Sutherland Shire

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Sutherland Shire
New South Wales
Sutherland lga sydney.png
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
Coordinates 34°02′S151°03′E / 34.033°S 151.050°E / -34.033; 151.050 Coordinates: 34°02′S151°03′E / 34.033°S 151.050°E / -34.033; 151.050
Population
 • Density590/km2 (1,529/sq mi)
Area370 km2 (142.9 sq mi)
MayorSteve Simpson [3]
Council seat Sutherland
Region Southern Sydney
South Western Sydney (Holsworthy/Menai)
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Logo of Sutherland Shire Council.svg
Website Sutherland Shire
LGAs around Sutherland Shire:
Canterbury-Bankstown Georges River Bayside
Liverpool Sutherland Shire
Campbelltown Wollongong

The Sutherland Shire is a local government area in the southern region of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Sutherland Shire is colloquially known as "The Shire" and it has been featured in several reality television series.

Contents

Geographically, it is the area to the south of Botany Bay and the Georges River. The administrative centre of the local government is located in the suburb of Sutherland, with council chambers located in Eton Street. Within the Shire is the birthplace of modern Australia, as it was the first landing site of Lieutenant (later, Captain) James Cook, who went ashore onto what is now the suburb of Kurnell on 29 April 1770. It was originally intended to be the site of the first British Settlement, before Sydney Cove was chosen as the location during the First Fleet. [4] The Sutherland Shire is 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Sydney central business district, and is bordered by the City of Canterbury-Bankstown, City of Wollongong, City of Liverpool, Georges River Council and City of Campbelltown local government areas.

The Sutherland Shire comprises an area of 370 square kilometres (140 sq mi) and as at the 2016 census had an estimated population of 218,464. [1]

As of 21 September 2020 the Mayor of the Sutherland Shire is Cr. Steve Simpson, an Independent. [3]

Suburbs and localities in the local government area

Sutherland Shire
A geoshape of the Sutherland Shire

Suburbs in the Sutherland Shire are:

Localities administered by the Sutherland Shire are:

Demographics

People on North Cronulla Beach North Cronulla Beach 1.JPG
People on North Cronulla Beach
St Stylianos Greek Orthodox Church, Gymea Gymea Church.JPG
St Stylianos Greek Orthodox Church, Gymea
Left to right from top: The suburb of Sutherland; Cronulla and beaches; Westfield, Miranda; Kurnell Sand Dunes. Sutherland shire montage.jpg
Left to right from top: The suburb of Sutherland ; Cronulla and beaches ; Westfield, Miranda ; Kurnell Sand Dunes.

At the 2016 census, there were 217,880 people in the Sutherland local government area, of these 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.1% of the population. The median age of people in Sydney - Sutherland (Statistical Area Level 4) was 40 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.1% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 16.9% of the population. Of people in Sydney - Sutherland (Statistical Area Level 4) aged 15 years and over, 53.7% were married and 10.4% were either divorced or separated. [1]

The median weekly income for residents within the Sutherland Shire area was higher than the national average.

The most common ancestries in Sydney - Sutherland (Statistical Area Level 4) were English 27.6%, Australian 26.3%, Irish 9.5%, Scottish 6.9% and Italian 3.2%. In Sydney - Sutherland (Statistical Area Level 4), of occupied private dwellings 4.6% had 1 bedroom, 21.1% had 2 bedrooms and 35.5% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.2. The average household size was 2.7 people. [5] [6]

The Shire has a reputation for insular localism that also manifests itself in surf culture. It has a high conservative vote and is Sydney's second largest bible belt. [7]

