 to 1850.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Stuart-Fox, Martin. History Dictionary of Laos (3rd ed.). Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 331. ISBN   978-0-8108-5624-0.
  2. 1 2 Stuart-Fox, Martin. History Dictionary of Laos (3rd ed.). Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 389. ISBN   978-0-8108-5624-0.
Surinyavong II
Born: ? Died: 1791
Preceded by
Sotikakumman
King of Luang Phrabang
1771–1788
Vacant
Title next held by
Anurutha