Selected historical census data for Sutherland local government area
Census year2001 [8] 2006 [6] 2011 [5] 2016 [1]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night 202,158205,448210,863218,464
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales 2nd7th6th
% of New South Wales population3.05%2.82%
% of Australian population1.08%Decrease2.svg 1.03%Decrease2.svg 0.98%Decrease2.svg 0.90%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian 28.9%26.3%
English 28.0%27.6%
Irish 9.0%9.5%
Scottish 6.6%6.9%
Italian 3.0%3.2%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Greek 1.9%Steady2.svg 1.9%Steady2.svg 1.9%Steady2.svg 1.9%
Arabic 1.0%Steady2.svg 1.0%Decrease2.svg 0.9%Steady2.svg 0.9%
Cantonese 1.0%Steady2.svg 1.0%Decrease2.svg 0.9%Increase2.svg 1.0%
Italian 1.1%Decrease2.svg 0.9%Steady2.svg 0.9%Decrease2.svg 0.8%
Mandarin n/cIncrease2.svg 0.6%Increase2.svg 0.7%Increase2.svg 1.4%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 30.5%Increase2.svg 30.6%Increase2.svg 31.0%Decrease2.svg 29.2%
Anglican 28.7%Decrease2.svg 26.9%Decrease2.svg 25.8%Decrease2.svg 20.7%
No religion 10.8%Increase2.svg 12.9%Increase2.svg 16.1%Increase2.svg 24.1%
Eastern Orthodox 3.6%Increase2.svg 4.1%Increase2.svg 4.3%Decrease2.svg 4.2%
Uniting Church 5.9%Decrease2.svg 5.0%Decrease2.svg 4.2%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$601A$718A$837
% of Australian median income129.0%124.4%126.4%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1,374A$2,014A$2,312
% of Australian median income133.8%136.0%133.3%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,650A$1,674A$1,979
% of Australian median income140.9%135.7%137.6%

Council

Current composition and election method

Sutherland Shire Council is composed of fifteen Councillors elected proportionally as five separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016,and the makeup of the Council is as follows: [9]

Australia Sutherland Shire Council 2016.svg
PartyCouncillors
  Liberal Party 7
  Labor Party 7
 Independent1
Total15

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is: [9]

WardCouncillorPartyNotes
A Ward Carol Provan Liberal
  Michael Forshaw LaborDeputy Mayor as of 21 September 2020 [3]
 Marie SimoneLiberal
B Ward Kent JohnsLiberal
 Barry CollierLabor
 Jack Boyd Labor
C Ward Tom CroucherLiberal
 Ray PlibersekLabor
 Daniel NichollsLiberal
D Ward Carmello PesceLiberal
 Diedree SteinwallLabor
 Greg McLeanLabor
E Ward John RiadLiberal
 Steve SimpsonIndependentMayor as of 21 September 2020 [3]
 Peter ScaysbrookLabor

History

Aboriginal heritage

The original inhabitants of the Sutherland area were some clans of the Dharawal people. Archaeological work in the Sutherland Shire has revealed evidence for Aboriginal settlement dating back at least 8,500 years. The original coastline around Sydney has retreated about 20 km and that those flooded coastal plains may hold evidence showing occupation of this area going back well beyond the 8,500 years revealed in the 1966 Archaeological exploration. [10]

Seashells became an important source of lime in the 1800s and so many middens in the Sutherland Shire area may have been mined for shells. [11]

Within the Royal National Park, field surveys have revealed many hundreds of Aboriginal rock shelters. In other locations (The Military Area near Holsworthy and Darkes Forrest) there are thousands of sites, camping areas and sacred places. These areas mentioned have not been affected greatly by European occupation and building and may give a clearer example for the quality of life and abundance of resources in Sutherland/Liverpool areas.

Since 1966 when there was an archaeological dig in Cabbage Tree Basin archaeologists have uncovered parts of an extensive open-air midden or cooking and camp sites. Successive layers of habitation show the diet of the native Aborigines: oysters, mussels, snapper, bream, and Sydney cockle. There is also evidence of seal, dolphin, a range of marsupials, dingo and even whale. Several edge-ground axes have also found.

There are many existing sites where paintings and engravings of great age show changes in art style over thousands of years. Some of these changes can be linked to the extinction of some animals in the area and also with the coming of Europeans to Sutherland. Some have interpreted these changes in style to changes in culture and people which would indicate that there have been a number of changes of communities over time. [12]

European settlement

Cook landing at Botany Bay Cook's landing at Botany Bay.jpg
Cook landing at Botany Bay

European discovery of what is now Sutherland Shire was made by Lieutenant James Cook, who entered Botany Bay on 29 April 1770. Cook and his party explored around Kurnell Peninsula, and left the bay on 6 May. During their brief stay, a Scottish seaman named Forbes Sutherland died of tuberculosis. In his honour, Cook named the northwest point of the peninsula Point Sutherland. [13]

The British government needed a new site for transported convicts as they had lost their American colonies following defeat in the American Revolutionary War. Botany Bay was chosen as the new penal settlement and the First Fleet under Governor Arthur Phillip anchored off Kurnell on 18 January 1788. After sending a party to clear land for settlement, Phillip soon realised the area was unsuitable. There was lack of shelter for ships, inadequate water and poor soil. On 24 January, two French ships were sighted off the coast, causing Phillip to raise English colours near Sutherland Point. Governor Phillip sailed north to explore Port Jackson, and eventually settled at Sydney Cove.

The first landowner in Sutherland Shire was James Birnie, a mercantile trader who was granted by promise 700 acres (280 ha) at Kurnell in 1815. [14] After the completion of official surveying, a large part of what is now Sutherland Shire was proclaimed as the Hundred of Woronora by Governor Richard Bourke in 1835. Title to land was not granted by the Crown until 1856, before which there was practically no settlement. Timber cutting was the primary industry, supplemented by shell gathering in the Port Hacking area.

With the opening of Crown Lands sales in the Shire, Thomas Holt purchased 12,000 acres (4,900 ha). His developmental projects included oyster farms, [15] cattle grazing, and coal mining. [14] The investment which proved profitable however, were his timber leases. He constructed a magnificent manor on the foreshores of Sylvania, called Sutherland House, based on English feudal lines. [16] Due to 99-year leases, Holt's estate reduced development in the Sutherland Shire even into the 20th century. [17]

Development of transport

A train in Sutherland circa 1920 Sutherlandtrain1920.jpg
A train in Sutherland circa 1920

The main mode of transport in the area was originally by water. Farmers' ships sailed up the coast into Botany Bay, and up the Georges and Woronora rivers, avoiding the wharfage and custom dues at Port Jackson. The first public road, the Illawarra Road (now called the Old Illawarra Road) to the "Five Islands" (now Wollongong), was constructed between 1842 and 1845 with convict labour. A new southern line of road was completed in 1864, linking up with the Illawarra Road at Engadine. Today this virtually is the line of the Princes Highway, the main north-south thoroughfare through Sutherland Shire.

A railway line was extended from Hurstville in 1884 to develop the rich Illawarra district. The railway brought into being firstly a huge shanty town on the heights of Como, and later developed the area into a holiday centre. Sutherland railway station was opened in 1885, named after John Sutherland, a Minister of Works during the 1870s who had argued most forcefully[ citation needed ] for the railway.

Panorama of Caringbah, circa 1920 Caringbah histpan.jpg
Panorama of Caringbah, circa 1920

At this time, the greater part of the Shire was connected only by access tracks. A road soon opened between the railway station and Cronulla Beach, catering mostly to families and fishing parties. This was followed by the Sutherland-Cronulla steam tram service, which was inaugurated in 1911. Not only did the service greatly increase the popularity of the Cronulla beaches, but it was of great advantage to the slowly developing business interests in the Shire.

Increasing motor traffic caused a falling-off of passengers and the tram passenger service closed in 1931. The goods service ceased the following year. Increased road traffic with the north led to the opening of the first road bridge into the Sutherland Shire, at Tom Ugly's Point, in 1929. The six-lane Captain Cook Bridge over the Georges River, spanning Rocky Point and Taren Point, was opened in 1965, replacing the completely inadequate ferry service. [18]

Residential development

Flats in Miranda Miranda flats.JPG
Flats in Miranda

Coastal and river frontage areas, such as Como, Illawong, Cronulla, Illawarra and Yowie Bay, became popular as country retreats. A form of voluntary local government was attempted in 1888, but law and order was still administered by the court at Liverpool until 1905. In that year, the Local Government (Shires) Act 1905 (NSW)[ dead link ] provided that the whole of New South Wales be divided into shires. The State Governor, Harry Rawson selected the name, and proclaimed this district "Sutherland, No. 133" on 6 March 1906 and fixed the boundaries. At the time the Shire had 1600 residents, and it was divided into three Ridings.

With only a small rates base, one of the early problems of the Council was the provision of new roads. The construction of the Sutherland-Cronulla tramway by the Railway Commissioner went far in stimulating business activity and driving land sales. The population of the Shire increased from 2,896 in 1911, when the tramway opened, to over 7,500 in 1913. By 1931 the population had exceeded 12,000.[ citation needed ]

After the Second World War, the Housing Commission, under the auspices of William McKell, began acquiring land to build "homes for heroes", including in the Sutherland Shire. [19] It was not until the early 1950s that this district of scattered dwellings, vacant blocks and quiet villages became a suburban area of Sydney. Until this time Sutherland Shire was not considered part of Sydney.

Associated with this growth of population was industrial, social and commercial development. The Sutherland Shire Libraries system was established in 1953 in a former doctor's home at Sutherland with 8,000 books. The Captain Cook Drive from Caringbah to Kurnell was constructed in 1953 in conjunction with the establishment in 1956 of the Australian Oil Refinery at Kurnell. At Lucas Heights, the Australian Atomic Energy Commission (now the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation) built its research station complex in 1958.

In terms of residential development, one of the most imaginative homebuilding concepts has been Sylvania Waters. Here, individually designed family homes have been built around a series of man-made canals. The urban release of land in the Menai district, to the west of the Woronora River, commenced in the 1970s. [18]

Contemporary history

View of Cronulla from Burraneer Cronulla Burraneer 1.JPG
View of Cronulla from Burraneer

In January 1994, the 1994 Eastern seaboard fires destroyed parts of Como West, Jannali and Bonnet Bay; and affected the southern suburbs of Bundeena, Maianbar and Heathcote. [20]

In the 2011 census, Sutherland Shire was the second[ dubious ] most populous local government area in New South Wales, and 8th in Australia overall. [5]

In December 2005, following incidents on Shire beaches culminating in an assault on a lifeguard by youth of Lebanese descent, an anonymous text message, publicised by major media outlets in Australia, called on people to gather at Cronulla beach on the following Sunday and attack "wogs and lebs". On 11 December 2005 and the days that followed, a series of riots and retaliatory attacks broke out in Cronulla and other beach-side suburbs in Sydney's east which saw numerous assaults. There were two non-fatal stabbings and property damage, especially to motor vehicles. There were many people arrested, over one hundred charged, and extensive national and international media interest. [21] [22] [23]

Heritage listings

The Sutherland Shire has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography

Port Hacking estuary Port Hacking Estuary.JPG
Port Hacking estuary

Under the 1853 proclamation, the western boundary of district was the Woronora River. With the formation of the Sutherland Shire in 1906, the western boundary was extended to take in more agricultural land in an area which is now modern day Menai. In 1919, the Illawong area was also transferred to Sutherland Shire. The Shire now has an area of 370 square kilometres (140 sq mi), of which 173 square kilometres (67 sq mi) is state-designated national parkland.

The northern border of the Shire can be crossed via four bridges: three road bridges (Alfords Point, Sylvania Waters and Taren Point) and one railway bridge (Como). To the west, the Heathcote Road leading out of the Shire passes by the Holsworthy military reserve. To the south, the Princes Highway runs out of Waterfall towards the City of Wollongong. The eastern border is bounded by the Tasman Sea.

On the east the Shire has a varying landscape of rugged sea cliffs and sandy beaches, and swampy bay coasts backed by sand dunes. To the west the surface consists of a broad plateau rising gently to the southwest, and cut into by several deep river gorges. [34]

Geology

Cronulla sand dunes, Kurnell Peninsula SandDunesSutherlandShire.jpg
Cronulla sand dunes, Kurnell Peninsula

The geology of the Sutherland Shire, whilst sharing characteristics with the North Shore, is very different from the western and central suburbs of Sydney. The oldest rock unit in the Shire is the Illawarra Coal Measures, exposed from drilling at Helensburgh where it is 305 metres (1,001 ft) below sea level. Above the coal-bearing rocks is found the Narrabeen Group, mostly made up of layers of sandstone and characteristic red claystone beds. Overlying the Narrabeen Group is the Hawkesbury Sandstone, the rock unit most characteristic of the Shire. Occasional patches of Ashfield shale overlay the Hawkesbury sandstone. Some time later than the Triassic period - possibly early Tertiary - minor volcanic activity occurred in the region. This took the form of intrusion of a number of dykes of basaltic rock which forced their way up through the sedimentary rocks. Due to the wetting and drying action of the weather the basaltic rock of the dykes has changed to clay.

From the end of the Triassic period to the middle of the Tertiary period, soft material was worn down or removed by wind and running water. In the final stages of this period of erosion the climate was apparently rather wetter and more humid than today's, causing the exposed rocks to change and form laterite soil, which is abundant in the Shire.

River system

Gymea Bay Gymea Bay 2.JPG
Gymea Bay

A little later in the Tertiary, tilting occurred south of the Georges River. The slow uplift, taking perhaps several million years, formed the present Woronora Plateau, a surface which rises gently in the south. This process caused the river system in the Shire to flow in steeper watercourses. They then became more active, carving the steep gorges of Woronora, Hacking, Georges Rivers and their tributaries which can be seen today. Waterfalls such as those at Waterfall and Undola also formed during this period. Water supplies within the shire are of two kinds. The main source is the surface supply provided by the Woronora Dam, which is built in the deep gorge of Woronora River. A second source exists in the form of underground water.

During the last ice age, the rivers had to do additional work cutting down through the rocks to reach the lower and more distant ocean, leading to the "valley-in-valley" shape of many of the deep gorges in the Shire. When sea levels rose again, the silt and sand carried by the rivers gradually built up a considerable thickness of sediment. Sediment filled the area between Kurnell (then an island) and Miranda. Sand dunes began to accumulate in the Kurnell area and the mud and sand flats of Quibray and Gunnamatta Bays began to form. The Kurnell sand dunes have provided a cheap source of sand for the southern suburbs of Sydney but in the process of exploitation this area has been robbed of its character and the removal of vegetation has opened the way to erosion.

Royal National Park

The Premier John Robertson dedicated 18,000 acres (7,300 ha) to "The National Park" (now the Royal National Park), gazetted in 1879. This makes it the second oldest park of its kind in the world after Yellowstone National Park in America, although there is no public gazette record for Yellowstone until the 1880s, making a valid claim for The Royal National Park being the oldest in the world. In 1880 the Park was increased to 33,000 acres (13,000 ha). Today it is just under 44,000 acres (18,000 ha). The National Park was given the prefix "Royal" after Queen Elizabeth visited the park in 1954.

Urban structure

The Sutherland Shire is predominantly a residential area but also has substantial industrial, commercial and rural areas. The major commercial areas of the Shire are located in the suburbs of Sutherland, Miranda (home to a large Westfield shopping centre, traditionally known as Miranda Fair), Cronulla, Caringbah, Menai and Engadine. Sutherland Shire's old mantra was:

The Sutherland Shire also includes the suburb of Kurnell, close to the first landing site of James Cook, Sydney's oil refinery and Towra Point Nature Reserve, a wetland of international importance. The Sutherland Shire is also where Australia's first and only nuclear facility is based, at Lucas Heights. The reactor, run by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) does not produce electricity but is used for the production of radiopharmaceuticals, for research and irradiation.

The isolated bayside suburbs of Bundeena and Maianbar are situated between the northern edge of the Royal National Park and Port Hacking. They are only accessible through the park or by the ferry from Cronulla.

Significant parks and reserves

Facilities

Sutherland Hospital Sutherland Hospital.jpg
Sutherland Hospital
The Yarrawarrah windmill is a local landmark Yarrawarrah shops.jpg
The Yarrawarrah windmill is a local landmark
Peace Park in Sutherland Sutherland park.JPG
Peace Park in Sutherland

Education

There are now nearly 100 schools in the Shire including the Gymea and Loftus Colleges of Technical and Further Education, a technology high school (Gymea Technology High School), one of the ten academically selective high schools in New South Wales (Caringbah High School), a sports oriented high school (Endeavour Sports High School), more than twenty secondary schools, preschool centres, and special schools provided to serve children with specific learning needs.

Health

The Sutherland Hospital and Kareena Private Hospital are both located at Caringbah and President Private Hospital is located in Kirrawee.

Transport

The Sutherland Shire is serviced by Transdev NSW bus services and Sydney Trains services on the Illawarra line.

Surf life saving

There are four surf life saving clubs and one offshore rescue boat located at Cronulla. The clubs and boat provide life saving and first aid services to the many visitors to the Shire's beaches. The four surf clubs from south to north are: Cronulla SLSC, North Cronulla SLSC, Elouera SLSC and Wanda SLSC. The offshore rescue boat operated by the Cronulla District Lifesaver Rescue frequently assists in major marine rescues along the Sydney coast.

Emergency services

Due to the large area designated as National Park and the prevalence of bushland in the area the Sutherland Shire has 12 New South Wales Rural Fire Service stations. There are stations located at Bundeena, Engadine, Grays Point, Heathcote, Illawong, Kurnell, Loftus, Maianbar, Menai (currently relocating to Barden Ridge), Sandy Point, Waterfall and Woronora. These brigades attend fires, vehicle accidents, missing persons searches and community education days. Good coverage in the area from Fire and Rescue NSW also means that these Rural Fire Service members are regularly sent out of area to help the rest of New South Wales and on occasion interstate.

The Sutherland Shire also has one State Emergency Service unit that shares a facility with the Rural Fire Service station at Heathcote.

Culture

Economy

According to a National Institute of Economic and Industry Research profile in 2016, the Gross Regional Product of the Sutherland Shire is estimated to be $9.74 billion, 1.9% of NSW's Gross State Product. [37]

Retail

The biggest commercial areas in the Sutheland Shire are located at Miranda, Sylvania, Kirrawee, Carringbah and Cronulla. Miranda is the main retail and commercial centre of the Shire, being home to Westfield Miranda along with Lederer Miranda and Kiora Centre as the two nearby smaller shopping centres.

Southgate is another major shopping complex, located in Sylvania. Cronulla is also a popular retail and commercial centre, with numerous restaurants and cafes and a considerable number of surf stores and other clothing and fashion shops.

Other neighbourhood shopping centres have also developed at Bangor, Illawong, Kareela, Jannali, Yarrawarrah and Menai together with a small centre at Alfords Point. Gymea Shopping Village attracts many people, with a regional arts centre, Hazelhurst Regional Gallery and Arts Centre, and a cafe and restaurant scene.

Sister cities

Sutherland Shire maintains sister city relations with the following cities: [38]

There are also two informal relationships:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Bangor is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Bangor is located 28 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire in the area commonly called Menai. Bangor sits south of the Georges River and to the west of the Woronora River.

Caringbah Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Gymea, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Miranda railway station is located on the Cronulla line, serving the Sydney suburb of Miranda. It is served by Sydney Trains T4 line services.

Gymea railway station

Gymea railway station is located on the Cronulla line, serving the Sydney suburb of Gymea. It is served by Sydney Trains T4 line services.

Illawong Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Illawong is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Illawong is located 27 kilometres south of the Sydney Central Business District, in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire in the area commonly called Menai. The post code is 2234, which is also assigned to the contiguous suburbs of Menai, Bangor Barden Ridge and Alfords Point.

Barden Ridge, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Barden Ridge is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Barden Ridge is located 29 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire. Barden Ridge is colloquially known to locals as 'The Ridge'.

Woolooware Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Woolooware is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Woolooware is located 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of the Sydney central business district in the Sutherland Shire. It shares the 2230 postcode with Cronulla.

Gymea Bay, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The locality and suburb of Gymea Bay are located in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Gymea Bay is 27 kilometres (17 mi) south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire. The postcode is 2227, which it shares with the adjacent suburb of Gymea. The Gymea Bay locality takes its name from the adjoining Gymea Bay, a small bay on the north side of the Port Hacking estuary).

Caringbah railway station

Caringbah railway station is located on the Cronulla line, serving the Sydney suburb of Caringbah. It is served by Sydney Trains T4 line services.

Woronora River

The Woronora River is a perennial river of the Sydney Basin, located in the Sutherland Shire local government area of Greater Metropolitan Sydney, approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) south of the Sydney central business district, in New South Wales, Australia.

Cronulla railway line

The Cronulla railway line is a suburban branch line serving the southern suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Sydney Trains operates electric passenger train services over the line as part of its Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line.

Parish of Sutherland Cadastral in New South Wales, Australia

The Parish of Sutherland is one of the 57 parishes in Cumberland County, New South Wales, a cadastral unit for use on land titles. It was originally proclaimed as the parish of Southerland with an 'o', but was misspelled without it on the government gazette. It includes all of the Kurnell peninsula, with Botany Bay and the Georges River to the north; part of the Woronora River to the west; and Port Hacking to the south. Suburbs within the parish include Cronulla, Miranda, Woolooware, Caringbah, Gymea, Sutherland, Sylvania Waters and Oyster Bay.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sutherland Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
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  4. "Birthplace of modern Australia". Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
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  6. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Sutherland Shire (A)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  7. Redmond, Anthony (2007). "Surfies Versus Westies: Kinship, Mateship and Sexuality in the Cronulla Riots". The Australian Journal of Anthropology. Proquest. 18 (3): 336–351. doi:10.1111/j.1835-9310.2007.tb00100.x. hdl: 1885/50705 .
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  15. Towra Point Nature Reserve
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  25. "Fernleigh". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00302. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
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  30. "Heathcote Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00191. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  31. "Kamay Botany Bay National Park (North and South) and Towra Point Nature Reserve". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01918. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
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  35. http://www.sutherlandsharksfc.com.au/ Sutherland Sharks Football Club – Official website
  36. http://shirefootball.com.au/ Sutherland Shire Football Association – Official website
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  38. "Sister Cities". About the Shire. Sutherland Shire Council. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2012.